Type
Crossword
Description

is a trait with a current functional role in the life of an organism that is maintained and evolved by means of natural selection. adaptation
is the relative frequency of an allele (variant of a gene) at a particular locus in a population, expressed as a fraction or percentage allele frequency
evolutionary mechanism that helps members of the same species identify each other as proper mates. behavioral isolation
different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth evolution
the ability to survive to reproductive age, find a mate, and produce offspring. fitness
the set of all genes, or genetic information, in any population, usually of a particular species gene pool
The separation of two populations of the same species or breeding group by a physical barrier, such as a mountain or body of water. geographic isolation
characteristic of an individual that allows it to survive to produce more offspring natural selection
A group of organisms of one species that interbreed and live in the same place at the same time population
splitting of a single evolutionary lineage into two or more genetically independent lineages speciation
any difference between cells variation
genetic isolation achieved due to temporal differences in breeding. temporal isolation

Speciation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Current functional role of an organism that is evolved by means of natural selection. Adaptation
Relative frequency at a particular locus in population, expressed as a fraction or percentage. Allele Frequency
Two members of the same species that identify each other as proper mates. Behavioral Isolation
The study of the distribution of species and ecosystems in geographic space. Biogeography
Change over time. Evolution
The ability to survive to reproduce. Fitness
Set of all genetic info in any population. Gene Pool
A population of animals, plants or other organisms that are separated from exchanging genetic material. Geographic Isolation
Differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype. Natural Selection
All organisms of the same group or species that live in a species geographical area. Population
An isolation that prevents the members of two different species that cross or mate from producing offspring. Reproductive
Evolutionary process in which reproductivly isolated populations evolve to become distinct spcies Speciation
Largest group of organisms in which two individuals are capable of reproducing fertile offspring. Species
An isolation that prevents species from mating because they breed at different times. Temporal
A change in condition, amount, or level. Variation

Chapter 11-The Evolution of Populations Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

collection of alleles found in all of the individuals of a population. gene pool
proportion of one allele, compared with all the alleles for that trait, in the gene pool. allele frequency
distribution in a population in which allele frequency is highest near the mean range value and decreases progressively toward each extreme end. normal distribution
observable change in the allele frequencies of a population over a few generations. microevolution
pathway of natural selection in which one uncommon phenotype is selected over a more common phenotype. directional selection
pathway of natural selection in which intermediate phenotypes are selected over phenotypes at both extremes. stabilizing selection
physical movement of alleles from one population to another. gene flow
change in allele frequencies due to chance alone, occurring most commonly in small populations. genetic drift
genetic drift that results from an event that drastically reduces the size of a population. bottleneck effect
genetic drift that occurs after a small number of individuals colonize a new area. founder effect
selection in which certain traits enhance mating success; traits are, therefore, passed on to offspring. sexual selection
condition in which a population's allele frequencies for a given trait do not change from generation to generation. Hardy-Weinberg
isolation between populations due to differences in courtship or mating behavior. behavioral isolation
isolation between populations due to physical barriers. geographic isolation
isolation between populations due to barriers related to time, such as differences in mating periods or differences in the time of day that individuals are most active. temporal isolation
evolution towards similar characteristics in unrelated species, resulting from adaptations to similar environmental conditions. convergent evolution
evolution of one or more closely related species into different species; resulting from adaptations to different environmental conditions. divergent evolution
process in which two or more species evolve in response to changes in each other. coevolution
elimination of a species from Earth. extinction

THE THEORY OF EVOLUTION AND NATURAL SELECTION Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

change in the heritable traits of biological populations over successive generations Evolution
any characteristic of an individual that allows it to survive to produce more offspring Natural Selection
a trait with acurrent functional role in the life of an orangism that is maintained and evolved by natural selection Adaptation
the genetic contribution of an individual to the next generation's gene pool relative to the average for the population Fitness
any preserved evidence of life from a past geological age, such as the impressions and remains of organisms Fossil
structures derived from a common ancestor or same evolutionary or developmental origin Homologous Structure
similar form or function, but that were not present in the last common ancestor of those groups Analogous Structure
a structure in an organism that has lost all or most of its original function in the course of evolution Vestigal Structure
the process whereby organisms not closely related, independently evolve similar traits Convergent Evolution
the accumulation of differences between groups which can lead to the formation of new species Divergent Evolution
the diversification of a group of organisms into forms filling different ecological niches Adaptive Radiation
the intentional breeding of plants and animals Artifical Selection
the influence of closely associated species on each other in their evolution Coevolution

