Type
Crossword
Description

Tensional force results in extension Normal Fault
Hanging wall goes up, compressional force, shortens Reverse Fault
Verticle fracture, ground shifts horizontally Can be left or Right Lateral Strike Slip Fault
Combination of shearing & tension of compressional forces Oblique - slip Fault
Connect between two plates, slide horizontally Transform Fault
A deposit of clay, silt, sand, and gravel left by flowing streams in a river valley or delta, typically producing fertile soil Alluvium
An isolated flat-topped hill with steep sides, found in landscapes with horizontal strata Mesa
An isolated hill with steep sides and a flat top (similar to but narrower than a mesa) Butte
An area of relatively level high ground Plateau
A very large igneous intrusion extending deep in the earth's crust Batholith
The process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or other natural agents Erosion
A fan-shaped mass of alluvium deposited as the flow of a river decreases in velocity Alluvial Fan
A small area or region with a relatively hot temperature in comparison to its surroundings Hot Spot

Volcanoes Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

largest intrusive igneous rock body that forms when magma being forced upward toward Earth’s crust cools slowly and solidifies underground Batholith
large, circular-shaped opening formed when the top of a volcano collapses Caldera
steep-sided, loosely packed volcano formed when tephra falls to the ground Cinder Cone Volcano
volcano built by alternating explosive and quiet eruptions that produce layers of tephra and lava; found mostly where Earth’s plates come together and one plate sinks below the other Composite volcano
steep-walled depression around a volcano’s vent Crater
igneous rock feature formed when magma is squeezed into a vertical crack that cuts across rock layers and hardens underground Dike
the result of an unusually hot area at the boundary between Earth’s mantle and core that forms volcanoes when melted rock is forced upward and breaks through the crust Hot spot
broad, gently sloping volcano formed by quiet eruptions of basaltic lava Shield Volcano
igneous rock feature formed when magma is squeezed into a horizontal crack between layers of rock and hardens underground Sill
bits of rock or solidified lava dropped from the air during an explosive volcanic eruption; ranges in size from volcanic ash to volcanic bombs and blocks Tephra
Opening where magma is forced up and flows out onto Earth’s surface as lava, forming a volcano Vent
solid igneous core of a volcano left behind after the softer cone has been eroded Volcanic neck
opening in Earth’s surface that erupts sulfurous gases, ash, and lava; can form at Earth’s plate boundaries, where plates move apart or together, and at hot spots Volcano

science Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

an isolated flat-topped hill with steep sides, found in landscapes with horizontal strata. mesa
an isolated hill with steep sides and a flat top (similar to but narrower than a mesa) butte
an area of relatively level high ground Plateau
a very large igneous intrusion extending deep in the earth's crust. Batholith
the action of intruding.: "he was furious about this intrusion into his private life""unacceptable intrusions of privacy Intrusion
a fan-shaped mass of alluvium deposited as the flow of a river decreases in velocity Alluvial fan
a deposit of clay, silt, sand, and gravel left by flowing streams in a river valley or delta, typically producing fertile soi Alluvium
an unattractive or unsatisfactory feature, especially in a piece of work or in a person's character.: "my worst fault is impatience". fault
the action of compressing or being compressed. compression
the process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or other natural agents.: "the problem of soil erosion". Erosion
a trough or fold of stratified rock in which the strata slope upward from the axis Syncline
a large natural elevation of the earth's surface rising abruptly from the surrounding level; a large steep hill.: "the village is backed by awe-inspiring mountains" "we set off down the mountain""the ice and snow of a mountain peak". Mountain
a mountain or hill, typically conical, having a crater or vent through which lava, rock fragments, hot vapor, and gas are being or have been erupted from the earth's crust. Volcanoes
a ridge-shaped fold of stratified rock in which the strata slope downward from the crest. Anticline
a raised elongated block of the earth's crust lying between two faults. horst
wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something) by long exposure to the air.: "his skin was weathered almost black by his long outdoor life". Weathering

