Type
Crossword
Description

_____ law is for disputes between individuals Civil
________ law is for wrongs committed against the state Criminal
lying in court while under oath Perjury
Mens ____ the mental element of a crime (2) rea
Actus ______ the physical element of a crime (2) reus
the party being sued in a lawsuit Respondent
the party suing someone else in a lawsuit Plaintiff
compensation paid to a successful litigant Damages
a previous legal decision that courts rely on to make future decisions Precedent
one of the words in ADR Alternative
a written statement under oath Affidavit
when a higher court reviews the judgement of a lower court trial Appeal
a formal accusation of a serious crime Indictment
money given to the court to ensure that the defendant will return to face trial Bail
_______________ law, used in English Canada, has been developed through case decisions by judges, not by legislation Common
____________ claim: when the defendant in a civil action sues the plaintiff right back Counter
_____________ judgements are made if the defendant in a civil action doesn't appear for the trial Default
a formal meeting before a lawsuit begins in order to disclose information or facts Discovery
to collect money or property via a court order Garnish
testimony given by a witness who tells second hand information, generally not allowed Hearsay
Habeas __________ a court order used to bring a person physically before a court in order to see if there is enough evidence to proceed to criminal trial Corpus
a court order to stop doing, or to start doing, a specific act Injunction
a resolution process where an impartial third party assists to voluntarily reach a mutually acceptable settlement Mediation
release from incarceration after serving part of a sentence Parole
temporarily, or indefinitely, stopping a judicial proceeding Stay
a civil injury or wrong to someone else Tort
_____________ damages: compensation for future lost earnings, or pain and suffering General
_____________ damages are compensation for lost wages or expenses before a civil trial begins Special
an order to appear in court to testify as a witness Subpoena

Mock Trial Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

to clear from charge or accusation Acquit
to hear and settle a case Adjudicate
An act that violates the law Crime
Written declaration made under oath Affidavit
An assertion that must be proved with evidence Allegation
A defendant’s defense against charges Answer
Transferring a case to a higher court for review Appeal
Hears court appeals and reviews decisions Appellate court
Objecting that admits facts of an opponent’s argument that denies they sustain pleading Demurrer
To call the accused to answer the charge Arraignment
Someone’s specific attorney Attorney At Law
Responsible for the case Attorney of record
Assessing the cause of death and examining the cadaver Autopsy
Money in exchange for release of the arrested, in guarantee that they’ll come to trial Bail
Court attendant who keeps order Bailiff
Responsible of proving a charge or allegation Burden of Proof
Facts or evidence in support of claim Case
Hall for trials and court Chambers
Laws of a nation dealing with rights of citizens Civil Law
Summing up important arguments, after seeing evidence Closing Argument
Filed in court against someone, by a plaintiff Complaint
When someone is officially guilty of a crime Conviction
Someone who investigates suspicious deaths Coroner
One who gives advice on legal matters Counsel
Group of people who make decisions about legal cases, and the time when this happens Court
When the accused is charged and judged Criminal action
System for those who commit (or are accused of) crimes Criminal law
Witness is interrogated/extends testimony Cross Examination
Award as compensation for loss/injury, usually money Damages
The accused party Defendant
Questioning a witness Direct Examination
Fair treatment of anyone in court Due Process Of Law
Anything giving information on the case(documents, testimony, items) Evidence
Document or article that is inspected; a form of evidence Exhibit
Crime that is more serious than a misdemeanor Felony
Formal charge for crime Indictment
Court order that prohibits a party of from specific action Injunction
Witnesses must leave the room when someone is appealing to the judge Invoke the Rule
One who hears and decides on court of law Judge
Right to interpret and apply law Jurisdiction
A jury of 12-23 people Jury Grand
Sits at civil and criminal cases Jury Petit

