Immunity Key Terms Crossword

Created
Jul 9, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

a chemical substance produced by a microorganism, which has the capacity to inhibit the growth of or to kill other microorganisms; antibiotics sufficiently nontoxic to the host are used in the treatment of infectious diseases. Antibiotic
killing microorganisms or suppressing their multiplication or growth. Antimicrobial
effective against viruses. Antiviral
an antibody formed in response to, and reacting against, an antigenic constituent of the individual's own tissues. Autoantibodies
narrowing of a bronchus as a result of smooth muscle contraction, as in asthma. Bronchoconstriction
A thin white opalescent fluid, the first milk secreted at the termination of pregnancy; it differs from the milk secreted later by containing more lactalbumin and lactoprotein; colostrum is also rich in antibodies that confer passive immunity to the newborn. Colostrum
Ehrlich's term for the thermolabile substance, normally present in serum, that is destructive to certain bacteria and other cells sensitized by a specific complement- fixing antibody. Complement
having destructive action on cells, usually only certain types of cells. Cytotoxic
any degenerative disease of the brain. Encephalopathy
redness of the skin caused by congestion of the capillaries in the lower layers of the skin. It occurs with any skin injury, infection, or inflammation. Erythema
the developing young in the uterus, specifically the unborn offspring in the postembryonic period, which in humans is from the third month after fertilization until birth. Fetus
any of a class of conjugated proteins consisting of a compound of protein with a carbohydrate group. Glycoprotein
deficiency of protein in the blood. Hypoproteinemia
A type of immune system cell that is found in the lining of the nasal passages and eyelids, displays a type of antibody called immunoglobulin type E (IgE) on its cell surface, and participates in the allergic response by releasing histamine from intracellular granules. Mast Cells
the largest of the white blood cells. They have one nucleus and a large amount of grayish-blue cytoplasm. Develop into macrophages and both consume foreign material and alert T cells to its presence. Monocytes
To undergo or cause to undergo mutation. Mutate
denoting a microorganism that does not ordinarily cause disease but becomes pathogenic under certain circumstances. Opportunistic
an organ characteristic of true mammals during pregnancy, joining mother and offspring, providing endocrine secretion and selective exchange of soluble bloodborne substances through apposition of uterine and trophoblastic vascularized parts. Placenta
an agent that tends to ward off disease. Prophylactic
A tingling or faintly burning skin sensation that prompts a person to rub or scratch; an itch. It may be a symptom of a disease such as hyperbilirubinemia, an allergic response, or an insect bite. Pruritic
the process of duplicating or reproducing, as replication of an exact copy of a polynucleotide strand of DNA or RNA. Replication
any member of a large family of RNA viruses that includes the lentiviruses and certain oncoviruses, given this name because they carry reverse transcriptase. Retrovirus
is the surgical removal of the spleen, which is an organ that is part of the lymphatic system. Splenectomy
Pluripotential progenitor cells from which a whole class of cells differentiate. Stem Cells
a ductless gland lying in the upper mediastinum beneath the sternum; it reaches its maximum development during puberty and continues to play an immunologic role throughout life, even though its function declines with age. Thymus
the quantity of a substance required to react with or to correspond to a given amount of another substance. Titer
a small bladder or sac containing liquid. Vesicles

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More Crosswords, Word Searches, and Puzzles

Immune System Crossword

Created
Apr 3, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What is immunity achieved when the body makes antibodies against antigen? active immunity
Antibodies produced by plasma cells in response to antigenic stimulation? immunoglobulins
This is a group of cells that come from a single cell; genetically identical. clone
It is the ability to resist and overcome injury by pathogens or antigenic substances. immunity
What is a macromolecule that elicits an immune response by lymphocytes? antigen
It is an enlarged monocyte that eats foreign material. macrophages
A short-acting immunity achieved when the person is given antibodies mad by another. passive immunity
group of proteins in the blood that are concerned with phagocytosis compliment proteins
It is antigens that have been altered in order to produce active immunity without causing the disease. vaccine
What are substances that react with a specific antigen? antibodies
What is the eating of pathogens or cellular debris? phagocytes
A foreign substance or antigen that stimulates an allergic reaction? allergen
It is immunity against one’s own tissue. autoimmunity
The body’s response to infection or injury. inflammation
Lymphocytes that engage in antibody-mediated immunity. B Lymphocytes
It is a group of proteins in the blood that are concerned with phagocytosis. complement proteins
They are substances produced by a virus-infected cell. interferons
A type of lymphocyte that engages in cell-mediated immunity. T Lymphocytes

