Type
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Largest lymphatic organ spleen
Before it was lymph, before it was interstitial fluid, it was: plasma
'Big Eating Cell' macrophage
Birthplace of B cells bones
Where T cells become immunocompetent. thymus
You have 6 (3 pairs). They have crypts tonsils
Whose patches in intestinal tissue? Peyer's
Number of lymphatic ducts two
Core area of a lymph node. medulla
Chemical used to poke holes in cell membranes, released by Cytotoxic T and NK cells. Perforins
T cells that develop from a CD8 cell cytotoxic
Molecule that activates the immune system antigen
Used by cells to sweep away mucus and debris cilia
Product of a plasma cell Antibody
Type of pH that repels bacteria acidic
Movement of WBCs towards a chemical chemotaxis
Copies or offspring of a B cell once it is activated clones
Fancy term for antibodies Immunoglobulins
concept that there is only one type of T or B cell for each unique pathogen Specificity

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The Immune System Crossword

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Lymphatic capillaries help the absorption of this substance from the small intestines FAT
Anything that can cause a fever is called this PYROGEN
The collecting ducts empty lymph into this vein SUBCLAVIAN
This immunogloblin is produced in allergies IMMUNOGLOBULINE
This cell kills viruses and cancer cells CYTOTOXICTLYMPHOCYTE
This part of the spleen is full of red blood cells, lymphocytes and macrophages REDPULP
This protein is released by cytotoxic T cells and causes tears in the cell membranes PERFORIN
This is the name of the space between the nodules in the cortex of the lymph nodes SINUS
Small molecules that can cause an immune response only when combined to a larger molecule HAPTEN
These cells are special macrophages found in the liver KUPFFERCELLS
This hormone helps the maturation of the T-lymphocytes THYMOSIN
The largest lymphatic organ in the body SPLEEN
This is the part of the lymph node where the blood vessels and nerves pass HILUM
The spleen filters the....and not lymph BLOOD
This protein is produced in response to viruses INTERFERON
Swelling because of the accumulation excess interstitial fluid EDEMA
Anything that starts an immune response is called this ANTIGEN
Is a process by which chemicals attract phagocytic cells to an injury or infection site CHEMOTAXIS
These cells are responsible for cellular mediated immunity TLYMPHOCYTES
The most abundant immunoglobulin in the body IMMUNOGLOBULING

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immune system Crossword

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lymph follows venous flow
lymph is pulled from plasma
Lymphatic vessels have these to keep lymph going one direction- valves
Intestinal lymphatic tissue peyers patches
where t cells mature thymus
micro-organisms and invaders in the blood are called pathogens
stores blood in the body, and is located in the upper left quadrant of the stomach spleen
largest percent of blood cells in the body erythrocytes
white blood cells leukocytes
secretes antibodies B cells
proteins produced by B cells that destroy antigens antibodies
white blood cells that destroy debris macrophage
makes clots thrombocytes
axillary, inguinal, popliteal, terminus and cisterna, chyli lymph nodes
liquid connective tissue blood
clear watery fluid that surrounds cells lymph
thrombocytes AKA platelets
gland that provides immune support early in life thymus
these remove and filter pathogens and debris from lymphatic fluid nodes
where ALL lymph nodes drain heart
lymphatic massage starts here tonsils
example of specific immunity vaccinations
lymphocytes are formed in red bone marrow
fluid between tissue cells interstitial
where the largest amount of lymph fluid drains thoracic duct
lymphatic massage strengthens the immune system
white blood cells that filter out old red blood cells macrophages
number of superficial lymph node locations three

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Basic Immunology Crossword

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acquired immunity adaptive
acronym for set of genes that play role in adaptive immunity mhc
study of immune system immunology
chemical substance that binds to antigen to increase rate of action of phagocytes opsonin
antibody involved in allergic reactions IgE
small group of proteins that regulate cells involved in immune response cytokines
chemical composition of an antibody protein
series of natural producing proteins that enhance host defense mechanisms complement
process where cell leaves blood vessel into tissue diapedesis
primary granulocytic phagocyte neutrophil
process by which cells that eat other cells phagocytosis
antigenic marker or determinant found on antigens epitope
antibody immunoglobulin
acute phase protein involved in clotting fibrinogen
C1 of complement pathway is referred to as the __ unit recognition
complement pathway that is also called the properdin pathway alternate
immunity that is in place at birth innate
antibody that can cross the placenta IgG
antigen immunogen
purified antibodies cloned from single cell monoclonal
binding strength between antibody and antigen avidity
white blood cell involved in cellular immunity lymphocyte
cytokine that interfers with viral replication in a cell interferon
type of cell that produces antibodies plasma
cytokine found in leukocytes interleukin
acute phase protein that transports copper ceruloplasmin
differentiated monocyte in tissue involved in phagocytosis macrophage
initial force of attraction between antibody and antigen affinity
acute phase protein that binds irreversibly with free hemoglobin haptoglobin
antibody found in secretions IgA
largest antibody IgM
type of adaptive immunity involving B lymphocytes humoral

