Type
Crossword
Description

A substance injected to stimulate the production of antibodies. Vaccine
Surname of the father of Immunology. Jenner
Another word for vaccination. Inoculation
The skin is an example of this 'line' of defence. first
A type of white blood cell, second line of defence phagocyte
These are produced in the third line of defence. antibodies
A disease causing microorganism. Pathogen
These produce an immune response upon re-infection by the same microbe. memorycells
The name of the cow that gave the milkmaid cowpox. Blossom
Infectious disease caused by a virus that can cause paralysis. Polio
MMR is a vaccine against rubella, mumps, and what? Measles
Bacterial infection of the nervous system, enters through cuts and scratches. Tetanus
Secondary, typically undesirable effects of a drug or medical treatment. sideeffects
A disease that can be passed from one person to another. Communicable
Prokaryotic cell type that can cause disease. Bacteria
Infectious agent that can multiply in living cells. Virus

Vaccines Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Contains dead or inactive microorganisms. vaccine
The type of blood cell which fights infection. white
First disease prevented by a vaccine. smallpox
Doctor who developed first vaccine. Jenner
When the body is resistant to a disease. immune
Chemical made by blood cells to attack pathogens. antibody
Disease which affects cows and milk maids. cowpox
Organism which causes smallpox virus
An illness which makes us unwell. disease
Large outbreak of a disease in a country. epidemic

Microbes Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Microorganism
Semmelweis
Louis Pasteur
Alexander Fleming
Ciliated cell
Pathogen
Infection
Lymphocyte
Rubella
Measles
Mumps
Fungus
Disease
Vaccination
Immunity
Antibiotic
Antigen
Antibody
Phagocyte
Virus
Bacteria

Immune System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A substance the body cannot recognize, usually on living Antigen
A quick and general immune response you're born with IIR
A highly specific attack on a antigen or pathogen by the creation of antibodies AIR
A type of WBC that fights infection by swallowing pathogens Phagocyte
The movement of B cells to produce antibodies Mobilization
A sexually transmitted disease HIV
Swelling and redness at the site of infection Inflammation
Chemical released by the body in response to an injury or allergen Histamine
Specific particles created by the immune system to destroy specific disease causing invaders Antibodies
The action or process of recognizing foreign bodies Recognition
Any substance that causes an allergic reaction Allergen
A special version of auntie Jen that provides immunity against disease Vaccine
A disease that can be spread by contact with infected people animals water or food Infectious disease
Physical contact touching and infected individual including sexual contact direct contact
A severe allergic reaction that can result in swelling breathing difficulty and sometimes does Anaphylactic shock
The action or process of anti-bodies destroying pathogens Disposal
Third and order or level Tertiary
Blood cells that fight infection and prevent the growth of cancer White blood cells
Specialized white blood cells that fights diseases by talking antigens directly Killer tcells
Specialized White blood cells that fight diseases by activating the B-cells Helper t cells

viruses Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An infectionious particle made only out of a strand of DNA or RNA is known as what? virus
What produces disease? pathogen
What is an infectious particle that causes diseases in plants? viroid
What is an infectious particle made out of only proteins that can cause other proteins to fold incorrectly? prion
What is the protein shell around viruses called? capsid
What are viruses that infect bacteria? bacteriophages
What is the phage DNA inserted into the host cell’s DNA? prophage
What is the phage that combines its DNA with the host cells DNA? lysogenic infection
What is an infection pathway in which the host cell bursts? lytic infection
What is the most familiar cold? common cold
What is a rapid outbreak of an infection? epidemic
What substance stimulates the bodys immune response? vaccine
What is a virus that contains RNA and uses an enzyme to make a copy of DNA? retrovirus
What is a small piece of genetic material that can replicate seperatley from the main chromosome? plasmid
What is a long rope like structure outside of a cell that is used for movement? flagellum
What is it called when prokaryotes exchange parts of their chromosomes? conjugation
What is a specialized cell with a protected wall? endospore
What is the process that uses microbes to break down pollutants? bioremediation
What is a poison released by organisms? toxin
What is a chemical that kills or slows down the growth of bacteria? antibiotics

