Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

People with food ___________ have an unusual sensitive immune system. Allergies
Substance produced by the body to attack foreign substance. ANTIBODIES
A factor that contributes to osteoporosis. hEREDITY
A disorder that prevents the body from producing insulin or from using the insulin that it produce. DIABETES
Iron is a necessary part of _____________ in red blood cells. HEMOGLOBIN
People with _______ disease cannot digest wheat protein. CELIAC
Heart _______ and stroke are common forms of cardiovascular disease. ATTACK
Type of people who do not have a problem with iron deficiency except in rare cases during teenage years. Males
One of the three primary factors of heart health. Lifestyle
It is essential in moving glucose from your bloodstream to your cells. Insulin
This causes digestive discomfort for people in ways that do not involve the immune system. Intolerances
Iron ___________ is a complex condition that is only detected until it reaches serious levels. deficiency
A bone disease in which there is a bone mass reduction through a loss of calcium. Osteoporosis
Environmental and lifestyle factors are estimated to cause of as many as 80% of ________ in the world. Cancers
A waxy substance that is produced primarily by the liver. Cholesterol
A common symptom of heart attack. NAusea
A common form of a cardiovascular disease. Stroke
A component in foods mostly found in dark green and deep yellow or orange vegetables and fruit. carotene
A state where rate of bone loss increases sharply for women. Menopause
A disease that is the number one cause of death among Canadian adults today. Cardiovascular

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Chapter 2: Nutritional Needs Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

High blood pressure Hypertension
The study of how the body uses the nutrient in food Nutrition
Starches and fiber are often called _______ carbohydrates. Complex
A condition resulting from a calcium deficiency, which is characterized by porous, brittle bones. Osteoporosis
A vitamin that dissolves in fats and can be stored in the fatty tissues of the body. Fat soluble
A mineral, such as iron or iodine, that is needed in the diet in amounts of less than 10 milligrams per day is called a(n) _____ element. Trace
A condition resulting from deficiencies of various nutrients, which is characterized by a reduced number of red blood cells in the bloodstream. Anemia
A nutrient required by the body to lubricate the joints and body cells and help regulate body temperature. Water
The bodily process of breaking food down into simpler compounds the body can use. Digestion
A disease of the nervous system resulting in a thiamin deficiency. Beriberi
A chemical chain that contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. Fatty acid

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The Immune System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The body's first line of defense against pathogens. Skin
A cell that identifies pathogens and distinguishes different pathogens from each other. TCell
The molecules that the immune system recongnizes as either part of the body or coming from outside the body. Antigens
Lymphocytes that produce proteins that help destroy pathogens. BCell
The proteins produced by B Cells. Antibodies
The body's ability to destroy pathogens before they can cause disease. Immunity
The process by which harmless antigens are purposefully introduced to a person's body to produce active immunity. Vaccination
A chemical that kills bacteria or slows their growth without harming cells. Antibiotic
A disorder in which the immune system is overly sensitive to a foreign substance. Allergy
A disorder in which respiratory passages narrow significantly. Asthma
An imbalance or misuse of insulin in the body. Diabetes

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Cardiovascular Disorders Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Medical term for chest pain due to coronary heart disease. Heart muscle doesn't get as much blood. angina pectoris
A disease of arteries characterized by deposition of plaque/fatty materials on inner walls. Atherosclerosis
Blood poisoning. Occurs when a bacterial infection else where gets into the blood stream. septicaemia
Clotting of blood in a part of the circulatory system. thrombosis
A sudden neurological impairment. Occurs when blood gets blocked or limited to the brain. stroke
Caused by inflammation and by group A streptococcus. rheumatic fever
Disease where bone marrow produces increased numbers of leukocytes. leukemia
A herediatary genetic disorder that impairs the body's ability to control blood clotting. haemophilia
A sudden or fatal occurence when one or more of your coronary arteries get blocked. heart attack
Enlarge twisted veins due to valves not functioning properly. Varicose veins
Hardening and thickening of the artery wall due to build up plaque. arteriosclerosis
An enlargement of an artery caused by the weak artery wall. aneurysm
Abnormally high blood pressure. hypertension

