Type
Crossword
Description

This plays a part in differing flow patterns and forming meanders EROSION
Turbulence in a river flow varies depending on velocity, energy available, and ? FRICTION
Efficiency, bed roughness, and ? all determine affect river velocity GRADIENT
A corkscrew-like flow that is mainly found as water travels around river bends HELICOIDALFLOW
A flow characterized by a smooth horizontal motion LAMINARFLOW
When water flow, it interacts with the channel, underlying geology, and ? LANDSCAPE
A river usually erodes this direction in the lower reaches of a river LATERAL
Created by erosional and depositional activities and can differentiate flow patterns MEANDERS
As river flows downhill it seeks the path of least ? RESISTANCE
Is influenced by the rate of precipitation and the speed of which water is transferred RIVERDISCHARGE
The speed at which a river flows RIVERVELOCITY
Rivers shaped this certain way flow more efficiently SEMICIRCULAR
The path of least resistance where water flows the fastest THALWEG
A flow characterized by a series of erratic horizontal and vertical spiral flows TURBULENTFLOW
A river usually erodes in this direction in the upper reaches of a river VERTICAL

Projectile Motion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

an object which projected by some means and continues to move due to its own inertia projectile
how many components does a projectile have two
a component of a projectile horizontal
a component of a projectile vertical
does the horizontal "velocity" component change? never
what does not work horizontally to increase or decrease velocity gravity
which component changes due to gravity? vertical
what happens to the magnitude as the projectile moves up? decreases
what happens to the magnitude as the projectile moves down? increases
what type of path is the trajectory? parabolic
What remains constant in a horizontally launched projectile? velocity
what is the value of the initial vertical velocity of a projectile that is launched horizontally? zero
is there a vertical velocity at the top of the trajectory? no
when launched at an angle, the velocity must be broken down into what? components
what is y equal to when it begins and ends at ground level? zero
on a horizontal component what remains constant? magnitude
in a horizontal component, does the direction change or remain constant? constant
what changes in a vertical component? direction
in a vertically launched projectile, what decreases on the way upward? velocity
in a vertically launched projectile, what increases on the way down? vertical velocity

River Landscapes and Processes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Bends usually in the middle course of a river. meanders
Where a river starts, usually a lake or spring source
Water wears away rocks and soil on the river banks and bed. erosion
Flat land next to a river which is sometimes flooded. Flood plain
FIne sediments which are deposited by a river. alluvium
A type of erosion where rocks in a river hit each other, slowly becoming smaller. attrition
The point where two rivers meet. confluence
the mouth of a river which broadens into the sea and is affected by tides. estuary
A steep, narrow valley with rocky sides. gorge
A hollow under a waterfall created by erosion and filled with water. Plunge pool
The boundary separating two drainage basins. watershed
The speed at which a river flows. velocity
A stream or small river that joins a larger one. tributary
The process where some minerals dissolve in a river. solution
The gentle slope on the inside of a meander bend. slipoffslope

Geograhpy crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

rocks carried along the river down the bed abriasion
The sheer force of the water by itself can erode material from the bed and banks of the river channel. Hydraulic Action
As the river descends from the highland, it begins to meander between spurs which interlock down the valley. interlocking spurs
erosion by a river on the outside of a meander channel. It eventually leads to the widening of the valley and the formation of the flood plain. Lateral erosion
river embankments built by deposition as the river floods levees
the material transported by a river as bedload, suspended load or dissolved load (in solution) load
the section of the river near the sea, where deposition is the most important process and the valley becomes wider and flatter lower course
a bend in a river. The outside of the meander has the fastest flow and deepest water. meander
the section of the river between the mountains and the lowland, where transport of eroded material is important and the river begins to cut sideways due to the reducing gradient. middle course
where a river ends, at a lake or the sea mouth
a meander which has been cut off from the main river channel and abandoned. Ox-bow Lake
the deep pool below a waterfall. Plunge Pool
found where the river meets a band of resistant rock and usually precede a waterfall Rapids
material bounced along the bed of the river saltation
some rocks such as limestone are subject to chemical attack and slowly dissolve in the water solution
deep v-shaped valley is usually found in the upper course of the river where the water has considerable erosive power v-shaped valley
the point at which rivers meet confluence
the land that is drained by a river and its tributaries drainage basin
a steep-sided, narrow rocky valley marking the retreat of a waterfall gorge
the mountain stage of a river with steep gradients and much erosion upper course
the highland separating one river basin from another watershed

