Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

It is a disease in which the thyroid gland cannot produce the normal amount of thyroid hormone. Hypothyroidism
It interprets input from the senses , control movements and carries out complex, mental processes. Cerebrum
It controls the level of the sugar in the blood. Insulin
It is an inflammation of the meninges of the brain or spinal cord caused by bacterial infection or a virus. Meningitis
It controls "fight or flight" response. Adrenalin
The basic cell of the nervous system Neuron
It controls breathing, heart rate, and swallowing. Medulla
It regulates breathing and helps to control eye movement. Pons
It stimulates the liver to convert glycogen to glucose. Glucogen
It is a disease in the pituitary gland that produces too much growth hormone. Gigantism
The primary target organ of the aldosterone. Kidney
It is to regulate the body's temperature, use of water, blood pressure, and release of regulatory chemicals. Hypothalamus
It plays an important role in developing some of the body's defenses against infection. Estrogen
One of the brain disorders in which clusters of nerve cells or neurons act abnormally. epilepsy
Hormone that regulates the calcium level in the blood. Calcitonin

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Endocrine System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

holds the eggs in women ovaries
understands body's biological time pineal
stimulates development to help prevent disease and only active until puberty thymus
known as master gland and sends signals to organs and other glands pituitary
holds the sperm in men testes
organ that regulates blood sugar pancreas
helps regulate metabolism, brain development, muscle control, calcium and more thyroid
causes bones to release calcium into the blood stream parathyroid
an organ that secretes chemical substances for use in the body gland
a substance to regulate blood sugar insulin
outer portion of a gland tht produces steroid hormones adrenal cortex
inner portion of a gland that synthesizes, stores and releases specific hormones adrenal medulla
These systems maintain conditions so homeostasis can happen and can be negative or positive feedbacksystem

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Endocrine System Disorders Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

a swelling of the neck resulting from enlargement of the thyroid gland. Goiter
when your adrenal glands are damaged, producing insufficient amounts of the hormone cortisol and often aldosterone as well. Addison's Diesease
which the adrenal gland(s) make too much aldosterone which leads to hypertension (high blood pressure) and low blood potassium levels. Hyperaldosteronism
is caused by problems arising from the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland, also called the hypophysis, is a gland at the base of the brain that produces many different hormones. Pituitary dwarfism
a disease in which the body’s ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin is impaired, resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated levels of glucose in the blood and urine. Hyperglycemia
seizure is a medical sign consisting of the involuntary contraction of muscles, which may be caused by disease or other conditions that increase the action potential frequency of muscle cells or the nerves that innervate them. Hypoparathyroidism
Rickets is the softening and weakening of bones in children, usually because of an extreme and prolonged vitamin D deficiency. Hyperparathyroidism
a condition of severely stunted physical and mental growth owing to untreated congenital deficiency of thyroid hormone Child Cretinism
usually result from a type of lung cancer, or by pituitary tumors Androgens
affects women much more frequently than men, and that the subjects are for the most part of middle age. Adult myxedema
A substance produced in one part of the body, especially in an endocrine gland, that has an effect on another part of the body, to which it is usually carried in the bloodstream. cortical Hormones
a hormone that stimulates growth in animal or plant cells, especially (in animals) a hormone secreted by the pituitary gland. Growth Hormone
the pituitary produces excessive amounts of GH. Acromegaly
a swelling of the neck and protrusion of the eyes resulting from an overactive thyroid gland. Graves Disease
deficiency of glucose in the bloodstream. Hypoglycemia
a disease in which the secretion of or response to the pituitary hormone vasopressin is impaired, resulting in the production of very large quantities of dilute urine, often with dehydration and insatiable thirst. Diabetes insipidus
A mood disorder characterized by depression that occurs at the same time every year. SAD
used illegally to increase muscle, decrease fat, and enhance athletic performance and body appearance. Steroid abuse
a genetic disorder that makes XY fetuses insensitive (unresponsive) to androgens (male hormones) TFS

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Endocrine System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Galnd that produces growth hormones, master gland Pituitary
Produces adrenaline, on top of kidneys Adrenal
Only found in women, produces oestrogen/progesterone Ovaries
Made by the pancreas Insulin
Produces a hormone that helps control calcium levels Parathyroid
Makes thyroxine Thyroid
Released when your glucose level falls below a set point Glucagon
What life function do the Nervous and Endocrine system perform Regulation
Improper insulin production, can't regulate the blood sugar level Diabetes
Viral infection of the spinal cord Polio

