climate determines what types of plants grow here
this type of factor in the environment is nonliving
features that allow organisms to survive
a biome which has low average temperatures and small amounts of precipitation
this biome has more precipitation than a tundra but has similar temperatures
a type off tree who's thin leaves survive all year long
a biome in which the weather is very dry and receives very little rain
a biome with a variety of grasses and a few trees
this type of grassland has hot summers, cold winters and moderate precipitation
this biome has trees that lose their leaves in the winter
this type of tree's leaves thrives in this forest all year around
this forest has a long cool season and a dry summer
this rain forest biome is warm all throughout the year, and receves a lot of rain
a piece of land that is soaked with water for most of the year
where a river meets a ocean
an ecosystem that includes a water environment
water that has very little salt in it.
a large body of salty water
The amount of biomes.
A large area with similar biotic and abiotic factors.
A grassland that has a lot of rainfall during some seasons and very little rainfall in others.
Characterized by very low winter temperatures and short, cool summers.
A non-living thing.
Biomes that are found on land.
A grassland with warm summers and cold winters.
A region that has little or no plant life, long periods without rain, and extreme temperatures: usually found in hot climates.
A living thing.
Gets its name from conifers, the main type of tree that grows there.
Comes from a Latin word that means "to fall off."
Has warm temperatures and high rainfall that allows a lot of plants to grow.
The natural home or environment of an animal, plant, or other organisms.
The temperature and precipitation of a particular area.
The frozen layer of soil beneath the surface
A large biome covered in grass
Organisms that live at the bottom of the ocean
Little or no rain
A minor biome that has bodies of water such as swamps or marshes
A biome often considered treeless or Arctic
A biome that's found on land is considered ___________
A place where there's a group of plants animals with similar temperatures
A very hot and dry biome
Trees that produce their seeds in cones
A wetland formed when rivers connect with oceans
A type of tundra located at the North and South poles
A type of tundra located near the tops of mountains
A biome with 4 seasons is called a ______________ forest
A type of forest with heavy rainfall
A type of biome often identified as a swampy coniferous forest
The area in a marine biome where it's shallow enough for light to pass through
A type of grassland with lots of shrubs
A climate with mild temperatures is defined as being _____________
A minor biome that has freshwater and saltwater is defined as being _______
large habitat that is both the coldest and the driest of all biomes
dry climates that receive less than 50 centimeters of rain each year
Has plants that retain water to survive the dryness.
Some moss and low lying plants survive. Summers last about 6 to 10 weeks, permafrost.
Animals that live within the thick cover of the uppermost branches of rain forest trees use loud vocalizaciones to defend their territory and attract mates. Tropical Grassland
Warm Temperatures and abundant rainfall occur all year.
Temperatures are warm throughout the year, with definite dry and rainy seasons .
Vegetation includes tall grasses with scattered trees and shrubs.
Temperatures are hot in the summer and cold in the winter precipitation is spaced evenly over the year.
Broadleaf forest dominates this biome, and deciduous trees loose their leaves in the winter.
This biome has long, cold winters and short, warm, humid summers.
Mammals have heavy fur coats to withstand the cold winters.
grassland with scattered trees, warm, meat eaters. in africa, australia, south Ameria
Otherwise known as Chaparral
An area of land where shrubs and small trees grow. The weather is usually dry and hot.
a flat grassland in tropical or subtropical regions
A biome that can be in both temperate and tropical climates and is covered in deep rooted grasses that are well adapted to drought
Very cold and dry biome located in the Northern hemisphere that has very little vegitation
Found around the equator and has a wet and warm climate year round allowing for the growth of a dense canopy of tall trees
Occurs in both temperate and tropical reigions with hot days and cold nights. Rainfall is minimal in this biome and the plants and animals are adapted to reduce water loss
The non-living components of the environment such as soil, sunlight and air
How hot or cold a climate is and a major factor that influences the characteristics and distribution of biomes
Characteristics that help an organism to better survive and reproduce
a grassland biome with scattered individual trees, large herbivores, and three distinct seasons based primarily on rainfall, maintained by occasional fires and drought
Lakes, ponds, and rivers
This aquatic biome is home to diverse animals and crustaceans that have adapted to life in the water Ex; sharks, tropical fish, sea turtles
Some of these plants are poison oak, scrub oak, Yucca Wiple and other shrubs, trees and cacti.
