Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Initial site of infection in the body, clinical sign is an enlarged_____ Liver
Macrophages damaged erythrocytes here Spleen
Can lead to failure of this organ which then leads to hyperventilation Kidney
Classification of the malarial pathogen Protozoa
One of the cytokines released by macrophages, causes receptors on endothelial wall to be exposed Interferon gamma
Impairment of this process (caused by TNF-alpha and IL-B) leads to anaemia erythropoiesis
Carriers of this disease are protected from malaria Sickle Cell
Vector for the disease is the ______ mosquito Anopheles
The process of an erythrocyte bursting Haemolysis
Symptom caused by cytokines acting upon the hypothalamus Chills
The continent with the largest prevalence of malaria Africa
NICE guidelines suggest mosquito nets laced with ________ for prophylaxis permethrin

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Haematology 1 Crossword

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Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Production of blood cells haemopoiesis
First red cell precursor pronormoblast
Bi-lobed white blood cell Eosinophil
Immature cells produced through erythropoiesis and released into blood reticulocyte
Hormone regulating erythrocyte production erythropoietin
An abnormally large nucleated red cell precursor with an immature nucleus Megaloblast
Nutrient absorbed in the duodenum and stored in the body for 4 months Folate
Two genes for making this chain exist on each chromosome 16 (4 in cell) multiple mutations can lead to thalassaemia alpha
An autosomal recessive disorder in which HbS polymerises if exposed to low oxygen levels, distorting the RBC Sickle Cell Anaemia
Red cell destruction haemolysis

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Blood Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Another name for formed elements Hematocrit
Clear yellowish portion of whole blood plasma
Involved in stopping blood flow from a wound platelets
The study of blood hematology
Molecule important to transporting oxygen hemoglobin
Prime function of this cell is to carry oxygen to all parts of the body RBC
The blood cell can leave the circulatory system WBC
When two blood types can be safely mixed compatible
a type of granular leukocyte basophil
the process of stopping the loss of blood hemostasis
disease where bleeding can be difficult to stop hemophilia
blood disease that the woman in the film Blood was diagnosed with sicklecellanemia
blood disease caused by a pathogen malaria
a type of agranulocyte monocyte
substances that can trigger a protective defense mechanism antigen
Type of blood that contains both anti-A and anti-B antigens O
Type of blood that contains neither anti-A or anti-B antigens AB
red blood cell formation erythropoiesis
an immature rbc reticulocyte
this allows a rbc to fit into and go thru very tight spaces flexibility
The state of low oxygen levels in tissues is referred to as hypoxia
What type of cell is responsible for most types of blood cell production stemcells

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PROTISTS & FUNGI Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

BLUE AND GREEN BACTIERIA PROTIST
EUKARYOTE ( NOT THE ANSWER) PROTOZOA
WHIP LIKE TAILS FLAGELLA
A PSEUDOPODIUM PSEUDOPOD
FOUND IN LINING OF TRACHEA , WIND PIPE CILIA
membrane enclosed cell vacuole with a digestive function FOOD VACUOLE
food goes the cell oral groove
a vacuole in some protozoan that expels liquid on contraction contractile vacuole
only female anopheles mosquitos malaria
an organelle unique to plant cells that contains chlorophyll chloroplast
a thin skin or membrane pellicle
stigma eyespot
mushroom or mold fungi
thread like filaments hyphae
a sexual reproduction spores
containing spores like a mushroom fruiting body
a colored patch growing on a tree or tree branch lichen
an organism that is consisting of a cell eukaryote
consist of a singular cell unicellular
consists of many cells multicellular
an organism that is able to form nutritional organic substances from simple inorganic substances such as carbon dioxide. autotrouph
an organism deriving its nutritional requirements from complex organic substances. heterotroph
fleas on your dog parasitism
symbiosis that is beneficial to both organisms involved. mutualism

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The Immune System Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

This word search contains the following answers:

Rheumatid Arthritis
Lupus
Allergies
Interferon
Killer T cells
Pathogen
Helper T Cell
Fever
Autoimmune Disease
Antihistamine
Immune Response
Inflammatory Response
Antibiotic
Vaccine
Macrophage
T-Cell
B-Cell
Bone Marrow
Thymus Gland
Leukocyte
Lymphocyte
Antibody
Antigen
Immunology

