a sultan placed on the Ottoman throne and ruled like an authoritarian and suspended the constitution; he was in constant fear of assassination
Abdülhamid II
British adventurer popularly known as "Lawrence of Arabia"
T. E. Lawrence
Father of Turks
Atatürk
the capital and largest city of Iran
Tehran
Persian army officer who seized power in 1925
Reza Shah Pahlavi
a theocratic islamic republic in the Middle East in western Asia
Iran
reform leader in the early 1920s and united Northern Arabian Peninsula. He created Saudi Arabia in 1932.
Ibn Sa'ūd
an absolute monarchy occupying most of the Arabian Peninsula in southwest Asia
Saudi Arabia
an ancient country is southwestern Asia on the east coast of the Mediterranean
Palestine
a republic in eastern Africa
Kenya
believed that African Americans should strive for full rights immediatly;founded the NAACP
W.E.B. Du Bois
Many poor urban blacks turned to him. He was head of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and he urged black economic cooperation and founded a chain of UNIA grocery stores and other business
Marcus Garvey
Vietnamese communist statesman who fought the Japanese in World War II and the French until 1954 and South vietnam until 1975 (1890-1969)
Ho Chi Minh
a region in northeastern China
Manchuria
the largest city of China
Shanghai
also called the Yangtze River; stretches 3,400 miles
Chang Jiang
military leader that took over Guomindang when Sun Yat-sen died
Chiang Kai-shek
Nationalists massacre Communists in China
Shanghai Massacre
a city in eastern China on the Yangtze River
Nanjing
Chinese communist leader (1893-1976)
Mao Zedong