Type
Crossword
Description

flour created by a blend of hard and soft wheat milling streams. allpurpose
Process in which muscles become more tender due to protein breakdown. aging
Holds the ingredients of a mixture or its breading together. binder
Viewing the inside and shell of an egg by holding it up to a bright light. candling
Extensive denaturation of protein molecules yielding a solid mass or gel. coagulation
Thin flour mixtures that are beaten or stirred, with a 1:1 or 1;2 ratio of liquid to flour. batters
Connective tissue protein: the largest component that gives strength to connective tissue: is solubilized to gelatin with cooking. collagen
he protein precipitates, shrinks, releases water and becomes tough. curdling
Method of cooking tender cuts of meat, including broiling, frying, pan-frying, and roasting. dryheat
Formed from the tenderization of collagen, used for edible gels in the human diet. gelatin
Sucrose dehydrates and decomposes when the temperature exceeds the melting point; it becomes brown and develops a caramel flavor; nonenzymatic browning. caramelization
Method of cooking less tender cuts of meat, including braising, pressure-cooking, simmering, stewing, or poaching. moistheat
the lean tissue of meat. muscletissue
Wholesale cut of meat; it contains the subprimal and retail cuts. primal
Cuts of meat available in the retail market retail
Division of a primal cut subprimal
Connective tissue protein; the yellow component of connective tissue that holds bone and cartilage together; does not break down with cooking. elastin
Process whereby a solute comes out of solution and forms a definite lattice or crystalline structure. Crystallization
Faults or problems with appearance, taste, or texture due to issues with proofing, temperature, ingredients, mixing procedures, equipment, and/or time. defects
Thick flour mixtures that are kneaded with a 1:3 or 1:6-8 ratio of liquid to flour dough
a biological process where yeast or bacteria, as well as mold and enzymes, metabolize complex organic substances such as sucrose, glucose, fructose, or maltose into relatively simple substances; the anaerobic conversion of sugar to carbon dioxide and alcohol by yeast or bacteria fermentation
Thin, flat layers of dough formed in doughs such as pie crusts and biscuits; a property of some pastries that is inverse to tenderness. flaky
Three-dimensional viscoelastic structure of dough, formed as gliadin and glutenin in some flour are hydrated and manipulated. gluten
The process of distributing yeast in dough and developing gluten for an even texture. Knead
The initial rise of batters and doughs when subjected to intense heat. ovenspring
A center tunnel where gasses escape from a muffin; created when long strands of gluten are formed when overmixing a batter. peak
Fermentation period that allows the dough to double in size proofing
A sugar solution holding the maximum amount of dissolved sugar it is capable of holding at a given temperature. saturated
putting a fine, loose, or powdery substance through a sieve to remove lumps or large particles. sift
Homogeneous mixture of solute and solvent: it may be dilute, saturated, of supersaturated. solution
Having a delicate, crumbly texture, a property of some pastries that is inverse to flakiness. tender
Any baked good that has no leavener, such as yeast, baking powder, or baking soda unleavened
Changes in the conformation of a protein cause by changes in temperature, and acidic pH, or by surface changes such as mechanical beating. denaturation
Material that allows two ordinarily immiscible substances to mix. emulsifier
Heating for a specific time at a temperature that eliminates pathogens. pasteurization
“Weeping” or water leakage from coagulated egg. syneresis
o heat gently and gradually; refers to the process of slowly adding a hot liquid to eggs or other foods to raise their temperature without causing them to curdle. tempering
A moist-heat cooking method that uses convection to transfer heat from a hot (approximately 160° to 180° F) liquid to the food submerged in it. poaching
Transfer of heat throughout a system by movement of currents of heated air, water, or other liquid. convection
Direct transfer of heat from one molecule to the next conduction
Transfer of energy through waves of electromagnetic energy directly from the source to the food being heated. Does not require direct contact. radiation
A form of electromagnetic energy microwave
Type of cookware conduct heat very efficiently and cook food evenly, usually made of Aluminum, copper, iron, and steel reactive
Type of cookware don't conduct heat very well and have "hot spots", usually made of ceramic and stainless steel. nonreactive