Court Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The release of a person before their trial so they don't have to wait in jail. Most of the time money will be payed to guarantee them showing up to the trial. Bail
Prove that the person accused was somewhere else when the crime took place. Alibi
Lying on the witness stand. This can cause the witness to get charged. Perjury
Think out a plan beforehand. Premeditated
A crime that is usually involving violence and you go to jail for over a year. Felony
A person under arrest to be brought before a judge or court, especially to secure the person's release unless lawful grounds are shown for their detention. Habeas Corpus
Private relations between members of the community rather than criminal, military, or religious affairs. Civil Law
A system of law concerned with the punishment of those who commit crimes. Criminal Law
The part of English law that is derived from custom and judicial precedent rather than statutes. Common Law
When the person accused pleads guilty for a lighter sentence. Plea Bargain
Decides lawsuits brought before the court. Judge
Group of people selected to hear the evidence in the trial and render a verdict. Jury
Instead of sending the accused person to prison the court releases the person into the community under monetization. Probation
Institute legal proceedings against a person or organization. Prosecute
The punishment ordered by the court for a defendant convicted of a crime. Sentence
The decision made by a judge or jury that determines the guilt or innocent of the defendant. Verdict
A person called upon from either side in a lawsuit to give a testimony before the court jury. Witness
Court authorization to conduct a search to make an arrest. Warrant
A law passed by legislation. Statute
the official power to make legal decisions and judgments. Jurisdiction
The dispute point between parties in a lawsuit. Issue
Information received by other people that cannot be confirmed (rumor). Hearsay
To place a paper in the legal custody of the clerk of court to enter into its files. File
Information presented in testimony that is used to persuade the judge or jury to decide the case in favor of one side or the other. Evidence
Officially tell someone that they can or must leave. Discharge
A person who has filed a petition for relief under the bankruptcy code. Debtor
A tribunal presided over by the judge in civil or criminal cases. Court
A judgment of guilt against a criminal defendant. Conviction
A state that does not have any evidence to prove it happened. Claim
Property of all kinds including real and personal. Assets

criminal justice Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

violation of the criminal laws of state, the federal gov't or a local jurisdiction. crime
the principle of fairness, righteous, truthful. justice
justice in terms of the distribution of privileges within a society. social justice
society taking precedence over individual rights public order
civil law civil justice
criminal law criminal justice
the systems opponents work together to achieve social product consensus model
assumes that the components function to serve their own interests. conflict model
oppurtunity for bail first appearance
information is gathered booking
issue written by a judicial officer directing law enforcement warrant
money; getting released bail
written accusation submitted to the court by a grand jury indictment
the first appearance of the defendant before the court arraignment
criminal proceeding, the examination in court of the issue trial
served with other sentence consecutive
served at the same time concurrent
scientific studies of causes and prevention of crime criminology
written accusation submitted by prosecutor information

Mock Trial Crosswords

Type
Crossword
Description

to release or discharge from jail Acquit
To release from prison by payment of money Bail
A judges room used for afficial proceedings. Not the court Chambers
Person/company who are accused or sued in court Defendant
Info found which is then used to verify facts during a trial Evidence
A crime, including violence, which is more serious than a misdemeanor Felony
Charge of felony Indictment
A public official to decide cases in court Judge
A system of laws in a country Laws
A minor wrongdoing Misdemeanor
A solemn promise Oath
An open court in which people can witness the trial Public Trial
To place the defendant on bail Remand
Punishing defendant for their crimes Sentence
Statement given under an oath Testimony
Decision on disputed issue Verdict
Someone who was present during crime Witness
To place the defendant on bail Remand
To Disagree Objection
A court attendent entrusted with duties Bailiff
A spoken or written reply Answer
A statement that a situation is untolerable Complaint
Official power to make legal decisions Jurisdiction
An authoritive warning/order Injunction
Punishing the accused for their crime Sentence

The Law and You Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

S/he oversees and referees a trial judge
some one accused of crime and standing trial defendant
Attorney for the people prosecutor
attorney for an accused defense attorney
group of people deciding a case jury
process of asking for another trial appeal
local law ordinance
state law statute
formal accusation indictment
final part of trial sentencing
negotiating a lesser charge or sentence plea bargaining
court calendar docket
meeting before going to trial hearing
s/he maintains law and order in courtroom bailiff
complaint bringer in civil trial plaintiff
type of law involving foreign countries international law
law involving loss or damage of property civil
law involving harm to a person criminal

