The study of composition, structure, and properties
Chemistry
Smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties of that element
Atom
State has a definite volume and shaoe
Solid
Blend of 2 or more kinds of matter
Mixture
Substances formed by a chemical change
Products
Vertical columns on the periodic table
Groups
Atoms of the same element that have different masses
Isotopes
The number of protons in the nucleus of each atom
Atomicnumber
The general term for any isoptope element
Nuclide
A positive ion
Cation
Elements in group 17
Halogens
An atom or group of bonded atoms that have positive or negative charges
Ion
A naming system
Nomenclature
A number assigned to an atom in a molecular compound or ion that indicates the general distribution of electrons
Oxidation
An ion formed from a single atom
Monatomicions
The sum of the average atomic masses of all the atoms represented in the formula of any molecule, unit, or ion
Formulamass
An ionic compound composed of a cation and the anion from an acid
Salt
A polyatomic ion that contains oxygen
Oxyanion
A small whole number that appears in front of a formula in a chemical equation
Coefficient
A reaction in which two or more substances combine to from a new compound
Compositionreaction
A reaction in which the ions of two compounds exchange places in an aqueous solution to form two new compounds
Displacementreaction
The process in which an electric current is used to produce oxidation
Electrolysis
A solid that can be produced as a result of a chemical reaction
Precipitate
A list of elements organized according to reactibility
Activityseries
Equation in which the reactants and products in a chemical reaction are represented by words
Wordequation
The measure of the amount of matter
Mass
Pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Element
Horizontal rows of elements on the periodic table
Periods
Poor conductor of heat and electricity
Nonmetal
Element that has the same characteristics of metals and some characteristics of nonmetals
Metalliods