Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

1. Treating and preventing bacterial infection in second- and third-degree burns. Although rare, side effects associated with this drug may occur, such as blood dyscrasias (including agranulocytosis, aplastic anemia, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, and hemolytic anemia), dermatologic and allergic reactions (including life-threatening cutaneous reactions [Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, and exfoliative dermatitis]), gastrointestinal reactions, hepatitis, hepatocellular necrosis, CNS reactions, and toxic nephrosis. Silvadene
2. This is a type of cancer that develops from the pigment-containing cells known as melanocytes. Typically they occur in the skin but may rarely occur in the mouth, intestines, or eye. In women they most commonly occur on the legs, while in men they are most common on back. Sometimes they develop from a mole with concerning changes including an increase in size, irregular edges, change in color, itchiness, or skin breakdown. Malignant Melanoma
3. Symptoms of this virus infection include watery blisters in the skin or mucous membranes of the mouth, lips or genitals. Lesions heal with a scab characteristic of herpetic disease. Sometimes, the viruses cause very mild or atypical symptoms during outbreaks. However, as neurotropic and neuroinvasive viruses, types 1 and -2 persist in the body by becoming latent and hiding from the immune system in the cell bodies of neurons. After the initial or primary infection, some infected people experience sporadic episodes of viral reactivation or outbreaks. In an outbreak, the virus in a nerve cell becomes active and is transported via the neuron's axon to the skin, where virus replication and shedding occur and cause new sores. It is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. Herpes Simplex
4. This is a long lasting disease characterized by patches of abnormal skin. These skin patches are typically red, itchy, and scaly. They may vary in severity from small and localized to complete body coverage. is generally considered a genetic disease which is triggered by environmental factors. Psoriasis
This is an acute peptic ulcer of the duodenum resulting as a complication from severe burns when reduced plasma volume leads to ischemia and cell necrosis (sloughing) of the gastric mucosa. Curlings Ulcer
This is a bacterial skin infection that most often begins as a red sore near the nose or mouth which soon breaks, leaking pus or fluid, and forms a honey-colored scab, followed by a red mark which heals without leaving a scar. Sores are not painful, but may be itchy. Lymph nodes in the affected area may be swollen, but fever is rare. Touching or scratching the sores may easily spread the infection to other parts of the body. Ulcerations with erythema and scarring also may result from scratching or abrading of the skin. Impetigo Contagiosa
This is the infection of the head hair and scalp by the head louse. Itching from lice bites is common. Pediculosis capitis
8. This drug (brand name) is primarily used as a treatment for severe acne. The most common adverse effects are a transient worsening of acne (lasting 2–3 weeks), dry lips (cheilitis), dry and fragile skin, and an increased susceptibility to sunburn. Uncommon and rare side effects include: muscle aches and pains (myalgias), and headaches. It is known to cause birth defects due to in utero exposure because of the molecule's close resemblance to retinoic acid, a natural vitamin A derivative which controls normal embryonic development. Accutane
This is a contagious skin infestation by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei. The most common symptoms are severe itchiness and a pimple-like rash. Occasionally tiny burrows may be seen in the skin. When first infected, usually two to six weeks are required before symptoms occur. Scabies
10. This is a surgical procedure used to treat full thickness (third-degree) circumferential burns. In full thickness burns both the epidermis and the dermis are destroyed along with sensory nerves in the dermis. The tough leathery tissues remaining after a full thickness burn has been termed eschar. Following a full thickness burn, as the underlying tissues are rehydrated, they become constricted due to the eschar's loss of elasticity, leading to impaired circulation distal to the wound. Escharotomy
This is a type of inflammation of the skin (dermatitis). It results in itchy, red, swollen, and cracked skin. Clear fluid may come from the affected areas which often become thickened over time. It typically starts in childhood with changing severity over the years. In children under one year of age much of the body may be affected. As they get older the back of the knees and front of the elbows are the most common area for the rash. In adults the hands and feet are most affected. Scratching worsens symptoms and affected people have an increased risk of skin infections. Many people with atopic dermatitis develop hay fever or asthma. Atopic dermatitis
12. This is a viral disease characterized by a painful skin rash with blisters involving a limited area. Typically the rash occurs on either the left or right of the body or face in a single stripe. Two to four days before the rash occurs there may be pain or tingling in the area. Otherwise there are typically few symptoms. The rash usually heals within two to four weeks; however, some people develop ongoing nerve pain which may last for months or years, a condition called postherpetic neuralgia. In those with poor immune function the rash may occur widely. If the rash involves the eye, vision loss may occur. Herpes zoster
This is a systemic autoimmune disease (or autoimmune connective tissue disease) in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue. When the immune system is functioning normally, it makes proteins called antibodies that protect against pathogens such as viruses and bacteria. This is characterized by the presence of antibodies against a person's own proteins; these are most commonly anti-nuclear antibodies, which are found in nearly all cases. These antibodies lead to inflammation. most often harms the heart, joints, skin, lungs, blood vessels, liver, kidneys, and nervous system. The course of the disease is unpredictable, with periods of illness (called flares) alternating with remissions. SLE
15. is a type of skin inflammation (dermatitis).It results from exposure to allergens or irritants. Contact dermatitis
This is a superficial fungal infection (dermatophytosis) of the arms and legs, especially onglabrous skin; however it may occur on any part of the body. Tinea corporis

