Type
Crossword
Description

Stress that occurs when forces act to squeeze on an object compression
The movement of matter due to differences in density that are caused by temperature variations convection
The boundary between tectonic plates that are colliding convergent boundary
The bending, tilting, and breaking of Earth's crust; the change in shape of rock in response to stress deformation
The boundary between two tectonic plates that are moving away from each other divergent boundary
A movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sudden release of energy when rocks along a fault move earthquake
The point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquakes starter point, or focus epicenter
A break in a body of rock along which one block moves relative to another fault
The location within Earth along a fault at which the first motion of an earthquake occurs focus
The bending of rock layers due to stress folding
A volcanically active area of Earth's surface, commonly far from a tectonic plate boundary hot spot
magma that flows onto Earth's surface; the rock that forms when lava cools and solidifies lava
The molten or partially molten rock material containing trapped gases produces under the Earth's surface magma
The theory that explains how large pieces of the lithosphere, called plates, move and change shapes plate tectonics
A block of lithosphere that consists of the crust and the rigid. outermost part of the mantle tectonic plate
Stress that occurs when forces act to stretch an object tension
the boundary between tectonic plates that are sliding past each other horizontally transform boundary
an opening at the surface of the Earth through which volcanic material passes through vent
a vent or fissure in Earth's surface through which magma and gases are expelled volcano
the supercontinent that formed 300 million years ago and that began to break up 200 million years ago Pangaea

Plate Tectonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The result of magma rising to Earth's surface and solidifying SeaFloor Spreading
The theory of how large pieces of lithosphere move and change Plate Tectonics
What occurs when forces act in parallel but opposite directions Shear Stress
The bending, tilting and breaking of Earth's crust Deformation
Molten rock produced under the Earth's surface Magma
A volcanically active area of Earth's surface Hotspot
The opening in which volcanic material passes vent
Magma that flows onto Earth's surface Lava
The boundary between colliding tectonic plates convergent boundary
The boundary between tectonic plates moving away from one another divergent boundary
The location where an earthquake occurs focus
Supercontinent that formed 300 million years ago Pangaea
A block of lithosphere that consists of the crust and outermost part of mantle Tectonic plate
The movement of matter due to differences in density convection
The bending of rock layers due to stress folding
The break in a body of rock Fault
Stress that occurs when forces act to stretch an object Tension
The movement or trembling of the ground that's caused by sudden release of energy earthquake
The point directly above an earthquake's starting point epicenter
A vent in Earth's surface where magma and gas are expelled volcano

Volcanoes & Earthquakes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Liquid rock that forms under earths surface Magma
Magma that flows into earths surface the rock that forms when lava cools and solidifies Lava
A vent or fissure in earths surface through which magma and gases are expelled Volcano
Any activity that includes the movement of magma toward onto earths surface Volcanism
A volcanically active area of earths surface commonly far from a tectonic plate boundary Hot spot
Describes magma or igneous rocks that is rich in magnesium and iron and that is generally dark in color Mafic
Describes magma or igneous rock that is rich in feldspar and silica and that is generally light in color Felsic
Fragments of rock that form during a volcanic eruption Pyroclastic material
A movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sudden release of energy when rocks along a fault move Earthquake
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undeformed shape Elastic rebound
In geology a seismic wave that travels through the body of a medium Body wave
The point on earths surface directly above an earthquakes starting point or focus Epicenter
An area on earths surface where no direct seismic waves from a particular earthquake can be detected Shadow zone
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the change in the shape of rock in response to stress Deformation
The study of earthquakes Seismology
A seismic wave that causes particles of rock to move in a back-and-forth direction P Wave
a seismic wave that causes particles of rock to move in a side-to-side direction S Wave
Giant pieces of the Earth's thin, outermost layer that move around on top of a layer of plastic rock Tectonic plates
A break in the Earth's crust along which blocks of the crust slide relative to one another Fault
A measure of the strength of an earthquake Magnitude
An area along a fault where relatively few earthquakes have occurred recently but where strong earthquakes have occurred in the past Seismic Gaps
Process of making older structures more earthquake resistant Retrofitting
a side vent Conduit
a giant, fast moving wave that is caused by an earthquake or volcano Tsunami
the remains of something that has been destroyed or broken up Debris

