Type
Crossword
Description

first European to make it to India by sea daGama
explorer who is given credit for "discovering" the Americas Columbus
his crew was the first to circumnavigate the globe Magellan
first European to sail to the southern tip of Africa Diaz
the wife of King Ferdinand of Spain. She and her husband sponsored Columbus' voyages Isabella
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztec Cortes
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Inca Pizarro
Spanish explorer who claimed Florida in his search for the "Fountain of Youth" Poncedeleon
Muslim explorer who led the Ming voyages in Chinese history ZhengHe
large Chinese ships Junk
navigational instrument Compass
the transfer of plants, animals, and diseases between the Old and New Worlds ColumbianExchange
a labor system in which a person is seen as property slavery
the most economically valuable agricultural product grown in Latin America Sugar
name given to the voyage made by many slaves during their forced migration from Africa to the Americas MiddlePassage
labor system used by the Inca Mita
Prince of Portugal who sponsored voyages of exploration HenrytheNavigator
famous silver mine in South America Potosi
economic philosophy that encouraged countries to accumulate as much wealth as possible by exploiting colonies for resources mercantilism
dominant religion of Latin America following European settlement Catholicism

The Age of Exploration Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Spanish conqueror of Mexico Hernan Cortes
took the lead in European exploration Portugal
went around the cape and cut across the Indian ocean to the coast of India Vasco de Gama
a thriving spice trade port melaka
believed he could reach Asia by sailing west instead of east around Africa Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus explored these coastlines cuba
persuaded the king of Spain to finance his voyage to Asia through the western hemisphere Ferdinand Magellan
explored the New England coastline of the Americas for England John Cabot
his letters described the land he saw led to the use of the name America Amerigo Vespucci
individuals with firearms, organizational skills, and determination that led to success conquistadors
Aztec monarch montezuma
landed on the pacific coast of south America with 180 men Francisco Pizarro
the right of landowners to use native Americans as laborers encomienda
the exchange of plants and animals between Europe and Asia columbian exchange
a settlement of people living in a new territory, linked to a parent country colony
a set of principles that dominated society mercantilism
the difference in value between what a nation imports and what it exports balance of trade
payments subsides
large agricultural estates plantations
connected Europe, Asia, and Africa triangular trade
the middle portion of the triangular trade route middle passage
"so great is the corruption that our country is being completely depopulated" king afonso
pulled into the slave trade benin
in the 1500's Portugal came to dominate this land Brazil
Spanish and Portuguese officials who had been born in Europe peninsulares
descendants of Europeans born in Latin America creoles
offspring of Europeans and Native Americans mestizos
offspring of Africans and Europeans mulattoes

Age Of Exploration Crossword Puzzle:

Type
Crossword
Description

In 1592______ sailed the ocean blue. Columbus
Conquered the Inca civilization. Francisco Pizaro
Discovered New York State, Canada and Hudson Bay Henry Hudson
Fierce sailors who raided towns in their free time Vikings
A navigation device which replaced the Astrolabe and the Cross-staff because it could be used on land and sea. Sextant
A faster and more efficient cargo ship invented for better sea tavel. Caravel
Famous Portuguese leader who created a school for navigational sailing. Prince Henry
A system used for mass-producing books and maps. Printing Press
Long stories passed down verbally generation to generation. Saga
Northern part of Europe which includes Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Scandinavia
Eric The Red's son, viking explorer who discovered Greenland Lief Ericson
A very long and sleek ship used by the vikings. Longship
The Incan emperor that Francisco Pizaro captured and murdered. Atahlupa
Famous conquistador who conquered the Aztecs of Mexico. Hernando Cortes
Number of natives Christopher Columbus took back to Spain to serve as slaves. 500 natives
Columbus's sons name. Ferdinand
Name of the biggest main ship Columbus sailed with on his most famous voyage. Santa Maria
Name the other two ships in the same voyage in number 17. Nina and Pinta
A term used by the vikings to describe the savage natives. Skraelings
What the vikings were called/what they called themselves. Norsemen
A famous explorer who has a game named after him and found a lot of the Silk Road Marco Polo
An enormous trading route from East Asia to Europe. Silk Road

