Violation of society's formally enacted criminal law
Crime
Negative label that greatly changes a persons self-concept and social identity
Stigma
Moral vengeance by which society inflicts suffering on an offender comparable to that caused my offense
Retribution
Punishment used to discourage criminality
Deterrence
Program for reforming the offender to prevent subsequent offenses
Rehabilitation
Criminal act against a person or persons property by an offender motivated by racial or other bias
Hate
Cultural beliefs that justify social stratification
Ideology
Social stratification based on personal merit
Meritocracy
Social stratification based on ascription or birth
Caste
Social stratification based on both birth a individual achievements
Class
Violations of law in which there are no readily apparent victims
Victimless
Assertion that deviance and conformity result not much from what people do as from how others respond to those actions
Labeling
System by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy
Stratification
Change in one's position in the social hierarchy
Mobility
Composite ranking based on various dimensions of social in equality
Socioeconomic
Illegal actions of a corporation or people acting on its behalf
Corporate
Business supplying illegal goods or services
Organized
Crimes that involve theft of property belonging to others
Property
Crimes that direct violence or the threat of violence against others
Person
Recognized violation of cultural norms
Deviance