Plate Tectonics and Volcanoes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

hypothesis that states the continents once formed a single landmass continentaldrift
scientist that proposed continental drift Wegener
long, undersea mountain chain with steep valley at it's center midoceanridge
the process which new oceanic lithosphere forms as magma rises to Earth’s surface and solidifies seafloorspreading
study of alignment of magnetic mineral in rock, as it relates to the reversal of Earth’s magnetic poles Paleomagnetism
theory that explains how large pieces of the lithosphere move and change shape platetectonics
solid, outer layer of Earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle lithosphere
solid, plastic layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere asthenosphere
he boundary between tectonic plates that are moving away from each other divergentboundary
the boundary between tectonic plates that are colliding convergentboundary
he boundary between tectonic plates that are sliding past each other transformboundary
the process by which Earth’s crust breaks apart rifting
piece of lithosphere that has a unique geologic history and that may be part of a larger piece of lithosphere terrane
supercontinent that formed 300 million years ago and that began to break up beginning 250 million years ago Pangaea
single, large ocean that covered Earth’s surface during the time of Pangaea Panthalassa
movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sudden release of energy when rocks along a fault move earthquake
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undeformed shape elasticrebound
the location where the first motion of an earthquake occurs focus
point on Earth’s surface directly above an Earthquake’s starting point or focus epicenter
a region of numerous, closely spaced faults faultzone
tracing of earthquake motion that is recorded by a seismograph Seismogram
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground Seismograph
measure of the strength of an earthquake magnitude
in Earth science the amount of damage caused by an earthquake intensity
a giant ocean wave that forms after a volcanic eruption tsunami
liquid rock produced under Earth’s surface magma
any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or onto Earth’s surface volcanism
magma that flows onto Earth’s surface; the rock that forms when lava cools and solidifies lava

Plate Tectonic Vocabulary Quiz Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A region in which two tectonic plates are moving toward each other convergent boundary
A region in which two tectonic plates are moving apart divergent boundary
A sudden tremor or shaking of Earth's surface caused by the release of pressure as tectonic plates push against each other earthquake
A crack in Earth's crust that allows the rock on both sides to move fault
Pertaining to Earth's structure and composition geological
Molten rock above Earth's surface lava
The section of Earth that is broken into tectonic plates and consists of the crust and the rigid, uppermost part of the mantle lithosphere
Molten rock beneath Earth's surface magma
Junction where tectonic plates converge, diverge, or slide past each other and form regions of tectonic activity plate boundary
The creation of new ocean floor where tectonic plates diverge and magma is able to rise to the surface to fill the gap seafloor spreading
The process by which one tectonic plate moves under another subduction
A region in which two tectonic plates are sliding past each other transform boundary
Abrupt depressions found on the ocean floor caused by the convergence of oceanic tectonic plates trench
An opening in Earth's crust that brings magma and gases from the mantle to the surface volcano

Plate Tectonics Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the trace or organism that lived in the past? Fossil
What is liquid magma that reaches the surface? Lava
What is the molten mixture of rock? Magma
What was the land mass that broke 200 million years ago? Pangea
What is a section of litosphere that slowly moves over the asthenosphere carrying pieces of continental drift and oceanic crust called ? Plates
What is the theory that pieces of earths litosphere are in constant motion driven by convection currents in the mantle called? Plate Tectonics
What is the process by which the shaking is perpendicular to the direction to the wave called? Seafloor spreading
What are vibrations that travel through earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake called? Seismicwaves
What causes the rock to change its shape or volume? Stress
What is rocks surface, size, and shape? Texture
What is a slab of volcanic rock formed when magma is forced up and flows out as lava called? Sill
What is an opening on earths surface where magma is forced up and flows out as lava called? Vent
What is a violent shaking of the ground? Earthquake
What is very dense, has a solid center,mostly iron, and has small amount of oxygen? Innercore
What is the largest layer inside the earths? Mantle
What forms when the top of the volcano collapse? Caldera
What fossil when sediments fill in a mold and harden into a rock? Cast
What is a liquid core that surrounds earths solid inner core and that's is mostly made of iron? Outtercore
What is bits of rocks or solified lava dropped from the air? Tephra
What is the location in the mantle that is hotter than other areas? Hotspot

Plate Tectonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

He discovered the theory of continental drift and plate tectonics Alfred Wegener
a hypothetical continent that is all the continents as one Supercontinent
a hypothetical landmass that existed when all the continents were joined together pangea
theory that explains how the continents shift on earths surface continental drift
a long narrow excavation in the ground trench
a linear shaped lowland between highlands or mountain ranges riftvalley
an underwater mountain system oceanic ridges
a geographic area containing many related mountains mountain ranges
shaking of the earth due to the sudden release of energy in the crust of earth earthquakes
the theory that explains the motion in the lithosphere plate tectonics
rock fractures hat show evidence of relative movement fault
horizontal movement of the faults against each other transfrom
the plates collide at this type of boundary convergent
the plates move away from each other at this boundary divergent
the process at convergent boundaries when one tectonic plate moves under another subduction
the lithosphere and two types; oceanic and continental crust
lava escaping magma filled chambers below the surface volcano
a ring in the pacific ocean where a lot of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occur ring of fire
a continental transorm fault through california san andreas
the movement of differently heated liquids convection current

