This disease results from an atherosclerotic plaque build up over time, reducing size of affected artery
CAD
chest pain that is predictable with exertion and goes away with nitrates or rest
Stable angina
Angina that is associated with cocaine use and coronary artery spasms
Prinzmetals
Necrosis or death of cardiac cells when the heart is severely deprived of O2 results in this
MI
Chest pain that is felt elsewhere (Jaw, shoulder, back, arm)
Radiating pain
If someone has had an MI in the past this permanet change on an EKG would be seen
Pathologic Qwave
Blood test that is found in cells of brain,heart and skeletal muscle, if elevation may be MI but we cant rule in.
CK
This test is specific to cardiac muscle, rises in 4-8 hours, peaks in 18-24 hours and returns normal in 72. Can rule in MI if elevated.
CKMB
This enzyme test is specific to cardiac muscle, rizes in 2-4 hours, peaks at 24-36 and returns normal in 10-14 days.
Troponin
This procedure is invasive and uses contrast to view artery, measure blockage, wall motion, valves and ef.
Cardiac cath
This procedure uses a gell on the chest and with a probe is able to view motion of the heart, valve function and EF
Echocardiogram
This class of drugs is given to angina patients to relieve chest pain
Nitrates
This class of drugs blocks beta receptors in the heart reduces heart rate, reduces speed of conduction through AV node
Beta Blockers
These drugs cause arterial dilation and reduction of afterload, increases coronary perfusion, decrease myocardial force of contraction
CA channel blockers
This class of drugs reduces preload and afterload and promotes water loss through kidneys,decreasing blood volume
ACE inhibitors
These drugs lyse clots that have already formed
Thrombolytics
Opiod analgesic used in MIs
Morphine Sulfate
This drug is used to treat A fib, decreases conduction through the AV node, increases force of ventricular contraction and should be held if HR less than 60
Digoxin
This acronym is used in the treatment of MIs. Name it and what the letters mean.
MONAB
This procedure uses a balloon tipped catheter to compress plaque on artery walls, opening the lumen.
PTCA
This open heart procedure is most common, treats but not cure
CABG
Hypertension resulting from kidney disease, pregnancy or endocrine disorders
Secondary HTN
Disease resluting from plaque build up in the arteries in the peripheral extremities
PVD
This drug is referred to as a TRUE blood thinner, used to increase bloodflow in extremitites
Trental
This may happen as a result of gangrene and tissue necrosis if unable to revascularize an affected extremity
Amputation
A condition where a clot forms on the wall of a vein, inflammation occurs and some degree of obstructed venous flow occurs
DVT
Blood test to detect clotting used in people on Heparin
aPTT
Given with heparin until it reaches a theraputic effect, if using this drug must motitor Vitamin K intake
Coumadin
This drug is a direct thrombin inhibitor that can replace coumadin but has no antidote, is expensive and contraindicated in valve disease pts
Pradaxa
This drug interferes with protein involved in clotting, indicated to reduce risk of stroke in afib pts, used to prevent DVT/PE in hip replacemet pts
Xarelto
Condition of poor venous blood flow in lower extremities, results in venous stasis
Venous insufficiency
In this disease the pt will experience blue, white red symtoms
Raynauds