weathering and erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or other natural agents erosion
the process of breaking big rocks into little ones. This process usually happens near the surface of the planet mechanical weathering
the erosion or disintegration of rocks, building materials, etc., caused by chemical reactions (chiefly with water and substances dissolved in it) rather than by mechanical processes. chemical weathering
is caused by the repeated freeze-thaw cycle of water in extreme climates. Most rocks have small cracks in them, called joints (or, tectonic joints). When it rains, rainwater seeps into these joints. As the day cools and temperatures at night drop below freezing, the water inside the joints freezes. frost wedging
an area damaged by scraping or wearing away. abrasion
the process of rocks wearing there old surface off exfoliation
the chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water. hydrolysis
ainfall made sufficiently acidic by atmospheric pollution that it causes environmental harm, typically to forests and lakes. The main cause is the industrial burning of coal and other fossil fuels, the waste gases from which contain sulfur and nitrogen oxides, which combine with atmospheric water to form acids. acid rain
the process or result of oxidizing or being oxidized. oxidation
the movement of surface material caused by gravity. mass movement
move slowly and carefully, especially in order to avoid being heard or noticed. creep
a fluid or hardened stream or avalanche of mud. mud flow
separate or be separated into parts divide
an extent or an area of land where surface water from rain, melting snow, or ice converges to a single point at a lower elevation, usually the exit of the basin drainage basin
particles in a flowing fluid (usually water) that are transported along the bed. bed load
allow (a liquid, gas, or other substance) to flow out from where it has been confined. discharge
a river thats conected to other rivers river system
a mixture in which particles are dispersed throughout the bulk of a fluid. suspension
an increase or decrease in the magnitude of a property (e.g., temperature, pressure, or concentration) observed in passing from one point or moment to another. gradient
the maximum amount that something can contain. capacity
a curved lake formed at a former oxbow where the main stream of the river has cut across the narrow end and no longer flows around the loop of the bend. oxbow lake
a winding curve or bend of a river or road. meander
an area of low-lying ground adjacent to a river, formed mainly of river sediments and subject to flooding. flood plain
the ability to do something successfully or efficiently. competence
a landform that forms from deposition of sediment carried by a river as the flow leaves its mouth and enters slower-moving or standing water. This occurs where a river enters an ocean, sea, estuary, lake, reservoir, or (more rarely) another river that cannot transport away the supplied sediment delta
a river or stream flowing into a larger river or lake. tributary
an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers, basins, or seas. watershed

Forces and Motion Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

When 2 solid surfaces slide past each other. sliding
The force of moving something in a certain direction. push
A vector quantity that tends to produce an acceleration of a body in the direction of its application. force
The tendency of a body to resist acceleration; the tendency of a body at rest to remain at rest or of a body in straight line motion to stay in motion in a straight line unless acted on by an outside force. inertia
The natural force of attraction exerted by a celestial body, such as Earth, upon objects at or near its surface, tending to draw them toward the center of the body. gravtity
The alternate force of push. pull
The force that opposes the motion of objects through air. air resistance
The force with which a body is attracted to Earth or another celestial body, equal to the product of the object's mass and the acceleration of gravity. weight
This type of force will not cause a non-moving object to start moving and will not cause a change in the motion of a moving object. balanced
This type of forces produces a change in motion. unbalanced
A type of friction that occurs when a force is applied and does not cause an object to move. static
This type of friction is when one surface rolls past another. rolling
How fast an object is going with respect for an object. speed
Gravitational force decreases as ________ increases. distance
A force that opposes motion between 2 surfaces in contact. friction
Gravity is a force of ________ between objects due to their masses. attraction
A measure of speed in a given direction velocity
A property of matter equal to the measure of an object's resistance to changes in either the speed or direction of its motion. mass

Water Systems Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

The thermal energy needed to raise the temperature of one kg of a substance ( Heat capacity
the state of being deposited or precipitated Deposition
The transfer of heat from a warm region to a cold region Convection
the continuous ridge of the mountain summits dividing the continent into two main drainage area Continental divide
a U-shaped bend in the course of a river Oxbow
the alternate rising and falling of the sea Tides
an effect whereby a mass moving in a rotating system experiences a force Water sheds
hydrological cycle Water cycle
a rising of seawater Upwelling
- an area of low-lying ground adjacent to a river, formed mainly of river sediments and subject to flooding Flood plain
a river follow a winding course Meander
of or found in fresh water; not of the sea fresh water
of or found in salt water; living in the sea salt water
the pattern formed by the streams, rivers, and lakes in a particular drainage basin drainage system
an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers, basins, or seas watershed
the process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or other natural agents erosion
the process where plants absorb water through the roots and then give off water vapor through pores in their leaves transpiration

