Type
Crossword
Description

the first step in starting a farm when the crop to be grown has already been decided. Site selection
unwanted plants which grown along the useful crops Weeds
when soil is scraped up and heaped around the base of a plant to form a small mound using a hoe or trowel Moulding
any type of material that is spread or laid over the surface of the soil as a covering Mulch
the method in which a controlled amount of water is supplied to plants at regular intervals for agriculture Irrigation
used to improve production by restoring nutrients to your soil. It makes fields more productive. Fertilizer
the ability of a soil to sustain agricultural plant growth, i.e. to provide plant habitat and result in sustained and consistent yields of high quality. Soil fertility
a natural medium for plant growth and it supplies nutrients to plants. soil
organic material that forms in soil when plant and animal matter decays. Humus
the ability of the soil to supply essential plant nutrients and soil water in adequate amounts and proportions for plant growth and reproduction. Soil Fertility
the process of removing trees, stumps, brush, stones and other obstacles from an area of land Land Clearing
The process of loosening and turning of the soil ploughing
the process of planting seeds Sowing
the shape and rise of the land surface Topography
the distance between seeds in a given row and the distance between rows planting distance

Agriscience Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

All jobs relating in some way to plants, animals, and renewable natural resources Agriscience
Activities concerned with the production of plants and animals, and the related supplies, services, mechanics, products, processing, and marketing Agriculture
Commercial firms that have developed with or stem out of agriculture Agribusiness
Application of science to an industrial or commercial objective Technology
Raising of finfish, shellfish, and other aquatic animals under controlled conditions. Aquaculture
Application of enginerring principles in agricultural settings. AgEngineering
Use of modern principles and practices in animal growth and management. AnimalScienceTech
Use of modern principles in growing and managing crops CropScience
The study of the properties and management of soil to grow plants. SoilScience
Use of cells or components of cells to produce products or processes. Biotechnology
Abreviation for pest control program based on multiple-control practices. IPM
Food that has been grown wthout the use of certain chemical pesticides. OrganicFood
All aspects of water conservation and management. WaterResources
Space and mass around us. Environment
The turfgrass plant and soil immediately below it. Turf
Basic science of the plant and the animal kingdoms. Biology
Science dealing with the characteristics of elements or simple substances. Chemistry
Chemistry as it applies to living matter. Biochemistry
Science of insect life. Entomology
Science of soils and field crops. Agronomy
The science of producing, processing, and marketing fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants. Horticulture
Plants used for their appearance. Ornamentals
Animal growth, care, and management. AnimalSciences
Management of agricultural resources, including farms and agribusinesses. AgEconomics
Teaching and program management in agriculture AgEducation
Type of resources provided by nature that can replace themselves. Renewable

Soil and Agriculture Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Tool used to determine soil texture SOILTRIANGLE
_______ is parallel to the crust and is made up of layers SOILHORIZON
Method of farming used on the sides of mountains to increase amount of crops grown TERRACING
_____ is the process of removing trees from a habitat DEFORESTATION
Caused by excessive rain or over cropping SOILEROSION
Chemicals used to kill any insects trying to eat crops INSECTICIDES
Man made crops designed to produce more food (controversial) GMOS
_________ are used to stop the growth of fungus and bacteria in crops FUNGICIDE
Fences or trees strategically placed to stop the flow of wind are called WINDBREAKS
Plowing along the contours of land to prevent erosion CONTOURPLOWING
_______ is the process of changing crops yearly to maintain nutrients in the soil CROPROTATION
_______ happens with water forces fertilizer from its original position FERTILIZERRUNOFF
When crops do no receive the nutrition UNDERNUTRITION
Revolution that recently occurred that brought GMOS to the market GREENREVOLUTION
Process of which water completely fill an area WATERLOGGING
the layer of untouched rock located above the bedrock RIGOLITH
Very top layer of the soil horizon OHORIZON
Second layer from the top layer of soil AHORIZON
Lowest layer of all the soil horizons CHORIZON
The growing of one type of crop in a given area MONOCULTURE

Agriculture Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Any plant whose fruit, seed etc are used for food. Vegetable
Provide starch and make French fries Potato
a cultivated plant that is grown as food, especially a grain, fruit, or vegetable. Crops
A type of wheat used mainly for macaroni. Durum
The science or practice of farming, cultivation of soils & rearing of animals for food Agriculture
A powerful, motor-driven machine used to pull implements and do other work on the farm. tractor
The product of any of a variety of perennial crops, typically grasses that can be used as feed for ruminant animals. Hay
a cereal plant that is the most important kind grown in temperate countries, the grain of which is ground to make flour for bread, pasta, pastry, etc. Wheat
An animal kept to produce milk or beef. Cows
Type of gardening tool. Hoe
A person who owns or manages a farm. Farmer
A male sheep. Ram
This oil is used for healthy cooking and baking. Canola
Takes care of bees. Beekeeper
An expert who can give advice on crops and soils Agronomist