    Customize    

Sexually transmitted diseases Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

An infection that causes warts in various parts of the body Human papilloma virus
Common std makes by genital pain and sores Genital herpes
Causes AIDS HIV
This may be used for protection from STD's Condoms
A common STD that may not cause symptoms Chlamydia
Bacterial infection spread by sexual contact and starts as a painless sore Syphilis
STI that, if left untreated, can cause infertility Gonorrhea
STD's may lower levels of Sexual activity
Another name for pubic lice Crabs
Common symptoms include intensely itchy small bumps or rashes Scabies

    Customize    

Sexually Transmitted Infections Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

inflammation of the Vagina Vaginitis
imbalance of bacteria normally found in the Vagina bacterialvaginosis
one of the most common STI's reported in BC Chlamydia
commonly known as a bladder infection or urinary tract infection Cystitis
second most commonly reported STI in BC Gonorrhea
inflammation of the Liver Hepatitis
Most common STI Herpes
A virus that attacks the body's immune system; no cure HIV
HIV damages the immune system and may become AIDS
group of over 100 types of virus, including 40 types that involve the genitals HPV
STI involving the lymph glands in the genital area. Rare in Canada but occurs commonly in countries closer to the equator LGV
A pox virus that causes bumps on the skin Molluscumcontagiosum
An infection of the male urethra Urethritis
infection of a woman's reproductive organs PID
Tiny insects that live on body hair, usually in the genital area. Also known as Crabs Pubiclice
Infection that occurs in stages, each stage is associated with different kinds of symptoms Syphilis
STI caused by a protozoa. Infection is most commonly found a woman's vagina or a man's urethra Trichomoniasis

    Customize    

Infection Control Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Should be trimmed and clean at all times Fingernails
This level of precautions relates to all aspects of resident care Standard
These precautions include gowns, gloves, masks, sometimes eyewear PPE
PPE to remove first Gloves
The pathogen against which alcohol hand sanitizer is ineffective C DIFF
The number one intervention to break the chain of infection Handwashing
You should wash your hands for at least this many seconds Twenty
Hepatitis B & C and HIV are spread by this Blood
Extremely small drops of liquid, such as occurs with a sneeze. Can carry infectious organisms Droplet
The separation of infected persons from others Isolation
Type of disease which can be carried on very small droplets or dust particles that float in the air (Chickenpox, measles, TB) Airborne
Type of precaution to use for pathogens can be transferred by direct contact (hand or skin-to-skin) or indirect contact (touching surfaces or items in room) Contact
Residents with _________ are more likely to get UTI Catheters
You should perform hand ____________ between care of every resident Hygiene
_______ care at least twice a day reduces the risk of a resident developing pneumonia Oral
The name of the virus that causes respiratory infections typically between the months of October and April. Have you taken the vaccine against it this year? Influenza
After washing hands, turn off the faucet with a _________ paper towel. dry
Wash your hands immediately after removing ___________ Gloves
What is a common bacteria that is antibiotic resistant? MRSA
Hands must be ___________ if they are visibly soiled, or if there has been contact with blood or body fluids washed
Most health-care-associated infections are transmitted to patients by _________ staff
The overuse and misuse of antibiotics causes antibiotic _________________. Resistance
Who is responsible for cleanliness within the workplace? Everyone
____________ is your body’s first line of defense against infection Skin
Be sure reusable equipment is ____________ before you use it on another patient disinfected
Never ______ needles after use. recap

