Type
Crossword
Description

hypothesis that states the continents once formed a single landmass continentaldrift
scientist that proposed continental drift Wegener
long, undersea mountain chain with steep valley at it's center midoceanridge
the process which new oceanic lithosphere forms as magma rises to Earth’s surface and solidifies seafloorspreading
study of alignment of magnetic mineral in rock, as it relates to the reversal of Earth’s magnetic poles Paleomagnetism
theory that explains how large pieces of the lithosphere move and change shape platetectonics
solid, outer layer of Earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle lithosphere
solid, plastic layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere asthenosphere
he boundary between tectonic plates that are moving away from each other divergentboundary
the boundary between tectonic plates that are colliding convergentboundary
he boundary between tectonic plates that are sliding past each other transformboundary
the process by which Earth’s crust breaks apart rifting
piece of lithosphere that has a unique geologic history and that may be part of a larger piece of lithosphere terrane
supercontinent that formed 300 million years ago and that began to break up beginning 250 million years ago Pangaea
single, large ocean that covered Earth’s surface during the time of Pangaea Panthalassa
movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sudden release of energy when rocks along a fault move earthquake
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undeformed shape elasticrebound
the location where the first motion of an earthquake occurs focus
point on Earth’s surface directly above an Earthquake’s starting point or focus epicenter
a region of numerous, closely spaced faults faultzone
tracing of earthquake motion that is recorded by a seismograph Seismogram
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground Seismograph
measure of the strength of an earthquake magnitude
in Earth science the amount of damage caused by an earthquake intensity
a giant ocean wave that forms after a volcanic eruption tsunami
liquid rock produced under Earth’s surface magma
any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or onto Earth’s surface volcanism
magma that flows onto Earth’s surface; the rock that forms when lava cools and solidifies lava

Plate Tectonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The result of magma rising to Earth's surface and solidifying SeaFloor Spreading
The theory of how large pieces of lithosphere move and change Plate Tectonics
What occurs when forces act in parallel but opposite directions Shear Stress
The bending, tilting and breaking of Earth's crust Deformation
Molten rock produced under the Earth's surface Magma
A volcanically active area of Earth's surface Hotspot
The opening in which volcanic material passes vent
Magma that flows onto Earth's surface Lava
The boundary between colliding tectonic plates convergent boundary
The boundary between tectonic plates moving away from one another divergent boundary
The location where an earthquake occurs focus
Supercontinent that formed 300 million years ago Pangaea
A block of lithosphere that consists of the crust and outermost part of mantle Tectonic plate
The movement of matter due to differences in density convection
The bending of rock layers due to stress folding
The break in a body of rock Fault
Stress that occurs when forces act to stretch an object Tension
The movement or trembling of the ground that's caused by sudden release of energy earthquake
The point directly above an earthquake's starting point epicenter
A vent in Earth's surface where magma and gas are expelled volcano

Plate Tectonics Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the trace or organism that lived in the past? Fossil
What is liquid magma that reaches the surface? Lava
What is the molten mixture of rock? Magma
What was the land mass that broke 200 million years ago? Pangea
What is a section of litosphere that slowly moves over the asthenosphere carrying pieces of continental drift and oceanic crust called ? Plates
What is the theory that pieces of earths litosphere are in constant motion driven by convection currents in the mantle called? Plate Tectonics
What is the process by which the shaking is perpendicular to the direction to the wave called? Seafloor spreading
What are vibrations that travel through earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake called? Seismicwaves
What causes the rock to change its shape or volume? Stress
What is rocks surface, size, and shape? Texture
What is a slab of volcanic rock formed when magma is forced up and flows out as lava called? Sill
What is an opening on earths surface where magma is forced up and flows out as lava called? Vent
What is a violent shaking of the ground? Earthquake
What is very dense, has a solid center,mostly iron, and has small amount of oxygen? Innercore
What is the largest layer inside the earths? Mantle
What forms when the top of the volcano collapse? Caldera
What fossil when sediments fill in a mold and harden into a rock? Cast
What is a liquid core that surrounds earths solid inner core and that's is mostly made of iron? Outtercore
What is bits of rocks or solified lava dropped from the air? Tephra
What is the location in the mantle that is hotter than other areas? Hotspot

