Type
Word Search
Description

hvl
discreteemissionspectrum
remnantbeam
primarybeam
penetration
filtration
characteristiccascade
bremsinteractions
beamquantity
beamquality

X RAY TUBE & PRODUCTION Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

ANODE
BEAMQUALITY
BEAMQUANTITY
Bearing
Beryllium
BONYARD
bremsinteractions
CATHODE
characteristiccascade
Circuit
CRYSTAL
discreteemissionspectrum
ELECTRONBEAM
ELIZABETH
Envelope
FILAMENT
FILTRATION
FOCUSINGCUP
Housing
HVL
JAIME
JOHNSON WALTER
KOTUN
LASHE
Leakage
Linefocusprinciple
Molybdenum
NICKEL
penetration
PRIMARYBEAM
Protective housing
REMNANTBEAM
REYES
STATOR
TARGET
TAYLOR
Tungsten
Vacuum
WINDOW

Chapter 6 X-Ray Production Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The penetrating power of the x-ray beam quality
The total # of x-ray photons in the primary beam quantity
Interaction between nucleus of target atom where electron slows down and changes direction brems
Interaction between filament electron and orbital electron of target atom, which may be removed from orbit creating a vacancy characteristic
Effect caused by outer shell electrons filling inner shell vacancies cascade
Graph of emission spectrum representing the range of energy of brems x-ray production continuous
Graph of emission spectrum representing energy levels of characteristic x-ray production discrete
Necessary thickness of material to reduce beam energy to 1/2 its original intensity, measures quality HVL
Intensity of beam is inversely proportional to the square of distance from the source (an equation) inverse square law
Beam as it is when exiting the tube and exposing the patient primary
Beam remaining after interaction w/ the patient and exiting to expose the IR remnant
Result of 99% of interactions in the anode target heat
Increasing this will increase quantity and quality of x-ray beam kVp
Increasing this increases quantity of beam but has no effect on quality mA

Radiology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The energy or penetrating ability of the x-ray beam. Quality
The number of x-ray photons in the beam. Quantity
The product of the quantity and quality per unit of area per unit of time of exposure. Intensity
Regulates the temperature of the cathode filament. Milliamperage
The interval of time during which x-rays are produced. Exposure time
The overall darkness or blackness of an image. Density
How sharply dark and light areas differentiated or separated on an image. Contrast
Radiographic image that appears larger than the actual size of the object it represents. Magnification
A radiographic image that varies in the true size and shape of the object being radiographed. Distortion
The capability of the receptor to reproduce the distinct outlines of an object. Sharpness
Peak voltage applied to the x-ray tube that determines the highest energy of x-ray photon. kVp

Chapter 38 and 39 Vocabulary Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

radiation protection concept meaning, "As Low as Reasonably Achievable" ALARA
The positive electron in the x-ray tube Anode
basic unit of matter Atom
The negative electrode in the x-ray tube Cathode
x-rays at the center of the beam. Central Ray
difference in degrees of blackness on an image contrast
The portion of the x-ray unit that contains the master switch, indicator light, selection buttons, and the exposure button. control panel
the overall darkness or blackness of an image density
the process of recording images of the teeth and adjacent structures by exposure to x-radiation dental radiography
a filmless method of capturing an image and displaying it by using an image receptor, an electronic signal, and a computer to process and store the image. digital imaging
change in the size of an image caused by incorrect vertical angulation distortion
the amount of energy absorbed by tissues dose (of radiation)
a device used to detect and measure an accumulated dosage of radiation dosimeter
a negatively charged particle in the atom electron
the ability to do work energy
flexible arm that is attached to the x-ray tubehead extension arm
effect of radiation that are passed on to future generations through genetic cells genetic effects
film based or digitally produced recordings of anatomic structures image
a recording medium (or device) for an image, normally film, phosphor storage plate (PSP), or a digital sensor. image receptor
the total energy of the x-ray beam intensity
an electrically charged particle ion
process by which electrons are removed from atoms, causing the harmful effects of radiation in humans. ionization
highest voltage of x-ray tube used during exposure kilovoltage peak
time between exposure to ionizing radiation and the appearance of symptoms latent period
device used to protect the reproductive and blood-forming tissues from scatter radiation lead apron
the proportional enlargement of an image Magnification
anything that occupies space and has form or shape matter
one one-thousandth (1/1000) of an ampere; a unit of measurement used to describe the intensity of an electrical current. milliampere
the blurred or indistinct area that surrounds an image penumbra
a minute (tiny) bundle of pure energy that has no weight or mass photon
the most penetrating beam produced at the target of the anode Primary beam
the mean energy or penetrating ability of the x-ray beam. quality