Courtroom Workgroup Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The examination in court of the issues of fact and relevant law in a case for the purpose of convicting or acquitting the defendant. trial
Professional courtroom actors, including judges, prosecuting attorneys, defense attorneys, public defenders, and others who earn a living serving the court. courtroom work group
An elected or appointed public official who presides over a cour of law and who is authorized to hear and sometimes to decide cases and to conduct trials. judge
an attorney whose official duty is to conduct criminal proceedings on behalf of the state or the people against those accused of having committed criminal offenses. prosecutor
Ant info having a tendency to clear a person of guilt or blame. exculpatory evidence
A licensed trial lawyer, hired or appointed to conduct the legal defense of a person accused of a crie and to represent him or her before a court of law. defense counsel
A court officer to keep order in the courtroom. bailiff
An attorney employed by a government agency or subagency or private organization, providing defence services to indigents. public defender
A person with special knowledge and skills recognized by the court as relevant to determination of guilt or innocence. expert witness
Eyewitness, character witness, or other person called on to testify who is not considered an expert. lay witness
A written order issued by a judicial officer or grand jury requiring an individual to appear in court and to give testimony or to bring material to be used for evidence. Subpoena
Movement of a trial or lawsuit from on jurisdiction to another or from one location to another within the same jurisdiction. Change of venue
A member of a trial or grand jury who has been selected for jury duty. juror

Chapter 7: The Court System Courtroom Participants and the Trial Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Political division of Jurisdiction into two separate Systems of courts: Federal and state, and this systemFederal courts have jurisdiction over any state court Dual Court System
Majority vote of the jury- the standard required for a judgement in a civil case Preponderance of evidence
Unanimous verdict, the standard required for a verdict in a criminal case Beyond a reasonable doubt
The body of law concerned with the definition, regulation, And enforcement of right in no criminal case in which both the person who has the right and the person who has the obligation are private individuals Civil law
The party whom a lawsuit is brought against Defendant
The ruling by the court regarding the liability for injury or claim alleged by the plaintiff Judgement
The party who files a civil lawsuit against the party who is alleged to have done harm Plaintiff
an earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances. Precedent
a minor change in a document Amendment
apply to a higher court for a reversal of the decision of a lower court Appeal
A type of writ, meant for rare use, by which an appellate court decides to review a case at its discretion. Writ of certiorari
the legal principle of determining points in litigation according to precedent. Stare decisis
return a case to a lower court for reconsideration Remanded
report an unlawful detention or imprisonment to a court and request that the court order the custodian of the person, usually a prison official, to bring the prisoner to court Writ of habeas corpus

Supreme Court Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This term is an order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to send records for a case in which it will hear an appeal writ of certiorari
This term is a written statement submitted by the lawyer for each side in a case that explains to the judge why they should decide the case in favor of that lawyer's client brief
This is a court decision in an earlier case with facts and laws that are similar to a case in a court at the time that will usually govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way precedent
Permission given to a person who is poor and cannot afford for the case to go to the Court forma pauperis
Has the power to review the judgment of another lower court with an appeal appellate
Area over which the court has authority to decide case jurisdiction
A judge of the supreme court of a country or state justice
A promise to tell the truth oath
The decision of a judge or jury verdict
A written opinion by one or more justices that agrees with the verdict but wants to put it in own words concurring opinion
A disagreement between parties that is resolved by the court(This is what goes to court) case
One party writes this because they disagree with the court's decision asking another court to decide if the trial was conducted correctly appeal
An opinion written by a justice that disagrees with the majority opinion dissenting opinion
A punishment ordered by a court for a defendant who has committed a crime sentence
The person accused of a crime defendant
An opinion agreed on by over half of the justices majority opinion
Latin means "friend of the court" a people interested in influencing the outcome of a lawsuit but not an actual party amicus curiae
A place where cases are decided during a tribunal court
a court of justice tribunal
The highest court in the United States Supreme Court

Federal Judicial Branch Quiz Review Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the amendment that allows the accused the right to a lawyer or legal representative sixth
process by which the person asks a higher court to review the result of the trial appeal
the person in a civil case who is suing plaintiff
the person in a civil case who is being sued defendant
a minor crime misdemeanor
when the jury finds a defendant not guilty of the crime acquit
a type of law that comes from judges' decisions that rely on common sense and previous cases common law
having enough evidence to make an arrest and charge someone with the crime probable cause
the power for a court to decide whether a law or presidential action is in agreement with the Constitution judicial review
an earlier decision precedent
the authority of a court to hear and decide a case for the first time original jurisdiction
laws that are passed by lawmaking bodies statutory law
law based on the Constitution and on Supreme Court decisions interpreting the Constitution constitutional law
a writ ordering someone to come to court subpoena
the power to review decisions made by lower courts appellate jurisdiction
the reasoning that led to a decision or verdict opinion
laws that affect our daily lives administrative law
when the defendant enters a plea of guilty or not guilty to the charge arraingment
a major crime felony
the amendment that protects the accused's right to due process of law fifth
sending a case back to a lower court fro a new trial remand

