Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The phosphorus cycle is this specific type of cycle biogeochemical
A highly toxic element. phosphorus
Movement of phosphorus from the environment to organisms and then back to the environment. phosphoruscycle
Something that can affect the phosphorus cycle? fertilizers
The cycle occurs everywhere BUT this place. atmosphere
The phosphorus cycle begins in... rocks
plants________phosphorus from soil absorb
This cycle is________ because it rarely occurs as a gas. slow
Most phosphate are not soluble, so they sink to the bottom of the ocean and accumulate as sediment
The phosphorus cycle includes different types of weathering and ____________. erosion

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Weathering and Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What type of weathering breaks smaller pieces of rock from larger pieces Mechanical
What type of weathering slowly dissolves rock chemical
What is the process in which wind, water, gravity transport soil? Erosion
When farmers change crops to protect nutrient depletion. Crop rotation
When farmers grow a crop between seasons to prevent erosion. cover crop
Creating a series of steps so that farming can occur on a steep hill Terracing
Leaving the previous season's stalks behind to prevent erosion. no till
Refers to the pore space in soil taken up by water or oxygen porosity
Water dissolves and carries nutrients in topsoil to lower layers leaching
The top layer of soil topsoil
The most fertile section of topsoil humus
The layer of rock beneath soil layers bedrock
When water in the air causes chemical change oxidation
Repeated freezing and thawing in cracks of rock ice wedging
Type of weathering in which harder rock weathers less than softer rock differential
When limestone is dissolved underground, you get a... cave
When pollution and rain weather together. acid rain
Grinding away of rock abrasion
Agent of mechanical weathering wind
Agent of chemical weathering water
Living agent of mechanical weathering plants
Rock that is the source of the fragments parent rock
Protecting soil from nutrient loss or erosion soil conservation
When water slows and drops sediment deposition
Deposition that occurs as a body of water slows to flow into another delta
Sediment deposits here when a river overflows its banks (pg.318) floodplain
a fan-shaped deposion on land alluvial fan
As a mountain ages, its peaks become (rounder/sharper) rounder

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How Ecosystems Work Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

organism that get their energy by eating other organisms Consumer
consumers that get their food by breaking down dead organisms Decomposer
the process of breaking down food to yield energy Cellular Respiration
a sequence in which energy is transferred from one organism to the next as each organism eats another organism Food Chain
shows many feeding relationships that are possible in an ecosystem Food Web
each step through which energy is transferred in a food chain Trophic Level
a process by which carbon is cycled between the atmosphere, land, water, and organisms Carbon Cycle
a process in which nitrogen is cycled between the atmosphere, bacteria, and other organisms Nitrogen Cycle
the movement of phosphorus from the environment to organisms and then back to the environment Phosphorus Cycle
bacteria that convert atmospheric nitrogen into ammonia Nitrogen-fixing Bacteria
a gradual process of change and replacement of some or all of the species in a community Ecological Succession
the type of succession that occurs on a surface where no ecosystem existed before, such as on rocks or sand dunes Primary Succession
the more common type of succession; occurs on a surface where an ecosystem has previously existed Secondary Succession
the first organism to colonize any newly available area and begin the process of ecological succession Pioneer Species
a final and stable community Climax Community

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Biogeochemical Cycles Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

This word search contains the following answers:

fossil fuel
global warming
decomposers
omnivore
carnivore
herbivore
autotroph
consumers
producers
ecosystem
nitogen fixing bacteria
phosphorus cycle
bigeochemical cycle
nitrogen cycle
carbon cycle

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Watershed Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A body of water that is mostly surrounded by land Bay
A species of plants or animals that is at serious risk of extinction Endangeredspecies
The amount of salt in the water Salinity
When it rains and water doesn't have a place to go it creates its own path Runoff
A area of land that drains into a common body of water Watershed
When land gradually gets destroyed by natural forces (water,wind,ice) Erosion
A salt or compound that has phosphorus in it and is usually in products like fertilizers Phosphates
A drain where all the water goes when it rains Stromdrain
To keep something in its original state Preservation
A surface that does not collect water Impervioussurface
Species that aren't from here Invasivespecies
Species that are from here Nativespecies
A environment that has all the things a particular plant or animal needs to survive Niche
A natural environment that has the ability to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere Carbonsink
The water is slightly salty (mixture of river water and seawater) Brackish
A area that keeps 2 things separated Bufferzone
A river or stream flowing into a larger river or lake Tributary