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Immune System Crossword

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This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What is immunity achieved when the body makes antibodies against antigen? active immunity
Antibodies produced by plasma cells in response to antigenic stimulation? immunoglobulins
This is a group of cells that come from a single cell; genetically identical. clone
It is the ability to resist and overcome injury by pathogens or antigenic substances. immunity
What is a macromolecule that elicits an immune response by lymphocytes? antigen
It is an enlarged monocyte that eats foreign material. macrophages
A short-acting immunity achieved when the person is given antibodies mad by another. passive immunity
group of proteins in the blood that are concerned with phagocytosis compliment proteins
It is antigens that have been altered in order to produce active immunity without causing the disease. vaccine
What are substances that react with a specific antigen? antibodies
What is the eating of pathogens or cellular debris? phagocytes
A foreign substance or antigen that stimulates an allergic reaction? allergen
It is immunity against one’s own tissue. autoimmunity
The body’s response to infection or injury. inflammation
Lymphocytes that engage in antibody-mediated immunity. B Lymphocytes
It is a group of proteins in the blood that are concerned with phagocytosis. complement proteins
They are substances produced by a virus-infected cell. interferons
A type of lymphocyte that engages in cell-mediated immunity. T Lymphocytes

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Immunology Crossword

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Causes pathology. (8) Pathogen
Phagocytic cell that presents antigen to Naïve T cells. (9,4) Dendritic cell
Forms in bacterial lipid membrane from polymerised C9 monomers. (3) MAC
Process that improves Ig affinity for antigen (7,13) Somatic hypermutation
Keystone pathogen in periodontitis P. ? (10) Gingivalis
Protein found in granules of CD8 T cells (8) Perforin
Number of antigen binding sites on a polymeric form of IgM (3) Ten
Method used to detect pathogenic component or antibodies in a clinical sample (5) ELISA
Co-receptor on anti-viral T cells (3) CD8
Mediates hypersensitivity type I reactions (3) IgE
Cleaves bonds in peptidoglycan (8) Lysozyme
A filamentus oral pathogen. F. ? (9) Nucleatum
An inactive enzyme precursor. (7) Zymogen
Cell line that produces monoclonal antibody (9) Hybridoma
Essential HIV enzyme that produces cDNA from viral RNA (7,13) Reverse transcriptase
Time it takes for antibodies against HIV to be detectable in an infected individual (14) Seroconversion
The basis of vaccination, the result of an effective adaptive response (6) Memory
Dimeric immunoglobulin that provides mucosal protection (3) IgA
Transports intracellularly derived peptides into ER (3) TAP
Express MHC II (3) APC
Immunoglobulin DNA variability hotspots (3) CDR
Old name for CXCL8 (3) IL8
Binds to micro-organisms enhancing their phagocytosis (7) Opsonin

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Lymphatic System Review Crossword

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This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

engulf and destroy bacteria, viruses and other foreign substances macrophages
type of WBC that are located in lymph nodes lymphocytes
2nd Line of Defense nonspecific
found in the walls of small intestines, destroy bacteria peyers patches
highly specific resistance to a disease immunity
anything that can cause a disease pathogen
inflammatory chemical released during an allergic reaction histamine
any substance capable of exciting the immune system antigen
type of immunity acquired when you get a vaccine or a pathogen Active
type of immunity acquired when you get antibodies passive
when tissues are transplanted from a different animal species xenograft
when immune system attacks own body autoimmune
disease in which myelin sheaths of the brain and spinal cord multiple sclerosis
caused by the blockage of lymph vessels by filarial worms elephantiasis
small masses of lymphatic tissue that ring the pharynx tonsils
1st Line of Defense Skin
type of acquired immunity that humans control artificial
abnormal vigorous immune response allergy

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Lymphatic System Vocabulary Crossword

