Type
Crossword
Description

The Maya built these on top of their pyramids temples
The Maya beleived that their priests and kings could ___ with the gods. communicate
The soil in the rainforests was ____. poor
Slash-and-burn agriculture is a farming method in which trees are ___ and the ash fertilizes the soil. burned
Most Maya people lived in _____, not near the center of the city. farmingvillages
The basic social unit in Maya society was the _____. extendedfamily
Feathers from this colorful tropical bird were traded by the Maya. quetzal
Temples were built on these so that they could be closer to the gods in heaven. pyramids
One of the most startling Mayan religious practices was _____. humansacrifice
One of the 2 reasons why the great Maya cities fell. warfare
One of the 2 reasons why the great Maya cities fell. drought
The Maya developed an advanced writing system that used _____. hieroglyphics
Carved glyphs that celebrate rulers and their deeds have been preserved on stone monuments called ____. stelae
The Maya developed three distinct types of ______ for religious festivals, farming tasks and historical dates.. calendars
The Mayan numbering system differed from the European system because it included a numeral for ____. zero
The Maya built these for observing the sky. observatories
The Maya did NOT have horses, oxen or _____ vehicles. wheeled
While today, Maya buildings plain, gray ____ structures, they were once brightly colored and decorated. stone
The Maya were excellent astronomers and plotted the movement of the sun, moon, and planets without the use of these. telescopes

Early Civilizations of the Americas Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The ____________ built Machu Picchu high up in the towering mountains. Incas
The Incas lived in the ___________, a mountain chain tht awinds along the western coast of South America Andes
_____, the Incas' capital city Cuzco
Incan government relied on a ____________to keep track of everyones responsibilities and tax payments. census
In the Incan culture, information such as births, deaths, and harvests were quipu
By building ________ in the steep slopes of the Andes, the Incas increased their terraces
The _______ believed that their god of war gave them a sign showing them Aztecs
The new Aztec capital, called ______________ was named after one of their Tenochtitlán
In the Yucatan Peninsula, the ________ established a great civilization. Mayas
Mayan farmers used a technique called _________________. slash-and-burn agriculture
Mayan farmers grew many crops, but ________ was their most important crop. maize
The Mayas created a system of writing using signs and symbols called hieroglyphics
The Mound Builders were Native American groups who lived in eastern North America and built earthen mounds by hand. Mound Builders
The ________ were one of the first Native American peoples of the Southwest. Anasazi
A __________ is a stone and adobe dwelling, often with many stories. pueblo
A round room called a ____ was used for special religious ceremonies. kiva
For centuries, the _____________ region was home to diverse groups of Native Americans Great Plains

Maya Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

common religious practice sacrifice
belief in gods religion
important achievement of the Maya calendar
geographical area of the Maya Mesoamerica
Maya King, rich merchants, noble warriors upper class
This goup of people helped to build the temples and fought in battles. They were sometimes sacrificed. lowerclass
Maya citizens were very good at creating artifacts and jewelry out of ____________. jade
The Maya often played on ________________ ball courts. stone
______________________ Peninsula Yucatan
type of architecture (building type) of the Maya that were shaped like mountains temples
an ancient Maya city Palenque
among the first people to develop a math symbol for ______ zero
built _______________ for farming on mountain sides terraces
The Maya grew beans, squash, and _______________ (corn) maize
The Maya were located in central __________________. Mexico

Mayan Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a cultural region which is made up of Mexico and Central America. Some of the earliest civilizations in the Americas developed in Mesoamerica. MesoAmerica
the Native American name for corn. Maize
the earliest American civilization that emerged in the tropical forests along the Gulf of Mexico, which lasted from about 1500 B.C. to 400 B.C. Olmecs
tall stone monuments sculpted by the Mayans. These carvings preserve striking images of nobles, warrior and powerful rulers. They also represent the Maya gods. Stela
lies in the high plateau of central Mexico where after about A.D 1200, bands of nomadic people migrated to. Valley of Mexico
founded as the capital city of the Aztecs I A.D. 1325. Tenochtitlan
artificial islands made of mud piled atop reed mats that were anchored to the shallow lake bed with willow trees. Chinampas
clever, original and effective. Ingenious
payment from conquered people helped the Aztecs turn their capital into a magnificent city. Tribute
a city that dominated life in the Valley of Mexico from about A.D. 200 to A.D. 750. The city was well planned with wide roads, massive temples, and large apartments buildings to house a population of about 200,000. Teotihuacan