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Weathering, Erosion and Soil Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

process of erosion where windblown particles scrape against rock surfaces and wear them away abrasion
unweathered solid parent rock bedrock
all of Earth's organisms and the environment in which they live biosphere
type of weathering where rocks and minerals undergo changes in their composition due to chemical reactions chemical
process by which productive land becomes a desert desertification
removal and transport of weathered material erosion
the settling of eroded material deposition
process that occurs when water repeatedly freezes and thaws in cracks in rocks frost wedging
erosion that occurs when a channel widens and deepens gully
weathering where big rocks break down into smaller pieces physical
erosion where water runs down the side of a slope carving a small stream rill
pieces of rock that are moved and deposited sediment
loose covering of weathered rock overlying bedrock soil
distinct layer in soil horizon
section of soil with many distinct layers profile
the change in elevation of the Earth's crust topography
the most influential factor in soil formation climate
soil whose parent material is local residual
soil whose parent material has moved far from its source transported
steep slopes have this kind of soil shallow
they help break down organic material and helps increase water holding capacity organisms
regardless of the type of soil, they all need this to develop time
decreasing surface area, _____________ chances of chemical weathering decreases
row of trees planted perpendicular to the wind windbreak
type of erosion that creates unsorted deposits glacial
chemical weathering due to oxygen oxidation
weathering where outer layers seem to peel away like an onion exfoliation
type of weathering that is favored in cold and dry climate mechanical
type of erosion that can defy gravity wind

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Biogeochemical Cycles Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Our atmosphere contains 78% free _________________________. Nitrogen
Animals need nitrogen to produce ______________________. Proteins
What molecule is produced when nitrogen is fixed? Ammonia
Animals get nitrogen into their systems by eating _______________. Plants
Large organic molecule containing nitrogen that contains your genetic information. DNA
Prokaryote responsible for "fixing" nitrogen. Bacteria
_________________________ occurs when fertilizer runoff causes excess algae and water weeds. Eutrophication
Process where water "evaporates" from plants. Transpiration
What "powers" the water cycle? Sun
Rain, snow, sleet, or hail. Precipitation
The downward entry of water into the soil or rock surface. Infiltration
Process by which water changes from a liquid to a gas. Evaporation
Oats, peas, beans, corn Legumes
Helps plants to grow. Fertilizer
Bacteria that break down organic matter. Decomposers
Process by which water vapor turns into liquid water. Condensation

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Photosynthesis Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugar and starches photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce its own food from inorganic compounds; also called a producer autotroph
the steps in photosynthesis that occur on the thylakoid membranes of the chloroplast and that convert solar energy to the chemical energy of ATP and NADPH, evolving oxygen in the process light reactions
a green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, and some bacteria chlorophyll
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating other organisms or their byproducts and that cannot synthesize organic compounds from inorganic materials heterotroph
specialized ground tissue that makes up the bulk of most leaves; performs most of a plant's photosynthesis mesophyll
the second of two major stages in photosynthesis (following the light reactions), involving atmospheric CO2 fixation and reduction of the fixed carbon into carbohydrate. Calvin Cycle
a colored chemical compound that absorbs light, producing color pigment
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to convert light energy into chemical energy. thylakoid
granum (grana) a stack of thylakoids in a chloroplast granum
The fluid of the chloroplast surrounding the thylakoid membrane; involved in the synthesis of organic molecules from carbon dioxide and water. stroma
large protein that uses energy from H+ ions to bind ADP and a phosphate group together to produce ATP ATP synthase
The second of two major stages in photosynthesis, involving atmospheric CO2 fixation and reduction of the fixed carbon into carbohydrate. These reactions are also called the Calvin Cycle dark reactions
is the set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products. Cellular respiration
a compound composed of adenosine and three phosphate groups that supplies energy for many biochemical cellular processes by undergoing enzymatic hydrolysis. ATP