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The Immune System Crossword

Created
Dec 17, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The body's first line of defense against pathogens. Skin
A cell that identifies pathogens and distinguishes different pathogens from each other. TCell
The molecules that the immune system recongnizes as either part of the body or coming from outside the body. Antigens
Lymphocytes that produce proteins that help destroy pathogens. BCell
The proteins produced by B Cells. Antibodies
The body's ability to destroy pathogens before they can cause disease. Immunity
The process by which harmless antigens are purposefully introduced to a person's body to produce active immunity. Vaccination
A chemical that kills bacteria or slows their growth without harming cells. Antibiotic
A disorder in which the immune system is overly sensitive to a foreign substance. Allergy
A disorder in which respiratory passages narrow significantly. Asthma
An imbalance or misuse of insulin in the body. Diabetes

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Basic Immunology Crossword

Created
Sep 9, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

acquired immunity adaptive
acronym for set of genes that play role in adaptive immunity mhc
study of immune system immunology
chemical substance that binds to antigen to increase rate of action of phagocytes opsonin
antibody involved in allergic reactions IgE
small group of proteins that regulate cells involved in immune response cytokines
chemical composition of an antibody protein
series of natural producing proteins that enhance host defense mechanisms complement
process where cell leaves blood vessel into tissue diapedesis
primary granulocytic phagocyte neutrophil
process by which cells that eat other cells phagocytosis
antigenic marker or determinant found on antigens epitope
antibody immunoglobulin
acute phase protein involved in clotting fibrinogen
C1 of complement pathway is referred to as the __ unit recognition
complement pathway that is also called the properdin pathway alternate
immunity that is in place at birth innate
antibody that can cross the placenta IgG
antigen immunogen
purified antibodies cloned from single cell monoclonal
binding strength between antibody and antigen avidity
white blood cell involved in cellular immunity lymphocyte
cytokine that interfers with viral replication in a cell interferon
type of cell that produces antibodies plasma
cytokine found in leukocytes interleukin
acute phase protein that transports copper ceruloplasmin
differentiated monocyte in tissue involved in phagocytosis macrophage
initial force of attraction between antibody and antigen affinity
acute phase protein that binds irreversibly with free hemoglobin haptoglobin
antibody found in secretions IgA
largest antibody IgM
type of adaptive immunity involving B lymphocytes humoral

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Chapter 21 Vocabulary Crossword

Created
May 3, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Are caused by organisms or viruses that enter and multiply within the human body Infectious Diseases
An organism that is so small it can only be seen through a microscope Microorganism
A microorganism or virus that causes disease Pathogen
Simple, single-celled microorganisms Bacteria
A poison given off by some bacteria that can injure cells Toxin
The smallest type of pathogen Virus
Organisms such as yeasts, molds, and mushrooms that grow best in warm, dark, moist areas Fungi
A large and complex single-celled organism Protozoan
The protective lining that covers any opening into the body Mucous Membrane
The body's general response to all kinds of injuries Inflammation
A type of white blood cell that engulfs and destroys pathogens Phagocyte
The body's most sophisticated defense against pathogens Immune System
A type of white blood cell that carries out functions of the immune system Lymphocyte
The body's ability to destroy a pathogen that it has previously encountered before the pathogen is able to cause disease Immunity
A type of lymphocyte that helps the immune system destroy pathogens T Cell
A lymphocyte that produces antibodies B Cell
A protein that attaches to the surface of pathogens Antibody
A network of vessels that collect fluid from body tissues Lymphatic System
An injection that causes the body to become immune to a disease Immunization
A substance containing small amounts of dead or modified pathogens Vaccine
A drug that inhibits or kills bacteria Antibiotic
An unusually high occurrence of a disease Epidemic
An infectious disease that has become more common within the last 20 years Emerging Disease