Famous Explorers Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Who sailed the ocean in 1492 Christopher Columbus
Who was the first European to reach India by sea Vasco de Gama
1497, he discover parts of North America John Cabot
Made the first Europeans contact with the Eastern Coast of Australia James Cook
He conquered Mexico Hernando Cortes
Mapped much of the Southern half of the modern United States Hernando De Soto
Conquered Peru Francisco pizarro
English sea explorer and navigator in the early 17th century Jacque Cartier
Organized the Castilian expedition to the East Indies Ferdinand Magellan
Best known for crossing the isthmus of Panama to the Pacific Ocean in 1513 Vasco Balboa
First demanstrates that Brazil and the West IndIves did not represent Asias eastern outskirts as initially conjectured from Columbian voyages America Vespucius
Sailed around the southernNmost tip of Africa in 1488, reaching the Indian Ocean from the Atlantic Bartolomeu Dias
Found the city of Santa Fe and New Mexico in 1610 Pedro Peralta
Explored the Great Lakes region of the United States, Canad, the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico Sierra do Salle
Claimed the Moreast coast of South America for Portugal Pedro Alvares Cabral
Founded New France and Quebec City on July 3, 1608 Samuel Champlain
First governed of Puerto Rico by appointment of the Spanish crown Juan Ponce Leon
Italian explorer of North America in service of King Francis I of France Giovanni Verrazzano
First resident Bishop of Chiapas Bartolome Casas

Exploration And Colonization Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

way of thought with prime importance on humans not divine matters Humanism
a imagined place thats perfect Utopia
male head of a family or tribe Patriarch
setting up a colony away from origin/home country Colonization
the difference of the values of exports and inports for a country; a favorable balance is when there is more value in the exports than the imports. Balence of Trade
the action of traveling in or through an unfamiliar area in order to learn about it Exploration
a treaty signed in 1494 by Spain and Portugal, which split the Western lands down a line of demarcation from north to south, giving Spain the all territory west of the line, and Portugal all land east of the line Treaty of Tordesillas
Helped to usher in the intense period of European naval exploration that dominated the world during the 15th-17th centuries Prince Henry the Navigator
His exploration led to the discovery of the Americas by European and resulted in future European colonization in the Americas Christopher Columbus
Marks the beginning of European colonization in the Americas and sets the stage for European dominance of the Native populations Columbian Exchange
A system of slavery used by the Spanish conquistadors on their American plantations Encomienda System
A buisness formed by a group of investors who pooled their money to invest together Joint- Stock Company
Had their passage to America paid by someone else and in return they signed a contract agreeing to pay off their debt by working for this person. Indentured Servant
Came to America to establish their own colony to escape religious persicution in England Puritans
The first law in America for freedom of worship for all Christians Act for Religious Toleration
Were motivated by the 3 G's (God, Gold, Glory); Conquered many great Native American Civilizations and brought much much of the Americas under Spanish control in the 15th century Conquistadors
Defeted the Aztecs who were ruled by Montezuma, and conquered Mexico; Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortes
Recieved Hernando Cortes and his men as gods and allowed them to conquer his kingdom; Aztec Emperor Montezuma
A child of mix race born from a Spainard and an American Indian Mestizo
First permanent English settlement in America Jamestown

