Type
Crossword
Description

A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume Stress
A type of stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the middle. Tension
A type of stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks. Compression
A type of stress that pushes masses of rock in opposite directions, in a sideways movement. Shearing
A type of fault where the hanging wall slides downward; caused by tension in the crust, Normal Fault
The block of rock that forms the upper half of a fault. Hanging Wall
The block of rock that forms the lower half of a fault. Foot Wall
A type of fault where the hanging wall slides upward; caused by compression in the crust Reverse Fault
A type of fault in which rocks on either side move past each other sideways with little up or down motion. Strike-Slip Fault
An upward form in rock formed by compression of Earth's crust. Anticline
A downward form in rock formed by compression in Earth's crust. Syncline
A large area of flat land elevated high above sea level. Plateau
A section of the lithosphere that slowly moves over the asthenosphere, carrying pieces of continental and oceanic crust. Plate
The theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle. Plate Tectonics
A break in the Earth's crust where masses of rock slip past each other. Fault
A deep valley that forms where two plates move apart. Rift Valley
The process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle at a convergent plate boundary. Subduction
The process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust to the ocean floor. Seafloor Spreading
An undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced; a divergent plate boundary. Mid-ocean Ridge
A major belt of volcanoes that rims Pacific Ocean. Ring of Fire

Earthquakes Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A forces that acts on an area of rock to change its shape or volume stress
Type of stress that pulls on the crust, stretching rock so that is becomes thinner in the middle tension
Type of stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks compression
Stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions shearing
The hanging wall slips down relative to the footwall normal fault
Block of rock that lies above hanging wall
Block of rock that lie below footwall
The hanging wall moves up relative to the footwall reverse fault
Rocks on either side of a strike- slip fault, slip past each other, with little up or down motion strike- slip fault
The shaking that results from sudden movement of rock along a fault earthquake
The area beneath Earth's surface where rock under stress breaks, triggering an earthquake focus
The point on the surface directly above the focus epicenter
Seismic waves that compress and expand the ground like an accordian P waves
Seismic waves that vibrate side to side as well as up and down S waves
Seismic waves that move slower then P and S waves, but they can produce more severe ground movements Surface Waves
A scale devolved to rate earthquakes according to their intensity, or strength at a give place Mercalli Scale
A number that geologist assign to an earthquake based on the earthquake's size magnitude
A scale that assigns magnitude number to an earthquake based on the size of the seismic waves Richter Scale
Where the seismic waves are measured seismograph
A rating system that estimates the total energy released by an earthquake moment magnitude scale

Chapter 1 Plate Tectonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process by which ocean floor sinks beneath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle subduction
When earthquakes occur they produce seismic waves
results from a force pressing on an area pressure
is the layer of rock that forms Earth's outer skin crust
a layer of hot rock mantle
The uppermost part of the mantle and the crust together form a rigid layer lithosphere
lower part of the mantle [soft layer] asthenosphere
is a layer of molten metal that surrounds the inner core outer core
is a dense ball of solid metal inner core
the transfer of energy through space radiation
heat transfer within a material or between materials that are touching conduction
can be transferred by the movement of fluids-liquids or gases convection
the flow that transfers heat within a fluid convection currents
continents slowly moving across the Earth continental drift
continually adds new material to the ocean floor sea floor spreading
the lithosphere broken up into separate sections plates
states that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in slow, constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle plate tectonics
breaks in Earth's crust where rocks have slipped past each other faults
the place where two plates more apart divergent boundary
the place where two plates come together convergent boundary
a place where two plates slip past each other transform boundary

Plate Tectonics Cross Word Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

The continents were once joined together in a single landmass and have since drifted apart. continental drift
The continents were joined together in a supercontinent, or single landmass, about 300 million years ago. Pangaea
Any trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock. Fossil
Form long chains of mountains that rise up from the ocean floor. Mid Ocean Ridge
Adds more crust to the ocean floor. At the same time, older strips of rock move outward from either side of the ridge. Sea Floor Spreading
Part of the ocean sinks back into the mantle, in a process that takes millions of years. Deep Ocean Trench
Plates move apart of diverge from each other. Divergent Boundary
Plates come together or converge. Convergent Boundary
Plates slip past each other. Transform Boundary
The theory that Earth's plates are in slow, constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle. Plate Tectonics
Breaks in the Earth's surface where crust have slipped past each other. Faults
A deep valley forms when pieces of Earth's crust diverge on land. Rift Valley
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume. Stress
Occurs when two plates pull apart. Tension
Occurs when two plates come together. Compression
Occurs where two plates slip past each other. Shearing
The faulta cuts through rock at an angle, so one rock sits over the fault, while the other block lies under the fault. Normal Fault
Has the same structure as a normal fault, but the blocks move in the reverse direction. Reverse Fault
The rocks on either side of the fault slip past each other sideways, with little up or down motion. Strike Slip Fault
A large area of flat land elevated high above sea level. Plateau