    Customize    

Chapter 5: Infection Control: Principles & Practices Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What is the abbreviation for Occupational Safety and Health Administration? OSHA
What sheet is required for chemical manufacturers and importers assess and communicate the potential hazards associated with their products? Safety Data Sheet
The _______ registers all types of disinfectants sold and used in the United States. EPA
_________ are one-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics. Bacteria
There are thousands of different kinds of bacteria that fall into two primary types: ___________ and nonpathogenic? pathogenic
Most bacteria are _______________; in other words, they are harmless organisms that may perform useful functions. nonpathogenic
___________ are harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body. Pathogenic
_______________ are pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning. streptococci
____________ are short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria. bacilli
When they reach their largest size, they divide into two new cells. This division is called _______ ___________. binary fission
___________ is a condition by which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection by showing redness, heat, pain, and swelling. inflammation
A ________ _________, such as a pimple or abscess, is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus. local infection
What organism can clients bring into the salon where it can infect others? The bacteria can be carried by clients who are unaware they are harboring a dangerous pathogen. MRSA
Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome is caused by the ____ virus. HIV
What is a submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism? virus
Some of the viruses that plague humans are measles, mumps, chicken pox, smallpox, rabies, yellow fever, hepatitis, polio, _________, and HIV (which causes AIDS). influenza
__________ are colonies of microorganisms that adhere to environmental surfaces, as well as the human body. Biofilms
The HIV virus is spread mainly through the sharing of _________ by IV drug users and by unprotected sexual contact. needles
What is a single-cell organism that grows in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts? fungi
What are organisms that grow, feed, and shelter in or in another organism, while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism? parasites
__________ is a contagious skin disease and is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin. scabies
_________ is the ability of the body to destroy, resist, and recognize infection. Immunity
_________ ___________ is immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation, or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed. acquired immunity
What is the process by which all microbial life is destoyed? sterilization
What is the process that eliminates most, but not necessarily all, microorganisms on nonporous surfaces? disinfection
Disinfectants must have ________ claims on the label. efficacy
Properly cleaned implements and tools, free from all visible debris, must be completely ___________ in disinfectant solution. immersed
All disinfectants are inactivated in the presence of many substances. It is _________ to use soap or a detergent first to thoroughly clean the equipment and remove all debris. Never mix detergents with disinfectants and always use in a well-ventilated area. critical
Quaternary ammonium compounds are also known as _______. quats
___________ disinfectants, known as tuberculoidal, are a form of formaldehyde. phenolic
Household bleach, a 5.25% sodium ___________, is an effective disinfectant and has used extensively as a disinfectant in the salon for large surfaces. hypochlorite

    Customize    

Food borne illnesses Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A Foodborne________, commonly referred to as food "poisoning" is a disease carried to people by food or water. illness
A Foodborne__________, is an incident in which two or more people experience the same illness symptoms after eating a common food. outbreak
___________ or other microorganisms that have contaminated food cause most food borne illness. bacteria
The temperature ________________ is between 41 degrees F to 140 degrees F. danger zone
A foodborne illness can result from a harmful ________ getting into a food that is then eaten by a person. chemical
_________ are another potential source of contamination metals
___________ contaminated include dirt, hair,nail polish flakes, insects, broken glass, and crockery, nails, staples, metal, or plastic fragments, and buts physical
To prevent foodborne illness, foodservice personnel must follow procedures for good personal ___________ hygiene
The temperature danger zone is between _____ degrees to 140 Degrees 41
___________-temperature relationship problems occur because, food is not stored, prepared, or held at required temperatures Time
One of the most common causes of foodborne illness is ______ contamination, the transfer of bacteria from hand to hand, food to food, or equipment to food. Cross
the ___________ method is used most often unless a thermometer cannot register a temperature of 32 degrees F (0 degrees C) ice point
______________ method may be less reliable than the ice-point method because of variation due to high altitude Boiling point
An easy way to determine if hands are rubbed and lathered for 20 seconds is to sing one verse of______________________ Old Mcdonald
cuts, burns, or any kind of break in the skin could harbor harmful__________ that can contaminate food and cause a foodborne illness microorganisms
________ to food cross contamination happens when harmful microorganisms from one to such as unwashed produce, contaminate other foods. food
Bacteria may pass from ___________ to food when the equipment that has touched food has not been properly cleaned and sanitized before being used to prepare another food Equipment
Foodservice ___________ are responsible for learning about food safety and following food safety requirements and guidelines employees
The foodservice __________ is responsible for knowing and implementing the state and local public health department regulations regarding food sanitation and safety manager
The 3 main________ illnesses are Biological, Physical and Chemical foodborne
The harmful microorganisms called ___________ can come from a variety of sources pathogens
__________- spreading pest, such as cockroaches, flies or mice which are attracted to food preparation areas, may contaminate food, equipment, or device areas. Disease
_________ spread organisms from their bodies to food by unclean hands, coughing, sneezing. People
____________ facilities and equipment may spread harmful organisms to people of food Unsanitary
___________ microorganisms may contaminate food during preparation and serving Harmful
The ______ primary ways of preventing foodborne illness are practice good personal hygiene, control time and temperature of foods, and prevent cross contamination three