Plate Tectonics and Earth Interior Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across earth's surface. Continental Drift
The name of the single landmass that began to break apart 200 million years ago and gave rise to today's continents. pangea
The preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in the past. Fossil
An undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced. Mid ocean ridge
A deep valley along the ocean floor beneath which oceanic crust slowly sinks toward the mantle. deep ocean trench
The process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust to the ocean floor. sea floor spreading
The process by which oceanic crust sinks benath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle at a convergent plate boundary. subduction
A section of the lithosphere that slowy moves over the asthenosphere, carrying pieces of continental and oceanic crust. Plate
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy released during during an earthquake. Seismic Wave
The force pushing on a surface divide by the area of that surface. Pressure
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outerskin. Crust
Is a dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in ocean crust. Basal
A usually light-colored igneous rock that is found in continental crust. Granite
Layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and core. Mantle
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and the crust. Lithosphere
The soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats. Athenosphere
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner core of earth. Outer Core
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth. Inner Core
A plate boundary where two plates move away from each other. Divergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move toward. Convergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opposite directions. Transform Boundary
A break in earth's crust along which rocks move. Fault
The theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle. Plate Tectonics
A deep valley that forms where two plates move apart. Rift Valley

Tectonic Plates Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Massive rock made of Earth's lithosphere that move float and drift. Tectonic Plates
A cone shaped mountain which lava and ash flow during eruption. Volcano
A super continent that existed 300 million years ago. Pangea
A sudden shake of the ground caused by the shifting of tectonic plates. Earthquake
A massive wave caused by an earthquake. Tsunami
The outer layer of the Earth. Crust
In-between the Earth's crust and core. Mantle
Fluid layer that is above Earth's inner core and below the mantle. Outer Core
Inner most part of the Earth believed to be a solid ball. Inner Core
Where two tectonic plates collide against each other. Convergent Boundary
When two tectonic plates move apart from each other. Divergent Boundary
When two tectonic plates slip or slide past each other. Transform Boundary
Hot fluid below Earth’s crust where lava is formed. Magma
The hot fast-moving lava that hardens to form smooth, ropelike coils. Pahoehoe Lava
The slow moving-moving lava that hardens to form rough chunks. Aa Lava
Rigid outer part of the Earth, which is the crust and upper mantle. Lithosphere
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface. Volcanic Neck
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake. Seismic Wave
The point on Earth’s crust directly above an earthquake’s focus. Epicenter
A device that records ground movement caused by seismic waves as they move through the Earth. Seismograph

Tectonic Plates Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A layer of molten metal that surrounds the inner core. outer core
The name if young German scientist who was curious about the relationship of the continents. Wegener
The name of the single continent that broke apart 200 million years ago. Pangaea
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across earths surface continental drift
A layer of hot solid material between the crust and the core. Mantle
The layer of rock that forms earth's outer surface. crust
The soft layer of the mantle on which the Lithosphere floats. Athenosphere
The measure of how much mass there is in a volume substance. density
Heat transfer by direct contact of particles of matter. Conduction
The movement of a fluid, caused by differences in temperature, that transfers heat from one part of the fluid to each other. Convection currents
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean Ring Of Fire
A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opposite directions. Transform Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move away from each other. Divergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move towards each other. Convergent Boundary
The transfer of energy through an empty space. Radiation
The movement of energy from a warmer object to a cooler object. Heat Transfer
A vibration that travels through earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake. Seismic Wave
A dense ball of solid metal. Inner Core
A break in Earth's crust Fault
A deep valley that forms where two plates move apart. Rift valley
The theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are constantly in motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle. Tectonic plates

Plate Tectonic Vocabulary Quiz Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A region in which two tectonic plates are moving toward each other convergent boundary
A region in which two tectonic plates are moving apart divergent boundary
A sudden tremor or shaking of Earth's surface caused by the release of pressure as tectonic plates push against each other earthquake
A crack in Earth's crust that allows the rock on both sides to move fault
Pertaining to Earth's structure and composition geological
Molten rock above Earth's surface lava
The section of Earth that is broken into tectonic plates and consists of the crust and the rigid, uppermost part of the mantle lithosphere
Molten rock beneath Earth's surface magma
Junction where tectonic plates converge, diverge, or slide past each other and form regions of tectonic activity plate boundary
The creation of new ocean floor where tectonic plates diverge and magma is able to rise to the surface to fill the gap seafloor spreading
The process by which one tectonic plate moves under another subduction
A region in which two tectonic plates are sliding past each other transform boundary
Abrupt depressions found on the ocean floor caused by the convergence of oceanic tectonic plates trench
An opening in Earth's crust that brings magma and gases from the mantle to the surface volcano