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Microbiology Crossword

Created
Mar 22, 2017
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The study of microorganisms microbiology
An organism that cause disease pathogen
A food made with the help of bacteria yoghurt
microorganisms used in the brewing and baking industry yeast
A harmless dose of a disease causing microbe vaccination
A protein produced by white blood cells in response to an antigen Antibody
Resistant to a disease immune
a human disease caused by a fungus Athletes foot
A fungal disease which caused the Great Irish Famine Blight
An organism that lives in or on another living thing Parasite
A chemical which kills bacteria and fungi but not viruses Antibiotic
Organisms which feed on the dead remains of living things decomposers
The use of living things to make a product Biotechnology
A term used to describe things which can only be seen by a microscope Microscopic
Composed of only one cell Unicellular
Microorganisms are found here Everywhere
Free from microorganisms Sterile
A condition needed for the growth of microbes Water
A substance which contains food needed for the growth of microbes Nutrient Agar
How bacteria reproduce Binary Fission

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HIV/AIDS crossword puzzle

Created
Mar 7, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A substance, also called an antigen, capable of provoking an immune response IMMUNOGEN
Molecules in the blood or secretory fluids that tag, destroy or neutralize bacteria, viruses or other harmful toxins ANTIBODIES
A substance that, when introduced into the body, is capable of inducing the production of a specific antibody ANTIGEN
Cellular suicide, also known as programmed cell death APOPTOSIS
Usually used in AIDS literature to describe a person who has a positive reaction to one of several tests for HIV antibodies, but who shows no clinical symptoms of the disease. ASYMPTOMATIC
Any infectious disease capable of being transmitted by casual contact from one person to another CONTAGIOUS
A protein found in muscles and blood, and excreted by the kidneys in the urine.The level provides a measure of kidney function. CREATININE
The period when an organism (i.e., a virus or a bacterium) is in the body and not producing any ill effects Latency
All white blood cells LEUKOCYTES
Any perceptible, subjective change in the body or its functions that indicates disease or phases of disease, as reported by the patient. SYMPTOMS
Development of detectable antibodies to HIV in the blood as a result of infection with HIV Seroconversion
Any substance or process that destroys a virus or suppresses its ability to reproduce Antiviral
A prolonged, lingering or recurring state of disease Chronic
How well a drug works Efficacy
The presence of virus in the bloodstream VIREMIA

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Immune System Crossword

Created
Dec 13, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A substance the body cannot recognize, usually on living Antigen
A quick and general immune response you're born with IIR
A highly specific attack on a antigen or pathogen by the creation of antibodies AIR
A type of WBC that fights infection by swallowing pathogens Phagocyte
The movement of B cells to produce antibodies Mobilization
A sexually transmitted disease HIV
Swelling and redness at the site of infection Inflammation
Chemical released by the body in response to an injury or allergen Histamine
Specific particles created by the immune system to destroy specific disease causing invaders Antibodies
The action or process of recognizing foreign bodies Recognition
Any substance that causes an allergic reaction Allergen
A special version of auntie Jen that provides immunity against disease Vaccine
A disease that can be spread by contact with infected people animals water or food Infectious disease
Physical contact touching and infected individual including sexual contact direct contact
A severe allergic reaction that can result in swelling breathing difficulty and sometimes does Anaphylactic shock
The action or process of anti-bodies destroying pathogens Disposal
Third and order or level Tertiary
Blood cells that fight infection and prevent the growth of cancer White blood cells
Specialized white blood cells that fights diseases by talking antigens directly Killer tcells
Specialized White blood cells that fight diseases by activating the B-cells Helper t cells

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Milady 2016 Chapter 5 Infection Control: Principles & Practices Crossword