Culinary Terms- 1 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

cooked so as to be still firm when bitten al dente
an appetizer typically consisting of olives, anchovies, cheeses, and meats anti pasto
cook food by dry heat without direct exposure to a flame, typically in an oven or on a hot surface bake
pour juices or melted fat over meat during cooking in order to keep it moist baste
foods that have been formed into long narrow shapes, appearing stick-like and somewhat similar to a baton batonette
a semiliquid mixture of flour, egg, and milk or water used in cooking, especially for making cakes or for coating food before frying batter
To smoothen a mixture by briskly whipping or stirring it with a spoon, fork, wire whisk, rotary beater, or electric mixer beat
To thicken a sauce or hot liquid by stirring in ingredients such as eggs, flour, butter, or cream bind
Twice-cooked biscotti
smooth, creamy, highly seasoned soup of French origin bisque
used in the preparation of fish and other foods and cooked in a very hot cast-iron skillet blackened
To cook in a liquid that has reached its highest possible temperature of 212°F boil
Any broth made by cooking meat, poultry, fish, or vegetables in water bouillion
is a combination-cooking method that uses both moist and dry heats braise
a kind of food made of flour or meal that has been mixed with milk or water, made into a dough or batter, with or without yeast or other leavening agent, and baked bread
To cover with sauce mask
To chop, grind, or cut into small pieces mince
A mixture made up of diced vegetables mirepox
To heat with sugar and spices to make a hot drink mull
A French term describing the coating of a prepared dish with sauce napper
A knife cut with two angled sides oblique cut
Scarps from a remaining meal ort
Fry in a pan with a small amount of oil pan fry
a sandwich made with Italian bread, usually toasted panini
Trim something by cutting away the outer edges pare
Scoop fruit of vegetables in ball shape parisienne scoop
A smooth creamy substance made of liquidized or crushed fruits or vegetables puree
a mixture of fat and flour used in making sauces roux
General purpose knife for slicing, dicing, and mincing santoku knife
Fried quickly in a little amount of hot fat saute
A straight sided pan sautoir pan
Milk at the point before boiling scald
Cooking at a high temperature until caramelized crust forms sear
Teeth on the blades so it won't squish the ripe fruits serrated knife
When you put hot food under ice water to stop cooking process shocking
Remove the top fat layer from liquids skim
A thickening mixture that is made up of equal parts flour and water slurry
When the food is vacuum packed, emerged in water bath and cooked at a constant temperature sous vide
The combination of solid food ingredients that have been cooked in liquid soup in restaurant gravy stew
A strained liquid that results from simmering meat and is used for soups or sauces stock
A gentle heating of vegetables in little oil or butter sweat
A ring shaped pasta tortellini
A seven sided football like shapes tourne cut
This small knife, similar to a paring knife, has a curved blade to make cutting the curved surfaces of tournéed vegetables easier tourne knife
to make fast with skewers, thread, or the like, as the wings or legs of a fowl in preparation for cooking trussing
To beat food with a whisk or mixer to incorporate air and produce volume whip

Quick & Yeast Breads Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A bread leavened by agents that allow speedy baking quick bread
A method of making quick breads in which liquid ingredients are lightly mixed into dry ingredients to create a batter. muffin method
Gives a flaky layering and is used for making biscuits, scones, and shortcakes. biscuit method
Means to mix solid fat and flour using a pastry blender. Cut in
A biscuit that is lightly kneaded, rolled out to an even thickness, and cut to biscuit size before baking. rolled biscuit
To work dough with the hands to combine ingredients and develop gluten. knead
A biscuit made with more liquid in proportion to flour than a rolled biscuit. drop biscuit
A bread leavened with yeast. yeast bread
A process where yeast and enzymes in yeast produce alcohols and carbon dioxide that break down carbohydrates. fermentation
A method of mixing yeast dough in which the yeast is first dissolved in warm water to activate growth. conventional method
A method of mixing yeast dough in which dry yeast is combined with the dry ingredients and then with a liquid. quick-mix-method
To make slashes about 1/2 inch deep across the top of the bread. score
Is used for quick breads. all-purpose flour
Accurate_________________ is important when making quick breads. measuring
To much ______________________ makes tunnels. mixing
Some of the proteins in wheat flour combine with liquid to create an elastic substance. gluten
A process for testing yeast. proofing

