Type
Crossword
Description

Random changes of genetic material Mutation
A physical or chemical agent that changes the genetic material of an organism/causes mutations Mutagen
When you have a wrong base matched with the wrong partner/causes mutation Substitution
When a base is removed/causes mutation Deletion
When an extra base is added/causes mutation Insertion
Programmed cell death Apoptosis
Diseases in which cells are damaged and divide uncontrollably Cancer
Cancer causing agent carcinogen
Doctors inject powerful drugs into the body to stop cancer cells from growing chemotherapy
Doctors can direct radiation at a tumor and kills the cancer cells Radiation therapy
Doctors remove the tumor surgically surgery
A hollow ball of cells that forms early in the development of an animal embryo Blastocyst
fertilized egg embryo
Genetic material on a chromosome that code for a specific trait genes
Variations of genes alleles
Traits determined by more than two alleles Multiple allele trait
Hybrid genes homozygous
Two similar genes heterozygous

mutations, mutagens, cancer, carcinogens, stem cells, and genetics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

change of genetic material mutation
DNA duplicates during interphase, makes a mistake during meiosis internal factors
exposure to ionizing and radiation external factors
physical or chemical agent that can change the genetic makeup of an organism mutagen
wrong bases matched up substitution
base is removed deletion
base is added insertion
cells dividing uncontrollably and can happen in any type of cell cancer
cancer causing agent carcinogen
can break through boundaries malignant
travel to a new area, divide metastasis
a powerful drug that kills all types of cells, to remove cancer chemotherapy
treatment directly targeting a specific tumor radiation therapy
removal of tumor to prevent it from spreading surgery
differentiate between cell types, regrow and reproduce stem cells
genetic material coding for a specific trait genes
variation of genes alleles
trait is determined by more than two alleles multiple alleles
influenced by several genes polygenic trait
influenced by several genes polygenic trait
traits passed down through dominate and recessive genes mendelian gene
both alleles are expressed at the same time codominance
one allele is not completely dominate over the other incomplete dominance
blend in between phenotype

Genetics Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Factors that control a trait Allele
A person's genetic makeup Genotype
A person's physical appearance Phenotype
A change in a gene or chromosome Mutation
A chart that tracks which members of a family have a particular trait Pedigree
A picture of all the chromosomes in a cell Karyotype
An organism that has the same genes as the organism it was produced from Clone
Breeding two individuals with similar traits Inbreeding
Same alleles for a single trait Homozygous
Different alleles fo a single trait Hetrozygous
The science behind heredity Genectics
The chance of something occuring Probability
When two alleles are equal and present in both the phenotype and genotype of an organism Codominance
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of two genotypes Punnet Square
The process that produces 4 sex cells Meiosis
Breeding two individuals with different traits Hybridization
Moving healthy genes into cells to replace missing or abnormal genes in order to correct a genetic disorder Gene therapy
A genetic problem caused by an issue in an organism's genes Genetic disorder
A trait controlled by three or more alleles is said to have ________________ Multiple alleles
Choosing two organisms with desired traits to be bred Selective breeding

genetics review Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

passing of traits from parents to offspring heredity
an organism with two different alleles for a trait hybrid
a factor that controls traits gene
a physical characteristic of an organism, ex. eye color trait
an allele whose trait always shows up in the organism dominant
each different form of a gene allele
the scientific study of heredity genetics
an allele whose trait is hidden in the presence of a dominant allele recessive
a type of organism whose offspring of many generations have the same form of a trait purebred
a number describing how likely an event is probability
an organism that has two identical alleles for a trait homozygous
an organism's physical appearance phenotype
an organism's genetic makeup genotype
an organism that has two different alleles for a trait heterozygous
process that produces sex cells meiosis
genes are passed from parents to offspring on these chromosomes
DNA replication takes place in the _____ nucleus
a section of DNA within a chromosome that codes for a specific protein gene
a mass of cancer cells tumor
when a base pair of the gene is added, deleted, or substituted mutation

Heredity and Genetics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a distinguishing quality or characteristic trait
the offspring of two organisms with different forms of the same traits hybrid
trait that is blocked by the presence of a dominant factor recessive
a section of a chromosome that has genetic information for one trait gene
the two alleles that control the phenotype of a trait genotype
When the allele for a trait is on an X or Y sexlinked
when the two alleles of a gene are the same homozygous
when the two alleles of a gene are different heterozygous
a model used to predict possible genotypes and phenotypes of offspring Punnettsquare
the passing of traits from parents to offspring heredity
the study of how traits are passed from parents to offspring genetics
trait that blocks another genetic factor dominant
thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of cells that contain the genetic information that controls traits chromosome
different forms of the same genes alleles
how a trait appears or “is expressed” phenotype
when the offspring’s phenotype is a combination of the parent’s phenotypes incompletedominance
when both alleles can be observed in a phenotype codominance
deoxyribonucleic acid – an organism’s genetic material DNA
a molecule with a nitrogen base, a sugar, and a phosphate group nucleotide

Unit 5: DNA and RNA Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

uracil
translation
transcription
trait
thymine
sugar
RNA
ribosome
radiation
proteinsynthesis
protein
polypeptide
phosphate
peptide bonds
nucleus
nucleotides
nucleic acid
nitrogen base
mutation
mutagen
hydrogen bonds
guanine
gene
double helix
DNAexpression
DNA
cytosine
complementary
codon
carcinogen
cancer
anticodon
amino acids
adenine
activated gene

