Decreased appetite, loss of weight, high blood sugar
Exposure to HIV through contaminated needles
Rapid increase of heart rate and blood pressure
Loss of memory, heart and nerve damage
reduce heart rate, blood pressure, death
Drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, loss of consciousness
Decreased blood pressure, gastrointestinal disturbances
loss of judgement, depression, dizziness
Reduce respiratory function,
confusion, sedation, unconsciousness, coma
Rapid onset of tolerance
drowsiness, nausea, constipation, addiction
Nausea, dizziness, lack of coordination, rashes (tussin)
confusion, depression, paranoia, muscle breakdown
Kidney and cardiovascular system failure
Delusions, illusions, paranoia, hallucinations
Delusions, numbness, flashback
Loss of appetite, depression, panic, agression
(mushrooms) Delusions, illusions, extreme anxiety
Illegal Drug Use
as a natural or synthetic substance that is used to produce physiological or psychological effects in humans or other higher order animals
analgesics, meaning they relieve pain by a depressing action on the central nervous system.
readily extracted from opium and is used to synthesize heroin.
produces a “high” that is accompanied by drowsiness and a sense of well-being that generally last for three to four hours.
is usually prepared synthetically from morphine.
derived from opium or morphine, but does have the same physiological effects on the body as do opium narcotics.
appears to eliminate the addict’s desire for heroin while producing minimal side effects
cause marked changes in normal thought processes, perceptions, and moods.
the most controversial drug in this class because its long-term effects on health are still largely unknown
The chemical substance largely responsible for the hallucinogenic properties of marijuana is known as
synthesized from lysergic acid, and can cause hallucinations that can last for 12 hours.
is often synthesized in clandestine laboratories and is often smoked, ingested, sniffed
often mixed with other drugs, such as LSD, or amphetamine, and is sold as a powder
substances used to depress the functions of the central nervous system.
enters the body’s bloodstream and quickly travels to the brain, where it acts to suppress the brain’s control of thought processes and muscle coordination.
normally taken orally and create a feeling of well-being, relax the body, and produce sleep.
produce a relaxing tranquility without impairment of high-thinking faculties or inducing sleep.
substances taken to increase alertness or activity, followed by a decrease in fatigue and a loss of appetite.
injected intravenously, cause an initial “rush,” followed by an intense feeling of pleasure.
extracted from the leaves of Erythroxylin coca, causes increased alertness and vigor, accompanied by the suppression of hunger, fatigue, and boredom
cocaine mixed with baking soda and water, then heated
central nervous system depressants that are often connected with drug-facilitated sexual assault, rape, and robbery.
enhances self-awareness and decreases inhibitions, however, seizures, muscle breakdown, stroke, kidney failure, and cardiovascular system failure often accompany chronic abuse
primarily used as a veterinary animal anesthetic that in humans causes euphoria and hallucinations.
often abused by individuals who are interested in accelerating muscle growth
drugs have a high potential for abuse and have no currently accepted medical use such as heroin, marijuana, methaqualone, and LSD.
drugs have a high potential for abuse and have medical use with severe restrictions such as cocaine, PCP, and most amphetamine and barbiturate prescriptions
drugs have less potential for abuse and a currently accepted medical use such as all barbiturate prescriptions not covered under Schedule II, such as codeine and anabolic steroids.
drugs have a low potential for abuse and have a current medical use such as darvon, phenobarbital, and some tranquilizers such as diazepam (valium) and chlordiazepoxide (librium).
drugs must show low abuse potential and have medical use such as opiate drug mixtures that contain nonnarcotic medicinal ingredients.