Quick Breads Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

___________ should be very soft when making scones and dougnuts. dough
All-purpose ________________ is uesed for quick breads. flour
_____________ gently to aviod tunnels stir
_______________ is the leavening in popovers steam
too much __________ makes tunnels mixing
___________ is needed for tenderness. fat
When making biscuits you ____________ by using the palm of your hand. knead
baking soda, baking powder, & yeast are all examples leavening agent
The protein in flour. gluten
____________ flour before measuring. sift
an example of a pour batter pancake
___________ are an example of a drop batter. muffins
________ is used in quick breads for sweetness. Sugar
Too much beating causes ____________ in muffins. tunnels
A term to replace nutrients lost in refining flour form wheat. enriched
Muffin tins should be ______________ lightly. Greased
__________ flour has the most gulten bread
Cinnamon roll are yeast breads and biscuits are ____________ breads. quick
Leavening agents cause a product to _______________. Rise
When making muffins before pouring the liquid into the dry you need to make a __________. well
Using a pastry blender you ______________ fat to make biscuits. cutin

Cooking Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Describing the degree of doneness for pastas and other foods where there is a firm center. Not overdone or too soft. Al Dente
To spoon, brush or pour fat, drippings or liquid continually over a baking or roasting food (usually poultry) in order to promote a moist finished product, to add flavor, and to glaze it. Baste
An uncooked mixture usually containing milk, flour, and eggs. It can be thick enough to be poured or spooned (as with muffins), or thin, to coat foods before being fried in oil. Batter
To stir vigorously in a circular motion. Beat
To briefly submerge food into boiling water and then into an ice bath to halt further cooking. It is a technique used to soften and bring out the chlorophyll in green vegetables. Blanch
A mixture of two or more flavors to produce its own unique character, and quality. Blend
To heat a liquid to the point of breaking bubbles on the surface or to cook submerged in a boiling liquid. Boil
A method of cooking, in which the heat source is above or below the food Broil
A small cut also referred to as a quick, heavy blows of a cleaver or knife when preparing foods. Chop
To cook by dry heat, usually in the oven. Bake
To soften a fat, especially butter, by beating it at room temperature. Butter and sugar are often creamed together, making a smooth, soft paste. CREAM
To cut food in small cubes of uniform size and shape. DICE
To incorporate a delicate substance, such as whipped cream or beaten egg whites, into another substance without releasing air bubbles FOLD
To cook in hot fat. FRY
To rub on a grater that separates the food in various sizes of bits or shreds. GRATE
To cut vegetables, fruits, or cheeses into thin strips. JULIENNE
To work and press dough with the palms of the hands or mechanically, to develop the gluten in the flour. KNEAD
To cut or chop food into extremely small pieces. MINCE
To combine ingredients usually by stirring. MIX
To remove the outermost skin of a fruit or vegetable. PARE
A pinch is the trifling amount you can hold between your thumb and forefinger. PINCH
To remove pits from fruits. PIT
To boil down to reduce the volume. REDUCE
To cook by dry heat in an oven. ROAST
To cook and/or brown food in a small amount of hot fat. SAUTE
To cut narrow grooves or gashes partway through the outer surface of food. SCORE
To brown very quickly by intense heat. This method increases shrinkage but develops flavor and improves appearance. SEAR
To cook slowly in liquid over low heat at a temperature of about 180°. The surface of the liquid should be barely moving, broken from time to time by slowly rising bubbles. SIMMER
To cook in steam in a pressure cooker, deep well cooker, double boiler, or a steamer made by fitting a rack in a kettle with a tight cover. STEAM
To beat rapidly to incorporate air and produce expansion, as in heavy cream or egg whites. WHIP