plate tectonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the layer of rock that forms earths outer surface crust
rock that floats high on the mantle that makes up the continents continental crust
the layer of hot solid material between earths crust and core mantle
a ridged layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle crust lithosphere
the soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats asthenesphere
a layer of molten lava and nickel that surrounds the inner core of earth outer core
a dense spear of solid iron and nickel at the center of the earth inner core
a plate boundary where two plates move away from each other divergent boundary
a plate boundary where two plates move towards each other convergent boundary
the name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million years ago and gave rise to todays continents Pangaea
The hypotheses that the continents slowly move across Earth's surface Continental drift
a trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock fossil
the process by whichoceanic crust sinks beneath a deep ocean trench and back into the mantle at a convergent plate boundary dubduction
an undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produces mid ocean ridge
a deep valley along the ocean floor beneath which oceanic crust slowly sinks toward the mantle deep ocean trench
a deep valley that forms where two plates move apart rift valley
a plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opposite directions transform boundary
a section of the lithosphere that slowly moves oner the atmosphere carrying pieces of continental and oceanic crust plate
the theory that pieces of earths lithosphere are in constant motion driven by convection currents in the mantle plate tectonics
a break or crack in earths lithosphere along which the rocks move fault

The Dynamic Earth Puzzle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

One of the 7 great masses of land Continent
The name of the supercontinent that existed 200 million years ago, when all the modern continents were connected. Pangea
The theory that continents have moved slowly to their current locations and continue to move. Continental Drift Theory
The process by which new oceanic crust forms along mid ocean ridges and older crust moves away from the ridge. Sea Floor spreading theory
A long narrow mountain chain found on the floor of the ocean. Mid Ocean Ridge
The distance from the surface of the ocean to ocean floor. Depth
An event that causes the magnetic field to reverse its direction. Magnetic Reversal
A tectonic boundary where two plates are moving away from each other and new crust is forming from magma that rises to the Earth's surface between the two plates. Divergent Plate Boundary
The transfer of heat energy that results from magma becoming heated, less dense, and rising eventually cooling at the surface, becomes more dense and sinks.. Convection Current
The divisions of Earth's outer shell that glide over the mantle. Tectonic Plate
The rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper mantle. Lithosphere
The layer of the earth's mantle, below the lithosphere, in which there is relatively low resistance to plastic flow and convection is thought to occur. Asthenosphere
The process where dense oceanic crust is forced under the less dense continental crust Subduction

Plate Tectonics Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

What describes large scale movements of the Earth's lithosphere? Plate Tectonics
The lithosphere is divided into... Tectonic Plates
Two plates collide they make... Convergent Boundaries
When two plates move away from each other this is called... Divergent Boundaries
A boundary at which two plates move past each other horizontally is called a... Transform Boundary
What is the outermost rigid layer of Earth? Lithosphere
What is a layer of weak or soft mantle that is made of rock? Asthenosphere
What is the strong lower part of the Earth's mantle? Mesosphere
What explains the age and magnetic patterns of sea floor rocks? Sea-Floor Spreading
What is the outermost layer of Earth? Core
What is the movement of matter that results from differences in density? Convection
What is located between the core and the crust? Mantle
What extends from below the mantle to the center of Earth? Core
What element makes up most of Earth's core? Iron
What is the liquid layer of Earth's core? Outer core
What is dense and is in the center of Earth and extends from the bottom of the outer core to the center of Earth? Inner core
What are the huge trenches on Earth's seafloor? Ocean Trenches
What pushes the rest of a plate away from the mid-ocean ridge? Ridge Push
What is the portion of motion of a tectonic plate that can be accounted for b the portion of motion of a tectonic plate that can be accounted for by its subduction? Slab Pull
What is the slow creeping motion of Earth's solid silicate mantle caused by convection currents carrying heat from the interior of the Earth to the surface? Mantle Convection

Chapter 1 Plate Tectonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process by which ocean floor sinks beneath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle subduction
When earthquakes occur they produce seismic waves
results from a force pressing on an area pressure
is the layer of rock that forms Earth's outer skin crust
a layer of hot rock mantle
The uppermost part of the mantle and the crust together form a rigid layer lithosphere
lower part of the mantle [soft layer] asthenosphere
is a layer of molten metal that surrounds the inner core outer core
is a dense ball of solid metal inner core
the transfer of energy through space radiation
heat transfer within a material or between materials that are touching conduction
can be transferred by the movement of fluids-liquids or gases convection
the flow that transfers heat within a fluid convection currents
continents slowly moving across the Earth continental drift
continually adds new material to the ocean floor sea floor spreading
the lithosphere broken up into separate sections plates
states that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in slow, constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle plate tectonics
breaks in Earth's crust where rocks have slipped past each other faults
the place where two plates more apart divergent boundary
the place where two plates come together convergent boundary
a place where two plates slip past each other transform boundary