Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

-power of the monarchy; can't do whatever they want; monarchy absolutism
Calvinists vs. Catholics in France; war of common people; religions were not separated in France; Germany: war of princes French Absolutism
prominent educated men who said the religious wars MUST end Politiques
early French nationalism; believed in separation of church and state; questioned why didn't the king stop the massacres? Gallicanism
took over Paris as a Huguenot and later converted to Catholicism, but did not shut out Protestants King Henry IV
granted protection for Huguenots and rights as long as there was no conflict, they could worship as they please Edict of Nantes
Henry IV's son; nine years old Louis XIII
hired as Louis's chief minister; wanted to reconfirm power of the throne Cardinal Richelieu
Number of problems Richelieu had to solve (know the problems but answer is a number) three
had the longest reign in French history Louis XIV
true during the price revolution; effects politics; beacuse of this there is more taxes etc. inflation
one of the general crisis; flare up with Cath vs. Calv and Prot vs. Prot Religon
one of general crisis; has two parts: Demographic and price revolution economic
one general crisis; states moving to absolutism; the nobility try to resist constitutional
Ferdinand II allied with Philip IV of Spain during this phase; the Protestants allied with Fredrick Bohemian
During this phase, Christian IV enters war in 1628; Ferdinand II can now force Catholic faith on German princes Danish
military genius; 50000 men; death leads to series of indecisive battles Gustavus
ends 30 years war Treaty of Westphalia
these people lost 30% of their population to battles and mercenaries German
marks last major religious war on mainland Europe; end of largescale religious bloodshed 30 Years War

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Absolute Monarchy in Spain and France Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Located in Central Europe it contained the Holy Roman Empire and the Netherlands and lasted from the 1400s to the 1900s. Hapsburg Empire
Devout Spanish Catholic who ruled 2 empires. He was involved in constant warfare. Charles V
Ruler of a portion of the Spanish Empire for 42 years. He received the empire from his father. Philip II
A king or queen who has complete or total power. Absolute monarch
A fleet of war ships Armada
Famous painter whose work was done during Spain's Golden Age. El Greco
Famous Spanish author who wrote Don Quixote. Cervantes
French Protestants. Huguenots
French Protestant who inherited the French throne and later converted to Catholicism. Henry IV
Declaration of religious tolerance in France for the Huguenots. Edict of Nantes
Chief minister to King Louis XIII of France. He was a strong supporter of royal absolute power. Richelieu
He inherited the French throne when he was 5 years old. Louis XIV
French royal officials who collected taxes and recruited soldiers. Intendant
Finance minister under Louis XIV Colbert
The immense and magnificent palace constructed by Louis XIV. Versailles
Ritual performed by the king everyday upon his rising. levee
The distribution of military and economic power amongst European nations. Balance of power
The right of a monarch to rule, based on the belief that this right comes directly from God and the monarch is responsible only to God. Divine Right

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Absolutism Review Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

French monarch who said "I am the state" Louis the fourteenth
A declaration of religious tolerance Edict of nantes
Using western Europe as a model for change Westernization
Russian absolute ruler Peter the great
Military dictator who took over after the English Civil War Cromwell
System of government in England Constitutional monarchy
What happened to the English Monarchy when Charles II took power Restoration
Bloodless overthrow of James II Glorious Revolution
Government agents under Louis XIV Intendants
The idea that a monarch's power comes from God Divine Right
Palace built to show the power of Louis XIV Versailles
What Peter the Great believed Russia needed Warm water port
Between the wars and Versailles, what Louis XIV left France Debt
Who was killed in the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre? Protestants
The Cardinal that advised Louis XIII Richelieu
English King who was executed after the English Civil War Charles the first
Russian czar who ruled by terror. Killed his son Ivan the Terrible
French Protestant Huguenot
War between Charles I and Parliament English Civil War