Plate Tectonics and Earth Interior Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across earth's surface. Continental Drift
The name of the single landmass that began to break apart 200 million years ago and gave rise to today's continents. pangea
The preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in the past. Fossil
An undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced. Mid ocean ridge
A deep valley along the ocean floor beneath which oceanic crust slowly sinks toward the mantle. deep ocean trench
The process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust to the ocean floor. sea floor spreading
The process by which oceanic crust sinks benath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle at a convergent plate boundary. subduction
A section of the lithosphere that slowy moves over the asthenosphere, carrying pieces of continental and oceanic crust. Plate
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy released during during an earthquake. Seismic Wave
The force pushing on a surface divide by the area of that surface. Pressure
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outerskin. Crust
Is a dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in ocean crust. Basal
A usually light-colored igneous rock that is found in continental crust. Granite
Layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and core. Mantle
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and the crust. Lithosphere
The soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats. Athenosphere
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner core of earth. Outer Core
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth. Inner Core
A plate boundary where two plates move away from each other. Divergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move toward. Convergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opposite directions. Transform Boundary
A break in earth's crust along which rocks move. Fault
The theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle. Plate Tectonics
A deep valley that forms where two plates move apart. Rift Valley

tectonic plate boundaries Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

this scientist had the theory of the continental drift alfred
two plates slide against each other in a sideways motion transform
a line on a rock surface or the ground that traces a geological fault faultline
changed by extreme heat and pressure to form another rock metamorphic
places where the sea floor spreading takes place midoceanridge
a tall mountain that with a lot of pressure shoots out hot lava volcano
formed by deposition and solidification pf sediments sedimentary
a violent shaking of the ground caused by tectonic plates earthquakes
piece of the crust that floats on the mantle tectonic
hot fluid or semi fluid material within the earth's crust magma
two plates are moving away from one another divergent
formed by cooling and solidification of magma or lava igneous
made of iron, with small amount of nickle core
technical name for the crust and mantle lithosphere
remains of a prehistoric organism preserved in a mold form in a rock fossils
two plates move toward one another and collide convergent
contains most of earths mass (hints: its hot) mantle
hot molten or semi fluid rock erupted from volcano lava
a long high sea wave caused by earth quakes tsunami
outermost later of the planet, with life crust

Tectonic Plates Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A layer of molten metal that surrounds the inner core. outer core
The name if young German scientist who was curious about the relationship of the continents. Wegener
The name of the single continent that broke apart 200 million years ago. Pangaea
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across earths surface continental drift
A layer of hot solid material between the crust and the core. Mantle
The layer of rock that forms earth's outer surface. crust
The soft layer of the mantle on which the Lithosphere floats. Athenosphere
The measure of how much mass there is in a volume substance. density
Heat transfer by direct contact of particles of matter. Conduction
The movement of a fluid, caused by differences in temperature, that transfers heat from one part of the fluid to each other. Convection currents
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean Ring Of Fire
A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opposite directions. Transform Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move away from each other. Divergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move towards each other. Convergent Boundary
The transfer of energy through an empty space. Radiation
The movement of energy from a warmer object to a cooler object. Heat Transfer
A vibration that travels through earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake. Seismic Wave
A dense ball of solid metal. Inner Core
A break in Earth's crust Fault
A deep valley that forms where two plates move apart. Rift valley
The theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are constantly in motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle. Tectonic plates

Earthquakes and Volcanoes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the point of Earth's surface directely above an earthquake's focus ? epicenter
device used by seimologists to record primary, secondary, suface waves from earthquakes seismograph
vibrations caused by breaking rocks along faults earthquake
Opening in Earth's surface that often forms a mountain when layers of lava and volcanic ash erupt and build up volcano
An opening on Earth's surface where magma is forced up and flows out as lava Vent
a broad volcano with gently sloping sides Shield volcano
A volcano formed by alternating layers of tephra and lava and that is found mostly where Earth's plates come together Composite volcano
steep-sided volcano made of loosely packed tephra Cinder cone volcano
scientist who studiesearthquakes and seismic waves Seismologist
large opening formed when the top of a volcano collapes Caldera
Measure of the energy released by an earthquake Magnitude
A mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth Magma
a very large igneous intrusion extending deep in the earth's crust. batholith
a column of solidified lava or igneous rock formed in a volcanic vent, especially when exposed by erosion. volcanic necks
are imaginable as the veins of a volcano, the pathways of rising magma. Volcanic dikes