River Processes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An area of land drained by a river and its tributaries Drainage basin
The breakdown and decay of rock by natural processes Weathering
A process of weathering that happens when rainwater enters cracks and then freezes exerting pressure on the rock causing it to break into smaller pieces Mechanical
A process of weathering when all rain is slightly acidic. The acid reacts with weak minerals causing them to dislove and the rock to decay Chemical
A process of weathering where the roots of pplants can grow into cracks and split the rock apart Biological
The movement of rocks and soil downslope due to gravity. Mass Movement
A type of mass movment where individual particles of soil move slowly down a slope Soil Creep
A type of mass movement where soil moves rapidly downslope in one go for example a landslide Sliding
A type of mass movement where masses of soil or rock, flow like liquid downhill Flows
The action of water wearing away rocks and soils on the valley bottom sides Erosion
A type of erosion sheer force of water hitting the river bed and banks wearing them away Hydraulic Action
A type of erosion where material carried in the river rubbing against the bed and banks of the channel Abrasion
A type of erosion where the water is slightly acidic so it can dissolve some rocks and minerals in contact with the river Solution
A type of erosion where sediment particles carried into the river collide with each other causing the edges to be knocked off Attrition
Erosion that takes place on the river bed Vertical Erosion
This type of erosion makes rivers wider Lateral Erosion
A river picks up and carries material as it flows downstream Transportation
Rolling stones along the river bed Traction
Sand sized particles bounce along the bed in a leap frog movement Saltation
Silt and clay sized particles are carried within the water flow Suspension
Some minerals dissolve in the water Solution
When a river no longer has enough energy to carry its load Deposition
This appears at the end of the lower course of a river Mouth
This happens in the middle course of a river and is a bend in a river Meander
This is where the river came from in the upper course of a river Source
Where is the River Dee located? Wales
Where does the lower course of the River Dee cross into? Cheshire
How high above sea level is the source of River Dee found, in metres? 460
Where is the source of River Dee? Snowdonia
This is a result of erosion when more resistant rock overlaps less resistant rock Waterfalls
When rivers are small they tend to flow around these interlocking Spurs
As watefalls form these form with it Gorges

biome Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

All of Earth's water, vapor, and ice hydrosphere
This is a strip of land between high and low tide lines intertidal zone
This is the biome receive's less than 10 inches of precipitation annually desert
This is a global biome characterized by its hot, dry summers and cool, moist winters chaparral
Partially enclosed body of water formed where a river flows into an ocean estuary
This is a region of land that drains into a river, a river system, or another body of water watershed
Lake or pond bottom, where less sunlight reaches benthic zone
The part of Earth where Life exists biosphere
The climate of a small specific place within a larger area microclimate
An area where the primary plant life is grass grassland
precipitation is meager, averaging less than 5 inches annually tundra
Photosynthetic plankton, which include microscopic protists such as algae phytoplankton
This zone is also called the pelagic zone limmnetic zone
A collection of living things that live in the biosphere biota
Long-term pattern of weather conditions in a region climate
These trees retain their needles all year coniferous
This biome is also known as the boreal forest taiga
Tiny free-floating organisms that live in water plankton
This type of tree has adapted to winter temperatures by dropping thie leaves and going dormant durring the cold season deciduous
This zone lies below 2000 meters and is in complete darkness abyssal zone

Water Resources: Environmental Science Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Water found on Earth's land surface. Surface Water
Continuous movement of water between Earth and its atmosphere Water Cycle
A flowing network of water formed by rivers and streams River System
Area of land that is drained by a river Watershed
Water found beneath the earth's surface groundwater
Underground formation that contains groundwater Aquifer
ability of rock or soil to allow water to flow through it permeability
Area of Earth's surface from which water percolates down into an aquifer recharge zone
A hole that is dug or drilled to reach groundwater well
percentage of the total volume of a rock that has spaces (pores) porosity
The level undergound where rocks and soil are saturated with water water table

Water Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Having a positively charged end and a negatively charged end Polarity
water sticking to water Cohesion
Water sticking to another surface Adhesion
The skin of the water created by cohesion. Surface tension
The ratio of mass to volume in a substance. Density
The amount of energy to raise temperature. Specific heat
The saltiness of a body of water. Salinity
Water that flows over the land without sinking. Runoff
Underwater vent found near volcanoes. Hydrothermal vent
Weather pattern that develops over the ocean. El-Nino
Zone of the ocean. Photic zone
Water located below Earth's surface. Groundwater
A rock layer that collects and stores groundwater. Aquifer
A surface able to penetrated by water. Permeable
A surface that water cannot penetrate. Impermeable
An area of land that drains into drains, etc, to a river. Watershed
The land that water flows across or under. River basin
Freshwater stream. Tributary
Where freshwater and saltwater mix and meet. Estuary
Large material or artificial lake. Reservoir
Movement of cold water. Upwelling
A process, weathered rock is picked up and moved. Erosion
Where eroded materials such as rock and other materials are deposited by water, wind, ice. Sedimentation
Organisms that live in top layer of ocean. Phytoplankton
Enrichment of an ecosystem. Eutrophication
When organisms go far down. Chemosynthesis
Technique that uses sound. Sonar
Amount of present in the water. Dissolved oxygen