Created
Nov 1, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

One-celled microorganisms having both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful and some are harmless Bacteria
Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, and talking. Direct Transmission
Single-cell organisms that grow in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts. Fungi
Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object, such as a razor, extractor, nipper, or an environmental surface. Indirect Transmission
Invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens. Infection
Nonscientific synonym for disease-producing organisms. Germs
Any organism of microscopic to submicroscopic size. Microorganism
Harmful microorganisms that enter the body and can cause disease. Pathogens
Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism (referred to as the host) while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism. Parasites
Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses). Toxins
A submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms. Virus
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances. Allergy
A disease that is spread from one person to another person. Contagious Disease
The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residues such as dust, hair, and skin. Contamination
Condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection. Inflammation

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The Immune System Crossword

Created
Mar 16, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

while many medical advances have been made to safeguard against infection by. pathogens
pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses are caused by. infectious diseases
To function properly, this must detect a wide variety of agents, known as pathogens. immune system
These mechanisms include physical barriers such as skin, chemicals in the blood is. innate immune response
a localized physical condition in which part of the body becomes reddened, swollen, hot, and often painful. inflammation
less technical term for leukocyte. white blood cells
a type of cell within the body capable of engulfing. phagocytes
a lymphocyte not processed by the thymus gland. b cells
a blood protein produced in response to and counteracting. antibodies
a lymphocyte of a type produced or processed by the thymus. t cells
the immunity that results from the production of antibodies by the immune system. active immunity
These antigens are different from those on the surface of bacteria. a i r

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Chapter 5: Infection Control: Principles & Practices Crossword

Created
Sep 18, 2017
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What is the abbreviation for Occupational Safety and Health Administration? OSHA
What sheet is required for chemical manufacturers and importers assess and communicate the potential hazards associated with their products? Safety Data Sheet
The _______ registers all types of disinfectants sold and used in the United States. EPA
_________ are one-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics. Bacteria
There are thousands of different kinds of bacteria that fall into two primary types: ___________ and nonpathogenic? pathogenic
Most bacteria are _______________; in other words, they are harmless organisms that may perform useful functions. nonpathogenic
___________ are harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body. Pathogenic
_______________ are pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning. streptococci
____________ are short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria. bacilli
When they reach their largest size, they divide into two new cells. This division is called _______ ___________. binary fission
___________ is a condition by which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection by showing redness, heat, pain, and swelling. inflammation
A ________ _________, such as a pimple or abscess, is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus. local infection
What organism can clients bring into the salon where it can infect others? The bacteria can be carried by clients who are unaware they are harboring a dangerous pathogen. MRSA
Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome is caused by the ____ virus. HIV
What is a submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism? virus
Some of the viruses that plague humans are measles, mumps, chicken pox, smallpox, rabies, yellow fever, hepatitis, polio, _________, and HIV (which causes AIDS). influenza
__________ are colonies of microorganisms that adhere to environmental surfaces, as well as the human body. Biofilms
The HIV virus is spread mainly through the sharing of _________ by IV drug users and by unprotected sexual contact. needles
What is a single-cell organism that grows in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts? fungi
What are organisms that grow, feed, and shelter in or in another organism, while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism? parasites
__________ is a contagious skin disease and is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin. scabies
_________ is the ability of the body to destroy, resist, and recognize infection. Immunity
_________ ___________ is immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation, or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed. acquired immunity
What is the process by which all microbial life is destoyed? sterilization
What is the process that eliminates most, but not necessarily all, microorganisms on nonporous surfaces? disinfection
Disinfectants must have ________ claims on the label. efficacy
Properly cleaned implements and tools, free from all visible debris, must be completely ___________ in disinfectant solution. immersed
All disinfectants are inactivated in the presence of many substances. It is _________ to use soap or a detergent first to thoroughly clean the equipment and remove all debris. Never mix detergents with disinfectants and always use in a well-ventilated area. critical
Quaternary ammonium compounds are also known as _______. quats
___________ disinfectants, known as tuberculoidal, are a form of formaldehyde. phenolic
Household bleach, a 5.25% sodium ___________, is an effective disinfectant and has used extensively as a disinfectant in the salon for large surfaces. hypochlorite

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