Exploration & Colonization crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

an instrument formerly used to make astronomical measurements. Astrolabe
a small, fast Spanish or Portuguese sailing ship of the 15th–17th centuries. Caravel
a disease caused by a deficiency of vitamin C. Scurvy
a person who draws or produces maps. Cartographers
was a Portuguese explorer and the first European to reach India by sea. Vasco de Gama
a chronic skin disease that is endemic in tropical America. Pinta
one of the three Spanish ships used by Italian explorer Christopher Columbus in his first voyage to the West Indies in 1492 Nina
Being Columbus' largest ship Santa Maria
was a Breton explorer who claimed what is now Canada for France. Jacques Cartier
was a Venetian navigator and explorer whose 1497 discovery of the coast of North America under the commission of Henry VII of England was the first European exploration of the mainland John Cabot
a nobleman of the Portuguese royal household, was a Portuguese explorer. Bartholomew Dias
an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer. Christopher Columbus
a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522. Ferdinand Magellan
an English sea explorer and navigator during the early 17th century, best known for his explorations of present-day Canada and parts of the northeastern United States. Hendry Hudson
A line between Spanish and Portuguese territory was first defined by Pope Alexander VI (1493) and was later revised by the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494). Line of Demarcation
was a Spanish explorer, governor, and conquistador. Vasco Nunez de Balboa
was an important figure in 15th-century Portuguese politics and in the early days of the Portuguese Empire. Henry the Navigator
a rocky headland on the Atlantic coast of the Cape Peninsula, South Africa. Cape of good hope

2.1 Spanish Colonization & New Spain Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Incan emperor ATAHUALPA
Spanish conquerors CONQUISTADORS
Explored the southwestern borderlands. Never did find streets of gold. CORONADO
Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztec. CORTES
People born in the Americas to parents from Spain. Wealthy and well educated. CREOLES
Founder of New Mexico colony in 1598. DEONATE
Explored Florida to the Mississippi River DESOTO
Indian woman who advised Cortes DONAMARINA
Land grants from Spanish government that allowed for Native Americans to provide labor or pay taxes. ENCOMIENDAS
One of 4 people who traveled more than 1000 miles through the Southwest. ESTEVANICO
People at the bottom of the social classes in New Spain. INDIANS
Catholic father who set up 24 missions in Arizona. KINO
A priest who tried to protect the Indians' civil rights, and, in doing so, encouraged African slave trade. LASCASAS
People of mixed Spanish and Indian background. MESTIZOS
Settlements run by Catholic priests and friars. Goal: to convert Indians to Christianity. MISSION
Aztec emperor MOCTEZUMA
People at the top of the social order in New Spain; born in Spain, highest jobs, owned land and mines. PENINSULARES
Conquered Inca PIZARRO
A large estate farmed by many workers. PLANTATION
Searched for fountain of youth in Florida. PONCEDELEON
Forts where soldiers lived. PRESIDIOS
Towns PUEBLOS

age of exploration Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the quality of being individual; served as a motivating factor for explorers to seek fame and glory by conquering far away lands individualism
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to Asia Christopher Columbus
Spanish explorer and conquistador who led the conquest of Aztec Mexico in 1519-1521 for Spain. Hernan Cortes
Set the Line of Demarcation which was a boundary established in 1493 to define Spanish and Portuguese possessions in the Americas. Treaty of Tordesillas
Known as the Henry the Navigator, gathered experts in science, mapmaking, and shipbuilding whose work led to a fleet of ships that explored the coast of west Africa Prince Henry
to sail around the world Circumnavigate
an adventurer Conquistador
Was a war fought by French and English on American soil over control of the Ohio River Valley French & Indian War
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas Columbian Exchange
a government tax on imports or exports Tariff
Portuguese-born navigator. Hired by Spain to sail to the Indies in 1519. Ferdinand Magellan
A Portuguese sailor who was the first European to sail around southern Africa to the Indian Ocean in the late 15th century Vasco De Gama
Conquered and divided the Inca empire, and was honored by the Spanish king before the Inca killed him. Franicisco Pizarro
war between the French and their Indian allies and the English that proved the English to be the more dominant force Seven Years war
Treaty signed in 1783 that officially ended the American Revolution. Treaty of Paris
A spanish explorer from central america that inspired the idea of the Panama Canal Vasco de Balboa
a group of people with the same ethnic values controlled by a foreign country Colonies
a navigational instrument used by explorers during the Age of Exploration to find the altitude of stars Astrolabe
a small, fast, type of sailing ship that sat high in the water and that was used by most Spanish and Portuguese explorers in the 15th and 16th century Caravel
to look over and study an area explore