Chapter 5: Infection Control: Principles & Practices Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the abbreviation for Occupational Safety and Health Administration? OSHA
What sheet is required for chemical manufacturers and importers assess and communicate the potential hazards associated with their products? Safety Data Sheet
The _______ registers all types of disinfectants sold and used in the United States. EPA
_________ are one-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics. Bacteria
There are thousands of different kinds of bacteria that fall into two primary types: ___________ and nonpathogenic? pathogenic
Most bacteria are _______________; in other words, they are harmless organisms that may perform useful functions. nonpathogenic
___________ are harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body. Pathogenic
_______________ are pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning. streptococci
____________ are short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria. bacilli
When they reach their largest size, they divide into two new cells. This division is called _______ ___________. binary fission
___________ is a condition by which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection by showing redness, heat, pain, and swelling. inflammation
A ________ _________, such as a pimple or abscess, is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus. local infection
What organism can clients bring into the salon where it can infect others? The bacteria can be carried by clients who are unaware they are harboring a dangerous pathogen. MRSA
Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome is caused by the ____ virus. HIV
What is a submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism? virus
Some of the viruses that plague humans are measles, mumps, chicken pox, smallpox, rabies, yellow fever, hepatitis, polio, _________, and HIV (which causes AIDS). influenza
__________ are colonies of microorganisms that adhere to environmental surfaces, as well as the human body. Biofilms
The HIV virus is spread mainly through the sharing of _________ by IV drug users and by unprotected sexual contact. needles
What is a single-cell organism that grows in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts? fungi
What are organisms that grow, feed, and shelter in or in another organism, while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism? parasites
__________ is a contagious skin disease and is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin. scabies
_________ is the ability of the body to destroy, resist, and recognize infection. Immunity
_________ ___________ is immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation, or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed. acquired immunity
What is the process by which all microbial life is destoyed? sterilization
What is the process that eliminates most, but not necessarily all, microorganisms on nonporous surfaces? disinfection
Disinfectants must have ________ claims on the label. efficacy
Properly cleaned implements and tools, free from all visible debris, must be completely ___________ in disinfectant solution. immersed
All disinfectants are inactivated in the presence of many substances. It is _________ to use soap or a detergent first to thoroughly clean the equipment and remove all debris. Never mix detergents with disinfectants and always use in a well-ventilated area. critical
Quaternary ammonium compounds are also known as _______. quats
___________ disinfectants, known as tuberculoidal, are a form of formaldehyde. phenolic
Household bleach, a 5.25% sodium ___________, is an effective disinfectant and has used extensively as a disinfectant in the salon for large surfaces. hypochlorite

Diseases and Disorders Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Illnesses cause by many factors Disease
any agent that casues a disease pathogen
Prokaryotic organisms that cause infections Bacteria
Medicines that can be used as treatment for bacterial diseases Antibiotics
Nonliving things that attack cells and make them reproduce their illness Virus
Viruses inject their _____ for cells to reproduce and infect others DNA
Injections that can help prevent viral infections Vaccinations
Poisonous substances created by plants (poison ivy), animals (rattlesnakes), or improperly prepared or stored food Toxins
_________________ disorders are passed down from our parent's genes Genetic
Soaps and cleaners that prevent the spread of germs Disinfectants
Diseases that can be passed (caught) from person to person Communicable
Diseases that can't be caught (passed from person to person) Noncommunicable
Diseases that are easily passed from person to person Contagious
Protection from getting a disease Immunity
Proteins in our bodies that recognize pathogens and protect us from them antigens

