made up of many cells; makes its own food through photosynthesis
Plant
the process in which a young plant sprouts from a seed
Germination
a plant structure that contains a young plant, food supply, and protective coating
Seed
a plant that uses flowers to reproduce; plants having seeds in a closed ovary; a plant that can produce fruit or flowers.
Angiosperm
the transfer of pollen from the stamen (male) to the stigma (female)
Pollination
a biological process by which plants create offspring by combining their genetic material – sperm and egg, called gametes.
Sexual Reproduction
In flowering plants (angiosperms) it begins with pollination, the transfer of pollen from anther to stigma on the same flower or to the stigma of another flower
Flower
one of the often brightly colored leaves of a flower
Petal
a part of a plant, shaped like a leaf, that lies at the base of a flower
Sepal
a yellow powder produced by the stamen of a flower
Pollen
a yellow powder produced by the stamen of a flower
Stamen
the part of a flower's stamen that contains the pollen
Anther
the part of a flower’s stamen; the slender stalk, the filament supports the anther
Filament
the female reproductive organ of a flower that can be fertilized by pollen.
Pistil
the part of a flower’s pistil that receives pollen and the pollen grain germinates
Stigma
the part of the flower’s pistil that is a long, slender stalk that connects the stigma and the ovary.
Style
in the flowering plants, an ovary is a part of the female reproductive organ of the flower
Ovary
a small body that contains the female reproductive cell of a plant; develops into a seed after fertilization.
Ovules
seed plants (such as conifers – pine trees or cycads) that produce “naked” seeds not enclosed in an ovary
Gymnosperm
plants without flowers that use spores instead of seeds to reproduce: has a root system, a stem, and large divided leaves, called fronds; ferns grow in moist, shady environments.
Fern
a reproductive cell that can grow into a new organism without fertilization
Spore
reproduction not requiring fertilization
Asexual Reproduction
the process in which plants use the energy in sunlight to make food
Photosynthesis
a green pigment that traps energy from the sun used to photosynthesize
Chlorophyll
an organelle in a plant cell that turns energy from the sun into chemical energy for the plant to use; contains chlorophyll
Chloroplast