Type
Word Search
Description

Crevice
Dissolution
Erosion
Galcial
Lava Tubes
Plate Tectonics
Rock Fall
Shelter
Solution
Stream Cut
Volcanic Eruption
Wave Cut

Volcanoes Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

largest intrusive igneous rock body that forms when magma being forced upward toward Earth’s crust cools slowly and solidifies underground Batholith
large, circular-shaped opening formed when the top of a volcano collapses Caldera
steep-sided, loosely packed volcano formed when tephra falls to the ground Cinder Cone Volcano
volcano built by alternating explosive and quiet eruptions that produce layers of tephra and lava; found mostly where Earth’s plates come together and one plate sinks below the other Composite volcano
steep-walled depression around a volcano’s vent Crater
igneous rock feature formed when magma is squeezed into a vertical crack that cuts across rock layers and hardens underground Dike
the result of an unusually hot area at the boundary between Earth’s mantle and core that forms volcanoes when melted rock is forced upward and breaks through the crust Hot spot
broad, gently sloping volcano formed by quiet eruptions of basaltic lava Shield Volcano
igneous rock feature formed when magma is squeezed into a horizontal crack between layers of rock and hardens underground Sill
bits of rock or solidified lava dropped from the air during an explosive volcanic eruption; ranges in size from volcanic ash to volcanic bombs and blocks Tephra
Opening where magma is forced up and flows out onto Earth’s surface as lava, forming a volcano Vent
solid igneous core of a volcano left behind after the softer cone has been eroded Volcanic neck
opening in Earth’s surface that erupts sulfurous gases, ash, and lava; can form at Earth’s plate boundaries, where plates move apart or together, and at hot spots Volcano

Volcano Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A mixture of molten or semi-molten rock Magma
hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this Lava
steep conical hill of loose pyroclastic fragments cinder cone
conical volcano built up by many layers (strata) of hardened lava, tephra, pumice, and volcanic ash composite
a type of volcano usually built almost entirely of fluid magma flows shield
roughly circular mound-shaped protrusion resulting from the slow extrusion of viscous lava from a volcano lava dome
side vent conduit
a bowl-shaped geological formation at the top of a volcano crater
a mountain that produces magma, lava, and ash and is formed by cracks in the Earth's surface volcano
a giant, fast moving wave that is caused by an earthquake or volcano tsunami

Earthquakes and Volcanoes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the point of Earth's surface directely above an earthquake's focus ? epicenter
device used by seimologists to record primary, secondary, suface waves from earthquakes seismograph
vibrations caused by breaking rocks along faults earthquake
Opening in Earth's surface that often forms a mountain when layers of lava and volcanic ash erupt and build up volcano
An opening on Earth's surface where magma is forced up and flows out as lava Vent
a broad volcano with gently sloping sides Shield volcano
A volcano formed by alternating layers of tephra and lava and that is found mostly where Earth's plates come together Composite volcano
steep-sided volcano made of loosely packed tephra Cinder cone volcano
scientist who studiesearthquakes and seismic waves Seismologist
large opening formed when the top of a volcano collapes Caldera
Measure of the energy released by an earthquake Magnitude
A mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth Magma
a very large igneous intrusion extending deep in the earth's crust. batholith
a column of solidified lava or igneous rock formed in a volcanic vent, especially when exposed by erosion. volcanic necks
are imaginable as the veins of a volcano, the pathways of rising magma. Volcanic dikes

tectonic plate boundaries Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

this scientist had the theory of the continental drift alfred
two plates slide against each other in a sideways motion transform
a line on a rock surface or the ground that traces a geological fault faultline
changed by extreme heat and pressure to form another rock metamorphic
places where the sea floor spreading takes place midoceanridge
a tall mountain that with a lot of pressure shoots out hot lava volcano
formed by deposition and solidification pf sediments sedimentary
a violent shaking of the ground caused by tectonic plates earthquakes
piece of the crust that floats on the mantle tectonic
hot fluid or semi fluid material within the earth's crust magma
two plates are moving away from one another divergent
formed by cooling and solidification of magma or lava igneous
made of iron, with small amount of nickle core
technical name for the crust and mantle lithosphere
remains of a prehistoric organism preserved in a mold form in a rock fossils
two plates move toward one another and collide convergent
contains most of earths mass (hints: its hot) mantle
hot molten or semi fluid rock erupted from volcano lava
a long high sea wave caused by earth quakes tsunami
outermost later of the planet, with life crust