Maya, Inca, and Aztec Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

"Place of the prickly pear cactus", capital of the Aztec Empire Tenochtitlan
He found the pacific ocean Vasco Nunez De Balboa
A rope with knotted cords of different lengths and colors quipu
"floating gardens" Aztec way of farming land surrounded by swamps chinampa
Incan settlement in the Andes north-west of Cuzco, Peru machu picchu
Land mass in southern mexico extending north-east into the Gulf of Mexico Yucatan peninsula
City in southern Peru Cuzco
Civilization of Mesoamerica located in the valley of Mexico aztec
The global exchange of people, goods, technology, ideas, and diseases that began after Christopher Columbus' voyages columbian exchange
Civilization located in South America in the Indies Mts. inca
Political agreements between people or states to work together alliance
A device used for finding latitude at sea astrolabe
Books used by Aztecs to record their religion and history codices
one of the oldest and largest Mayan cities Tikal
Ruler of Inca at the time of the spanish conquest atahualpa
A land between north and south America Mesoamerica
He found more of canada up north Henry hudson
the founder of Canada, also a french explorer Jacques cartier
Island in the west Indies hispaniola
Portuguese explorer who traveled around the world ferdinand magellan
He accidently found the americas christopher columbus
Portuguese explorer who tried to get to India Vasco da gama
the science of map making cartography
A device used to find direction while traveling compass
The mayan word for flat region Peten
Conquistador who conquered the Inca empire francisco pizarro
Conquistador who conquered the Aztec empire Hernan Cortes
Spanish conqueror or soldier in the Americas Conquistador
The Aztec emperor before Hernan Cortes Montezuma
Civilization of Mesoamerica located in the yucatan peninsula Maya

Chapter 4 Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An economic system based on private ownership and on the investment of money in business ventures in order to make a profit Capitalism
A conflict between Britain and France for control of territory in North America French and Indian War
A business in which investors pool their wealth for a common purpose, then share the profits joint stock company
The voyage that brought captured Africans to the West Indies, and later to North and South America, to be sold as slaves Middle Passage
A person of mixed Spanish and Native American ancestry mestizo
A global transfer of plants, animals, and diseases that occurred during the European colonization of the Americas Columbian Exchange
land controlled by another nation colony
A group of people who, in 1620, founded the colony of Plymouth in Massachusetts to escape religious persecution in England Pilgrims
The transatlantic trading network along which slaves and other goods were carried between Africa, England, Europe, the West Indies, and the colonies in North America Triangular Trade
A grant of land made by Spain to a settler in the Americas, including the right to use Native Americans as laborers on it encomienda
The Spanish soldiers, explorers, and fortune hunters who took part in the conquest of the Americas in the 16th century conquistadors
A group of people who sought freedom from religious persecution in England by founding a colony at Massachusetts Bay in the early 1600s puritans
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought mercantilism
The buying, transporting, and selling of Africans for work in the Americas Atlantic Slave Trade
The conquistador that conquered the Inca Empire Francisco Pizarro
An Inca Ruler Atahualpa
A colony claimed by English settlers in 1607, named after the English King Jamestown
The Dutch holding in North America New Netherland
An explorer who landed in the Bahamas in 1492 when searching for India Christopher Columbus
The Native American ruler also known as King Philip Metacom
The French colonial empire in North America New France
A Spaniard that landed on the shores of Mexico in 1519 Hernando Cortes