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Weathering, Erosion, and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The mechanical and chemical processes that change objects on Earth's surface over time is called _____________. Weathering
When physical processes naturally break rocks into smaller pieces __________________, occurs Mechanical Weathering
______________ is when you have water seep through a crack in a rock, that then freezes, expanding the crack of the rock. Ice Wedging
_______________ is when you have the grinding away of a rock by friction or impact. Abrasion
_______ can also cause weathering (mechanical weathering) by crumbling rocks. Plants
____________ that live in soil creates holes in the soil where water enters and causes weathering(mechanical weathering). Animals
___________________ changes the materials that are part of a rock into new materials. Chemical Weathering
Most substances dissolve in ____________ and the minerals that make up rock dissolve very slowly in __________ (same answer as first blank) Water
______ increase the rate of chemical weathering more than rain or water does and the action of _________ (same answer as first blank) attracts atoms away from rock minerals and dissolves them in the _______ (same answer as the firs and second blank). Acids
_____________ combines the element oxygen with the other elements or molecules. Oxidation
Environment, water, temperature, type of rock, the size of and number if holes in the rock, and rocks being made out of one or more minerals affects _________________. Weathering Rates
___________ is the removal of weathered material from one location to another. Erosion
__________ of erosion include water, wind, glaciers, and gravity. Agents
The ___________________sometimes depends on the type of rock. rate of erosion
When rock fragments bump each other doing erosion it causes them to be ______________. Rounded
Erosion affects the level of _________ of sediment and _________ (same answer as first blank) is the separating of items into groups according to one or more properties. Sorting
______________ is the laying down or settling eroded rock. Depostion
Sediment is deposited in locations called _____________ __________, such as swamps, deltas, at the bottom of the ocean floor, and on land. Depositional Environment
________ grains of sediment are often deposited in high-energy environments. Large
_________ grains of sediment are often deposited in low-energy environments. Small
Sediment deposited in water typically form layers called ______. The _______(same answer as first blank) usually have "stripes". Beds
Landforms can have features that are clearly produced by _________, like the landforms are often tall, jagged structures with cuts in layers of rock. Erosion
____________ created by deposition are often flat and low. Landforms

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Rock Cycle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

An Igneous rock turns into Sediments
become less hot cooling
The rock cycle _______ in a circle Rotates
Metamorphic ______. Rock
When a Volcano _______ Igneous rocks come out. Erupts
An igneous rock turns into sediments which turns into a sedimentary rock which then turns in to a metamorphic rock. Cycle
breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, biota and waters Weathering
To make the sedimentary rock you have to combine _____ and pressure. Heat
Formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava. Igneous
Be created by an upward movement of the earth's surface. Uplifting
After it turns into a metamorphic rock it has to _____ then it turn into an igneous rock. Melt
the binding together of particles or other things by cement. Cemention
formed by the deposition of material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water. Sedimentary
the action or process of forcing a body of igneous rock between or through existing formations, without reaching the surface. Intrusion
transformation of existing rock types. Metamorphic
process of formation of solid crystals precipitating from a solution, melt or more rarely deposited directly from a gas. Crystallization
metamorphic rocks are subjected to heat and pressure from ______. Burial
mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets. Magma
When you are trying to make an sedimentary rock you have to apply a lot of pressure. Pressure
action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location. Erosion

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phosphorus cycle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A chemical element found in water, soil and sediments. phosphorus
when a ody of water becomes overly enriched with minerals and nurtients which can cause excessive groth of algae eutrophication
phosphorus is a key nutrient for the growth of _______. plants
This causes an overgrowth of algae which creates a ________ ________ due to the lack of oxygen in the water. dead zone
the draining away of water (or substances carried in it) from the surface of an area of land, a building or structure. runoff
the rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper mantle. lithosphere
all the waters on the earth's surface, such as lakes and seas, and sometimes including water over the earth's surface, such as clouds. hydrosphere
the regions of the surface, atmosphere, and hydrosphere of the earth occupied by living organisms. biosphere
biogeochemical cycle that describes the movement of phosphorus phosphorus cycle
phosphorus on Earth is tied up in rock and sedimentary deposits, from which it is released by _______ weathering
the state or process of rotting/ decay. decompostion
a step of the cycle is when phosphorus is absorption by plants and ________. animals

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