World History Chapter 4 Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Native American name for corn Maize
First American civilization Olmec
Tall stone monuments erected by the Mayans and Olmecs Stela
Artificial islands made of mud piled atop Rees mats that were anchored to the shallow lake-bed with willow trees Chinampas
Payment from conquered people's Tribute
The earliest culture Chavín
Named after their most famous city Moche
A mixture of clay and plant fibers that becomes hard as it dries in the sun Adobe
People who etched geoglyphs in the desert Nazca
Capital of the Inca empire Cuzco
A collection of colored strings that were knotted in different ways to represent various numbers Quipu
The leaders of the Inca village Ayllu
Spanish communities Pueblos
A large underground chamber used for religious ceremonies and political meetings Kiva
Heaps of earth in piles that become shaped Earthworks
A ceremony at which a person of high rank and wealth distributes lavish gifts to a large number of guests Potlatch
A unique political system Iroquois League

Maya Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What religion were the Mayan people Polytheistic
What farming method did the Olmec and Zapotecs use Slash and burn
Who developed the first system of writing in the Americas Zapotecs
At the end of the game what could happen to the losing team Sacrafice
What valuable resources did the rain forest produce Animals
Each Maya and city-state had its own one of these King
What did the maya build to observe the sky Observatories
These stone slabs are carved with writings of Mayan history Maya stelae
Maya society was made up of these Social classes
They used dots and dashes for... Counting

MAYA CIVILIZATION Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Seeds that Mayans used to make chocolate; also used as money Cacao
Created from stone, with a temple built in at the top Pyramid
Perfomed by priests to please the gods Sacrifice
Thought to be creator of Earth; god of fire Itzamma
Type of rock used to make tools and weapons Obsidian
A blanket worn around shoulders of both men and women Manta
The most important food of the Mayans Maize
A large stone slabcovered with carvings and writings Stela
The Mayans lived in the southern part of this country Mexico
The kings and nobles lived in this, withthin the city Palace
Caused the final fall of Mayan civilization in early 1500's Spanish

Ancient Civilizations Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The river that flows through Ancient Egypt nile
The river that flows through Ancient India indus
The rivers that flow through Ancient Mesopotamia TigrisandEuphrates
The river that flows through Ancient China HuangHe
Means "land between two rivers" Mesopotamia
The large Middle East region where many prosperous civilizations used the rich soil for agriculture FertileCrescent
Skilled workers, like a carpenter or brick maker artisans
People who trade goods merchants
A large Sumerian temple used for religious worship ziggurat
Wedge-shaped writing used in Mesopotamia cuneiform
An independent city that has its own ruler, government, and name city-state
Nickname for river valleys Cradle of Civilization
Ancient Egyptian writing that uses symbols in lines hieroglyphics
The leader of Egypt who was also considered a god pharaoh
levels of people in society; wealth often = power socialclass
civilizations in Mesopotamia where city-states organized similar cultures Sumerian
The type of government that is led by religious leaders theocracy
The belief in only one god monotheism
The belief in more than one god polytheism
The list of religious and moral guidelines followed by the Hebrews tencommandments
The religion followed by the Hebrews judaism
The list of harsh laws and punishments used in Babylon in Mesopotamia hammurabiscode
The father of Judaism abraham
An artisan who has learned to write and read scribe
The Chinese belief that dead ancestors in heaven approve of their leaders MandateofHeaven
Family of rulers dynasty
Way of life culture
Complex culture civilization
Political system government
King or Queen; power by birth Monarch
cause of civilization agriculture
1st effect of civilization populationincrease
2nd effect of civilization specialization
3rd effect of civilization cities
Process of drying a dead body mummification
Tomb for Pharaohs pyramid
Rigid social class structure in India; born into & stay castesystem
Ancient trade route silkroad
Rich upper class aristocracy
Protection greatwall