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The Endocrine Glands and Their Hormone Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Activates cells influenced by the SNS Epinephrine
Which hormone in the Adrenal Cortex increases blood glucose concentration in resoonse to stress Cortisol
Which hormone in the pancreatic islet stimulates the liver to release glucose, thereby increasing blood glucose levels Glucagon
This hormone stimulates growth and development of the testes and penis Testosterone
Which gland in the ovaries stimulates development of mammary glands' secretory tissue and aids in maintaning pregnancy Progesterone
The pineal gland produces which hormone thst regulates mood, sexual development, and daily cycles in response to the amount of light in the environment Melatonin
Which hormone produced by the adrenal cortex contributes to some secondary sex characteristics in women Weak androgens
Which hormone produced by the ovaries stimulate growth of primaty sex organs such as the uterus and tubes Estrogen
Which gland controls the release of the anterior pituitary hormone Hypothalamus
Which hormone stimulates constriction of blood vessels Antidiuretic
Which hormone causes uterine contractions and the ejection of milk from the mammary gland Oxytocin
Which hormone in the anterior pituitary promotes body tissue growth Growth
This hormone stimulates milk production Prolactin
Which gland increases metabolic rate and is required for normal growth Thyroid
The hormone that promotes sperm cell development is the ________ stimulating hormone Follicle
Which hormone increases metabolic rate Thyroxine
The hormone that stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce glucocorticoids and androgen s Adrenocorticotropic
The hormone that initiates ovulation Luteinizing
The hormone that regulates the exchange of calcium between blood and bones; increases calcium level in blood Parathyroid
The hormone Epinephrine is produced in which gland Adrenal medulla

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Major parts of the brain Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain in mammals. It is composed of the frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal lobes. cerebrum
This lobe lies between the occipital bone and the parieto-occipital sulcus. It functions to receive and interpret visual signals. Occipital lobe
These are the shallow groves in the surface of the cerebrum. Sulci
This lobe lies between the temporal bone and the lateral sulcus. It functions in memory, vison, learning, hearing, and emotional behavior. temporal lobe
These structures lie between the frontal bones and the central sulcus, and above the eye orbits. They have motor functions, but also deal with aggression, mood, foresight, motivation, and social judgements. frontal lobes
The spinal or nerve cord is located in the vertebral foramen. It begins at the foramen magnum and ends at the conus medullaris in the lumbar region. It conducts sensory impulses to the brain and motor impulses from the brain to the body spinal cord
These structures lie between the parietal bones and the central sulcus. They function in integration of sensory information with the exception of vision, hearing, and smell. parietal lobes
These are the thick folds in the surface of the cerebrum. gyri
The second largest part of the brain in mammals and the largest part of the brain in birds. The cerebellum is involved in the regulation of posture and balance, fine motor control of skeletal muscles, and repetitive movements. cerebellum
This fissure is a deep groove separating the cerebrum into right and left halves. Longitudinal fissure
An endocrine gland directly attached to the hypothalamus. It is divided into anterior and posterior portions. Anterior pituitary produce hormones which regulate other endocrine glands, and directly affects target cells. Posterior pituitary functions to store and release hormones produced by the hypothalamus. pituitary gland
The longitudinal fissure divides the cerebrum into right and left cerebral hemispheres. Cerebral hemisphere
The region that regulates the day/night cycle. Secretes the hormone motion melatonin, which effects sleepiness. pineal body
The structure that is the major integration system between various organ systems and the nervous system. It coordinates activities of both the nervous and endocrine systems, and between voluntary and autonomic activities. It is attached directly to the pituitary gland. hypothalamus
The part of the brain that contains the nerve tracts and physically joins the two cerebral hemispheres. Corpus callosum
This structure functions to integrate all sensory information (with the exception of smell) from the body, and channels it into proper processing regions in the cerebrum. thalamus
A structure that processes olfactory information and contains centers for reflex movements involved in eating, such as chewing, licking, and swallowing. mammillary body
The medulla is at the base of the brain stem. It contains nerve centers for the regulation of heart rate, blood vessel diameter, respiration, swallowing, vomiting coughing, sneezing, and hiccoughing. Medulla oblongata
A region that is also called the “mesencephalon”. It is located above the pons and is the smallest part of the brain stem. The oculomotor, trochlear, and trigeminal cranial nerves originate in this area. midbrain
A structure that is located on the bottom-center of the brain where the two optic nerve cross. Optic chiasma
The pons is located just above the medulla, on the brain stem. It works with the medulla to control respiration and helps regulate sleep. It is the origin for the trigeminal, abducens, facial, and vestibulocochlear cranial nerves pons
These bulbs are located just below the frontal lobes. They function in the sense of smell. Olfactory bulbs