Baking Terminology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

To cook in an oven with dry heat. Bake
A mixture of flour, liquid, and other ingredients that is thin enough to pour Batter
To thoroughly combine ingredients and incorporate air with a rapid, circular motion. This may be done with a wooden spoon, wire whisk, rotary egg beater, electric mixer, or food processor. Beat
To heat a liquid until bubbles rise continually to the service and break Boil
To heat sugar until it is melted and brown. Caramelize
To stir together two or more ingredients until mixed Combine
To beat one or more ingredients, usually margarine or butter, sugar and eggs, until the mixture is smooth and fluffy Cream
To seal the edges of two layers of dough with the times of a fork or your fingertips Crimp
To distribute solid fat throughout the dry ingredients using a pastry blender, fork, or two knives in a scissors motion Cut in
A soft, sick mixture of flour, liquids, fat, and other ingredients Dough
To distribute small amounts of margarine or butter evenly over the surface of pie filling ordo Dot
To drip a glaze or icing over food from the tines of a fork or the end of a spoon Drizzle
To sprinkle lightly with sugar, flour ,or cocoa Dust
To gently combine I have your mixture with a more delicate substance, such as a beaten egg whites or whipped cream, without causing a loss of hair Fold in
To cope with a liquid, sing I sing, or jelly before or after the food is cooked Glaze
To fold, push and turned out or other mixture to produce a smooth, elastic texture Knead
I temperature of about 105°F, which feels neither hot nor cold Lukewarm
To stir together two or more ingredients until they are thoroughly combined Mix
To combine dry ingredients with liquid ingredients until dry ingredients are thoroughly moistened but the mixer is still slightly lumpy Mixuntillmoistened
To allow used dough to rise before baking. Or to dissolve yeast in a warm liquid and set in a warm place for 5 to 10 minutes until it expands and becomes Bubbley Proof
When dough is slightly mounted, not level Rounded teaspoon
To cut slits in food with a knife, cutting partway through the outer surface Score
Margarine, butter, ice cream, cream cheese that is in a state soft enough for easy blending but not melted Softened
To combine ingredients with a spoon or whisk using a circular motion Stir
To beat rapidly with a wire whisk or electric mixer to incorporate air into a mixture in order to lighten and increase the volume of the mixture Whip

Cooking methods Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

___ cooking that uses both dry and moist cooking techniques combination
To use metal and the radiation of hot air, oil or fat to transfer heat is a ___ cooking technique dry
When the proteins in food change from a liquid or semi-liquid state to a drier solid state. coagulation
moisture that escapes into the air evaporation
Cooking technique that uses liquid instead of oil for heat energy needed to cook food moist
The process of cooking sugar to high temperatures carmelization
To coat food with flour or finely ground crumbs dredging
To cook food directly under a primary heat source. Broiling
Foods that are cooked completely submerged in heated fat deep-fried
To quickly brown food at the start of the cooking process sear
Cooking that takes place after you remove food from heat source carryover
A coating made of eggs and crumbs breading
To partially Cook food blanching
A combination cooking technique with food items cut into small pieces stew
To cook food in liquid between 150-185 degrees poach
To cook food in liquid that is heated between 185-200 degrees F. simmer
To cook foods in a closed environment using vapors steam
A long slow cooking process that makes tough cuts of meat more tender braising
To loosen pan drippings with a small amount of liquid deglaze

Quick Breads Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Pancakes and waffles are examples of __________ batters. Pour
When muffins are over mixed they develop ____________. Tunnels
Products such as yeast, baking soda, baking powder and eggs; they cause the product to rise. ______________ _____________ LeaveningAgent
________ batters are a type of quick bread why have a ratio of 1 c. liquid to 2 c. flour. Drop
Flour or gluten forms the _____________ for most bakery products. Structure
To work with your hands when creating soft doughs. ___________ Knead
___________ are a relative of pancakes, they are richer in fat and must be baked in a special iron. Waffles
Do not __________ __________ when combining liquid and dry ingredients when making quick breads. OverMix
Is a common leavening agent used in quick breads. _____________ ____________ BakingSoda
The 2 bowl mixing method of mixing quick breads is known as _____________ ____________ MuffinMethod
The sticky elastic substance formed when flour comes in contact with water. ____________ Gluten
A relative of the biscuit commonly eaten as strawberry ________________. Shortcake
Quick breads are ___________ _____________. FlourMixtures
The name of the colorless, flavorless leaving gas produced by baking soda or baking powder and liquid. ____________ _____________ CarbonDioxide
A comparison (flour to liquid). _________ Ratio
An "acidic" milk product use in baking, especially popular in the southern part of the US. __________________ ButterMilk
To make a hole or indentation in dry ingredients. ________ Well