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Lifestyle Diseases Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Two _________ and five vegetables. fruit
Food like spinach, carrots, and cauliflower. vegetables
Means that the disease runs in the family. heredity
Healthy choice for helping to reduce risk of lifestyle disease through movement. exercise
Lifestyle disease associated with glucose control. Diabetes
Lifestyle disease associated with the cardiovascular system. heart disease
Lifestyle disease associated with the digestive tract. bowel cancer
Lifestyle characteristic that involves how we fuel our body. Nutrition
Helps our body to recover over night. sleep
Unhealthy _______________ are the key cause of lifestyle diseases. behaviours
Uncontrollable risk factor associated with how old we are. age
Uncontrollable risk factor associated with whether we are male or female. gender
Disease caused by uncontrollable cell growth in the body. cancer
Blockage of blood flow to the brain. Stroke
__________________ plays a key part in the development of lung, mouth, and throat cancer. smoking
Diet, body weight, physical activity, sun exposure, and drug abuse are all _________________ risk factors. controllable
High blood pressure. hypertension
A fat like substance that occurs only in food of animal origin. cholesterol
Lack of sufficient amount of nutrient, which can often result in illness. deficiency
Chemical process that takes place in the cells after the body absorbs nutrients. metabolism
The body's process of breaking down food into simpler compounds for the body to use. digestion

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The Human Body Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The ________ system consists of bones and the ligaments that secure the bones at joints Skeletal
The ________ system comprises both fixed and movable joints Articular
The ________ system includes the skeletal muscles that move the skeleton, the face, and other structures of the body, and give form to the body. Cardiac muscle pumps blood through the heart Muscular
The ________ system consists of the four-chambered heart; arteries conducting blood to the tissues; capillaries through which nutrients, gases, and molecular material pass to and from the tissues Cardiovascular
The ________ system is a system of vessels assisting the veins in recovering the body's tissue fluids and returning them to the heart. Lymph nodes filter lymph throughout the body Lymphatic
The ________ system consists of impulse-generating and impulse conducting tissue organized into a central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), and a peripheral nervous system(nerves) Nervous
The ________ system consists of glands that secrete chemical agents (hormones) into the tissue fluids and blood, affecting the function of multiple areas of the body Endocrine
The ________ system consists of the skin, which is provided with many glands, sensory receptors, vessels, immune cells, antibodies, and layers of cells and keratin that resist environmental factors Integumentary
The ________ system consists of the upper (nose through larynx) and lower respiratory tract (trachea through the air spaces of the lungs). Most of the tract is airway; only the air spaces (alveoli) Respiratory
The ________ system consists of an alimentary canal and glands. It performs the breakdown, digestion, and assimilation of food as well as excretion of the residua. Glands include the liver Digestive
Stones that are formed when you don't drink enough water; have to pass them to get them out Kidney stones
Parts of the kidney that filter the blood and remove waste Nephrons
Releases saliva to moisten food and begin chemical digestion Salivary gland
Produces digestive juices called bile that breaks down fat Liver
The way in which clean blood returns to the body Renal vein
Breaks down the food into smaller substances (ex: chewing) Mechanical digestion
Produces digestive juices called bile that breaks down fat Liver
Produces pancreatic enzymes to aid in breaking down food Pancreas
Digestion is completed here once food travels from the stomach; long but narrow in diameter Small intestine
The first 10-12 inches of the small intestine where nutrients for the body are absorbed and delivered to the bloodstream Duodenum

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Non-Communicable Diseases Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

diseases non spread from person to person non-communicable
one of the ways non-communicable diseases can be spread heredity
a disease in which abnormal cells multiply & spread Cancer
substances that cause cancer carcinogens
one factor that can increase the risk of cancer unprotected exposure to the sun
one treatment for cancer is chemotherapy
a disease of the heart and blood vessels cardiovascular disease
a condition that results when the blood supply to the heart is blocked heart attack
a blockage of blood or break in a blood vessel that brings blood flow to the brain stroke
pressure of the blood against the artery walls blood pressure
another term for high blood pressure hypertension
a type of condition that lasts for a long time or keeps coming back chronic condition
when the body is unable to produce insulin type 1 diabetes
when the body is unable to use the insulin properly type 2 diabetes
a condition that causes seizures epilepsy
a chronic condition in which breathing becomes difficult asthma
a condition in which the body reacts to foods or other substances allergy