the coral tissue and actually is what gives corals their beautiful colors
The driest and hottest place on earth
Some areas are so deep that they can contain entire mountains and even volcanoes
mix of organisms that coexist in a defined space, but on a much smaller scale
The tundra has short and soggy ____________.
What layer does the tundra have?
The tundra has long and cold ________.
Animals in the tundra ________ to avoid harsh winters.
The coniferous forest has _____ temperatures.
The coniferous forest has _____ dry summers.
The coniferous is also known as the ______.
Many animals in the Taiga are _________.
Many animals in each biome have a __________ _____.
Animals in the deciduous forest eat _________.
Some animals in the deciduous forest ____________.
The desert has very little _______________________.
The desert has soils rich in ____________.
Many animals in the desert are ______________.
The tundra has ______ precipitation.
material that is deposited by water, wind, and glaciers.
fee floating photosynthetic autotrophs that live in fresh water or marine ecosystems
narrow band where ocean meets land
ability for any organisms to survive based on biotic and antibiotic factors
stable, mature community that results when there is little change in the compositions of the species
condition of the atmosphere at a specific time
ranges from 0 degrees at the equator and 90 degrees at the poles
average weather in an area
biome below poles and goes across northern Europe and North America
biome with mixed shrub communities and less annual rainfall than temperate rainforests
biome were annual rate of evaporation is greater than the annual precipitation
biome with fertile soils that is able to support thick covers of grass
establishment of a community in an area of exposed rock that has no topsoil
group interacting populations that occupy the same area
natural tendency for the species belonging to the mature community to return
biome south of tundra that has dense evergreen forest
biome that contains animals such as lions and rhinos
as elevation increases temperature and annual rainfall changes
biome with the average precipitation of 200-1000 cm a year
where freshwater and saltwater meet
Has cool temperatures, 5-16 ft. of rain. Consist of Pine, Redwood, and Sitka Spruce
Receives the most rain out of all the biomes.
Grassy plain in tropical and subtropical regions with few trees.
Hot summers, cold winters. 10 to 35 inches of rain.
Shrubland or heatland plant community found primarily in the U.S. state of California.
Constitute a large domain of prokaryotic micro-organism.
Any Eukaryotic organism that includes micro-organisms such as yeast & molds
action or process of adapting or being adapted
Constitute a domain & kingdom of single-celled micro-organisms
Place where an organism usually lives.
Large region characterized by a specific type of climate & certain types of plants & animal communities.
Process in which different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed & diversified from earlier life forms.
Process of breaking down food to yield energy.
Sequence in which energy is transferred from 1 organism to the next.
Shows many feeding relationships that are possible in an ecosystem.
One of the steps in a food chain or food pyramid.
refers to the weather conditions, such as temperature, precipitation, humidity, and winds, in an area over a long period of time
the distance north or south of the equator and is measured in degrees
the height of an object above sea level
this layer consists if the tallest trees, which reach heights of 60 to 70m Emergent
considered the primary layer of the rain forest
a plant that uses another plant for support, but not for nourishment
Very little light reaches this layer
a forest that is characterized by trees that shed their leaves in the fall Temperate Deciduous
the northern coniferous forest that stretches in a broad band across the Northern Hemisphere just below the Arctic Circle
areas that have widely scattered vegetation and receive very little rain
biome that is in northern arctic regions
in arctic regions, the permanently frozen layer of soil or subsoil
Succession that begins in an area that previously did not support life. Primary
Plant uses sunlight to make sugar for food.