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Absolutism Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the only one of the Wars of Absolutism that was a true global (world) war, where France and Austria were allied for the first time in history SevenYearsWar
Spain's powerful navy was defeated in this war by smaller and faster English ships SpanishArmada
this war was fought over control of the territory of Silesia and whether or not Maria Theresa could stay on the throne of Austria War of Austrian Succession
as a result of this war, France lost its possessions in North America WarofSpanishSuccession
the cause of this war was Louis XIV of France trying to put one of his relatives on the throne of Spain; it was ended by the Treaty of Utrecht SevenYearsWar
one of the causes of this conflict was the help that England was giving pirates who were capturing treasure ships from Spain SpanishArmada
this monarch aided the Protestants in the Netherlands in their efforts to break away from the Spanish empire ElizabethI
known as the "Sun King", this monarch left his country almost completely bankrupt because of his wars and excessive spending LouisXIV
this monarch sent his navy to invade England, but most of his ships were destroyed in a storm PhilipII
this region in northern Europe revolted and became independent of Spain in 1579 TheNetherlands
Henry IV of France made a declaration that French Protestants could worship freely in most cities, an attempt at religious toleration EdictofNantes
Protestants in France were called _____ Huguenots
He had the real power during the reign of Louis XIII in France Cardinal Richelieu
the Finance Minister under Louis XIV in France, he believed in the theory of mercantilism and wanted to make France self-sufficient JeanBaptisteColbert
he ruled Prussia as an absolute ruler, but also allowed religious toleration and made laws less harsh FredericktheGreat
he tried to make Russia more like the countries of Western Europe, promoting education, women's rights, and building a new seaport for trade PetertheGreat
fought between the forces of the king, Charles I, and Parliament over who should have the most power EnglishCivilWar
the leader of Parliament's army in the English Civil War; he ruled England for 10 years when it was a commonwealth OliverCromwell
Charles II was asked to come back to England to rule after the period of the Commonwealth, and the monarchy was re-established theRestoration
because of James I's attempts to bring the Catholic religion back to England, Parliament asked William and Mary (his daughter) to take over as king and queen TheGloriousRevolution
the type of government England has today, was established because of the Glorious Revolution ConstitutionalMonarchy

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Chapter 21 crossword puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Kings and queens have all of the power within states' boundaries Absolute
God created monarchy Divine right
French Protestants Huguenots
Gave up Protestants and converted Catholicism Henry IV
Huguenots can live in France and have houses of worship Nantes
The sun King from 1643-1715 Louis XIV
Minister or finance Colbert
self sufficient Mercantilism
Taxes on imports Tariffs
high tariffs Import
More than you import Export
A European conflict over territory and religion, lasting from 1618 to 1648 Thirty Years'
Side with Protestants and did not want Ferdinand and to challenge French King Richelieu
A Russian emperor Czar
The first czar Ivan IV
Ivan was the ruler of this Rule of terror
A landowning nobles Boyar
The guy who made up westernization Peter I
An adoption of the social, political, or economic institutions of the western. Westernization
Seaport to travel to west St. Petersburg
England King Charles I

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Chapter 16 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Charles I is the heir Hapsburg Empire
During 42 reign expanded Spanish fluences Philip II
Ruler of Holy Roman Empire Charles V
Ruler with complete authority over government and lives of the people Absolute Monarch
Authority to rule comes directly from God Divine Right
Fleet to carry Spanish invasion force to England Armada
Meaning "The Greek" El Greco
Most important writer of Spain's Golden Age Miguel de Cervantes
Tore France apart Huguenots
In 1589 inherited the French throne Henry IV
Granting Huguenots religious tolerance and freedom Edict of Nantes
inherited throne in 1643 Louis XIV
Louis XIV chief minister Cardinal Richelieu
Royal Officials Intendant
Or rising Levee
Inherited throne in 1625 Charles I
Protesters who differed from the Church of England Dissenters
Sought to purify the Catholic Churches practices Puritans

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Absolutism Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A ruler that has unlimited power and authority over his or her people. absolute monarch
(1638-1715) King of France from 1643-1715; known as the Sun King, he built a palace at Versailles as a means to consolidate absolute power; a series of wars at the end of his long reign drained France's wealth. Louis XIV
Royal French residence and seat of government established by King Louis XIV. Versailles
Morning ritual during which nobles would wait upon King Louis XIV Levee
(1491-1547) King of England from 1509-1547; his desire to annul his marriage led to a conflict with the pope, England's break with the Roman Catholic Church, its embrace of Protestantism. Established the Church of England also known as the Anglican Church. Henry VIII
(1599-1658) in 1642, he led Parliament's forces in deposing Charles I; he became ruler of England in 1653. Oliver Cromwell
(1688) A nonviolent revolution in which leaders of Britain's Parliament invited Mary, daughter of King James II and her husband, the Dutch ruler William of Orange, to replace King James II. Glorious Revolution
(1717-1780) Austrian archduchess, Queen of Bohemia and Hungary from 1740-1780; was one of the most beloved monarchs in the history of Austria. Maria Theresa
(1672-1725) Czar of Russia from 1682-1725; he transformed Russia into a modern state; was an absolute monarch who brought the ways of Western Europe to Russia and made various reforms. Peter the Great
(1729-1796) Czarina of Russia from 1762-1796; ruling with absolute power, she introduced a number of reforms that extended Peter the Great's policy of "westernization." Catherine the Great
"Caesar"; title taken by the male ruler of Russia; female rulers were known as czarinas. Czar
Series of acts passed by the English Parliament in 1689 that limited the rights of the monarchy and ensured the superiority of Parliament. English Bill of Rights
The period of the reign of the reign of Charles II in England when the monarchy was restored after the collapse of Oliver Cromwell's government; there was also a rebirth of English culture during this time. Restoration
Those favoring Parliament during the English Civil War; compose of country gentry; town-dweling manufacturers, and Puritan clergy; against absolutism; earned their name due to their hairstyle. Roundheads
supporters of Charles I during the English Civil War; many were wealthy nobles, proud of their plumed hats and fashionably long hair; were well trained in dueling and warfare. Cavaliers

