Type
Crossword
Description

covering of iron worn by knights armor
chuirch official who oversaw the work of priest bishop
a high official of the catholic church appointed by pope cardinal
where the lord and his knights lived castle
people of the middle ages believed it represented god's rules and teachings Catholic Church
qualities of a good knight, bravery,respect for women chivalry
an official of the church such as priest, bishop clergyman
expeditions sent by the pope to capture the holy land crusades
a period of several hundred years during the dark middle ages dark ages
large piece of land owned by a lord estate
the act of removing a persons membership from church excommunication
arrangement between lord, vassal,, and serf for ownership of land feudalism
land given for military service fief
holding beliefs that the church felt were wrong heresy
court to punish heretics inquisition
clowns before a lord to make them laugh jesters
contest between knights on horseback joust
person who rules a country during middle ages king
man of honor in the military knight
well to noble who owns an estate lord
large piece of land owned by a lord manor
fall of the roman empire in 476 and ended with modern period 1400 medieval period
same as medieval period middle ages
singers and musicians who entertained the lords minstrels
deep, wide, water-filled ditch surrounding a castle moat
building where monks lived monastery
man who gives up property to serve god monk
class of rich people, nobles or lords nobility
poor people who worked on manors peasants
head of the roman catholic church pope
clergyman of the christian church priest
very poor people who worked for lords serfs
contest or joust beetween two knights or two groups of knights tournament
wandering minstrels who wrote poems about the love of a beautiful lady of noble birth troubadours
noble who was given land by the lord in return for military service vassal

Medieval vocab crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Germanic people from Gaul (modern day France and Switzerland) The Franks
religious communities built by the church for women (nuns) Convents
religious communities built by the church for men (monks) Monasteries
Empire begun by Charlemagne Holy Roman Empire
social structure in medieval Europe including lords, knights, vassals, serfs and sometimes a king. Feudalism
(in feudalism) the lord’s estate Manor
complex set of ideals or code by which medieval knights followed. Chivalry
worldly (involved in politics and other social matters) Secular
church tax Tithe
the office of the Pope The Papacy
Different ranks of Church leaders including priests, bishops, cardinals, and the Pope. Clergy
a ceremony in which kings and nobles appointed church officials Lay Investiture
everyday language used by different regions Vernacular
selling of church positions Simony
Church law Canon Law
important religious ceremonies Sacraments
anyone who does not conform to an established attitude, doctrine, or principle Heretic
A holy war launched by Pope Urban II to reclaim the Holy Land for Christians Crusade
group of advisors who acted like a court for the pope Papal Curia
Unified body of law in England formed by England’s royal judges Common Law
Legislative group in England originally comprised of two burgesses (citizens of wealth and property) from every borough and two knights from every county Parliament
Document drawn up by English nobles and approved by King John which guaranteed certain political rights for the people Magna Carta
Meeting of the three estates in France: 1st was the Church leaders, 2nd was the great lords, and the 3rd was the commoners Estates-General
people who are sent out to teach their religion Missionaries
an agreement between the pope and the ruler of a country Concordat
To exclude a person from church membership Excommunicated
a noble who served a lord of higher rank Vassal
land granted a vassal by his lord Fief
vassals or warriors in armor who on horseback Knights
peasants who could not the manor, own property, or marry without the lord’s approval Serfs
the practice of planting crops at different times and leaving some fields unplanted Crop rotation
groups of businesses made up of tanners, carpenters, bakers and craftspeople Guilds
religious beliefs that conflict with the Church teachings Heresy

Middle Ages Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

papalstates
squire
page
knight
fief
vassal
feudalism
serfs
holydays
manors
charlemagne
martel
clerical
monasteries
sacraments
priests
clergy
pope
ostrogoths
byzantium
legacy
medieval