Evolution crossword puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

a change or the process of change by which an organism or species becomes better suited to its environment. adaptation
measure of the relative frequency of an allele on a genetic locus in a population allele frequency
members of the same species identify each other as proper mates behavioral isolation
the branch of biology that deals with the geographical distribution of plants and animals. biogeography
living organisms developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth evolution
an organism's ability to survive and reproduce in a particular environment. fitness
the stock of different genes in an interbreeding population. gene pool
animals, plants, or other organisms that are separated from exchanging genetic material with other organisms of the same species geographic isolation
organisms better adapted to their environment tend to survive and produce more offspring natural selection
a group of species in the same area population
something that stops species from reproducing reproductive iso
the formation of new and distinct species in the course of evolution speciation
is an evolutionary mechanism that keeps individuals of different species from interbreeding tempora isolation
the occurrence of an organism in more than one distinct color or form variation
a group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding species

Genetics Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Factors that control a trait Allele
A person's genetic makeup Genotype
A person's physical appearance Phenotype
A change in a gene or chromosome Mutation
A chart that tracks which members of a family have a particular trait Pedigree
A picture of all the chromosomes in a cell Karyotype
An organism that has the same genes as the organism it was produced from Clone
Breeding two individuals with similar traits Inbreeding
Same alleles for a single trait Homozygous
Different alleles fo a single trait Hetrozygous
The science behind heredity Genectics
The chance of something occuring Probability
When two alleles are equal and present in both the phenotype and genotype of an organism Codominance
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of two genotypes Punnet Square
The process that produces 4 sex cells Meiosis
Breeding two individuals with different traits Hybridization
Moving healthy genes into cells to replace missing or abnormal genes in order to correct a genetic disorder Gene therapy
A genetic problem caused by an issue in an organism's genes Genetic disorder
A trait controlled by three or more alleles is said to have ________________ Multiple alleles
Choosing two organisms with desired traits to be bred Selective breeding

Evolution Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

change in the gene pool of a population from generation to generation evolution
survival of the fittest= process by which forms of life having traits that better enable them to adapt to specific environmental pressures natural selection
process in the breeding of animals and in the cultivation of plants by which the breeder chooses to perpetuate only those forms having certain desirable inheritable characteristics. artificial selection
adjustment= the act of adapting adaptation
term used by paleontologists to refer to the total number of fossils that have been discovered, as well as to the information derived from them fossil record
the ability of a population to maintain or increase its numbers in succeeding generations fitness
diversification of an ancestral group of organisms into a variety of related forms specialized to fit different environments or ways of life adaptive radiation
appearance of apparently similar structures in organisms of different lines of descent convergent evolution
random changes in the frequency of alleles in a gene pool, usually of small populations genetic drift
the conditions, as physiological or behavioral differences or geographical barriers, that prevent potentially interbreeding populations from cross-fertilization reproductive isolation
separation of two populations of the same species or breeding group by a physical barrier geological isolation
close external resemblance of an organism mimicry
concealment by some means that alters or obscures the appearance camouflage
structures of different species having similar or corresponding function but not from the same evolutionary origin analogous structures
genetically determined structures or attributes that have apparently lost most or all of its ancestral function in a given species vestigial structures
parts of the body that are similar in structure to other species' comparative parts homologous structures
came up with the Theory of Evolution through Natural Selection Charles Darwin
one of the first scientists to publish the idea that adaptation occurred in species to help them better survive in the environment Jean Baptiste Lamarck
Essay on the Principle of Population=hypothesized that populations would grow in areas with plenty of resources until those resources were strained to the point that some of the population would have to die Thomas Malthus
described Earth as a living organism, inspired Darwin James Hutton