    Customize    

Milady Chapter 5 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances. allergy
Chemical germicide formulated for use on skin; registered & regulated by the FDA Antiseptics
Immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation (such as flu vaccinations) or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen/cat dander/ragweed. Acquired immunity
Showing no symptoms/signs of infection. Asymptomatic
Short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, diphtheria. Bacilli
One-celled microorganisms that have both plant & animal characteristics. Some are harmful; some are harmless. Bacteria
Harmless microorganisms that may perform useful functions & are safe to come in contact w/ since they do not cause disease/harm NONPATHOGENIC
An item that is made/constructed of a material that has no pores/openings & cannot absorb liquids NONPOROUS
Illness resulting from conditions associated w/ employment, such as prolonged & repeated overexposure to certain products/ingredients OCCUPATIONALDISEASE
Bacteria capable of producing a protective coating that allows them to w/stand very harsh environments, & shed the coating when conditions become more favorable. BACTERIALSPORE
Capable of destroying bacteria BACTERICIDAL
The division of bacteria cells into 2 new cells called daughter cells BINARYFISSION
Colonies of bacteria that adhere together & adhere to environmental surfaces BIOFILMS
Disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood/body fluids, such as hepatitis & HIV BLOODBORNEPATHOGENS
chelating detergents; they break down stubborn films & remove the residue of pedicure products (scrubs/salts/masks) CHELATINGSOAPS
athlete's foot; medical term for fungal infections of the feet; red, itchy rash of the skin on the bottom of the feet &/or in between the toes, usually found between the 4th & 5th toe. TINEAPEDIS
Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses) TOXINS
Disinfectants that kill the bacteria that causes tuberculosis TUBERCULOCIDALDISINFECTANTS
A disease caused by bacteria that are transmitted through coughing/sneezing TUBERCULOSIS
Capable of destroying viruses VIRUCIDAL
A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects & resides in cells of biological organisms VIRUS
SP; precautions such as wearing personal protective equipment to prevent skin & mucous membranes where contact w/ a client's blood, body fluids, secretions (except sweat), excretions, non-intact skin, & mucous membranes is likely. Workers must assume that all blood & body fluids are potential sources of infection, regardless of the perceived risk. STANDARDPRECAUTIONS
Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes. They cause abscesses, pustules, and boils. STAPHYLOCOCCI
A mechanical process (scrubbing) using soap & water/detergent & water to remove all visible dirt, debris, & many disease-causing germs. Removes invisible debris that interfere w/ disinfection. Cosmetologists are required to do before disinfecting CLEAN
Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly (alone) or in groups. The 3 types are staphylococci, streptococci, & diplococci COCCI
communicable disease; disease that is spread from 1 person to another person. Some of the more contagious diseases are the common cold, ringworm, conjunctivitis (pinkeye), viral infections, &natural nail/toe & foot infections CONTAGIOUSDISEASE
The presence/reasonably anticipated presence, of blood/other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface/visible debris or residues (dust/hair/skin) CONTAMINATION
The removal of blood & all other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface, and the removal of visible debris/residue (dust, hair, & skin) DECONTAMINATION
Determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms &/or diagnostic tests. Federal regulations prohibit salon professionals from performing a diagnosis DIAGNOSIS
Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs & cause diseases such as pneumonia DIPLOCOCCI
Transmission of blood/body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, & talking DIRECTTRANSMISSION
An abnormal condition of all/part of the body/its systems/organs, which makes the body incapable of carrying on normal function DISEASE