Earthquakes Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A forces that acts on an area of rock to change its shape or volume stress
Type of stress that pulls on the crust, stretching rock so that is becomes thinner in the middle tension
Type of stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks compression
Stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions shearing
The hanging wall slips down relative to the footwall normal fault
Block of rock that lies above hanging wall
Block of rock that lie below footwall
The hanging wall moves up relative to the footwall reverse fault
Rocks on either side of a strike- slip fault, slip past each other, with little up or down motion strike- slip fault
The shaking that results from sudden movement of rock along a fault earthquake
The area beneath Earth's surface where rock under stress breaks, triggering an earthquake focus
The point on the surface directly above the focus epicenter
Seismic waves that compress and expand the ground like an accordian P waves
Seismic waves that vibrate side to side as well as up and down S waves
Seismic waves that move slower then P and S waves, but they can produce more severe ground movements Surface Waves
A scale devolved to rate earthquakes according to their intensity, or strength at a give place Mercalli Scale
A number that geologist assign to an earthquake based on the earthquake's size magnitude
A scale that assigns magnitude number to an earthquake based on the size of the seismic waves Richter Scale
Where the seismic waves are measured seismograph
A rating system that estimates the total energy released by an earthquake moment magnitude scale

Geologic Time and Rock layer Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A fossil of an organism that had wide geographic distribution but existed on Earth for a relatively brief period of time Index fossil
Plate converging together and folding in on each other. Folding
Rock layers in the bottom or oldest, rock layers are added on top are younger. Superposition
Absolute dates usually determined by radiometric dating methods on appropriate rock layers or types. Absolute dating
Sediments are deposited in flat lying horizontal layers that are parallel to the surface on which they are deposited. Uniformitarianism
surface processes (water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location. Erosion
Cracks in rock layers that slip releasing energy vibrations. Faulting
magma shooting through rock layers and cooling underground. Intrusions
The trace or remains of an organism that lived long ago most commonly preserved in sedimentary rock. Fossil
rock that has formed from sediment deposited by water or air. Sedimentary

Cinco de Mayo Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a multistoried adobe house pueblo
a wild or half tamed horse bronco
a paved outsoor area adjoining a house patio
a small pepper with a very hot flavor chili
Mexican hat sombrero
an event marked by festivities or celebration fiesta
a small donkey used as a pack animal burro
an isolated flat-topped hill with steep sides mesa
a contest in which a cowboy show their skill at riding bronocos, roping calves, and wrestling steers rodeo
a Mexican dish made of a tortilla rolled around a filling burrito
5 cinco
A deep gorge typically one with a river flowing through it canyon
A long jagged mountain chain sierra
A kind of clay used as a building material adobe

Weathering and Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What type of weathering breaks smaller pieces of rock from larger pieces Mechanical
What type of weathering slowly dissolves rock chemical
What is the process in which wind, water, gravity transport soil? Erosion
When farmers change crops to protect nutrient depletion. Crop rotation
When farmers grow a crop between seasons to prevent erosion. cover crop
Creating a series of steps so that farming can occur on a steep hill Terracing
Leaving the previous season's stalks behind to prevent erosion. no till
Refers to the pore space in soil taken up by water or oxygen porosity
Water dissolves and carries nutrients in topsoil to lower layers leaching
The top layer of soil topsoil
The most fertile section of topsoil humus
The layer of rock beneath soil layers bedrock
When water in the air causes chemical change oxidation
Repeated freezing and thawing in cracks of rock ice wedging
Type of weathering in which harder rock weathers less than softer rock differential
When limestone is dissolved underground, you get a... cave
When pollution and rain weather together. acid rain
Grinding away of rock abrasion
Agent of mechanical weathering wind
Agent of chemical weathering water
Living agent of mechanical weathering plants
Rock that is the source of the fragments parent rock
Protecting soil from nutrient loss or erosion soil conservation
When water slows and drops sediment deposition
Deposition that occurs as a body of water slows to flow into another delta
Sediment deposits here when a river overflows its banks (pg.318) floodplain
a fan-shaped deposion on land alluvial fan
As a mountain ages, its peaks become (rounder/sharper) rounder