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Result of fluid accumulation in the tissues edema
excess tissue fluid or clear water Lymph
Lymphatic vessels lymphatics
engulf and destroy bacteria, viruses, and other foreign substances in the lymph macrophages
Drains lymph from the majority of the body (except the right arm and right side of the head) thoracic duct
Lymphatic vessels that carry lymph into the lymph node afferent
Lymphatic vessels that carry lymph out of the lymph node efferent
small masses of lymphoid tissue around the pharynx tonsils
tubelike offshoot of the first part of the large intestine appendix
Outer part of the node containing follicles cortex
Soft blood rich organ that filters the blood Spleen
Specific resistance to a disease Immunity
Disease causing microorganisms pathogens
Bacteria-killing enzyme lysozyme
inflamatory chemical histamine
Phenomenon when cells follow a chemical gradient chemotaxis
Small, secretory proteins that defend cells interferons
immunity provided by antibodies in the humors of the body humoral
Chemicals secreted by WBC's and macrophages exposed to foreign cells or substances in the body pyrogens
Substances capable of mobilizing our immune system and invoking an immune response Antigens

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Body Defenses Crossword

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Twenty plasma proteins that assemble to destroy bacteria. complement
Found in tears. Digests bacteria. lysozyme
It means "free" immune
Ingests bacteriaor viruses and displays the foreign antigens macrophage
______ memory B and T cells are what make us immune to certain diseases. memory
The second line of defense is the _______response. inflammatory
Produces antibodies blymphocyte
Destroy infected cells which display specific foreign antigens tlymphocytes
_____ T-cells destroy cancers and infected cells. cytotoxic
Acid in stomach hydrochloric
Sign of inflammation pain
sign of inflammation swelling
The firt line of defense are skin and _____ membranes mucous
Most abundant white blood cells neutrophils
Oil produced by glands in the skin sebum
Foreign protien particle. antigen
Y-shaped peptides that bind foreign antigens antibodies
Causes dilation of blood vessels histamine
Accumulation of living and dead WBCs and bacteria pus
Released by infected cells. Inhibits viral reproduction interferon
Protein digesting enzyme of the stomach pepsin

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Lymphatic system Crossword

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mixture of interstitial fluid, solutes, and foreign material Lymph
smallest of the lymph vessels; closed-ended; held in place by anchoring filaments; surrounded by blood capillaries Lymphatic Capillaries
special lymph vessels in the GI tract that pick up dietary lipids in addition to interstitial fluid Lacteals
lymph found in the GI tract Chyle
form from merging lymph capillaries; contain valves in the lumen to prevent pooling Lymphatic Vessels
_____Lymph vessels- these vessels bring lymph to lymph nodes for foreign material examination Afferent
Lymphatic _______- form from merging lymph vessels; drain major body regions (jugular, lumbar etc) Trunks
Lymphatic______-form from lymph trunks; drain lymph back into venous circulation ducts
______ lymph duct- near clavicle; returns lymph to subclavian vein and right internal jugular vein; receives lymph from right head, neck, and limbs Right
duct- largest lymph vessel; near L2 vertebrae; receives lymph from left side of body and all of lower body Thoracic
sac-like structure at base of thoracic duct cisterna chyli
cells found in lymph system and phagocitize foreign Macrophages
______cells- cells that secrete thymic hormones Nurse
large clusters of lymphatic cells and extracellular ct matrix; have crypts that trap foreing material. Tonsils
organ is comprised of two lobes seperated by trabeculae; made of lobules that have outer cortex and inner medulla. Thymus
small round capsules on pathways of lymph vessels; filter antigens from lymph; contains cortex and medulla Lymph nodes
filters blood/antigens Spleen
region of thymus that houses immature t-lymphocytes, nurse cells, and macrophages Thymus cortex
region of thymus that house mature t-lymphocytes and thymic corpuslces. Thymus medulla

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Immune System Crossword

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The two lymph nodes located on each side of the back your throat. Tonsils
Lymphatic tissue between the back of the nose and the throat. Adenoids
These are lined by endothelial cells, have a thin layer of smooth muscles, and adventitia. Lymphatic Vessel
A tube-shaped sac attached to and opening into the lower end of the large intestine in humans and some other mammals. Appendix
Spongy tissue inside some of your bones, such as your hip and thigh bones. Bone Marrow
An abdominal organ involved in the production and removal of blood cells in most vertebrates and forming part of the immune system. Spleen
Each of a number of small swellings in the lymphatic system where lymph is filtered and lymphocytes are formed. Lymph Node
A lymphoid organ situated in the neck of vertebrates that produces T cells for the immune system. Thymus
The numerous areas of lymphoid tissue in the wall of the small intestine that are involved in the development of immunity to antigens present there. Peyers Patches
A type of lymphocyte that plays a central role in cell-mediated immunity. T cell
A cell produced through hematopoiesis and found mainly in the blood Blood Cell

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