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Basic Brain Structure and Function Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The membrane that covers and protects the central nervous system, forms partitions, contains cerebral fluid, protects blood vessels and encloses the venus sinuses. Meninges
The _______________ nervous system serves to stimulate nervous system activity such as accelerating the heart rate, constricting blood vessels, raising the blood pressure, and facilitating a muscle contraction Sympathetic
The outermost layer of the cerebral hemispheres are composed of ________matter Gray
The neuroendocrine ________________ is associated with mood, appetite, vomiting, limbic system functions, pain and sleep. The drug Prozac mimics this Serotonin
In the architecture of the brain there area three basic units based on location. The that includes the upper spinal cord, brain stem and cerebellum is the ___________________ Hindbrain
The brain is divided into two ______________ Hemispheres
The parietal lobe is known as the primary ______________ area where impulses related to temperature, pain, touch, taste, smell are interpreted Sensory
The area of the brain responsible for receiving information from the ears is the ____________ lobe Temporal
Damage to the occipital lobes can cause _____________________ Blindness
Superior, Straight or Cavernous __________ Sinus
Sensory information received from the outside world is processed; controls voluntary movement & regulates conscious thought & mental activity in the ____________________ hemispheres Cerebral
In development of the brain, the ______________ is responsible for the evolution of intelligence Neocortex
The lobe of the brain involved in planning a schedule, imagining the future or reasoning during an argument is the __________lobe Frontal
The _____________ is the structure that receives sensory and limbic information and sends this information to the brain Thalamus
A neuroendocrine associated with concentration, socializing, food-seeking, sexual desire and motor neuron control and associated with Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and Lewy Body dementia Dopamine
Short term memories and converted to long-term memories in the ___________________ Hippocampus
The ______________ are chemical messengers in the nervous system Neurotransmitters
The _________side of the cerebrum specializes in language, calculation and sequential thought processes Left
The ____________ nervous system is part of the involuntary nervous system that serves to slow the heart rate, increase intestinal and glandular activity, relax the sphincter muscles and allow a muscle to rest Parasympathetic
The ___________ is the regions of the embryonic vertebrate neural tube that gives rise to posterior forebrain structures Diencephalon
The sixth cranial nerve, responsible for the control of lateral eye movement is the ___________ nerve Abducens
An excitatory neurotransmitter that governs muscle contractions and is associated with memory formation and diseases like Alzheimer’s is ______________________ Acetylcholine
The _____________ ___________ is a set of interconnected nuclei located throughout the brainstem and play a crucial role in maintaining behavioral arousal and consciousness (2 weeks) Reticular formation
Cranial nerve #1, responsible for smell is called the ______________ nerve Olfactory
The _____________ ______________ helps to refine movement so it isn’t clumsy or erratic (2 words) Cerebral Peduncle
Substance that reduces the weight of the brain, supplies nutrients, transports hormones and prevents head injury (3 word) Cerebral Spinal Fluid
The Eleventh cranial nerve which controls the trapezius and sternocleidomastoid and controls swallowing movement is the ____________ nerve Accessory
The _______________ functions to control autonomic, emotional, and sexual behavior (regulates visceral motor activity) Amygdala

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Anatomy: The Nervous System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Lobe; language, speech FRONTAL
Eliminates wastes from neurons in CNS MICROGLIAL
The sensory neuron AFFERENT
Lobe; auditory, olfactory (smell) TEMPORAL
Shapes and supports neuron CELL BODY
Part of the brain that controls blood pressure, heart rate, swallowing MEDULLA
Diencephalon; hormones, body temp, water balance, metabolism HYPOTHALAMUS
Forms myelin sheath in CNS OLIGODENDROCYTE
Forms myelin sheath in PNS SCHWANN
Part of the brain that controls balance CEREBELLUM
Impulses in between afferent and efferent neurons INTERNEURON
Blood-brain barrier in CNS ASTROCYTE
Slows down cardiac in PNS PARASYMPATHETIC
Lobe; vision OCCIPITAL
Involuntary in PNS; cardiac & smooth muscles AUTONOMIC
Forms myelin to support neurons in PNS SATELLITE
Lobe; sensory, taste PARIETAL
Receives message from neurons DENDRITE
Speeds up cardiac in PNS SYMPATHETIC
Wraps around axon MYELIN SHEATH
The motor neuron EFFERENT
Sends message to neurons AXON
Part of the brain that controls breathing only PONS
Voluntary in PNS; skeletal muscles SOMATIC
Cushions neuron in CNS EPENDYMAL

