Type
Word Search
Description

african american
barbed wire
black hills
cattle drives
chinese
coolies
cowboys
custer
east
exodusters
german
gold rush
homestead act
homesteaders
immigrants
irish
little bighorn
mountains
native american
nicodemus kansas
railroad
reservations
rocky mountains
sodbusters
steel plows
west
windmills

Westward Expansion Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Black hills
cattle drives
Chinese
coolies
cowboys
east
george custer
German
Gold rush
Great Basin
Great Plains
homestead act
homesteaders
indians
Irish
little bighorn
reservations
Rocky Mountains
Sierra Nevada Mountains
sodbusters
steel plows
trade
transcontinintal railroad
wagons
west
windmills

AMERICAN INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

LITTLE BIG HORN
CUSTER
SITTING BULL
COWBOYS
LABOR UNIONS
STRIKES
KNIGHTS OF LABOR
AFL
POWDERLY
SWIFT
GOMPERS
DRAKE
BELL
BESSEMER
UTAH
BARBED WIRE
PATENT OFFICE
HOMESTEAD ACT
RAILROAD
PITTSBURGH
LONGHORNS
STANDARD OIL
EDISON
MORGAN
ROCKEFELLER

Westward Movement Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Comstock Lode
Chinese
fort laramie
reservations
little big horn
massacre at wounded knee
Dawes General Allotment Act
national grange
deflation
sitting bull
crazyhorse
Geronimo
sod house
long walk
Sodbusters
Exodusters
George Custer
Ghost Dance
Transcontinental Railroad
Cattle Kingdom
Pony Express
Boomtowns
Chief Joseph
Homestead Act
Morrill Act
Chisolm Trail
frontier

The Westward Expansion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

large farms owned by speculators who hired laborers to work the land; these large farms allowed their owners to benefit from economies of scale and prosper, but they did nothing to help small family farms, which continued to struggle bonanza farms
a frontier home constructed of dirt held together by thick-rooted prairie grass that was prevalent in the Midwest; sod, cut into large rectangles, was stacked to make the walls of the structure, providing an inexpensive, yet damp, house for western settlers sod house
Sod houses were common in the ________ as settlers moved west Midwest
This phrase, which implies divine encouragement for territorial expansion Manifest Destiny
allowed any head of household, or individual over the age of twenty-one—including unmarried women—to receive a parcel of 160 acres for only a nominal filing fee. Homestead Act
a term used to describe African Americans who moved to Kansas from the Old South to escape the racism there western settlers: The first houses built by __________ were typically made of mud and sod with thatch roofs exodusters
Farmers also faced the ever-present threat of _______and farm foreclosure by the banks debt
primary goal of most western settlers homestead farming
he period between 1848 and 1849 when prospectors found large strikes of gold in California, leading others to rush in and follow suit; this period led to a cycle of boom and bust through the area, as gold was discovered, mined, and stripped California Gold Rush
the first significant silver find in the country, discovered by Henry T. P. Comstock in 1859 in Nevada Comstock Lode
this armed conflict between cowboys moving cattle along the trail and ranchers who wished to keep the best grazing lands for themselves occurred in Clay County, Texas, between 1883 and 1884 Fence Cutting War
What specific types of hardships did an average American farmer not face as he built his homestead in the Midwest? hostile Indian attacks
The American cowboy owes much of its model to what other culture? Mexicans
Which of the following was not a primary method by which the American government dealt with American Indians during the period of western settlement? appeasement
an attempt to disarm a group of Lakota Sioux Indians near Wounded Knee, South Dakota, which resulted in members of the Seventh Cavalry of the U.S. Army opening fire and killing over 150 Indians Battle of Wounded Knee
the process by which an Indian was “redeemed” and assimilated into the American way of life by changing his clothing to western clothing and renouncing his tribal customs in exchange for a parcel of land Americanization
What brought the majority of Chinese immigrants to the U.S.? gold
How were Hispanic citizens deprived of their wealth and land in the course of western settlement? land seizures
were individual prospectors who sifted gold out of the dirt and gravel through “panning” or by diverting a stream through a sluice box Forty-Niners
provided a quick path from Texas to railroad terminals in Abilene, Wichita, and Dodge City, Kansas, where cowboys would receive their pay. Chisholm Trail
also known as “devil’s rope” barbed wire
who brought their families west? wealthy men
many of the long-trail cattle riders were? African American
This agreement established distinct tribal borders, essentially codifying the reservation system First Treaty of Fort Laramie
. Rather, they either returned to tribal life or fled out of fear of remaining troops, until the ____________ arrived in greater numbers and began to exterminate Indian U.S. Army