The Middle Ages in Europe Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

an empire referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire Byzantine Empire
was the capital city of the Roman Empire constantinople
was one of Byzantine Empire Justinian
the period of European history from the fall of the Roman Empire in the West middle ages
also known as Charles the Great charlemange
the dominant social system in medieval Europe feudalism
an appellation for a person or deity who has authority lord
a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch knights
an agricultural laborer bound under the feudal system to work on his lord's estate. serfs
a unit of land originally a feudal lordship consisting of a lord's demesne and lands rented to tenants. manor
a unit of land, originally a feudal lordship, consisting of a lord's demesne and lands rented to tenants. manor
the faith, practice, and church order of the Roman Catholic Church. catholicism
the bishop of Rome as head of the Roman Catholic Church. pope
a medieval military expedition, one of a series made by Europeans to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries. crusades
is one of the towering figures in Western philosophy and theology thomas Aquinas
a charter of liberties to which the English barons forced King John to give his assent in June 1215 magna carta
the male head of a family or tribe patriarch
a member of the branch of the Goths who invaded the Roman Empire between the 3rd and 5th centuries visigoths
a medieval association of craftsmen or merchants, often having considerable power. guilds
a poor farmer of low social status peasants

Feudal System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Served in military after receiving land Vassal
Owned the land Lord
Vassal to the Lords Knight
Class of rich people who owned land Aristocracy
Code that Knights were expected to live by Chivalry
Most Common form of Government in Medieval Europe Feudalism
Unwritten agreement between vassals and lords Feudal Contract
land granted to a vassal by a lord Fief
agricultural estate ran by the lord and where the peasants worked Manor
The fear of __________ Promoted feudalism Invasion
Continent where this feudalism was mostly found Europe
knights Armour was very ________ Expensive
This document limited the kings power Magna Carta
Census taken by William the Conqueror Domesday
Business organization that set standards Guild
middle class Bourgeoisie
worker who was bound to land Serf
Main attraction at tournaments Joust
King who signed the Magna Carta John
Richard the First nickname Lionheart
Large stone fortresses Castle
battle strategy where a city is surrounded and the starved into surrender Siege
The Plague that was in Europe at the same time as feudalism Black Death
large plow carruca
type of society that was man centered Patriarchy

Medieval times "The Dark Ages Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An economic and Political system that was developed in the middle ages Fuedalism
Lowest rank of people on a manor also known as a peasant Serf
Being expelled or kicked out of the church Excommunicated
The Bubonic Plague Black Death
Leader of the Roman Catholic Church Pope
An estate including peasants and lords manor
lord or son of a lord knight
medieval institution of knighthood where they learned bravery, courtesy, honesty, and manners chivalry
symbolic bade a knight wears to show what family he is from coat of arms
Religious wars between Christian and Muslim fighting over the holy land The crusdes
A tower moved up against the walls of a castle so attackers could get in Siege tower
A machine that projects (Catapults) large stone or other objects Trebuchet
A piece of land given to you by the king and in return you gave people to fight at war fief
Under lord or feudal tenant Vassal
A period of time when there was a lot of starvation, death, and the plague (black death) Dark ages
a knight in training Squire
A defensive fort where the King or a lord lives Catsle
a document that says the king is not above the law and ensures rights for the people Magna Carta
A young boy who acts as a servant for a knight page
A German tribe who settled in the land we know know as France Franks

Middle Ages Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the economic and political system where the people pledge loyalty to a lord, and in return receive protection from the lord feudalism
armed warriors knights
peasants not free to leave the lord's land serfs
a person belonging to a group that is considered uncivilized barbarian
supreme leader of the Roman Catholic Church pope
a large estate held by a lord manor
the highest type of European noble duke
a system of organizing people into ranks, with those of higher rank having more power hierarchy
a deep, wide ditch filled with water moat
a covering of metal or leather made to protect the body during combat armor
the medieval knight's code of ideal behavior chivalry
a community of monks monastery
the body of people who perform the sacred functions of a church clergy
to throw someone out of the church excommunicate
the land controlled by a ruler or lord domain
an organization of people in the same craft or trade guild
a skin and nerve disease that causes open sores on the body and can lead to serious complications and death leprosy
a singer or musician who sang or recited poems to music played on an instrument (such as a harp) minstrel
a person who holds beliefs contrary to the church heretic
a large bow used for firing feathered arrows longbow