The Agricultural Revolution Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

One of the main drawbacks in agriculture before the revolution was Crop rotation
Farmers did not have fertiliser
one field in three left empty meant it was fallow
leaving fields empty allowed soil to regain nutrients
the agricultural reformist that invented the four crop rotation system Charles townshend
the four-crop rotation system allowed this nutrient to be replaced in the soil nitrogen
The four-crop rotation system is also known as the norfolk system
up to the 1730's cattle were often slaughtered in the winter because of lack of food, also known as fodder
with more food available, the number of farm animals increased
surrounding the fields fences and hedges prevented the spread of disease
More animals grazing the land meant more ' ' fertilized the soil droppings
better fertilized soil meant an increase in cropyield
This invention allowed seeds to be sewn in straight lines with no waste seed drill
In 1834, Cyrus McCormick invented a mechanical reaper
new machinery still had to be pulled by horse
an increase in the size of animals meant this food source was more readily available meat
the changes that took place meant that fewer workers were needed to work in agriculture
those displaced by less labor available moved to industrial towns
Greater amounts of ' ' in Britain led to an increase in population freshfood
The process by which the largest animals on a farm were mated to produce offspring selective breeding
surrounding fields with fences meant the fields were now enclosed

Weathering and Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What type of weathering breaks smaller pieces of rock from larger pieces Mechanical
What type of weathering slowly dissolves rock chemical
What is the process in which wind, water, gravity transport soil? Erosion
When farmers change crops to protect nutrient depletion. Crop rotation
When farmers grow a crop between seasons to prevent erosion. cover crop
Creating a series of steps so that farming can occur on a steep hill Terracing
Leaving the previous season's stalks behind to prevent erosion. no till
Refers to the pore space in soil taken up by water or oxygen porosity
Water dissolves and carries nutrients in topsoil to lower layers leaching
The top layer of soil topsoil
The most fertile section of topsoil humus
The layer of rock beneath soil layers bedrock
When water in the air causes chemical change oxidation
Repeated freezing and thawing in cracks of rock ice wedging
Type of weathering in which harder rock weathers less than softer rock differential
When limestone is dissolved underground, you get a... cave
When pollution and rain weather together. acid rain
Grinding away of rock abrasion
Agent of mechanical weathering wind
Agent of chemical weathering water
Living agent of mechanical weathering plants
Rock that is the source of the fragments parent rock
Protecting soil from nutrient loss or erosion soil conservation
When water slows and drops sediment deposition
Deposition that occurs as a body of water slows to flow into another delta
Sediment deposits here when a river overflows its banks (pg.318) floodplain
a fan-shaped deposion on land alluvial fan
As a mountain ages, its peaks become (rounder/sharper) rounder

Farming Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Food
USDA
Green Revolution
Pesticides
Precision Farming
Production
Meat Farms
Fish Farms
Commercial Farm
Subsistence Farm
Harvesting
Livestock
Sheep Husbandry
Sericulture
Poultry Farming
Pig Farming
Organic
Orchadry
Integrated
Dairy
Contract
Aquaculure
Alligator
Compost
Crop Rotation
Fields
GMO
Agribusiness
Crops
Fertile Crescent
Farmers
Planting
Seeds
Farming
Agriculture
Soil System

Unit 5: Food Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

planting rows of trees at wide spacing Alley cropping
capable of producing crops; suitable for farming; suited to the plow and for tillage arable land
units of energy Calories
The main types of nutrients Carbohydrates
yellow, red, or bluish-gray in color and often forming an impermeable layer in the soil. Clay
the practice of tilling sloped land along lines of consistent elevation contour farming
process in which fertile land becomes desert Desertification
Process of eroding or eroded by wind Erosion
scarcity of food famine
a farm on which large numbers of livestock are raised indoors factory farming
organic component of soil Humus
watering of land to make it ready for agriculture irrigation
any one of various substances that contain fat lipids
soil that is good for growing plants loam
cutting and preparing the timber logging
substance required in relatively large amounts by living organisms Macronutrients
lack of protein nutrition Malnutrition
substance required in trace amount for normal growth micronutrients
a way of growing crops No Till Farming
matter composed of organic compounds coming from remains of organisms Organic matter
Letting livestock graze land so heavily that the soil loses fertility Overgrazing
destructive insect Pest
chemical substance produced and released into the environment by an animal Pheromones
A substance found in foods that are important to human diets Proteins
the draining of water Runoff
A build up of salt in soil Salinization
fine sand, clay silt
the growing of a cultivated crop Strip cropping
extracting minerals near the surface of the Earth Surface mining
reduces erosion on steep by cutting ridges Terracing
top layer of soil Topsoil