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The Nervous System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The name of the nerve cells. Neurons
The largest and most complex part of the brain. Cerebrum
The second largest part of the brain. Cerebellum
The 3-inch long stalk of nerve cells and fibers that connects the spinal cord to the rest of the brain. brainstem
Disorder of the nervous system that is characterized by sudden episodes of uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain. epilepsy
A group of neurological disorders that are the result of damage to the brain before, during, or just after birth or in early childhood. cerebralpalsy
Part of Brain: regulates heartbeat, respiratory rate, and reflexes like coughing. medullaoblongata
Part of Brain: helps regulate breathing and controls eye and face muscles. pons
Part of Brain: controls eyeball movement, pupil size, and head turning midbrain
Part of Brain: relays incoming sensory impulses from the eyes, ears, and pressure receptors in the skin. thalamus
Part of Brain: regulates body temp, appetite, sleep, and controls secretion from the pituitary gland, affecting metabolism, sexual development, and emotions. hypothalamus
An inflammation of the spinal and cranial meninges caused by bacterial or viral infection. meningitis

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Disorders of the Endocrine System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Results from abnormal thyroid secretion and causes thyroid enlargement on the front and sides of the neck Goiter
An abnormality of the body’s electrolyte balance caused by excessive secretion of aldosterone by the adrenal cortex Hyperaldosteronism
An abnormally high level of glucose in the bloodstream Hyperglycemia
Over activity of the parathyroid gland; symptoms may include softening of the bones, with constant pain, and tenderness Hyperparathyroidism
Caused by hypersecretion of cortical hormones; symptoms include fatigue and hypertension Cushing's Syndrome
Hypersecretion of the Growth Hormone in a child, secreted by the anterior pituitary Gigantism
Hypersecreion of the Growth Hormone in an adult, secreted by the anterior pituitary Acromegaly
A disease caused by an enlarged thyroid that results in a rapid heartbeat and increased basal metabolism; exophthalmic goiter Graves' Disease
An abnormally low level of glucose in the bloodstream Hypoglycemia
Characterized as inadequate production of insulin, therefore causing too much glucose to remain in the bloodstream and urine Diabetes Insipidus
Decreased secretion of cortisol from the adrenal cortex, symptoms include, low blood pressure and brownish coloration of the skin Addison's Disease
hyposecretion of the Growth Hormone which causes bones not to grow Pituitary Dwarfism
Abnormal calcium metabolism leading to contractions and muscle pain; hypoparathyroidism Tetany
hypothyroidism (child); absence of normal thyroid secretion, can lead to physical deformity, dwarfism, or mental retardation Cretinism
hypothyroidism (adult); symptoms include, thickening of the skin and labored speech Myxedema
also known as Seasonal Affective Disorder, a type of depression that is in sync with the change of season; it can be treated by light therapy SAD
excessive testoerone levels in women that result in unwanted hairiness such as on the face, chest and back Hirsutism
also known as Testicular Feminization Hormone, a genetic disorder that makes XY fetuses insensitive (unresponsive) to androgens (male hormones). TFS
Hypersecretion of _________ is when secondary sexual characteristics develop early in male children and female children are masculinized Androgens

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Disorders of the Endocrine System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

a swelling of the neck resulting from enlargement of the thyroid gland. Goiter
is a disorder in which the adrenal gland releases too much of the hormone aldosterone into the blood. Hyperaldosteronism
an excess of glucose in the bloodstream, often associated with diabetes mellitus. Hyperglycemia
an abnormally high concentration of parathyroid hormone in the blood, resulting in weakening of the bones through loss of calcium. Hyperparathyroidism
premature sexual development Hypersecrete Androgen
Cushing's Disease Hypersecrete Cortical
causes bones and muscles to grow Hypersecretion growth
abnormally large stature, relatively normal body proportions. Hypersecrete growth
Graves’disease, exophthalmos. Hyperthyroidism
deficiency of glucose in the bloodstream. Hypoglycemia
Causes kidneys to reabsorb water into the blood, which decreases blood osmolarity. ADH
adrenal insufficiency, addison's disease. Hyposecrete Cortical
Pituitary Dwarfism. Hyposecrete growth
abnoral muscle contractions. Hypoparathyroidism
is a congenital condition associated with severe hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism C
swelling related to mucoid build up.( is the most severe form of hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism A
depression associated with late autumn and winter and thought to be caused by a lack of light. SAD
abnormal growth of hair on a person's face and body, especially on a woman. Steroid Abuse
this is a genetic disorder that makes XY fetuses insensitive (unresponsive) to androgens (male hormones). Testicular Feminiza

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