a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities
A cell structure in which the functions are carried out to ensure the cell`s survival.
A membrane that separates the interior of the cell from its surroundings
cell membrane
The organelle that controls all the activities within a cell
The energy producers of the cell. Also carries out cellular respiration to produce energy for the cell.
Temporary storage compartments in cells,sometimes used to store waste.
help in storage of plant products.
aid in carrying out the process of photosynthesis to produce food for the plants.
are membrane covered organelles that transport materials.
Endoplasmic reticulum
They are a type of plastid which are non-pigmented.
They are plastids responsible for pigment synthesis and storage. They are found in photosynthetic eukaryotic species. They are found in colored organs of plants like fruits and flowers.
A vacuole that is surrounded by a membrane
It is a network of fibers made up of micro-tubule and micro-filament. They maintain the shape and gives support to the cell.
are solid rod like structures whose primary function is structural support.
They are hollow cylinder like structures found in the cytoplasm of the cells. Its function is transport and structural support.
They are microscopic channels which traverse the cell walls of plant cells and enables transport and communication between them.
It is a single membrane bound organelle that comprises of degradative enzyme
alongside water is needed for photosynthesis
carbon dioxide
tubes that are made of columns of elongated living cells with small pores in the end walls to allow stuff to flow through
phloem tubes
any of the hollow hairlike outgrowths of the outer cells of a root, just behind the tip, that absorb water and salts from the soil.
root hair cells
specialized cells in the epidermis of leaves, stems and other organs that are used to control gas exchange.
guard cells
A leaf tissue consisting of loosely arranged, chloroplast-bearing cells, often located on the lower side of the leaf.
spongy mesophyll
the outer layer of tissue in a plant, except where it is replaced by periderm
the corky outer layer of a plant stem formed in secondary thickening or as a response to injury or infection.
the vascular tissue in plants which conducts water and dissolved nutrients upwards from the root and also helps to form the woody element in the stem
a complex of vesicles and folded membranes within the cytoplasm of most eukaryotic cells, involved in secretion and intracellular transport.
Golgi body
are a class of plant hormones with some morphogen-like characteristics.They have a cardinal role in coordination of many growth and behavioral processes in the plant's life cycle and are essential for plant body development
plant hormones that regulate various developmental processes, including stem elongation, germination, dormancy, flowering, flower development and leaf and fruit senescence
are made in the roots and travel upwards to promote lateral plant growth. In this way, they’re working opposite to auxin. Overall they strike a balance to drive good growth both upwards and laterally.
The layer of cutin covering the epidermis of the aerial parts of plants.
waxy cuticle