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Basic Immunology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

acquired immunity adaptive
acronym for set of genes that play role in adaptive immunity mhc
study of immune system immunology
chemical substance that binds to antigen to increase rate of action of phagocytes opsonin
antibody involved in allergic reactions IgE
small group of proteins that regulate cells involved in immune response cytokines
chemical composition of an antibody protein
series of natural producing proteins that enhance host defense mechanisms complement
process where cell leaves blood vessel into tissue diapedesis
primary granulocytic phagocyte neutrophil
process by which cells that eat other cells phagocytosis
antigenic marker or determinant found on antigens epitope
antibody immunoglobulin
acute phase protein involved in clotting fibrinogen
C1 of complement pathway is referred to as the __ unit recognition
complement pathway that is also called the properdin pathway alternate
immunity that is in place at birth innate
antibody that can cross the placenta IgG
antigen immunogen
purified antibodies cloned from single cell monoclonal
binding strength between antibody and antigen avidity
white blood cell involved in cellular immunity lymphocyte
cytokine that interfers with viral replication in a cell interferon
type of cell that produces antibodies plasma
cytokine found in leukocytes interleukin
acute phase protein that transports copper ceruloplasmin
differentiated monocyte in tissue involved in phagocytosis macrophage
initial force of attraction between antibody and antigen affinity
acute phase protein that binds irreversibly with free hemoglobin haptoglobin
antibody found in secretions IgA
largest antibody IgM
type of adaptive immunity involving B lymphocytes humoral

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Immune System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What is immunity achieved when the body makes antibodies against antigen? active immunity
Antibodies produced by plasma cells in response to antigenic stimulation? immunoglobulins
This is a group of cells that come from a single cell; genetically identical. clone
It is the ability to resist and overcome injury by pathogens or antigenic substances. immunity
What is a macromolecule that elicits an immune response by lymphocytes? antigen
It is an enlarged monocyte that eats foreign material. macrophages
A short-acting immunity achieved when the person is given antibodies mad by another. passive immunity
group of proteins in the blood that are concerned with phagocytosis compliment proteins
It is antigens that have been altered in order to produce active immunity without causing the disease. vaccine
What are substances that react with a specific antigen? antibodies
What is the eating of pathogens or cellular debris? phagocytes
A foreign substance or antigen that stimulates an allergic reaction? allergen
It is immunity against one’s own tissue. autoimmunity
The body’s response to infection or injury. inflammation
Lymphocytes that engage in antibody-mediated immunity. B Lymphocytes
It is a group of proteins in the blood that are concerned with phagocytosis. complement proteins
They are substances produced by a virus-infected cell. interferons
A type of lymphocyte that engages in cell-mediated immunity. T Lymphocytes

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Genetic Disorders and Diseases Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

people with this disorder have an extra 21st chromosome Down Syndrome
people with the disorder have a dominant allele that produces a mutant form of the protein ‘huntingtin’ which in some way affects the nervous system Huntington’s Disease
this hereditary disease affects mucus production in the body, causing the body to create more mucus than necessary Cystic Fibrosis
this recessive sex-linked genetic disorder is carried on the ‘X’ chromosome and causes the body to produce less clotting factors in the blood than normal people, so wounds take longer to seal or don’t seal Hemophilia
this disorder is Codominant to regular shaped blood cells and causes some cells to be sickle shaped Sickle Cell Disease
people with Sickle Cell are less vulnerable to this disease Malaria
a temporary solution that controls symptoms Treatment
eliminates a disease or disorder Cure
the mutation for Cystic Fibrosis occurred in people living in this region Northern Europe
this is the full name of the person who first described the condition of Down Syndrome Dr. John Langdom Down
Huntington’s Diseases is a ________ disease Terminal
a nickname for Hemophilia is the _____ disease Royal
the allele for Sickle Cell is most common in people with _______ ancestry African
can be cured, caught, or given to someone else Disease
cannot be cured, caught, or given to someone else Disorder

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Lymphatic System Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Result of fluid accumulation in the tissues edema
excess tissue fluid or clear water Lymph
Lymphatic vessels lymphatics
engulf and destroy bacteria, viruses, and other foreign substances in the lymph macrophages
Drains lymph from the majority of the body (except the right arm and right side of the head) thoracic duct
Lymphatic vessels that carry lymph into the lymph node afferent
Lymphatic vessels that carry lymph out of the lymph node efferent
small masses of lymphoid tissue around the pharynx tonsils
tubelike offshoot of the first part of the large intestine appendix
Outer part of the node containing follicles cortex
Soft blood rich organ that filters the blood Spleen
Specific resistance to a disease Immunity
Disease causing microorganisms pathogens
Bacteria-killing enzyme lysozyme
inflamatory chemical histamine
Phenomenon when cells follow a chemical gradient chemotaxis
Small, secretory proteins that defend cells interferons
immunity provided by antibodies in the humors of the body humoral
Chemicals secreted by WBC's and macrophages exposed to foreign cells or substances in the body pyrogens
Substances capable of mobilizing our immune system and invoking an immune response Antigens