DNA and RNA Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A change in the genetic material of cell Mutation
Each three base set of genetic code. Codon
The cell uses information from mRNA to make proteins during _____________ . Translation
The language for naming RNA. Genetic code
A condition in which an organism has extra set of chromosome. Polyploidy
A group of three bases of tRNA molecule that are complementary to the three bases of condon of mRNA. Anticodon
The tips of chromosomes. Telomere
The process of copying DNA from DNA. Replication
A kind of virus that infects bacteria cell. Bacteriophage
The process in which one stain of bacteria is change by a gene or genes from another bacteria. Transformation
An enzyme that joins individual nucleotides to produce a new strand of DNA. DNA Polymerase
A long chains of amino acids that make proteins Polypeptides
The synthesis of an RNA molecule from a DNA template , or pattern. Transcription
A type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acids into proteins from DNA to all cell part. mRNA
A type of RNA that carries each amino acid to form ribosomes. Transfer RNA
A singled-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose. RNA
A chemical or physical agent in the environment that interacts with DNA and may cause mutation. Mutagen
A cell that contains two sets of homologous chromosomes. Diploid
A cell that contains only one set of genes. Haploid
Chromosomes in which one set comes from male parent and another set comes from female parent Homologous

Stem Cells Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

early stage of a developing organism embryo
a cell that can differentiate into many different cell types pluripotent
developing human baby from week nine to birth fetus
environmental factor that causes gene mutations mutagen
structure in an ovary where an egg develops follicle
refers to a cell that can differentiate into all different cell types totipotent
a hollow fluid-filled structure blastocyst
pre-birth developement in humans antenatal
a primary germ layer ectoderm
union of egg and sperm to form a zygote fertilisation
ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm germ layers
a process where malignant tumours spread throughout the body metastasis
refers to a cell that can differentiate into a number of closely related cells multipotent
gene that signals cells to continue dividing oncogene
release of an egg from the ovary ovulation
potential source of embryonic cells parthenote
fertilised egg that results from the fusion of haploid gametes zygote
membrane bound organelle containing the genetic material DNA nucleus
unspecialised undifferentiated
to become more specialised differentiate
cells of the outer layer of the blastocyst trophoblast
female gamete egg
male gamete sperm
the middle layer of cells or tissues of an embryo mesoderm
a disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body cancer
an undifferentiated cell of a multicellular organism stem cell
replicate a fragment of DNA clone
cell division that results in two daughter cells mitosis
cell division that results in four daughter cells meiosis
a defect involving chromosome 21 down syndrome
thread-like structure composed of DNA and protein chromosome
cover flat surfaces epithelial tissues
a tumour of melanin-forming cells melanoma

Heredity Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

when many alleles and genes are involved Multiple Allele
when two dominant alleles are expressed in the offspring and they blend together Incomplete Dominance
the passing of physical characteristics from parents to offspring Heredity
a specific characteristic Trait
the study of heredity Genetics
egg and sperm cell joining Fertilization
fertilization of flowers pollination
organism from many generations with the same form of a trait Purebred
holds pollen in the flowers Stamen
takes pollen to make a seed Pistil
a number that describes how likely it is that an event will occur Probability
Physical appearance/ visible traits Phenotype
genetic makeup/alleles Genotype
when both alleles for a gene are expressed equally Codominance
factors that control a trait Genes
The different forms of a gene Alleles
trait that always shows up in the organism when the allele is present Dominant
is hidden whenever the dominant allele is present Recessive
having two of the same alleles Homozygous
having two different alleles Heterozygous

BREAST CANCER Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Another word for cancer Malignant
removal of tissue to check for cancer biopsy
surgery to remove only the tumor and smallest amount of surrounding tissue lumpectomy
What is the study and treatment of cancer oncology
Treatments provided after breast surgery to eliminate cancer cells adjuvant
not cancer benign
breast xray mammogram
A type of tumor found in connective tissue sarcoma
The greater a women’s exposure to this hormone, the more susceptible she is to breast cancer estrogen
inherited mutations of these genes are known to increase the risk of breast cancer BRCA
A ____________ is a surgery in which the breast is completly removed masectomy
swelling that usually occurs as a side effect when axillary lymph nodes are removed Lymphedema
what do you caLL an abnormal growth or mass of tissue? tumor
what is x-ray energy that kills cancer cells radiation
medicines used to stop or slow the growth of cancer cells chemotherapy
the malignant growth of cells synonymous with cancer carcinoma
in what condition do systems of a disease get reduced or no longer detectable Remission
for the best possible outcome you want a good ______ from your oncologist prognosis
the science of studying the nature of a disease pathology

Meiosis Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Offspring of genetically different parents Hybrid
A hereditary unit Gene
A distinguishing feature Trait
One member of a pair of genes Allele
Separation of paired alleles Segregation
A group of four chromatids Tetrad
Cell formed by the union of two gametes Zygote
The union of male and female gametes Fertilization
A reproductive cell having the haploid numbers Gamete
Having the same number of chromosomes sets Haploid
Having different alleles Heterozygous
Having the same alleles at a gene Homozygous
Belonging to series of organic compounds Homologous
Two gametes from diploid zygote with twice the number Biploid
Dividing the cells in half Probability
Genetic law that contrast traits Principal of dominance
Chromosomes switch Crossing over