started the Patrons of the Husbandry
another name for Patrons of Husbandry and a social and educational organization through which farmers attempted to combat the power of the railroads in the late 19th century.
groups of farmers and their sympathizers who sent lectures to towns to educate the population on rural and agricultural issues
a political movement that demanded that people needed to have a greater voice in the government including a voice for farmers and laborers.
the use of gold and silver as a monetary system
a monetary system in which the basic unit of currency is defined in terms of a set amount of gold
a Republican candidate for president that was up to the Republican’s gold standards
editor of the Omaha World-Herald and former Nebraska congressman who delivered a passionate address at the Democratic convention
an organized group that controls a political party in a city and offers services to voters and businesses in exchange for political and economic support.
the illegal use of political influence for personal gain
He became the head of Tammany Hall, New York City’s most powerful Democratic machine. He led the Tweed Ring into defrauding the city.
an officeholder’s power to appoint people—usually those who have helped him or her get elected—to positions in government.
the nonmilitary branches of government administration
a Republican president who was elected in 1876 who wanted Congress to pass civil service reform.
an independent presidential candidate from Ohio
the vice president for Garfield who was chosen to balance Garfield’s reformer ties.
a law, enacted in 1883, that established a bipartisan civil service commission to make appointments to government jobs by means of the merit system.
The first Democratic nominee to win a presidential election for 28 years in 1884. He tried to lower tariff rates but received no help from Congress.
an Indiana senator who was the grandson of President William Henry Harrison. His campaign was funded by large companies who wanted tariffs higher than they already were.
Crossword puzzles have been published in newspapers and other publications since 1873. They consist of a grid of squares where the player aims to write words both horizontally and vertically.
Next to the crossword will be a series of questions or clues, which relate to the various rows or lines of boxes in the crossword. The player reads the question or clue, and tries to find a word that answers the question in the same amount of letters as there are boxes in the related crossword row or line.
Some of the words will share letters, so will need to match up with each other. The words can vary in length and complexity, as can the clues.
The fantastic thing about crosswords is, they are completely flexible for whatever age or reading level you need. You can use many words to create a complex crossword for adults, or just a couple of words for younger children.
Crosswords can use any word you like, big or small, so there are literally countless combinations that you can create for templates. It is easy to customise the template to the age or learning level of your students.
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For a quick and easy pre-made template, simply search through WordMint’s existing 500,000+ templates. With so many to choose from, you’re bound to find the right one for you!
Once you’ve picked a theme, choose clues that match your students current difficulty level. For younger children, this may be as simple as a question of “What color is the sky?” with an answer of “blue”.
Crosswords are a great exercise for students' problem solving and cognitive abilities. Not only do they need to solve a clue and think of the correct answer, but they also have to consider all of the other words in the crossword to make sure the words fit together.
If this is your first time using a crossword with your students, you could create a crossword FAQ template for them to give them the basic instructions.
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Crosswords are a fantastic resource for students learning a foreign language as they test their reading, comprehension and writing all at the same time. When learning a new language, this type of test using multiple different skills is great to solidify students' learning.
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