Type
Crossword
Description

The breakup of rock due to exposure to process that occur at or near Earth's surface is called Weathering
Erosion is the removal and transport of materials by natural agents such as _______ and running water Wind
The breakdown of rock that takes place when a rock is broken into smaller peices of the same material without changing its composition MechanicalWeathering
The breakdown or _________ of a rock that takes place when minerals are changed into different substances is called Chemical Weathering Decomposition
A mechanical wheathering process in which water freezes in the cracks of a rock and ________ apart is called frost wedging Wedges
The wearing away of rock material by grinding action is called Abrasion
The peeling of surface layers from _______ bedrock is called exfoliation Exposed
______ is the chemical reaction of water with other substances Hydrolysis
Rainwater that contains unusually high amounts of acids that can be traced back to pollutants, including sulfur dioxide, nitrogen compounds, and carbon dioxide is called AcidRain
Oxidation is the chemical reaction of ________ with other substances Oxygen
Mass movement is the _________ transportation of large masses of earth materials by gravity Downslope
________ is the slow, often imperceptible, movement of soil down a slope Creep
The downslope movement of water that contains large amounts of suspended clay and silt is called Mudflow
________ is the higher land that separates one drainage basin from another Divide
All the land that ______ into the river either directly or through its tributaries; a watershed is called drainage basin Drains
________ is sand, pebbles, and boulders that are moved along the bed of a stream and that are too heavy to be carried in suspension BedLoad
The volume of water that passes a certain point in a stream or river in a given amount of time is called Discharge
A river and all of its tributaries RiverSystem
_______ is a state in whk materials carried by a river are stirred up and kept from sinking by the turbulence of stream flow Suspention
The slope or incline of an area of land or of a stream is called Gradient
A measure of the total amount of sediment a stream can carry is called Capacity
A crescent-shaped body of water formed when sediments deposited by a river cut off a meander from the river is called OxbowLake
Broad, looping bends in a river are called Meanders
A wide, level area that borders a river and is covered by its water during a flood is called Floodplain
A measure that describes the maximum size of the particles a stream can carry is called Competence
A fan-shaped deposite that forms when a river flows into a quiet or large body of water, such as a lake, and ocean, or an island sea is called Delta
A stream that runs into another stream or river is called a Tributary
All the land that drains into the river either directly or through its tributaries; a drainage basin is called a Watershed

Water Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Having a positively charged end and a negatively charged end Polarity
water sticking to water Cohesion
Water sticking to another surface Adhesion
The skin of the water created by cohesion. Surface tension
The ratio of mass to volume in a substance. Density
The amount of energy to raise temperature. Specific heat
The saltiness of a body of water. Salinity
Water that flows over the land without sinking. Runoff
Underwater vent found near volcanoes. Hydrothermal vent
Weather pattern that develops over the ocean. El-Nino
Zone of the ocean. Photic zone
Water located below Earth's surface. Groundwater
A rock layer that collects and stores groundwater. Aquifer
A surface able to penetrated by water. Permeable
A surface that water cannot penetrate. Impermeable
An area of land that drains into drains, etc, to a river. Watershed
The land that water flows across or under. River basin
Freshwater stream. Tributary
Where freshwater and saltwater mix and meet. Estuary
Large material or artificial lake. Reservoir
Movement of cold water. Upwelling
A process, weathered rock is picked up and moved. Erosion
Where eroded materials such as rock and other materials are deposited by water, wind, ice. Sedimentation
Organisms that live in top layer of ocean. Phytoplankton
Enrichment of an ecosystem. Eutrophication
When organisms go far down. Chemosynthesis
Technique that uses sound. Sonar
Amount of present in the water. Dissolved oxygen

River Landscapes and Processes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Bends usually in the middle course of a river. meanders
Where a river starts, usually a lake or spring source
Water wears away rocks and soil on the river banks and bed. erosion
Flat land next to a river which is sometimes flooded. Flood plain
FIne sediments which are deposited by a river. alluvium
A type of erosion where rocks in a river hit each other, slowly becoming smaller. attrition
The point where two rivers meet. confluence
the mouth of a river which broadens into the sea and is affected by tides. estuary
A steep, narrow valley with rocky sides. gorge
A hollow under a waterfall created by erosion and filled with water. Plunge pool
The boundary separating two drainage basins. watershed
The speed at which a river flows. velocity
A stream or small river that joins a larger one. tributary
The process where some minerals dissolve in a river. solution
The gentle slope on the inside of a meander bend. slipoffslope