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Skeletal/Muscular System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the inner framework made up of all the bones of the body Skeleton
a soft tissue inside the bone that produces blood cells bone marrow
specialized connective tissue composed of osteocytes forming the skeleton bone
strong connective tissue that supports the body and is softer and more flexible than bone cartilage
place where two or more bones meet joint
A group of genetic diseases. They're caused by defective genes that are passed from parent to child. Muscular Dystrophy
Very common congenital disorder that affects the posture, balance and motor functions. Physical tasks become difficult because of this disorder. Cerebral Palsy
Shoulder muscles help in rotating the shoulder as well as move the hand in front and back. Structural strength for this joint is due to tendons of these muscles. Rotator Cuff Tear
It's degenerative and inflammatory in nature. It affects systemic connective tissue causing weakness and muscle atrophy. Polymyositis
It's a common disease of the bones. Approximately 10 million Americans have the disease, with at least three times more Americans at risk of developing it. Osteoporosis

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Circulatory System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

place where substances are exchanged between the blood and body cells capillaries
the liquid part of blood Plasma
a flap of tissue that prevents blood from flowing backward valve
bloodvessles that carry blood back to the heart veins
take up oxyhgen in the blood and deliver it to cells elsewhere in the body redbloodcells
the body's disease fighters whitebloodcells
consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood cardiovascular system
(singular) lower chambers of the heart ventricle
(singular) upper chambers of the heart atrium
the process by which molecules move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration diffusion
largest artery in the body aorta
a force exerted by blood against the walls of blood vessels blood pressure
the alternating expansion and relaxation of the artery walls pulse
a group of heart cells that sends out signals that make the heart muscle contract pacemaker
hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body heart
blood vessles that carry blood away from the heart arteries
iron-containing protein that binds chemically to oxygen molecules hemoglobin

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Endocrine System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

holds the eggs in women ovaries
understands body's biological time pineal
stimulates development to help prevent disease and only active until puberty thymus
known as master gland and sends signals to organs and other glands pituitary
holds the sperm in men testes
organ that regulates blood sugar pancreas
helps regulate metabolism, brain development, muscle control, calcium and more thyroid
causes bones to release calcium into the blood stream parathyroid
an organ that secretes chemical substances for use in the body gland
a substance to regulate blood sugar insulin
outer portion of a gland tht produces steroid hormones adrenal cortex
inner portion of a gland that synthesizes, stores and releases specific hormones adrenal medulla
These systems maintain conditions so homeostasis can happen and can be negative or positive feedbacksystem

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Endocrine System Disorders Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

a swelling of the neck resulting from enlargement of the thyroid gland. Goiter
when your adrenal glands are damaged, producing insufficient amounts of the hormone cortisol and often aldosterone as well. Addison's Diesease
which the adrenal gland(s) make too much aldosterone which leads to hypertension (high blood pressure) and low blood potassium levels. Hyperaldosteronism
is caused by problems arising from the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland, also called the hypophysis, is a gland at the base of the brain that produces many different hormones. Pituitary dwarfism
a disease in which the body’s ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin is impaired, resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated levels of glucose in the blood and urine. Hyperglycemia
seizure is a medical sign consisting of the involuntary contraction of muscles, which may be caused by disease or other conditions that increase the action potential frequency of muscle cells or the nerves that innervate them. Hypoparathyroidism
Rickets is the softening and weakening of bones in children, usually because of an extreme and prolonged vitamin D deficiency. Hyperparathyroidism
a condition of severely stunted physical and mental growth owing to untreated congenital deficiency of thyroid hormone Child Cretinism
usually result from a type of lung cancer, or by pituitary tumors Androgens
affects women much more frequently than men, and that the subjects are for the most part of middle age. Adult myxedema
A substance produced in one part of the body, especially in an endocrine gland, that has an effect on another part of the body, to which it is usually carried in the bloodstream. cortical Hormones
a hormone that stimulates growth in animal or plant cells, especially (in animals) a hormone secreted by the pituitary gland. Growth Hormone
the pituitary produces excessive amounts of GH. Acromegaly
a swelling of the neck and protrusion of the eyes resulting from an overactive thyroid gland. Graves Disease
deficiency of glucose in the bloodstream. Hypoglycemia
a disease in which the secretion of or response to the pituitary hormone vasopressin is impaired, resulting in the production of very large quantities of dilute urine, often with dehydration and insatiable thirst. Diabetes insipidus
A mood disorder characterized by depression that occurs at the same time every year. SAD
used illegally to increase muscle, decrease fat, and enhance athletic performance and body appearance. Steroid abuse
a genetic disorder that makes XY fetuses insensitive (unresponsive) to androgens (male hormones) TFS

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