Stress that occurs when forces act to squeeze on an object
compression
The movement of matter due to differences in density that are caused by temperature variations
convection
The boundary between tectonic plates that are colliding
convergent boundary
The bending, tilting, and breaking of Earth's crust; the change in shape of rock in response to stress
deformation
The boundary between two tectonic plates that are moving away from each other
divergent boundary
A movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sudden release of energy when rocks along a fault move
earthquake
The point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquakes starter point, or focus
epicenter
A break in a body of rock along which one block moves relative to another
fault
The location within Earth along a fault at which the first motion of an earthquake occurs
focus
The bending of rock layers due to stress
folding
A volcanically active area of Earth's surface, commonly far from a tectonic plate boundary
hot spot
magma that flows onto Earth's surface; the rock that forms when lava cools and solidifies
lava
The molten or partially molten rock material containing trapped gases produces under the Earth's surface
magma
The theory that explains how large pieces of the lithosphere, called plates, move and change shapes
plate tectonics
A block of lithosphere that consists of the crust and the rigid. outermost part of the mantle
tectonic plate
Stress that occurs when forces act to stretch an object
tension
the boundary between tectonic plates that are sliding past each other horizontally
transform boundary
an opening at the surface of the Earth through which volcanic material passes through
vent
a vent or fissure in Earth's surface through which magma and gases are expelled
volcano
the supercontinent that formed 300 million years ago and that began to break up 200 million years ago
Pangaea

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