Earthquakes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

force that acts on a rock to change its shape for volume stress
stress force that pulls on the crust and thins rock in the middle tension
stress force that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks compression
stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions shearing
type of fault where the hanging wall slides downward which is caused by tension in the crust normal fault
same structure as normal fault but the blocks are switched reverse fault
fault where rocks on both sides of the fault slip past each other sideways strike-slip fault
large area of flat land raised high above sea level plateau
shaking and trembling that results from movement in the Earth's crust earthquake
area beneath Earth's surface where rock under stress breaks or moves focus
point on Earth's surface that is directly above the faocus epicenter
seismic waves that compress and expand the ground P wave
seismic waves that can vibrate from side to side S waves
waves that can produce severe ground movements Surface waves
instrument used to gecord and measure earthquakes seismograph
rates amount of shaking from an earthquake Modified Mercalli
single number that geologists assign to earthquakes based on its size magnitude
rates earthquakes magnitude based on the size of its seismic waves Richter Scale
rates total energy an earthquake releases Moment Magnitude Scale
record of an earthquake's seismic waves produces by a seismograph seismogram

Drifting Continentals Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Stress that squeezes rock until it folds or break compession
The hypothesis that the continents stay move across earth's surface continental drift
a bowel shaped area that forms around a volcano central opening crater
a deep valley along the ocean flooe beneath which oceanic crust slowly sinks toward the mantle deep ocean trench
a plate boundary where two plates move away from each other divergent boundary
not currently active but able to become active in the future dormant
term used to describe a volcano that is no longer active and is unlikely to merupt again extinct
a break in earth's crust along which rocks move fault
the preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in the past fossil
an area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through the crust above hotspot
a string of volcanoes that form as the results os subduction of one oceanic plate beneath a second oceanic plate island arc
liquid magma that reaches the surface lava
the area covered by lava as it pours out od a volcanos vent lava flow
the mollen mixture of rock forming substances, gases, and water from the mantle magma
the pocket beneath a volcano where magma collects magma chamber
an undersea mountain chain where ner ocean floor is produced mid ocean ridge
a type of fault where the hanging wall slides downward caused by tension in the crust normal fault
the name of the single landmass that begin to break apart 200 million years ago pangae
a long tube through magma moves from the magma chamber to earth's surface pipe
a section of the lithosphere that swoly moves over the asthenosphere, carrying pieces of continental and oceanic crust plate
the theory that pieces of earth's lithosphere are in constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle plate tectonics
a large landform that has high elevation and a more or less level surface plateau
Aa weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface volcano
the opening through which molten rock and gas leaves a volcano vent
a plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opposite directions transform boundary
stress that streches rock so that it becomes thinner in the middle tension
the process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath a deep ocean trench and back into the mantle subduction
a type of fault in which rocks on either side move past each other sideways with little up or down motion strike slipe fault
a force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume stress
a material found in magma that formed from the elements oxygen and silicon silica
stress that pushes masses of rock in opposite directions in a sideways movement shearing

Plate Tectonics and Earth Interior Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across earth's surface. Continental Drift
The name of the single landmass that began to break apart 200 million years ago and gave rise to today's continents. pangea
The preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in the past. Fossil
An undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced. Mid ocean ridge
A deep valley along the ocean floor beneath which oceanic crust slowly sinks toward the mantle. deep ocean trench
The process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust to the ocean floor. sea floor spreading
The process by which oceanic crust sinks benath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle at a convergent plate boundary. subduction
A section of the lithosphere that slowy moves over the asthenosphere, carrying pieces of continental and oceanic crust. Plate
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy released during during an earthquake. Seismic Wave
The force pushing on a surface divide by the area of that surface. Pressure
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outerskin. Crust
Is a dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in ocean crust. Basal
A usually light-colored igneous rock that is found in continental crust. Granite
Layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and core. Mantle
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and the crust. Lithosphere
The soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats. Athenosphere
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner core of earth. Outer Core
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth. Inner Core
A plate boundary where two plates move away from each other. Divergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move toward. Convergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opposite directions. Transform Boundary
A break in earth's crust along which rocks move. Fault
The theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle. Plate Tectonics
A deep valley that forms where two plates move apart. Rift Valley

