The process of which rocks in the earth's crust change forms between sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous
rock cycle
A violent and sudden vibration in the earths crust that can cause great destruction
earthquake
A process where rocks can be broken up or separated
physical weathering
Environmental condition that can involve long and short term geological processes
geohazard
Disintigration or erosion of rocks
chemical weathering
Two plates that slowly move away from each other
Divergent Boundary
The point, or focus between two plates
focal point
Magma that has reached surface of the earth
lava
A map that shows the elevation heights of a region
topographical map
The exchange of warm liquids for cooler liquids with relation to density
convection
waves that compress and extend, move vertically
P waves
waves that slide past each other , move horizontally
S waves
places where plates slide past each other
transform boundary
Earthy matter, fine sand, or the like carried be moving or running water and deposited as a sediment
silt
a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or large lake
tsunami
The theory that earths outer shell is divided into several plates that glide over the mantle
plate tectonics
the crust and the uppermost mantle which constitute the hard and rigid outer layer of the earth
lithosphere
The action of surface processes that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the earths crust then transport it away to another location
erosion
A form of mass wasting that includes a wide range of ground movements
landslides
an actively deforming region where two or more tectonic plates or fragments of the lithosphere move toward one another and collide
convergent boundary
The point where an earthquake or underground collision occur
epicenter
Repetitive layering in metamorphic rocks
Foliation Bedding
Faults that move vertically
Reverse fault
a mixture of molten or semi- molten rock found beneath the surface of the earth
magma
Underwater mountain system formed by plate tectonics
mid-ocean ridge
fine grained natural rock or soil material that combines one or more clay minerals with traces of metal oxides and organic matter
clay
an overflow of water that submerges land which is usually dry
flooding
A supercontinent that existed during the late Paleozoic and early Mesozoic eras
Pangea
A rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface
Volcano
the upper layer of earth in which plants grow, a black or dark brown material typically consisting of a mixture of organic remains, clay, and rock particles.
soil
A crack in the earths crust
fault

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