    Customize    

Milady Chapter 8 Skin Disease & Disorders Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Small, brownish spot or blemish on the skin. Ranging in color from pale tan to brown or to bluish black 1234
Large blister containing fluid Bulla
Cannot survive in the presence of oxygen Anaerobic
Crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis Fissure
Small blister or sac containing clear fluid, lying within or just beneath the epidermis Vesicle
Abnormal growth of the skin Hypertrophy
Itchy, swollen lesion that lasts only a few hours; caused by a blow or scratch, the bite of an insect, urticaria or nettle sting. Ex. Hives and mosquito bites Wheal
Darker than normal pigmentation Hyperpigmentation
Chronic condition appears on the cheeks and nose, characterized by redness, distended or dilated surface blood vessels Rosacea
Bacterial infection commonly known as pink eye Conjunctivitis
An inflammatory, often chronic disease of the skin characterized by moderate to severe inflammation, scaling, and severe itching Eczema
Contagious bacterial skin infection characterized by weeping lesions Impetigo
Also known as cicatrix Scar
Allergic reaction created by repeated exposure to a chemical or a substance Sensitization
Abnormal brown-colored or wine-colored skin discoloration Stain
Flat spot or discoloration on the skin Macule
Foul-smelling prespiration Bromhidrosis
Also known as wart Verruca
Technical term for freckles Lentigines
Also known as a birthmark Nevus
Liver spots Chloasma
Hereditary condition that causes hypo pigmented spots and splotches on the skin, may be related to thyroid conditions Vitiligo
Abnormal, rounded, solid lump above, within, or under the skin Tubercle
Absence on pigment, resulting in light or white splotches Hypopigmentation
Skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping Excoriation
Open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane of the body, accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth Ulcer
Inflammatory condition of the skin Dermatitis
Congenital hypopigmentation Albinism
Skin disease characterized by red patches covered with silver-white scales; usually found on the scalp, elbows, knees, chest, and lower back Psoriasis
Thick scar Keloid
Blackheads Comedo
Dead cells that form over a wound or blemish Crust
Closed, abnormally developed sac containing fluid, pus, semi-fluid, or morbid matter Cyst

    Customize    

Milady 2016 Chapter 5 Infection Control: Principles & Practices Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

One-celled microorganisms having both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful and some are harmless Bacteria
Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, and talking. Direct Transmission
Single-cell organisms that grow in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts. Fungi
Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object, such as a razor, extractor, nipper, or an environmental surface. Indirect Transmission
Invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens. Infection
Nonscientific synonym for disease-producing organisms. Germs
Any organism of microscopic to submicroscopic size. Microorganism
Harmful microorganisms that enter the body and can cause disease. Pathogens
Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism (referred to as the host) while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism. Parasites
Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses). Toxins
A submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms. Virus
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances. Allergy
A disease that is spread from one person to another person. Contagious Disease
The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residues such as dust, hair, and skin. Contamination
Condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection. Inflammation

    Customize    

HIV and AIDS Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

In the acronym “HIV,” what does the “H” stand for? Human
In the acronym “HIV,” what does the “I” stand for? Immunodeficiency
In the acronym “HIV,” what does the “V” stand for? Virus
What type of defense cells does the HIV virus attach itself to? CD4helper
What type of cells are CD4 helper cells? Defense
The HIV virus can be spread through what? Bodilyfluids
The HIV virus can be spread by this type of device (HINT: MANY PEOPLE ARE AFRAID OF THEM Needles
This advanced stage of HIV occurs when a person with HIV has an extremely low number of CD4 cells. AIDS
What virus destroys CD4 cells? HIV
A symptom of HIV and AIDS can be a ___ which is persistent and won’t go away. Cough
A symptom of HIV and AIDS can be heavy ____ at night, even if the room is ice cold. Sweating
A disease that someone is more susceptible to get when they have AIDS? (This disease affects the surface of the brain). *this is a challenging question* Meningitis
People can prevent contracting HIV and later on AIDS by being what? Abstinent
A symptom of HIV and AIDS that can be dramatic and is noticeable after just a few weeks of contracting the virus. Weightloss
What is the defense system in the body that fights infections? Immunesystem

    Customize    

Infection Control Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What is the name of the infection control nurse at NHOH? Krista Burckhardt
These are items worn to protect employees from blood borne exposures PPE
A patient that is coughing should be given a mask
The single most effective way to reduce the spread of infection and disease hand hygiene
Type of isolation required for patients that have symptoms concerning for Tuberculosis Airborne isolation
This type of isolation is appropriate for a patient with infectious MRSA . Contact
Every body fluid must be considered a potential for infection
Antibiotics are effective against bacteria but not viruses
the quality of being unaffected by a disease immunity
microorganisms capable of producing disease pathogens
Bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoa microorgansims
To live anerobic organisms do not need oxygen

    Customize