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Absolutism and Constitutionalism Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A word commonly used by art critics to consider previous arts as an unbalanced style. Baroque
The French chief minister of Louis XIII Cardinal Richelieu
The successor of Elizabeth I, a Stuart, who held an absolutist belief. James I
A government, where the monarch holds an absolutist belief, where he has the the ultimate authority. divine right monarchy
A successor in the Bourbon monarchy, and crowned king at the age of nine. Louis XIII
King’s court royal councils
Royal civil servants that were responsible in their districts intendants
Failed to revive Spain’s power during the Thirty Years’ War. Philip IV
A series of violent uprisings during the early reign of Louis XIV triggered by growing royal control and oppressive taxation. Fronde
The Sun King, who truly withheld an absolutist view. A monarch, who set up an extravagant court at the city of Versailles. Louis XIV
Succeeded James I, who went against Parliament in the English civil war. Charles I
A legislation that worked to limit the power of the monarch, and attempted to make government without parliament impossible. Long Parliament
Following the execution of Charles I, he became the Lord Protector, with all the responsibilities of a king, but refused to take the title of a king. Oliver Cromwell
The return of an English monarchy in 1660, by bringing Charles II to the throne. Stuart Restoration
A monarch that received an annual payment from Louis XIV in return that he relaxes the laws against Catholics. Charles II
Succeeded his brother, Charles I, and violated the Test Act. By holding absolutist belief, he went further to grant religious freedom to all. James II
A philosopher that defended the Glorious Revolution. John Locke
A time period, where one king was replaced by another with minimal bloodshed. Also a time period, where the idea of divine-right monarchy was gone, and both the monarchy and Parliament worked together. Glorious Revolution
Believed that if humans are left ungoverned, they would fight violently for power and wealth; therefore, he regarded the absolute rule of a monarch the solution. Thomas Hobbes
Crowned King and queen, and recognized the supremacy of Parliament. William and Mary
This formulated a direct response to Stuart absolutism. Bill of Rights
Determined to unify Brandenburg, Prussia, and areas around the Rhine River. Frederick William
The nobility of Brandenburg and Prussia, they were reluctant allies of Frederick William in his consolidation of the Prussian state. Junker
A giant of his time determined to improve and build the army in Russia. Peter I
Russia’s victory against the small army of Sweden due to Peter’s new war machine. Battle of Poltava

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Absolutism in Europe Crossword

Type
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Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Religious reform movement that weakened the Catholic Church and altered the power structure of Europe Reformation
Belief that a king's authority to rule came from God Divine Right
The royal family that ruled Spain and the Holy Roman Empire Hapsburg
The King that funded Christopher Columbus' voyage and sent his daughter to England to marry Henry VIII King Ferdinand
Spanish king that considered himself the guardian of the Catholic Church and helped to strengthen it after the Reformation Philip II
Spanish fleet that fought against England's Queen Elizabeth, their protestant foe Armada
Economic problems that plagued Spain due to the influx of gold and silver from the American colonies Inflation
Reference given to the time period in Spain that reflects the brilliance of art and literature Golden Century
Name for French Protestants Huguenots
Religious compromise in France meant to protect the Huguenots from persecution Edict of Nantes
Louis XIV's nickname Sun King
Louis XIV strengthened the power of the state by appointing these people to collect taxes, recruit soldiers, and carry out his policies in far away provinces Intendants
The Palace that Louis XIV moved his seat of power to outside of Paris Versailles
New alliances that emerged in Europe to check growing French power under Louis XIV Balance of Power
What do historians consider to be Louis XIV's biggest mistake? Persecution

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Chapter 17 The Age of Absolutism Word Search

Type
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Description

This word search contains the following answers:

absolute monarch
armada
balance of power
cavalier
Charles I
commonwealth
cromwell
de cervantes
depopulation
dissenter
divine right
edict of nantes
El Greco
elector
France
fronde
glorious revolution
habeas corpus
Hapsburgs
intendant
James I
levee
limited monarchy
Louis XIV
mercenary
Richelieu
roundhead
Tudors
Velazquez
versailles

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Absolutism of France Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Who had the longest reign in Europe Louis XIV
how many wives did King Louis XIV have? Two
Who was the French ruler that was assassinated in 1610? Henry IV
What issue did Henry IV give? Edict of Nantes
What important weapon was used for the French ware fare? Muskets
How long did Louis XIII rule for? 1610-1643
How long did Henry IV rule for? 1589-1610
Who took help in Louis taking over France? Cardinal Richelieu
Who took over when Cardinal had died? Cardinal Mazarin
What did King Henry IV (4th) try to do? Convert people to Catholicism

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