Early Civilization Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

"person who thinks"; stage of human development beginning in 200,000 BC homosapien
the period of time before written records prehistory
belief in many gods polytheistic
belief in one God monotheistic
an amount of goods that is greater than what is needed surplus
farming, trade, government, technology, art, science, and written language sevensignsofcivilization
a king and religious leader of an ancient Egyptian theocracy pharaoh
a system of government in which priests or religious leaders rule in the name of a deity or deities theocracy
a group of huge burial tombs built for pharaohs in ancient Egypt pyramids
a form of writing where pictures represent literal visual representations of words pictographwriting
ancient Mesopotamian temple in the shape of a pyramid with staircases and a shrine on top ziggurat
the first codification of law which was written on a Rosetta Stone in ancient Mesopotamia hammurabiscode
a seasonal prevailing of heavy wind and rain which ravaged the Indus River Valley monsoon

Mesoamerica Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Built large elaborate mounds used as tombs or for ceremonies Hopewell
Lived in villages that consisted of longhouses surrounded by wooden fences for protection Iroquois
150-200 feet in length covered in bark housing about a dozen families Longhouse
Groups of related families in the Iroquois tribe Clans
Helped to create an alliance of five groups called the Iroquois League Haiwathe
Tribe who depended on the buffalo for survival Plains Tribe
Constructed from buffalo skins stretched over poles Tepees
Established extensive farming society in the Southwest Anasazi
Was civilized prior to the arrival of the Spanish Mesoamerica
Known for the jaguar god, pyramids, hieroglyphics and astronomical calendar Olmec
Known for solar and ritual calendars, hieroglyphics and human sacrifice Zapotec
Known for gods with human and feline traits, no calendar or written language Chavin
Known for human sacrifice, pyramids, ritual, solar and long count calendars and hieroglyphics Maya
Warlike people, brought metal-working to Mesoamerica, first peopel in region to work in gold, silver and copper Toltec
Known for multiple gods, human sacrifice, worship of Huitzilopochtli, written and civil calendars, anwrd itten language Aztec
Capital of Aztec civlization, present day Mexico City Tenochtitlan
Leader of Aztecs Montezuma
Aztec god, according to Aztec folklore believed would return reincarnated and Aztecs thought Spanish were his followers Quetzalcoatl
Aztec god of war and of the sun Huitzilopochtli
Swampy artificial islands for farming crisscrossed by canals of the Aztecs Chinampas
Known for use of images of animals so large can only be seen from the air Nazca
Said to be the precursor to the Incas, centered on warfare and human sacrifice Moche
Abandoned city of Incas Machu Picchu
Way to record expenses Quipu
Major city of Incas Cuzco
Human sacrifice, polytheists, massive stone structures without mortar, over 24,800 miles of road Incas

The English Colonies Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the first permanent english settlement in North America JAMESTOWN
took control of the colony and built a fort in 1608 JOHNSMITH
introduced a new type of tobacco that sold well in New England JOHNROLFE
paid their journey to America INDENTURED SERVANTS
establishes the colony of pennslvania WILLIAM PENN
puritan leader who served as a governor of Massachsetts JOHN WINTHROP
publicly discussed religious ideas that some leaders thought were radical ANNE HUTCHINSON
protestants who wanted to reform the Church of England PURITANS
a member of a Puritan's Separatist sect that left England in the early 1600's to settle in the Americas PILGRIMS
a person who moves to another country after leaving his or her homeland IMMIGRANTS
a document written by the Pilgrims establishing themselves as a political society and setting guidelines for self-government MAYFLOWER COMPACT
Squanto taught the Pilgrims native farming methods and helped them establish relations with the Wampanoag TISQUANTUM
made up one of the largest religious groups in New Jersey QUAKERS
crops that are always needed STAPLE CROPS
he was forced to surrender New Netherland to the English PETER STUYVESANT
people talked about and decided on issues of local interest, such as paying for schools TOWN MEETING
a system in which goods and slaves were traded among the Americas, Britain, and Africa TRIANGULAR TRADE
a religious movement that swept through the colonies in the 1730's and 1740's GREAT AWAKENING
a philosopher that thought people had natural rights such as equality and liberty. JOHN LOCKE
a movement that took place during the 1700's to spread the idea that reason and logic could improve society ENLIGHTENMENT
he surrender in 1766 PONTIAC
American Indian princess, she saved the life of John Smith when he was captured POCAHONTAS
an attacked led by Nathaniel Bacon against American Indians and the colonial government in Virginia BACON'S REBELLION
laws passed in the colonies to control slaves SLAVE CODES
grown only enough for yourself SUBSISTENCE FARMING