Bacteria that convert atmosphere nitrogen into ammonia.
An organism that makes it's own food.
Organism that belongs to the kingdom protistia.
Get their food by breaking down dead organisms.
Organisms that get their energy from other organisms.
Animal that doesn't have a backbone.
Animals that have a backbone.
A community of organisms and their abotic environment.
The tidal mouth of a large river, where the tide meets the stream.
The small and microscopic organisms drifting or floating in the sea or freshwater.
All of Earth's water, vapor, and ice
This is a strip of land between high and low tide lines
This is the biome receive's less than 10 inches of precipitation annually
This is a global biome characterized by its hot, dry summers and cool, moist winters
Partially enclosed body of water formed where a river flows into an ocean
This is a region of land that drains into a river, a river system, or another body of water
Lake or pond bottom, where less sunlight reaches
The part of Earth where Life exists
The climate of a small specific place within a larger area
An area where the primary plant life is grass
precipitation is meager, averaging less than 5 inches annually
Photosynthetic plankton, which include microscopic protists such as algae
This zone is also called the pelagic zone
A collection of living things that live in the biosphere
Long-term pattern of weather conditions in a region
These trees retain their needles all year
This biome is also known as the boreal forest
Tiny free-floating organisms that live in water
This type of tree has adapted to winter temperatures by dropping thie leaves and going dormant durring the cold season
This zone lies below 2000 meters and is in complete darkness
Factors that effects which organisms can live in a biome.
A living factor that effects the population of other organisms in their environment.
An inherited trait that improves an individuals ability to survive and reproduce in a particular environment.
A large region characterized by a specific type of climate and certain types of plant and animal communities.
The weather conditions in an area over a long period of time.
A region found at far northern and far southern latitudes characterized by low-lying plants, lack of trees, and long winters with very low temperatures.
A region of evergreen, coniferous forest below the arctic and subarctic tundra regions.
Trees that have evergreen, needle-like leaves and keeps it leaves/needles throughout the winter.
A region characterized by by a very dry climate and extreme temperatures.
A region that is dominated with grasses, that has few woody shrubs and trees, that has fertile soil, and that receives moderate amounts of seasonal rainfall.
Trees that loose their leaves at the end of the growing season.
An area of land that is periodically underwater or whose soil contains a great deal of moisture.
A group of organisms of the same species that live in a specific geographical area.
The largest population that en environment can support at any given time.
An environmental factor that prevents an organism or population from reaching it's full potential of size or activity.
When two or more organisms rely on the same environmental resource.
An interaction between two or more living things in which they are said to work together.
What occurs when individuals join a population.
What occurs when individuals leave a population.
An increase in the amount of nutrients , such as nitrates, in a marine or aquatic ecosystem.
The replacement of one type of community by another at a single location over a long period of time.
A species that colonizes an uninhabited area and that starts a process of succession.
The number and variety of organisms in a given are during a specific period of time.
Well adapted species that dominates an ecosystem.
A large region characterized by a specific type of climate and certain types of plant and animal communities
A far-northern biome characterized by long,cold winters,permafrost,and few trees
The study of the shape and features of the surface of the Earth
A tree area that produces seeds in cones
Radiant Energy emitted by the sun
A Forest where leaves turn colors and fall off
The clearing of forest lands
A large open area of country covered with grass,especially one used for grazing
A practice of farming,including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food,wool,and other products
Dense forest rich in biodiversity,found typically in tropical areas with consistency heavy rainfall
A tropical grassland biome with scattered clumps of trees
A hot,dry biome inhabited by organisms adapted to survive high day time temperatures and long periods without rain
Describes an ecosystem based on salty water
A body of saline water that composes much of a planet's hydrosphere
The permanently frozen ground below the soil surface in the artic tundra
An area of land where the water level is near or above the surface of the ground for most of the year
A small stream or river that flows into a larger one
A formal argument to prove points