APUSH Period 1 Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A system where encomenderos would offer protection and Catholicism for labor. Encomienda System
He was an encomenderos. In the Mid-1500s, he came to see his encomienda and saw the inhumane treatment and abuse the encomienda system promoted. He started petitioning the King of Spain to institute laws that would protect natives against abusive practices. Bartolome De Las Casas 
It put regulations on inhuman practices.   New Laws of 1542 
About 91% of all of them died from diseases that were being brought over to the Americas from Europe. Native Americans
It was a process of transferring plants, animals, diseases, and people between the Old and New Worlds. Columbian Exchange
He was given 3 ships (the Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria) by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain. He arrived at the Bahamas on October 12, 1492. By 1494, he decided to “subjugate by force of arms” the Taino, Arawak, and Carib people.  Christopher Columbus
They married and merged Castile and Aragon unifying Spain and stopping the encroachment of the Moors (Reconquista). They also funded Christopher Columbus’s voyage to America.   Ferdinand and Isabella
Spain went to the Pope because they were scared Portugal would try to take their territory. This treaty, in 1494, divided the world between Spain (having the western hemisphere) and Portugal (having land east however Portugal technically had Brazil). They didn’t ask the native people or anyone else in Europe for that matter. Treaty of Tordesillas 
The night Moctezuma drove Cortes from Tenochtitlan.  Noche Triste
In 1680, Pueblos revolt against attacks on their religion, killing priests and destroying Catholic missionaries. Spain lost control of Santa Fe and Mew Mexico for 50 years.  Pope's Rebellion
It was a belief that the Spanish only killed, tortured, and stole in the Americas while doing nothing good.  The Black Legend
In other words, it is corn cultivation, (in 6,000 BCE) domesticated crops and animals, led to civilization, and ended nomadic lifestyle. It was majorly significant to South America.  Maize
It was a practice of growing beans, corn, and squash together. It improved diet and also led to large populations.  Three-sister Farming
It was the 1st European nation to send explorers around the west coast of Africa.  Portugal
It taught people had to be constantly on defense against temptations. Europeans also wanted to share this with others around the world and became a major reason for exploration.  Christianity
The 3 main reasons many colonists wanted to come to the New World. Gold, God, Glory
It allowed sailors to sail with or against wind and made it capable for Europeans to now sail south toward Africa.  Caravel
The bridge that got the earliest Americans between 11,000 and 35,000 years ago from Asia. It was created during the Ice Age.  Beringia Land Bridge 
One of the causes of exploration, He was an Italian adventure who travelled to China, lived there 17 years and wrote a book that described the wealth and products of China.   Marco Polo
First European to see Pacific by crossing Panama in 1513 (claiming all land for Spain).  Vasco Nunez Balboa
An animal brought from Europe that changed the Indians way of life.    Horse
Started in Spain in 1519 with 5 ships, led the 1st successful European circumnavigation of globe in 1522. Ferdinand Magellan
From 1513 to 1521, he explored Florida seeking gold and the “fountain of youth” but unfortunately didn’t find either of those.  Juan Ponce De Leon
In 1509, he went to the Caribbean because of wealth and titles. In the 1520s, he failed to conquer the Inca Empire In 1533, he founded Peru. Eight years later, he was killed by a fellow conquistador named Diego de Almagro.  Francisco Pizarro
From 1539 to 1542, helped with the Inca defeat and explored in Southeast U.S. seeking for gold. He discovered the Mississippi River. He mistreated the Indians and died of fever and wounds. His people threw his body in the Mississippi River.  Hernando De Soto 
In 1519, he entered Aztec capital and discovered their rituals and wealth. He kidnapped Moctezuma, killed 100s of natives, but Spanish ended up running for their lives. He teamed up with other natives to defeat Aztecs. By 1521, he defeated the Aztecs.  Hernan Cortes
Person of mixed European and Indian ancestry.  Mestizos 
Their capital city was Tenochtitlan. They had a warrior culture and are well known for their rituals (human sacrifices). They lived in central Mexico.  Aztecs
They were located in Peru and Andes Mountains. They built road networks, terrace farming, and quipu.   Incas
They were located in Peru and Andes Mountains. They built road networks, terrace farming, and quipu.   Mayas