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BLOOD TRANSFUSION Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A PROCESS WHICH REMOVES ANTIBODY FROM PLASMA, TYPICALLY ONTO RED CELLS ADSORPTION
THE VISIBLE CLUMPING OF RED CELLS AS A RESULT OF ANTIGEN-ANTIBODY BINDING AGGLUTINATION
SECONDARY OR SUBSEQUENT IMMUNE RESPONSE ANAMNESTIC
IMMUNOGLOBULIN PRODUCED IN RESPONSE TO THE INTRODUCTION OF A FOREIGN ANTIGEN ANTIBODY
IMMUNOGLOBULIN THAT REACTS WITH HUMAN GLOBULINS AHG
COMMERCIALLY PRODUCED ANTIBODY PREPARATIONS TO BLOOD GROUP ANTIGENS ANTISERA
ANAEMIA CAUSED BY THE PRODUCTION OF AUTOANTIBODIES AIHA
SEEDS FROM THIS PLANT PRODUCE A LECTIN WHICH REACTS WITH THE A1 ANTIGEN DOLICHOUS BIFLOROUS
A PROCESS WHICH RELEASES ANTIBODY THAT IS BOUND TO RED CELL ANTIGENS ELUTION
USED TO DETECT IN VIVO SENSITISATION DAT
A PROTEIN THAT ACTS AS A BIOLOGICAL CATALYST ENZYME
THIS IS THE PERIOD BETWEEN INFECTION WITH A PATHOGEN AND THE FIRST DETECTABLE MARKER IN A BLOOD TEST WINDOW
PRODUCES UP TO DATE EVIDENCED BASED GUIDELINES ON THE DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF HAEMATOLOGICAL DISEASE AND BLOOD TRANSFUSION BCSH
LITERALLY MEANING 'IN GLASS', THIS REFERS TO TESTS PERFORMED OUTSIDE OF THE BODY IN VITRO
DERIVED FROM A SINGLE GENETICALLY DISTINCT CELL MONOCLONAL
THE ENZYME PAPAIN IS DERIVED FROM THIS FRUIT PAPAYA
THE REPULSIVE FORCE CREATED BETWEEN ADJACENT RED CELLS AS A RESULT OF A CLOUD OF NEGATIVE AND POSITIVE IONS SURROUNDING THE RED CELL MEMBRANE ZETA POTENTIAL
THE OBSERVABLE EXPRESSION OF AN INDIVIDUALS GENES PHENOTYPE
THE PROPERTY OF AN ANTIGEN THAT ENABLES IT TO RECOGNISE AND COMBINE WITH ONE PARTICULAR ANTIGEN SPECIFICITY
ANY ADVERSE EFFECT IN A PATIENT FOLLOWING ADMINISTRATION OF A BLOOD COMPONENT TRANSFUSION REACTION
RED CELLS COATED WITH, BUT NOT AGGLUTINATED BY, ANTIBODY ARE SAID TO BE THIS SENSITISED
A SOLUTION WHICH IS ISOTONIC WITH BLOOD AND CONTAINS NaCl NISS
AN ALTERNATIVE FORM OF A GENE THAT CAN OCCUPY A SINGLE LOCUS ON A CHROMOSOME ALLELE
A GENE WITH NO PHENOTYPIC EFFECT AMORPH
KNOWN INHERITABLE WEAKER EXPRESSION OF A BLOOD GROUP ANTIGEN SUBGROUP
A SUBSTANCE THAT PREVENTS BLOOD CLOTTING ANTICOAGULANT
THIS ORGANISATIONS CORE PURPOSE IS TO MEET THE TRANSFUSION NEEDS OF PATIENTS IN SCOTLAND SNBTS
THE FINAL PART OF THE PROCESS WHICH DETERMINES THE COMPATIBILITY OF DONOR RED CELLS WITH THE PATIENT CROSSMATCH
BLOOD COMPONENT PRODUCED AS A SOURCE OF FVIII AND FIBRINOGEN CRYOPRECIPITATE
THIS VIRUS, ASSOCIATED WITH WHITE CELLS, IS TRANSMISSABLE VIA BLOOD TRANSFUSION AND BELONGS TO THE HERPES FAMILY CMV
AN IMBALANCE IN NORMAL BLEEDING AND CLOTTING MECHANISMS WITH TYPICAL WIDESPREAD CLOTTING, FOLLOWED BY MAJOR HAEMORRHAGE AS CLOTTING FACTORS BECOME DEPLETED DIC
RUPTURE OF THE RED CELL MEMBRANE, FREEING HAEMOGLOBIN INTO CIRCULATION HAEMOLYSIS
NEONATAL RED CELL DESTRUCTION CAUSED BY MATERNAL ANTIBODIES HDN
ACCUMULATION OF EXCESS FLUID IN AT LEAST 2 FOETAL COMPARTMENTS HYDROPS FETALIS

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Infection and response Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A substance that's like the drug being tested but doesn't do anything. Placebo
Very small living cells which causes salmonella and gonerrhoea. Bacteria
Diseases that cannot spread between organisms. Noncommunicable
Drugs you take which kill bacteria. Antibiotics
The uncontrolled growth and division of cells results in the formation of this: Tumour
The state of physical and mental well-being. Health
A disease caused by a protist whereby a mosquito picks uo the disease from an infected animal and passes it on. Malaria
Microorganisms that enter the body and cause communicable diseases. pathogen
Injecting small amounts of dead or inactive pathogen which carry antigens. Vaccination
Diseases that spread from person to person or animal to person. Communicable
Made by white blood cells- bind to antigens and pathogens Antibodies
A disease caused by a virus and is spread through the exchange of bodily fluids. HIV

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