Baking and Functions of Ingredients Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Muffins are forms of ______ bread. quick
The sticky protein in flour is called _________ gluten
Muffins should be ______ instead of smooth lumpy
Do not ________ your muffin batter or your muffins will bake tough instead of clumpy overmix
What liquid adds nutritive value, flavor, richness, and helps the crust brown? milk
The fat in a pastry melts as the food bakes , which gives the pastry a ________, flaky crust tender
Gluten is developed by _______ kneading
In the biscuit method of mixing, you _____ the fat. cut-in
_____ controls yeast from over developing salt
Which leavening agent needs, food, such as sugar, and liquid at 105 -115 F to activate yeast
Over mixing quick breads creates ______ inside the finished product. tunnels
Flour provides texture or _____. structure
When baking, you use this to check and see if your muffins are done. toothpick
This makes a smooth even cut when slicing cinnamon roll dough dental floss
I am a leavening agent that requires a high baking temperature and water to make the product rise. steam
This ingredient is the binding agent egg
Finely powdered sugar used to make the icing cinnamon rolls confectioners
Baking soda must have what added to act as a leavening agent acid
This is an example of a solid fat shortening
Biscuits should have a ____ inside tender
You use this to tool to cut in fat into flour pastry blender
A high quality muffin should have a round _______ top that is golden brown pebbled
The _____ method of mixing requires fat to be cut in biscuit
______ are pour batters pancakes
The ____ method of mixing uses a well muffin
The ingredient that causes bubbles in pancakes baking powder
Gluten is the ____ found in flour protein
This product is high in gluten bread
Liquid ingredients in baked goods add moisture and ______ mouthfeel
Leavening agents help the product to _____ rise

The baker's secret Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This mixing method is used for pastries and biscuits. Biscuit
A common mixing method requires just one of these. Bowl
A mixture that is similar to a dough but has more liquid in it. Batter
Produce during baking as water in the product heats. Steam
An ingredient that adds flavor,nutrients, richess,and color. Egg
Products with this type of filling must be refrigerated to prevent spoliage. Cream
Cream of tartar is a powdered ___ found in baking powder. Acid
This type of dough is firm to the touch. Stiff
The most common sugar. Sweetener
Flavoring in liquid form. Extract
If the ___ is too large or too small, a baked product will not be baked properly. Pan
Products bake by dry heat in a ___ oven. Conventional
Do this the oven to ensure accuracy of cooking times. Pre-heat
To work dough with the hands to mix ingredients and develop gluten. Knead
This ingredient combines with an acid liquid to produce gas for leavening. Soda
This kind of paper may melt if used as a pan liner. Waxed
This type of batter is thick and is usually spooned into pans. Drop
This kind of paper is recommended as a suitable pan liner. Parchment
This type of batter is thin enough to pour in a steady stream. Pour
Wax in waxed paper does this when heated. Melt

Baking Terminology Quiz Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

To cook in an oven, usually preheated for 10 to 15 minutes bake
Put a fine or loose substance through a sieve to remove lumps or large particles sift
Work into dough or paste with the hands. knead
Heat something, especially an oven or grill, beforehand preheat
To thoroughly combine ingredients and incorporate air with quick, circular motions beat
A soft, thick mixture of flour, liquids, fat and other ingredients dough
The coating and decoration of a cake icing
Ingredients and the method of process for a certain product recipe
The "feel" of the product texture
A mixture of flour, liquid and other ingredients that is thin enough to pour batter
To heat a liquid until it bubbles to the surface boil
To stir together two or more ingredients until mixed well combine
To come to room temperature cool
A temperature that feels neither hot or cold lukewarm
To chill in the refrigerator until a mixture is cool or until dough is form refrigerate
To combine ingredients with a spoon or whisk using a circular motion stir
To beat rapidly incorporating air into a mixture to lighten and increase the volume of the mixture whip