Landforms and Bodies of Water Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline bay
A deep, narrow alley with steep walls. canyon
Body of water completely surrounded by land; usually freshwater. lake
Point of land that extends into a river, lake, or ocean. cape
Area of level land, usually low elevation and often covered with grasses plain
Body of land completely surrounded by water. island
Flat, low land built up from soil carried downstream by a river and deposited at its mouth. delta
Large natural stream that flows through land. river
Low land between hill or mountains. valley
Land along a sea or an ocean. coast
Small stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river. tributary
_____ of a river--Place where a river empties into a larger body of water. mouth
Part of a body of water that extends into a shoreline; larger and deeper than a bay. gulf
Narrow stretch of land connecting two larger land areas. isthmus
Body of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded on three sides by water. peninsula
Area of flat or rolling land at high elevation, about 300 to 3,000 feet high plateau
Land with steep sides that rise sharply from the surrounding land. mountains

Shaping Earth's Surface Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the process in which sediment and other materials are moved from one place to another erosion
the process by which eroded material is dropped and creates new landforms deposition
the measure of the change in elevation over a certain distance gradient
the size of a streams ___________ has an affect on the stream's speed load
_____________ increases after a major storm occurs such as rapid snow melting discharge
when a stream or river floods, a layer of sediments is deposited over the flooded land. Very fertile & flat area floodplain
streams that deposit their load in a fan-shaped pattern delta
a ____________________ is a fan-shaped deposit that forms on dry land alluvial fan
the curve, twists in a river or stream meander
the movement of water underground can also cause erosion groundwater
a circular depression left in the ground when the roof of a cave collapses. sinkhole
a place where land and a body of water meet shoreline
an area of shoreline that is made up of materials deposited by waves and currents beach

Earthquakes and Volcanoes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the point of Earth's surface directely above an earthquake's focus ? epicenter
device used by seimologists to record primary, secondary, suface waves from earthquakes seismograph
vibrations caused by breaking rocks along faults earthquake
Opening in Earth's surface that often forms a mountain when layers of lava and volcanic ash erupt and build up volcano
An opening on Earth's surface where magma is forced up and flows out as lava Vent
a broad volcano with gently sloping sides Shield volcano
A volcano formed by alternating layers of tephra and lava and that is found mostly where Earth's plates come together Composite volcano
steep-sided volcano made of loosely packed tephra Cinder cone volcano
scientist who studiesearthquakes and seismic waves Seismologist
large opening formed when the top of a volcano collapes Caldera
Measure of the energy released by an earthquake Magnitude
A mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth Magma
a very large igneous intrusion extending deep in the earth's crust. batholith
a column of solidified lava or igneous rock formed in a volcanic vent, especially when exposed by erosion. volcanic necks
are imaginable as the veins of a volcano, the pathways of rising magma. Volcanic dikes

Plate Tectonics Cross Word Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

The continents were once joined together in a single landmass and have since drifted apart. continental drift
The continents were joined together in a supercontinent, or single landmass, about 300 million years ago. Pangaea
Any trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock. Fossil
Form long chains of mountains that rise up from the ocean floor. Mid Ocean Ridge
Adds more crust to the ocean floor. At the same time, older strips of rock move outward from either side of the ridge. Sea Floor Spreading
Part of the ocean sinks back into the mantle, in a process that takes millions of years. Deep Ocean Trench
Plates move apart of diverge from each other. Divergent Boundary
Plates come together or converge. Convergent Boundary
Plates slip past each other. Transform Boundary
The theory that Earth's plates are in slow, constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle. Plate Tectonics
Breaks in the Earth's surface where crust have slipped past each other. Faults
A deep valley forms when pieces of Earth's crust diverge on land. Rift Valley
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume. Stress
Occurs when two plates pull apart. Tension
Occurs when two plates come together. Compression
Occurs where two plates slip past each other. Shearing
The faulta cuts through rock at an angle, so one rock sits over the fault, while the other block lies under the fault. Normal Fault
Has the same structure as a normal fault, but the blocks move in the reverse direction. Reverse Fault
The rocks on either side of the fault slip past each other sideways, with little up or down motion. Strike Slip Fault
A large area of flat land elevated high above sea level. Plateau