An early Renaissance humanist, poet, and scholar
Francesco Patrarch
Made sketches of nature and of models
Leonardo da Vinci
Was a sculpture, engineer, painter, and poet
Studied the works of the great masters but developed his own style of painting
Wrote "The Book of the Courtier"
Wrote a guide for rulers on how to gain and maintain power
Niccolò Machiavelli
First northern artists to be profoundly affected by Renaissance Italy
Albrecht Dürer
Wrote texts on a number of subjects
Desiderius Erasmus
Fasted and prayed and tried to lead a holy life
Martin Luther
Shared many of Luther's beliefs
John Calvin
Wrote the play Romeo and Juliet
William Shakespeare
Published On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres
Nicolaus Copernicus
an Englishman who was partners with Rene
Francis Bacon
emphasized human reasoning
Rene Descartes