weathering and erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or other natural agents erosion
the process of breaking big rocks into little ones. This process usually happens near the surface of the planet mechanical weathering
the erosion or disintegration of rocks, building materials, etc., caused by chemical reactions (chiefly with water and substances dissolved in it) rather than by mechanical processes. chemical weathering
is caused by the repeated freeze-thaw cycle of water in extreme climates. Most rocks have small cracks in them, called joints (or, tectonic joints). When it rains, rainwater seeps into these joints. As the day cools and temperatures at night drop below freezing, the water inside the joints freezes. frost wedging
an area damaged by scraping or wearing away. abrasion
the process of rocks wearing there old surface off exfoliation
the chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water. hydrolysis
ainfall made sufficiently acidic by atmospheric pollution that it causes environmental harm, typically to forests and lakes. The main cause is the industrial burning of coal and other fossil fuels, the waste gases from which contain sulfur and nitrogen oxides, which combine with atmospheric water to form acids. acid rain
the process or result of oxidizing or being oxidized. oxidation
the movement of surface material caused by gravity. mass movement
move slowly and carefully, especially in order to avoid being heard or noticed. creep
a fluid or hardened stream or avalanche of mud. mud flow
separate or be separated into parts divide
an extent or an area of land where surface water from rain, melting snow, or ice converges to a single point at a lower elevation, usually the exit of the basin drainage basin
particles in a flowing fluid (usually water) that are transported along the bed. bed load
allow (a liquid, gas, or other substance) to flow out from where it has been confined. discharge
a river thats conected to other rivers river system
a mixture in which particles are dispersed throughout the bulk of a fluid. suspension
an increase or decrease in the magnitude of a property (e.g., temperature, pressure, or concentration) observed in passing from one point or moment to another. gradient
the maximum amount that something can contain. capacity
a curved lake formed at a former oxbow where the main stream of the river has cut across the narrow end and no longer flows around the loop of the bend. oxbow lake
a winding curve or bend of a river or road. meander
an area of low-lying ground adjacent to a river, formed mainly of river sediments and subject to flooding. flood plain
the ability to do something successfully or efficiently. competence
a landform that forms from deposition of sediment carried by a river as the flow leaves its mouth and enters slower-moving or standing water. This occurs where a river enters an ocean, sea, estuary, lake, reservoir, or (more rarely) another river that cannot transport away the supplied sediment delta
a river or stream flowing into a larger river or lake. tributary
an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers, basins, or seas. watershed

River Processes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An area of land drained by a river and its tributaries Drainage basin
The breakdown and decay of rock by natural processes Weathering
A process of weathering that happens when rainwater enters cracks and then freezes exerting pressure on the rock causing it to break into smaller pieces Mechanical
A process of weathering when all rain is slightly acidic. The acid reacts with weak minerals causing them to dislove and the rock to decay Chemical
A process of weathering where the roots of pplants can grow into cracks and split the rock apart Biological
The movement of rocks and soil downslope due to gravity. Mass Movement
A type of mass movment where individual particles of soil move slowly down a slope Soil Creep
A type of mass movement where soil moves rapidly downslope in one go for example a landslide Sliding
A type of mass movement where masses of soil or rock, flow like liquid downhill Flows
The action of water wearing away rocks and soils on the valley bottom sides Erosion
A type of erosion sheer force of water hitting the river bed and banks wearing them away Hydraulic Action
A type of erosion where material carried in the river rubbing against the bed and banks of the channel Abrasion
A type of erosion where the water is slightly acidic so it can dissolve some rocks and minerals in contact with the river Solution
A type of erosion where sediment particles carried into the river collide with each other causing the edges to be knocked off Attrition
Erosion that takes place on the river bed Vertical Erosion
This type of erosion makes rivers wider Lateral Erosion
A river picks up and carries material as it flows downstream Transportation
Rolling stones along the river bed Traction
Sand sized particles bounce along the bed in a leap frog movement Saltation
Silt and clay sized particles are carried within the water flow Suspension
Some minerals dissolve in the water Solution
When a river no longer has enough energy to carry its load Deposition
This appears at the end of the lower course of a river Mouth
This happens in the middle course of a river and is a bend in a river Meander
This is where the river came from in the upper course of a river Source
Where is the River Dee located? Wales
Where does the lower course of the River Dee cross into? Cheshire
How high above sea level is the source of River Dee found, in metres? 460
Where is the source of River Dee? Snowdonia
This is a result of erosion when more resistant rock overlaps less resistant rock Waterfalls
When rivers are small they tend to flow around these interlocking Spurs
As watefalls form these form with it Gorges

Weathering & Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the breakdown of rocks into smaller particles weathering
small particles of rock that break off another rock sediments
the type of weathering in which the composition stays the same physical
the type of weathering in which the composition of the rock changes chemical
what water does when it freezes expands
the release of pressure that causes a rock to break exfoliation
when sediments collide and break abrasion
the name of the rock that caves form in limestone
the most important cause of chemical weathering water
when oxygen combines with iron in a rock and forms iron oxide(rust) oxidation
examples of organisms that release acids to chemically weather rocks lichens
decayed plant an animal material found in soil humus
when the bedrock matches the soil residual
when the bedrock does NOT match the soil transported
the process by which weathered sediments are transported erosion
another name for gravity erosion massmovement
the force behind most types of erosion gravity
a smaller stream running into a larger one tributary
an area of land that drains to a specific stream/water body watershed
a v-shaped valley is formed by this river
when sediments are dissolved in water solution
when small minerals are carried within water suspension
a u-shaped lake that forms when a meander is cut off from the rest of a stream/river oxbow
wind blows loose sediment against rocks sandblasting
a U-shaped valley is made by this glacier
a rock deposited by a glacier that does not match the surrounding rock in the area erratic
the shape of rocks eroded by water round
the shape of rocks eroded by gravity angular
you find these on rocks carried by glaciers scratches

