The most serious acute coronary syndrome
Risk factors that cannot be changed
Identifies the location of cardiac ischemia and necrosis, related to myocaridal infarction
Common type of hypertension, no identified cause
Thickening or hardening of the arterial wall
Must be checked by two qualified health care providers before administration
Immediate intervention if an IV site become infiltrated
Heart failure: crackles, oliguria, confusion, cough
Drug used to decrease myocaridal oxygen demand
Antidote of Heparin
Occurs when blood flow to the heart is reduced
Most accurate assessment for fluid loss or gain
Antidote for Opioids
The most common side effect related to Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
Localized edema, sudden onset of unilateral swelling, calf pain
Caused by a disturbance in impulse formation or by conduction delays or blocks
Primary treatment for Atrial Fibrillation
Priority problem of Atrial Fibrillation
Increases digoxin toxicity
An emergency that causes compression of the heart caused by fluid collecting in the sac surrounding the heart
Flow of blood throughout the heart and blood vessels
Blood flow to a capillary bed to provide nutrients and oxygen to tissues/organs
The heart is a four-chambered muscular organ encased in the _____
_____ recieve blood into the heart
_____ pump blood out of the heart
Broadest side of the heart
Tip of the heart
The _____ node acts as the pacemaker
Spontaneous rhythm of the heart
Stretch during cardiac contraction
_____ between chambers allow blood to flow in one direction
_____ regulate the heart rate and vascular tone
_____ regulate ventilation
Initials for "Bad" Cholesterol
Initials for "Good" Cholesterol
The medical term for high blood pressure
BMI stands for ___ ___ ___ (3 wds)
Carbohydrates include foods like _____, pasta, and rice
Proteins include foods like fish, beans/legumes, beef and _____.
A type of fat that you should avoid - bad fat
If you have a blockage in your left anterior descending artery - it may be called a "_____ maker"
A good fitness program should include stretching, strengthening, cardiovascular and _______.
HR stands for ____ _____ (2 wds)
A metabolic equivalent or a measure of how hard you are working
A myocardial infarction means you have had a ____ _____ (2 wds)
It is best to pick fruits and veggies that have a _____ of colors.
Diabetes means your ____ ___ (2 wds) is not always controlled well.
______ is a risk factor for heart disease that is sometimes not recognized.
Your goal should be to get at least 150-225 minutes of _____ per week.
Symptoms like chest pain, shortness of breath and nausea can be referred to as ____.
High ____ foods can help you control your cholesterol levels.
calcium channel blockers
Reference range for this lab is "less than 0.01 mg/mL
In adults, the normal range would be "less than 150mg/dL
Used to assist in diagnosing heart failure
Is used to assess risk for cardiovascular and peripheral arterial disease
Major transport protein for cholesterol to the arteries from the liver
Is used to assess damage to skeletal or cardiac muscles from trauma or inflammation
To assess oxygenation and acid base balance
In a child or adolescents, the desirable result is "less than 170 mg/ID"
This procedure can be performed on a treadmill or stationary bike to assess cardiac function
Uses sound waves to create images of the heart's chambers, valves, walls, and blood vessels
Role is to transport cholesterol from the arteries to the liver
Collects data from 12 different areas of the heart
Procedure done to evaluate the cardiac, respiratory, & skeletal structure within the lung cavity to help diagnose disease such as pneumonia and heart failure
In adults, the desirable range is 7.35-7.45
What is the name of the drug used in a cardiac arrest for a shockable rhythm after the 3rd shock? (Hint: It's an antiarythmic)
What drug is used to treat Asystole or PEA?
What rhythm is this? Figure 1
What is the tube that is placed in the airway to secure ventilation called? (use abbreviation)
The drugs that can be administered down the ETT are abbreviated to ALAN. What does N stand for?
What drug can be used instead of Amiodarone in an arrest?
What rhythm is this? Figure 2
In a witnessed, monitored VT arrest, whilst waiting for the defib to arrive the patient can be given a precordial ________.
What maneuver applied externally can be used to assist the anesthetist to visualize the vocal cords?
What is the name of a drug that can be used to treat SVT? (Hint: It has a very short half life.)
. In Synchronized Cardio version the shock is delivered on the _______ complex.
What rhythm is this? NB Patient has no BP, no pulse and is not breathing. Figure 3
Reversible causes of cardiac arrest are 4 H’s and 4 T’s. The 4 T’s are:- Tamponade, Tension pneumothorax, Thrombo-embolism & T__________.
What rhythm is this? figure 4
To check if the ETT is in the correct position, the Ezi cap ETC02 detector changes from _________ to gold.
In COACHED what does the letter E stand for?
In COACHED the letter D stands for ________/Dump.
What drug speeds the heart rate up and is given in 600mcg increments up to 3mg?
Reversible causes of cardiac arrest are 4 H’s and 4 T’s. The 4 H’s are Hypovolaemia, Hypo/Hyperkaleamia, Hypo/Hyperthermia & H__________.
Medication classified as an ACE inhibitor; used to treat heart failure
Beta block used to treat high blood pressure and prevent angina. This medication relaxes the blood vessels and slowing the heart rate
Medication used as anti-arrhythmic drug; works by relaxing overactive heart muscles; Used in ACLS
Medication used to treat heart failure by making heart beat stronger with more regular rhythm. Can be used for Chronic Atrial Fibrillation
Nitrate that dialtes blood vessels , making it easier for heart to pump, often used to prevent angina attacks
Loop diuretic used to treat fluid retention with heart failure, or nephrotic syndrome
Vasodilator used to treat hypertension
Nitrate that reduces the hearts workload; treats and prevents chest pain
Statin that works by reducing the amount of Cholesterol made by the Liver
Calcium Channel blocker; used to treat HTN, Chronic Angina, Atrial Arrhythmias