Nitrogen containing compounds
nucleic acids
Deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA
Ribonucleic acid
RNA
Substitutions, additions, or deletions of one or more nucleotides in the DNA molecule
gene mutations
Diseases that result from gene mutations
genetic disorders
consists of a phosphate group, a five-carbon sugar, and a nitrogen-containing unit called a nitrogen base
nucleotide
polymers that are found primarily in cell nuclei
nucleic acids
a segment of DNA that carries the instructions for making one peptide chain
gene
shape of DNA
double helix
can result in the synthesis of a protein that is more efficient than the version that previously existed
mutations