Rivers, Lakes, and Oceans Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

The tidal mouth of a large river, where the tide meets the stream. ESTUARY
A small stream that flows into a larger stream. TRIBUTARIES
Material being transported by a river is deposited. DEPOSITION
Being eroded by water, wind, or other natural agents. EROSION
Matter that settles to a bottom of a liquid. SEDIMENT
A body of air or water moving in a definite direction. CURRENT
Class of naturally occurring solid in organic substances. MINERAL CONTENT
Winding curve of bend in a river. MEANDER
An area of land that collects rivers, basins, or seas. WATERSHED
A large lake used as a source of water supply. RESERVIOR
A crescent-shaped lake formed in the abounded channel. OXBOW
A place where a river enters a lake. MOUTH
A land form that forms from deposition carried by a river. DELTA
Land along side river or lake. BANKS
An area of low lying ground. FLOODPLAIN

freshwater vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the area of land that is drained by a river system watershed
the path that a stream follows channel
any form of water that falls to Earth's surface from the clouds; includes rain, snow, sleet, and hail precipitation
the materials carried by a stream load
the raising of aquatic plants and animals for human use or consumption aquifer
the change of state from a liquid to a gas evaporation
the ability of a rock or sediment to let fluids pass through its open spaces, or pores permeability
the volume of water that flows within a given time discharge
a stream that flows into a lake or into a larger stream tributary
the percentage of the total volume of a rock or sediment that consists of open spaces porosity
the water that is beneath the Earth's surface groundwater
a well whose water comes from an artesian aquifer artesian well
the branch of science concerned with the properties of the earth's water, especially its movement in relation to land. hydrology
an area of low-lying ground adjacent to a river, formed mainly of river sediments and subject to flooding foodplain
a place where water or oil wells up from an underground source, or the basin or flow formed in such a way. spring
a large natural or artificial lake used as a source of water supply. reservoir
an area of land that does not let water pass through easily impermeable
the bed or channel in which a river flows. riverbed
water that collects on the surface of the ground. surface water
the property of a solid, liquid, or gaseous chemical substance solubility

Geograhpy crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

rocks carried along the river down the bed abriasion
The sheer force of the water by itself can erode material from the bed and banks of the river channel. Hydraulic Action
As the river descends from the highland, it begins to meander between spurs which interlock down the valley. interlocking spurs
erosion by a river on the outside of a meander channel. It eventually leads to the widening of the valley and the formation of the flood plain. Lateral erosion
river embankments built by deposition as the river floods levees
the material transported by a river as bedload, suspended load or dissolved load (in solution) load
the section of the river near the sea, where deposition is the most important process and the valley becomes wider and flatter lower course
a bend in a river. The outside of the meander has the fastest flow and deepest water. meander
the section of the river between the mountains and the lowland, where transport of eroded material is important and the river begins to cut sideways due to the reducing gradient. middle course
where a river ends, at a lake or the sea mouth
a meander which has been cut off from the main river channel and abandoned. Ox-bow Lake
the deep pool below a waterfall. Plunge Pool
found where the river meets a band of resistant rock and usually precede a waterfall Rapids
material bounced along the bed of the river saltation
some rocks such as limestone are subject to chemical attack and slowly dissolve in the water solution
deep v-shaped valley is usually found in the upper course of the river where the water has considerable erosive power v-shaped valley
the point at which rivers meet confluence
the land that is drained by a river and its tributaries drainage basin
a steep-sided, narrow rocky valley marking the retreat of a waterfall gorge
the mountain stage of a river with steep gradients and much erosion upper course
the highland separating one river basin from another watershed

Weathering, Erosion and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the process by which sediment and other materials are moved from one place to another Erosion
process by which eroded material is dropped deposition
materials carried by a stream load
flat area formed by layers of deposited sediment floodplain
fan shaped pattern where streams deposit their loads delta
a fan shaped deposit that forms on dry land alluvial fan
a place where land and a body of water meet shoreline
water located within the rocks below Earth's surface groundwater
an area of shoreline that is made up of material deposited by waves and currents beach
mounds of wind deposited sand dunes
thick deposits of windblown, fine-grained sediment loess
term for all materials carried and deposited by a glacier Glacial drift
large mass of moving ice that forms by the compacting of snow by natural forces glacier
sudden and rapid movement of a large amount of material downslope landslide

Water Resources: Environmental Science Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Water found on Earth's land surface. Surface Water
Continuous movement of water between Earth and its atmosphere Water Cycle
A flowing network of water formed by rivers and streams River System
Area of land that is drained by a river Watershed
Water found beneath the earth's surface groundwater
Underground formation that contains groundwater Aquifer
ability of rock or soil to allow water to flow through it permeability
Area of Earth's surface from which water percolates down into an aquifer recharge zone
A hole that is dug or drilled to reach groundwater well
percentage of the total volume of a rock that has spaces (pores) porosity
The level undergound where rocks and soil are saturated with water water table