Speciation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a change or the process of change by which an organism or species becomes better suited to its environment. Adaptation
measure of the relative frequency of an allele on a genetic locus in a population Allele Frquency
species do not mate because of differences in courtship behavior Behavioral Isolation
the geographical distribution of plants and animals Biogeography
change overtime Evolution
the ability for an individual to survive and reproduce in its specific environment Fitness
the different genes in a species Gene Pool
species do not mate because they are separated Geographic Isolation
the mechanism by whih evolution occurs Natural Selection
all the member of a species in an environment Population
species may live in the same area but certain properties cause them not to mate Reproductive Isolation
the formation of new and distinct species in the course of evolution Speciation
a group of similar organisms that can interbreed Species
species do not mate because they mate at different times Temporal Isolation
the differences in a species Variation

Mendelian Genetics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

mating between two individuals with different alleles for one trait Monohybrid Cross
specific characteristic of an organism Trait
a variant form of a gene Allele
cross between two different alleles that differ in two observed traits Dihybrid Cross
an organism that passes down certain phenotypic traits to its offspring True-breeding
the generation resulting immediately from a cross of the first set of parents F1 Generation
process of interbreeding individuals from genetically distinct populations Hybridization
any observable feature Character
parental generation P Generation
result of a cross between two F1 individuals F2 Generation
determines the appearance Dominant Allele
diagram used to predict an outcome of a particular cross or breeding experiment Punnett Square
hybrid that is heterozygous for alleles of two different genes Dihybrids
during the production of gametes the two copies of each hereditary factor separate so that offspring acquire one factor from each parent Law of Segregation
no effect on appearance Recessive Allele
genes where one is dominant and one is recessive Heterozygous
set of observable characteristics of an organism Phenotype
a hybrid that is heterozygous with respect to a specified gene Monohybrids
pair of matching alleles for a trait Homozygous
genetic cross between a homozygous recessive individual and corresponding heterozygote to determine the heterozygote’s genotype (PP x pP) Testcross
genetic constitution of an individual organism Genotype
mating between two individuals with different alleles for one trait Monohybrid Cross
variation in hereditary factors for independent characteristics Indept. Assortment

Evolution Vocabulary Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

an impression of an organisms remains encased in sedimentary rock and/or an amber like material fossil
when an entire species dies out and can no longer be found anywhere on earth extinction
the process in which a species changes and branches off over an extended period of time evolution
(a.k.a. gene migration) the transfer of genes from one population to another one gene flow
how equipped for their surrounding environment an organism is fitness
all the inhabitants of a certain area and/or species population
the theory that evolution occurs by the accumulation of small changes overtime gradualism
the process in which an organism and/or species changes to better fit its surroundings in order to survive adaptation
the different genetic possibilities within a population variation
the theory that the Earth's surface has been "scarred" by detrimental natural disasters catastrophism
the process in which organisms most suited for their environment mate together to create environmentally tolerant offspring natural selection
a group of like organisms capable of creating purebred offspring species
the theory that earths surface has been changed by constant and uniform events and/or activites uniformitarianism
the influence of closely related species on one another's evolutionary outcomes coevolution
a fossil that helps determine the origin and/or species of the provided organism index fossil

Chapter 15 and 16 Review Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process by which modern organisms have descended from ancient organisms evolution
Any inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chance of survival adaptation
Structures that have different mature forms but develop from the same embryonic tissue homologous
Consists of all genes that are present in a population genepool
Change in DNA sequence that is one of the two major sources of genetic variation mutation
When the members of two populations cannot interbreed and produce fertile offspring reproductiveisolation
Occurs during production of gametes and is another source of genetic variation geneshuffling
Formation of a new species speciation
A trait which often has two or more alleles polygenic
Lamarck though that this type of characteristic could be inherited acquired
Type of isolation in which two or more species reproduce at different times temporal
The type of selection in which humans choose most desirable traits for breeding artificial
Isolation in which animals have differences in rituals behavioral
Economist which noted human population will grow faster than space needed to sustain it malthus
Darwin called this the ability of an individual to survive and reproduce in its specific environment fitness
A well-supported testable explanation of natural phenomena theory
Scientist who believed that organisms acquired or lost certain traits during their lifetime lamarck