The Westward Expansion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a farmer or farm worker who plows the land. Sodbuster
A type of farming practiced in arid areas without irrigation by planting drought-resistant crops Dry Farming
war on land freely used for cattle grazing, which gave the conflict its name. range wars
a systematic gathering together of people or things. roundup
one of a breed of long-horned beef cattle of the southwestern U.S., developed from cattle introduced into North America from Spain texaslonghorn
a town undergoing rapid growth due to sudden prosperity. boomtown
a situation or event that creates a sudden increase in wealth, good fortune, or profits. bonanza
the action of reserving something. reservation
a person who works in a mine. miner
a yellow precious metal, the chemical element of atomic number 79, valued especially for use in jewelry and decoration, and to guarantee the value of currencies. gold
a type of explorer, but one with a specific purpose they are after mineral deposits prospector
the vocation or calling of a religious organization, especially a Christian one, to go out into the world and spread its faith. mission
a building equipped with machinery for grinding grain into flour. mill
a prospector in the California gold rush of 1849. forty niner
large ruminant animals with horns and cloven hoofs, domesticated for meat or milk, or as beasts of burden cattle
to Jefferson it was the key to the nation's health especially the ownership of small farms. westward expansion
a name given to African Americans who migrated from states along the Mississippi River to Kansas in the late nineteenth century exodusters
a track or set of tracks made of steel rails along which passenger and freight trains run. railroad
the former name of the railroad network built between California and Utah central pacific railroad
a freight hauling railroad that operates 8,500 locomotives over 32,100 route-miles in 23 states west of Chicago, Illinois and New Orleans, Louisiana union pacific railroad

Chapter 19 Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

wounded knee massacre
vigilantes
sitting bull
sand creek massacre
great plains
grange
george A custer
exodusters
buffalo soldiers
boomtown
populist party
sodbuster
homestead act
mexicano
homestead
Dawes Act
Battle of Little BIghorn
reservation
long drive
frontier

Chapter 18 The Last Frontier Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A deposit of precious metal Lode
What yeilded more then $400 millian worth of precious metals 55% silver 45% gold? Comstock Lode
In 1862, what opened Western lands for free settlement? Homestead Act
________designed the first practical barbed wire. Jospeph Glidden
What required the government to buy silver? Bland Aliison Act
Most Cowboys of the frontier were _______. Very young
People under te care and protection of others ________. Wards
________ was defeated at Little Big Horn by a group of Sioux warriors. George Custer
Areas set aside for Native Americans. Reservations
Source of gold in the Black Hills. Homestake Mine
Who gave land to individual Native Americans for self support? Dawes Act
What invention helped the prairie farmers pump water from a well? Windmill

Westward Expansion Vocaulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The leader of the U.S. army at the Battle of Little Bighorn. General Custer
An abandoned boomtown. Ghost Town
Apache Indian chief who led raids against the settlers. Geronimo
How the settlers described the great plains when they first arrived. Treeless Wasteland
Houses on the Great Plains built of dirt/sod. Sod Houses
Metal fence used to create fences on the plains. Barbed Wire
Land set aside by the government for indians to live one. Indian Reservations
A railroad that connected the east and west coast, it was built by the Central Pacific Railroad with the help of chinese immigrants and the Union Pacific Railroad with the help of Irish immigrants and former slaves, the two sides met up in promontory point, Utah on May 10,1869. Transcontinental Railroad
Nomadic indians who hunted the buffalo for survival and were eventually sent to reservations. Plains Indians
A new beginning for former slaves, mining,cattle ranching, Homestead act, adventure. Reasons For Westward Expansion

Westward Expansion Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Alamo
Clark
Lewis
Homestead Act
New Mexico
Alta California
Marshall
Immigration
Manifest Destiny
Jefferson
Emancipation
Gadsen
Oxen
Treaty
Railroad
Oregon Trail
Texian
Lincoln
Polk
Louisiana Purchase
Gold Rush

Cattle Drives and Cowboys! Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A Wild Horse Mustang
Dried Dung Buffalo Chip
Male Cattle Steers
A calf lacking a mother Dogie
To be flooded Big swimmin'
Used to prevent wandering by tying a horse at its ankles Hobble
A young (female) cow Heifer
Breeding male cattle Bull
Limits open ranges Barbed Wire
Public land used for anybody's specific use- usually for cattle grazing Open ranges
Helped transport cattle back then Railroads
Used to pump stare from the ground (form of irrigation) Windmills