Earth´s Layers Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Cracks in the Earth´s crust Fault
Thickest layer of Earth Mantle
Thinnest layer of Earth Crust
The uppermost part of the mantle Lithosphere
The layer with the most pressure in it Inner Core
The study of planet Earth Geology
The seven great landmasses on Earth Continents
Energy movement to warm to cool object Heat Transfer
Energy transfer through empty space Radiation
Heat transfer by direct particle contact Conduction
Measure of how much mass is in a volume of a substance Density
Heat transfer by movement in fluid Convection
Flow that transfers heat within a fluid Convection Currents
Another name for the ¨supercontinent¨ Pangaea
Process that continually adds material to the ocean floor Sea-floor spreading
Pieces of the lithosphere that have broken into several sections Plates
A place where plates slide past each other Transform boundary
A place where two plates move apart divergent boundary
A place where two plates converge Convergent boundary
A deep valley rift valley

tectonic plate boundaries Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

this scientist had the theory of the continental drift alfred
two plates slide against each other in a sideways motion transform
a line on a rock surface or the ground that traces a geological fault faultline
changed by extreme heat and pressure to form another rock metamorphic
places where the sea floor spreading takes place midoceanridge
a tall mountain that with a lot of pressure shoots out hot lava volcano
formed by deposition and solidification pf sediments sedimentary
a violent shaking of the ground caused by tectonic plates earthquakes
piece of the crust that floats on the mantle tectonic
hot fluid or semi fluid material within the earth's crust magma
two plates are moving away from one another divergent
formed by cooling and solidification of magma or lava igneous
made of iron, with small amount of nickle core
technical name for the crust and mantle lithosphere
remains of a prehistoric organism preserved in a mold form in a rock fossils
two plates move toward one another and collide convergent
contains most of earths mass (hints: its hot) mantle
hot molten or semi fluid rock erupted from volcano lava
a long high sea wave caused by earth quakes tsunami
outermost later of the planet, with life crust

Science 8 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The wind speed is between 35 to 64 kph tropical depression
The wind speed is between 65 to 118 kph tropical storm
The wind speed is greater than 200 kilometers per hour (kph) typhoon
a sudden release of energy in the earth’s crust or upper mantle, usually caused by movement along a fault plane. earthquake
is the point on the earth’s surface vertically above the focus of an earthquake. epicenter
a crack in the earth’s crust. fault
The point beneath Earth’s surface where rock breaks under stress and triggers an earthquake focus
the hanging wall slips down relative to the footwall. normal fault
the hanging wall moves up relative to the footwall. reverse fault
the rocks on either side of the fault slip past each other sideways, with little up and down motion. strike slip

Plate Tectonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The result of magma rising to Earth's surface and solidifying SeaFloor Spreading
The theory of how large pieces of lithosphere move and change Plate Tectonics
What occurs when forces act in parallel but opposite directions Shear Stress
The bending, tilting and breaking of Earth's crust Deformation
Molten rock produced under the Earth's surface Magma
A volcanically active area of Earth's surface Hotspot
The opening in which volcanic material passes vent
Magma that flows onto Earth's surface Lava
The boundary between colliding tectonic plates convergent boundary
The boundary between tectonic plates moving away from one another divergent boundary
The location where an earthquake occurs focus
Supercontinent that formed 300 million years ago Pangaea
A block of lithosphere that consists of the crust and outermost part of mantle Tectonic plate
The movement of matter due to differences in density convection
The bending of rock layers due to stress folding
The break in a body of rock Fault
Stress that occurs when forces act to stretch an object Tension
The movement or trembling of the ground that's caused by sudden release of energy earthquake
The point directly above an earthquake's starting point epicenter
A vent in Earth's surface where magma and gas are expelled volcano