Agriscience Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Uses a variety of controls, such as mechanical, cultural, biological, and chemical, to prevent pest damage. PestManagement
The management of wooded areas for wood and pulp production and the care of wooded areas for recreation, wildlife, and water. forestry
Focuses on the production of crops in fields, such a grain, forage, and fiber crops. Agronomy
Focuses on the production of crops on a small scale with many inputs. Horticulture
Any element that is essential for a plant's growth, development, or reproduction. Nutrients
This has an impact on plant blooming and on formation of parts. Light
The combination of mineral particles, dead plants and animals, water, air, and living organisms required for plant growth. Soil
This is important in two areas of plant life: soil and the surrounding air. Temperature
This is in every plant cell and tissue. It carries nutrients and chemicals through the plant. Water
The process by which a seed starts to grow. Germination
The reproductive structure that will become a new plant. Seed
Chemical process that converts water and carbon dioxide to glucose sugar and oxygen. Photosynthesis
Xylem and phloem together make this up of a plant. Vascularsystem
Tissue that carries plant products, such as glucose, from production sites to other parts of the plant. Phloem
Tissue that carries water and minerals from the root hairs throughout the plant. Xylem
Vegetative part of the plant that supports the leaves, buds, and other organs. Stem
A plant that has only one seed leaf when it emerges from the soil. Monocot
A plant that has two seed leaves when it emerges from the soil. Dicot
Vegetative part of the plant that grows primarily underground. Root
The length of time it takes for a plant to complete life from germination to death. lifecycle
Completes its entire life cycle in a single growing season. annual
Completes its life cycle in two growing seasons. Biennial
Requires three or more growing seasons to complete the life cycle. Perennial
Completes most of its life cycle in a year, but the winter is included. winterannual
Growing crops and raising animals to meet the needs of people. Agriculture

Soil Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Occurs when chemical reactions dissolve the minerals in rocks or change them into different minerals Chemical Weathering
average weather pattern in an area over a long period of time; can be classified by temperature, humidity, precipitation, and vegetation Climate
planting along the natural contours of the land to reduce soil erosion Contour farming
each layer in a soil profile horizon A (top layer of soil), horizon B (middle layer) and horizon C (bottom layer) Horizon
dark-colored, decayed organic matter that supplies nutrients to plants and is found mainly in topsoil. Humus
mechanical weathering process that occurs when water freezes in the cracks of rocks and expands, causing the rock to break apart. Ice wedging
removal of minerals that have been dissolved in water Leaching
twigs, leaves, and other organic matter that help prevent erosion and hold water and may eventually be changed into humus by decomposing organisms Litter
physical processes that break rock apart without changing its chemical makeup; can be caused by ice wedging, animals, and plant roots Mechanical weathering
method for reducing soil erosion; plant stalks are left in the field after harvesting and the next year’s crop is planted within the stalks without plowing No-till farming
chemical weathering process that occurs when some minerals are exposed to oxygen and water over time Oxidation
mixture of weathered rock and mineral fragments, decayed organic matter, mineral fragments, water, and air that can take thousands of years to develop. Soil
vertical section of soil layers, each of which is a horizon Soil profile
farming method used to reduce erosion on steep slopes Terracing
mechanical or chemical surface processes that break rock into smaller and smaller pieces Weathering

Agri-ology crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

genetically modified organism GMO
Plural form of biofuel. biofuels
Cure or preserve(meat or fish) by exposure to smoke smoking
what is the Top layer of soil top soil
A glass building in witch plants are grown that need protection from cold weather greenhouse
The ability to be maintained at a certain rate or level sustainability
Also called alchohol,ethyl alcohol ethanol
Drugs that cover a broad range of infections antibiotics
A biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment ecosystem
Method of preserving food, sealed inn a airtight container canning
cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products agriculture
water leaving farm fields because of rain, melted snow, or irrigation. As runoff moves, it picks up and carries pollution, which it can deposit into ponds, lakes, coastal waters, and underground sources of drinking water. agriculture runoff
the science of breeding and caring for farm animals. animal husbandry
traditionally contrasted with pasturage lands such as heaths arable land
the variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat or ecosystem. biodiversity
procedures intended to protect humans or animals against disease or harmful biological agents biosecurity
labeling term that indicates that the food or other agricultural product has been produced through approved methods. certified organic
making a exact copy of cloning
the action of rotating around an axis or center. crop rotation
the process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or other natural agents. erosion
food for the plants, cow waste fertilizer
chemical compound with the chemical formula CH₄. It is a group 14 hydride and the simplest alkane, and is the main constitue methane
the cultivation of a single crop in a given area. monoculture
the job of supervising or taking care of something, such as an organization or property stewardship
preserve (food or other perishable items) in vinegar, brine, or a similar solution. pickling
also known as artificial selection, is a process used by humans to develop new organisms with desirable characteristics selectivebreeding
an even-toed ungulate mammal that chews the cud regurgitated from its rumen. The ruminants comprise the cattle, sheep,etc ruminant
a substance used for destroying insects or other organisms harmful to cultivated plants or to animals. pesticide
not consisting of or deriving from living matter. nonorganic
a way of growing crops or pasture from year to year without disturbing the soil through tillage. notillfarming
an area of coastal land that is regularly covered by the tide. SALTING
the deliberate modification of the characteristics of an organism by manipulating its genetic material. genetic engineering
containing genetic material that has been artificially altered so as to produce a desired characteristic. geneticmodification
a substance that is toxic to plants and is used to destroy unwanted vegetation. herbicide
a regulatory substance produced in an organism and transported in tissue fluids such as blood or sap to stimulate specific cells or tissues into action. hormone
the process or fact of irradiating or being irradiated irradiation
the supply of water to land or crops to help growth, typically by means of channels irrigation