Criminal Justice Vocabulary Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A finding of not guilty by a judge or jury. Acquittal
The loser at a trial asks a higher court to rule the trial judge made an error. The result may be the trial court is affirmed (the winner still wins), reversed (the loser now wins), or reversed and remanded (trial court has more work to do and has to follow the rule of law established by the appeals court). Appeal
______ ____________is the details; taking the time to make sure all of the details have been examined. For example, when processing a crime scene, officers should use ______ ___________ to ensure all components of the crime scene have been examined. Due Diligence
If something has _____________ value in a case, then it is an item that can be used to prove guilt or innocence of a subject. In addition, items that have ________value show a crime did in fact take place. If an item does not have _____________value, then it is an item that has been ruled out from assisting in an investigation. Evidentiary
A crime with a lower penalty than a felony. Misdemeanor
During an arraignment, it’s a defendant's plea of ______ _________, not admitting to the guilt of the crime, but paying the penalty for it. Nolo Contendere
An inmate's early release from prison upon good behavior, as well as meeting conditions throughout the early release. Parole
a group (3 or more) of individuals who conspire and act out activities that our justice system deems illegal. Organized Crime
Crimes at a level charged higher than a Misdemeanor Felony
A Defendant's voluntary guilty plea to an offense charge, for a lesser sentence. Plea Bargain
Government action against an accused person's criminal conduct. Prosecution
Re-offending [to do the same crime twice] Recidivism
an order to appear in court. Summons
someone who takes the law into their own hands, ignoring the criminal justice process. Vigilante
The individual that the charges are against. Defense
It is the physical action of the criminal act. Actus Reus
________ __________are required whenever you are interrogating someone who is in police custody (arrested/detained) about a crime. It is important to note you do not have to read someone their _______ ________ if you are gathering initial information. However, once you start asking crime specific or detailed questions, then the ___________ ___________ has to be read. Miranda Warning
A defense to a criminal act that purports the defendant was somewhere other than the place of the crime at the time the crime occurred. Alibi
a category of crime that consists of setting a fire with the intent of causing some type of harm (excludes accidental fires). Arson
A sufficient reason based upon known facts to believe a crime has been committed or that certain property is connected with a crime. Probable Cause
This amendment protects against unreasonable searches and seizures. Fourth
This Amendment protects the freedom of speech, religion, press, and peaceful protest. First
This Amendment protects an individuals right of self incrimination. Fifth
Alternative to imprisonment where a person can stay in the community with supervision Probation
The use or threat of violence directed at people or governments to punish them for past action or to bring about a change of policy that is to the terrorist's liking Terrorism
The killing of one person by another, whether intentional or non intentional Homicide
Unlawful offer or attempt with force or violence to hurt another Assault
The taking of the property of another out of his or her presence by means of force and violence or the threat thereof Robbery
Acquisition of the property of another through deception Fraud
The nighttime breaking and entering of the dwelling house of another, with the intention to commit a crime or theft therein (a felony) Burglary
The theft of property or money with which one is entrusted with or responsible for Embezzlement
Wrong committed by one person against other that does not require punishment, only entitles the victim to compensation Tort
The relationship between private parties only Civil
The relationship between the misbehaving private individual and society/government Criminal
The wronged individual in a civil case Plantiff
What the plaintiff seeks to win (Money) - damages Judgement
An unintentional tort. When a person's failure to use reasonable care causes harm Negligence
Responsible for harm Liable
Legal responsibility - the obligation to do or not do something Liability
Oral statements that harm reputation Slander
Someone who helps another person commit a crime Accomplis
An agreement between two or more persons to commit a crime Conspiracy
The most serious form of criminal homicide (done w/ malice) Murder
The deliberate taking of one's own life Suicide
Statement that contains information about the elements of a crime and that is provided and attested to by a person involved in committing the crime. Can be oral or written. Confession
That portion of a residence not open to the public. Sidewalks and alleys are open to the public. But the ________ is reserved for private use by the property owner or the family. Curtilage
Questioning of an unwilling person (could be a relative or friend or suspect or even a witness) that is reluctant to give you information and that is suspected of direct or indirect involvement in the crime being investigated. Interrogation
Failure to properly care for a child. Also failure to care for a property or one's actions. Neglect