X-RAY Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

copperstem
tungstentarget
centralray
electroncloud
port
filter
xrays
anode
window
xray
highvoletagetranformer
vacuum
pid
filament
collimator
oil
lowvoltagetransformer
primarybeam
tube head
radiator
cathode
focusing cup

Radiation Characteristics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

controls the quality or wavelength of the x-ray beam kVp
regulates the temperature of the cathode filament milliamperage
is the interval of time during which x-rays are produced exposuretime
refers to how sharply dark and light areas are differentiated on an image contrast
is used to describe the mean energy or penetrating ability of the x-ray beam quality
refers to the number of x-rays produced in the dental x-ray unit quantity
is the overall darkness or blackness of an image density
is the product of the quantity and quality per unit of area per unit of time of exposure intensity
refers to the variation of the true size and shape of the object being imaged distortion
results from the divergent paths of the x-ray beam as they radiate from the focal spot magnification
refers to the capability of the receptor to reproduce the distinct outline of an object sharpness

X-ray Beam & Discovery Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Ability of phosphors to emit visible light when stimulated by energy Fluorescence
X-rays are electrically _________ neutral
Most type of energy during x-ray production Heat
X-ray beam is_________ Polyenergetic
Range and intensity of x-rays emitted Emission Spectrum
Skin reddening as a result of radiation exposure Erythema
Common filter used in the x-ray beam Aluminum
Invention of the fluoroscope Edison
Is changed when changing the filament current Tube Current
Filtration in the path of the x-ray beam Aluminum
X-rays are a type of this radiation Electromagnetic
Part of tube angled between 5 and 20 degrees Target
X-ray energy is measured in _____ volts kiloelectron
One of the three cardinal principles of radiation Distance
_________ energy is transferred to the tungsten atom during x-ray production Kinetic

Engineer Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Makes planes and space crafts Air&space
Makes advances in technology for health Biomedical
Design and build tunnels and bridges Civil
Make anti-lock brakes for cars Development
Design electrical wires and electrical poles Electrical
Make food processing machines Food
Manipulates and studies DNA Genetic
Design highways and flow of traffic Highway
Insulate houses and buildings Insulation
Make Jet engines Jet
Deal with movements humans make Kinetic
Supervise lightning manufacturing Lightning
Use principles of math and science to design mechanical products Mechanical
Design Nuclear power plants Nuclear
Process oil reserves Oil
Work on exploration Petroleum
Make sure an item is of good quality Quality
Design components of railroads Railroad
Maintain design of software systems Software
Design phones and how they transmit data to one another Technology
Responsible for making sure your utilities are available Utilities
Makes medicine suitable for animals Veterinarian
Oversees water quality and sewage treatment Water&Sewage
Design X-Ray machines to view bodies X-Ray
Test the stress point of materials Yield
Design animals habitats Zoologist

Electromagnetic Waves Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Electromagnetic Radiation
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Electromagnetic Wave
Fluorescent Light
Gamma Rays
Illuminated
Incandescent Light
Infrared Rays
Luminous
Microwaves
Neon Light
Photoelectric Effect
Photon
Polarized Light
Radio Waves
Spectroscope
Thermogram
Tungsten Halogen Light
Ultraviolet Rays
Vapor Light
Visible Light
X Rays

X-RAY TUBES Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The principle that spreads heat over a greater area of the anode and allows the effective focal spot to be smaller than the actual focal spot LINEFOCUS
How ninety-nine percent of an electrons kinetic energy is converted HEAT
Keeps the electron cloud together before they leave the cathode FOCUSINGCUP
Occurs when no more electrons can be boiled off the filament; limits x-ray tubes to a maximum of 1000 mA SPACECHARGEEFFECT
Area where electrons strike the anode FOCALSPOT
Environment inside the x-ray tube once all air has been removed VACUUM
Graph that allows radiographers to determine the maximum technical factor combination that is safe for the x-ray tube RADIOGRAPHICRATINGCHART
A coil of wire; source of electrons FILAMENT
The product of kVp, mA, and time HEATUNITS
Type of radiation emitted outside the tube housing; must be less than 1 mGy/hr at 1 m from the tube LEAKAGERADIATION
Causes uneven distribution of x-ray intensity between the cathode and anode HEELEFFECT
The positive electrode of an x-ray tube ANODE
The process of boiling off electrons at the filament THERMIONICEMISSION
The negative electrode of an x-ray tube CATHODE
The anode is constructed of this material due to its high melting point TUNGSTEN