Milady Chapter 5 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances. allergy
Chemical germicide formulated for use on skin; registered & regulated by the FDA Antiseptics
Immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation (such as flu vaccinations) or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen/cat dander/ragweed. Acquired immunity
Showing no symptoms/signs of infection. Asymptomatic
Short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, diphtheria. Bacilli
One-celled microorganisms that have both plant & animal characteristics. Some are harmful; some are harmless. Bacteria
Harmless microorganisms that may perform useful functions & are safe to come in contact w/ since they do not cause disease/harm NONPATHOGENIC
An item that is made/constructed of a material that has no pores/openings & cannot absorb liquids NONPOROUS
Illness resulting from conditions associated w/ employment, such as prolonged & repeated overexposure to certain products/ingredients OCCUPATIONALDISEASE
Bacteria capable of producing a protective coating that allows them to w/stand very harsh environments, & shed the coating when conditions become more favorable. BACTERIALSPORE
Capable of destroying bacteria BACTERICIDAL
The division of bacteria cells into 2 new cells called daughter cells BINARYFISSION
Colonies of bacteria that adhere together & adhere to environmental surfaces BIOFILMS
Disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood/body fluids, such as hepatitis & HIV BLOODBORNEPATHOGENS
chelating detergents; they break down stubborn films & remove the residue of pedicure products (scrubs/salts/masks) CHELATINGSOAPS
athlete's foot; medical term for fungal infections of the feet; red, itchy rash of the skin on the bottom of the feet &/or in between the toes, usually found between the 4th & 5th toe. TINEAPEDIS
Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses) TOXINS
Disinfectants that kill the bacteria that causes tuberculosis TUBERCULOCIDALDISINFECTANTS
A disease caused by bacteria that are transmitted through coughing/sneezing TUBERCULOSIS
Capable of destroying viruses VIRUCIDAL
A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects & resides in cells of biological organisms VIRUS
SP; precautions such as wearing personal protective equipment to prevent skin & mucous membranes where contact w/ a client's blood, body fluids, secretions (except sweat), excretions, non-intact skin, & mucous membranes is likely. Workers must assume that all blood & body fluids are potential sources of infection, regardless of the perceived risk. STANDARDPRECAUTIONS
Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes. They cause abscesses, pustules, and boils. STAPHYLOCOCCI
A mechanical process (scrubbing) using soap & water/detergent & water to remove all visible dirt, debris, & many disease-causing germs. Removes invisible debris that interfere w/ disinfection. Cosmetologists are required to do before disinfecting CLEAN
Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly (alone) or in groups. The 3 types are staphylococci, streptococci, & diplococci COCCI
communicable disease; disease that is spread from 1 person to another person. Some of the more contagious diseases are the common cold, ringworm, conjunctivitis (pinkeye), viral infections, &natural nail/toe & foot infections CONTAGIOUSDISEASE
The presence/reasonably anticipated presence, of blood/other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface/visible debris or residues (dust/hair/skin) CONTAMINATION
The removal of blood & all other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface, and the removal of visible debris/residue (dust, hair, & skin) DECONTAMINATION
Determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms &/or diagnostic tests. Federal regulations prohibit salon professionals from performing a diagnosis DIAGNOSIS
Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs & cause diseases such as pneumonia DIPLOCOCCI
Transmission of blood/body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, & talking DIRECTTRANSMISSION
An abnormal condition of all/part of the body/its systems/organs, which makes the body incapable of carrying on normal function DISEASE

Historical Figure Multi-genera Research Project- Edward Jenner Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Jenner first tested his vaccine successfully on a____ . Child
The translation of the Latin word vacca. cow
What disease did Jenner believe had a correlation with smallpox. cowpox
The time period the vaccine was made was the late___ century. eighteeneth
Jenner is sometimes referred to as the founder of___. IMMUNOLOGY
Another word for treating with a vaccine. INOCULATED
Jenner got the idea for creating the vaccine for small pox while observing____. milkmaids
Major accomplishment that influenced field of microbiology; discovered first_____. vaccine
Amount of time waited before re-injecting the test subject with part two of the vaccine was several ___. weeks
Jenner was an English scientist and a ______. physician

Chapter 28 Review Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The body's natural defenses against infection Immunity
Spread Transmission
A disease caused by organisms that enter and multiply within the human body Infectious disease
The smallest known type of infectious agent Virus
Organisms that live in or on another organism and derive nourishment from it Parasites
The process by which phagocytes engulf and destroy pathogens Phagocytosis
The soft, ski like lining of many parts of the body Mucous membrane
The chief type of phagocyte involved in the process of phagocytosis Neutrophils
Proteins that destroy or neutralize invading pathogens Antibodies
A highly contagious bacterial infection that most often affects the lungs Tuberculosis
A bacterial infection of the throat Strep throat
A serious inflammation of the lungs Pneumonia
German measles Rubella
A program whereby communities or other large populations are systematically made immune to a disease Immunization
A preparation based on a weakened or dead pathogen that provides immunity by causing the body to produce antibodies to the pathogen Vaccine
The temporary immunity that an infant acquired from its mother Passive immunity
Immunity your body develops to protect you from disease Active immunity

Microbiology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The study of microorganisms microbiology
An organism that cause disease pathogen
A food made with the help of bacteria yoghurt
microorganisms used in the brewing and baking industry yeast
A harmless dose of a disease causing microbe vaccination
A protein produced by white blood cells in response to an antigen Antibody
Resistant to a disease immune
a human disease caused by a fungus Athletes foot
A fungal disease which caused the Great Irish Famine Blight
An organism that lives in or on another living thing Parasite
A chemical which kills bacteria and fungi but not viruses Antibiotic
Organisms which feed on the dead remains of living things decomposers
The use of living things to make a product Biotechnology
A term used to describe things which can only be seen by a microscope Microscopic
Composed of only one cell Unicellular
Microorganisms are found here Everywhere
Free from microorganisms Sterile
A condition needed for the growth of microbes Water
A substance which contains food needed for the growth of microbes Nutrient Agar
How bacteria reproduce Binary Fission