Plate Tectonics and Volcanoes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

hypothesis that states the continents once formed a single landmass continentaldrift
scientist that proposed continental drift Wegener
long, undersea mountain chain with steep valley at it's center midoceanridge
the process which new oceanic lithosphere forms as magma rises to Earth’s surface and solidifies seafloorspreading
study of alignment of magnetic mineral in rock, as it relates to the reversal of Earth’s magnetic poles Paleomagnetism
theory that explains how large pieces of the lithosphere move and change shape platetectonics
solid, outer layer of Earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle lithosphere
solid, plastic layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere asthenosphere
he boundary between tectonic plates that are moving away from each other divergentboundary
the boundary between tectonic plates that are colliding convergentboundary
he boundary between tectonic plates that are sliding past each other transformboundary
the process by which Earth’s crust breaks apart rifting
piece of lithosphere that has a unique geologic history and that may be part of a larger piece of lithosphere terrane
supercontinent that formed 300 million years ago and that began to break up beginning 250 million years ago Pangaea
single, large ocean that covered Earth’s surface during the time of Pangaea Panthalassa
movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sudden release of energy when rocks along a fault move earthquake
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undeformed shape elasticrebound
the location where the first motion of an earthquake occurs focus
point on Earth’s surface directly above an Earthquake’s starting point or focus epicenter
a region of numerous, closely spaced faults faultzone
tracing of earthquake motion that is recorded by a seismograph Seismogram
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground Seismograph
measure of the strength of an earthquake magnitude
in Earth science the amount of damage caused by an earthquake intensity
a giant ocean wave that forms after a volcanic eruption tsunami
liquid rock produced under Earth’s surface magma
any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or onto Earth’s surface volcanism
magma that flows onto Earth’s surface; the rock that forms when lava cools and solidifies lava

Tectonic Plates Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Massive rock made of Earth's lithosphere that move float and drift. Tectonic Plates
A cone shaped mountain which lava and ash flow during eruption. Volcano
A super continent that existed 300 million years ago. Pangea
A sudden shake of the ground caused by the shifting of tectonic plates. Earthquake
A massive wave caused by an earthquake. Tsunami
The outer layer of the Earth. Crust
In-between the Earth's crust and core. Mantle
Fluid layer that is above Earth's inner core and below the mantle. Outer Core
Inner most part of the Earth believed to be a solid ball. Inner Core
Where two tectonic plates collide against each other. Convergent Boundary
When two tectonic plates move apart from each other. Divergent Boundary
When two tectonic plates slip or slide past each other. Transform Boundary
Hot fluid below Earth’s crust where lava is formed. Magma
The hot fast-moving lava that hardens to form smooth, ropelike coils. Pahoehoe Lava
The slow moving-moving lava that hardens to form rough chunks. Aa Lava
Rigid outer part of the Earth, which is the crust and upper mantle. Lithosphere
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface. Volcanic Neck
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake. Seismic Wave
The point on Earth’s crust directly above an earthquake’s focus. Epicenter
A device that records ground movement caused by seismic waves as they move through the Earth. Seismograph

Plate Tectonics Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the trace or organism that lived in the past? Fossil
What is liquid magma that reaches the surface? Lava
What is the molten mixture of rock? Magma
What was the land mass that broke 200 million years ago? Pangea
What is a section of litosphere that slowly moves over the asthenosphere carrying pieces of continental drift and oceanic crust called ? Plates
What is the theory that pieces of earths litosphere are in constant motion driven by convection currents in the mantle called? Plate Tectonics
What is the process by which the shaking is perpendicular to the direction to the wave called? Seafloor spreading
What are vibrations that travel through earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake called? Seismicwaves
What causes the rock to change its shape or volume? Stress
What is rocks surface, size, and shape? Texture
What is a slab of volcanic rock formed when magma is forced up and flows out as lava called? Sill
What is an opening on earths surface where magma is forced up and flows out as lava called? Vent
What is a violent shaking of the ground? Earthquake
What is very dense, has a solid center,mostly iron, and has small amount of oxygen? Innercore
What is the largest layer inside the earths? Mantle
What forms when the top of the volcano collapse? Caldera
What fossil when sediments fill in a mold and harden into a rock? Cast
What is a liquid core that surrounds earths solid inner core and that's is mostly made of iron? Outtercore
What is bits of rocks or solified lava dropped from the air? Tephra
What is the location in the mantle that is hotter than other areas? Hotspot