Unit 3 Review Part One: The Middle Ages Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The ___________________ Atlantic Drift has a warming effect on northwestern European coasts North
During the Middle Ages many people looked to this religion to bring peace, order and unity Christianity
This is the political and social order that strengthed the ties of loyalty among the nobility Feudalism
A __________- was a low ranking noble who served a lord Vassal
An economic system of distributing and profiting from the land that includes lords, serfs and freemen Manorialism
A group of peasants who worked land for a noble and were tied to the land: unable to own property, move or marry without their noble's permission Serfs
________ innovations led to more efficent production of crops and greater food production agricultural
The Norman Invasion was led by ________________________ of Normandy in order to attain the English throne William
The son of Pepin, King of the Franks, became known as ____________ due to his expansion of the western european empire Charlemagne
The Roman ______________ ____________________ played an important role in the growth of civilizations throughout Western Europe CatholicChurch
Henry IV was ______________ from the church by Pope Gregory VII due to their conflict over who could appoint church leadership excommunicated
During the late Middle Ages disputes within the church led to a deep divide called the Great Schism
Henry IV seized ____________ because Pope Gregory VII had declared a new emperor Rome
Cities and towns in coastal cities became wealthy due to Trade

Medieval Times Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A journey to a sacred shrin. Pilgrimage
A man belonging to a religious order, living in a monastery Monk
agricultural workers that belong to the manor serfs
self-sufficient farming estates Manors
dutifulness in religion piety
the area of Palestine held spiritually important to Christians, Muslims, and Jews Holy Land
head of the Roman Catholic Church Pope
series of four holy wars to drive the Muslims out of Palestine  Crusades
a trial held by the Catholic Church to get rid of heretics Inquisition
belief that contradicted the teachings of the Church Heresy
one of the church's ceremonies in which you obtain grace from God Sacrament
the outbreak of the Bubonic Plague that spread across Asia, North Africa, and Europe in the mid 14th century Black Death
French peasant girl whose vision and work for French fortunes led to victory Joan of Arc
a grant of land in return for a pledge to provide military service Fief

Medieval Vocab Puzzle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An armed warrior Knight
A person of high rank by birth or title Lord
The economic and political system that developed in Europe during the middle ages Feudalism
A large estate including farmlands and villages held by a lord Manor
The belief that god gives a monarch the right to rule Divine right of kings
In feudalism, a person who works the land Peasant
A covering, usually made of metal or leather, worn to protect the body during fighting Armor
The Christian Church headed by the Pope in Rome Roman Catholic Church
A person belonging to a tribe or group that is considered uncivilized Barbarian
The Bishop of Rome, and supreme leader of the Catholic Church Pope
Land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service fief
A religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ Christianity
A person who has taken a solemn vow to devote his life to prayer and service in a monastery Monk
A deep wide ditch often filled with water Moat
A ruler, such as a king or queen Monarch

Dark Ages Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Greatest king of the middle ages Charlemagne
Disease that ravaged the Byzantine Empire and most of Europe Bubonic plague
Date of the Fall of Rome 476 AD
A holy war; military expeditions undertaken by European Christians in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims Crusade
led by the Pope; this institution was the stable force that unified Europe Catholic Church
To be barred (or kicked out) of the church excommunicated
political system of local government based on the granting of land in return for loyalty, military assistance, and other services Feudalism
"Great Charter" ...outlines basic rules and rights of the people Magna Carta
made a deal with Byzantine emperor to retake the Holy Land Pope Urban II
fought Christians for the Holy Land Muslim Turks
served and fought for the king Knights
Relating or belonging to the Middle Ages Medieval
defeated the Muslim Moors at Tours in 732 AD Charles martel
religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities Monks
First Germanic king to convert to Christianity Clovis
Invaders from Scandinavia Vikings
the abbreviation for anno domini; which means in the year of our lord AD
a body of laws developed by the medieval Church Canon Law
Method used by the church to force governments to abide by their wishes interdict
Capital of the Eastern Roman Empire Constantinople
Former Greek city that was the location of Constantinople Byzantium
The estate or domain of a feudal lord Fief
Document that declared religious tolerance for Christianity in the Roman empire Edict of milan
First Roman emperor to convert to Christianity Constantine
Splitting of the church into the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church Great schism
Government rule where one person has all the power autocracy
Word that means non-religious secular
A rite or ritual performed in the church that allows for salvation sacrament
People who did not follow or adhere to religious ways pagan
City where three major religions began Jerusalem