Volcanoes & Earthquakes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Liquid rock that forms under earths surface Magma
Magma that flows into earths surface the rock that forms when lava cools and solidifies Lava
A vent or fissure in earths surface through which magma and gases are expelled Volcano
Any activity that includes the movement of magma toward onto earths surface Volcanism
A volcanically active area of earths surface commonly far from a tectonic plate boundary Hot spot
Describes magma or igneous rocks that is rich in magnesium and iron and that is generally dark in color Mafic
Describes magma or igneous rock that is rich in feldspar and silica and that is generally light in color Felsic
Fragments of rock that form during a volcanic eruption Pyroclastic material
A movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sudden release of energy when rocks along a fault move Earthquake
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undeformed shape Elastic rebound
In geology a seismic wave that travels through the body of a medium Body wave
The point on earths surface directly above an earthquakes starting point or focus Epicenter
An area on earths surface where no direct seismic waves from a particular earthquake can be detected Shadow zone
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the change in the shape of rock in response to stress Deformation
The study of earthquakes Seismology
A seismic wave that causes particles of rock to move in a back-and-forth direction P Wave
a seismic wave that causes particles of rock to move in a side-to-side direction S Wave
Giant pieces of the Earth's thin, outermost layer that move around on top of a layer of plastic rock Tectonic plates
A break in the Earth's crust along which blocks of the crust slide relative to one another Fault
A measure of the strength of an earthquake Magnitude
An area along a fault where relatively few earthquakes have occurred recently but where strong earthquakes have occurred in the past Seismic Gaps
Process of making older structures more earthquake resistant Retrofitting
a side vent Conduit
a giant, fast moving wave that is caused by an earthquake or volcano Tsunami
the remains of something that has been destroyed or broken up Debris

Plate Tectonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What makes up the Lithosphere (crust and the...... Mantle
Helps explain continental drift in thie theory of plate tectonics Seafloorspreading
the gradual movement of the continents across the earth's surface through geological time. ContinentalDrift
form when one tectonic plate slides beneath another one plate at a subduction Trench
the sideways and downward movement of the edge of a plate of the earth's crust into the mantle beneath another plate. Subduction
one where the two plates slide against each other in a sideways motion TransformBoundaries
The continents fit almost like a puzzle Pangea
When two objects move away from each other. DivergentBoundaries
In many locations the hot molten magma from deep within the Earth rises up through the crust to reach the surface. Hotspot
a fault that moves laterally, or side to side. Strike-slip-fault
molten rock under the Earth's crust Magma
a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action. Earthquakes
hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this Lava
the innermost part of the earth Core
Heat energy is transferred from hot places to cooler places Convection
the remains or impression of a prehistoric organism preserved in petrified form or as a mold or cast in rock fossils
Earth's outer layer is made up of large, moving pieces called........ plates
Earth scientists Seismologists
a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. himalayas
a major area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur. ring of fire

Plate Tectonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

He discovered the theory of continental drift and plate tectonics Alfred Wegener
a hypothetical continent that is all the continents as one Supercontinent
a hypothetical landmass that existed when all the continents were joined together pangea
theory that explains how the continents shift on earths surface continental drift
a long narrow excavation in the ground trench
a linear shaped lowland between highlands or mountain ranges riftvalley
an underwater mountain system oceanic ridges
a geographic area containing many related mountains mountain ranges
shaking of the earth due to the sudden release of energy in the crust of earth earthquakes
the theory that explains the motion in the lithosphere plate tectonics
rock fractures hat show evidence of relative movement fault
horizontal movement of the faults against each other transfrom
the plates collide at this type of boundary convergent
the plates move away from each other at this boundary divergent
the process at convergent boundaries when one tectonic plate moves under another subduction
the lithosphere and two types; oceanic and continental crust
lava escaping magma filled chambers below the surface volcano
a ring in the pacific ocean where a lot of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occur ring of fire
a continental transorm fault through california san andreas
the movement of differently heated liquids convection current