Type
Crossword
Description

Glass- like cartilage found on joints Hyaline Cartilage
Area of skeleton that contains the bones of both the head and the trunk of the vertebrae. Axial Skeleton
A highly vascularized bone that contains red bone marrow. Spongy Bone
Multinucleate cells responsible for bone resorption Osteoclast
Vascular connective tissue that covers bones except for where joints connect. Periosteum
Breaking or cracking of a bone. Fracture
The space between bones in the skull of and infant. Fontanel
Joins bone with a fibrous joint capsule. Synovial Joints
The inflammation of joints causing pain and stiffness. Arthritis
The bone marrow where red blood cell, platelets, and many white blood cells develop. Red marrow
A joint that only allows rotary movement around a single axis. Pivot Joint
A flexible fibrous connective tissue that holds joints together; connects two bones or cartilage. Ligament
Type of cartilage present on the outer ear. Elastic Cartilage
Area of skeleton that contains the bones that support appendages. Appendicular Skeleton

Skeletal System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a translucent bluish-white type of cartilage present in the joints, the respiratory tract, and the immature skeleton. Hyaline Cartilage
The _______ skeleton is the part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the head and trunk of a vertebrate. Axial Skeleton
found at the ends of long bones, as well as in the pelvic bones, ribs, skull, and the vertebrae in the spinal column. Spongy Bone
large multinucleate bone cell that absorbs bone tissue during growth and healing. osteoclast
dense layer of vascular connective tissue enveloping the bones except at the surfaces of the joints. periosteum
The skeletal system is also susceptible to breaks, strains and _________. fractures
The main one is between the frontal and parietal bones. fontanel
The synovial (or joint) cavity is filled with synovial fluid. synovial joints
painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints. Arthritis
Red blood cells, platelets and most white blood cells arise in _____ marrow. red marrow
a type of synovial joint. pivot joint
a short band of tough, flexible, fibrous connective tissue that connects two bones or cartilages or holds together a joint. ligament
type of cartilage found in ears, and epiglottis. elastic cartilage
The ____________ skeleton is divided into six major regions. appendicular skeleton
the shaft or central part of a long bone. diaphysis
a cell that secretes the matrix for bone formation. osteoblast
the cerebrospinal fluid-filled space that runs longitudinally through the length of the entire spinal cord. central canal
A softening and weakening of bones in children, usually due to inadequate vitamin D. rickets

Skeletal System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the most abundant cartilage type in the body hyaline cartilage
skeleton related to the head, neck, and vertabrae axial skeleton
internal layer of skeletal bone spongy bone
large cells that break down the bone matrix osteoclast
connective tissue that covers the bone periosteum
a break in a bone fracture
fibrous membranes at the angles of the cranial bones Fontanel
freely movable joints synovial joints
inflammation of the joints arthritis
bone marrow that contains the development stages of red blood cells red marrow
a joint that pivots pivot joint
tissue that connects bones ligament
cartilage with abundant elastic fibers elastic cartilage
skeleton relating to limbs appendicular skeleton
elongated shaft of a long bone diaphysis
bone forming cells osteoblast
the canal in the center of each osteon central canal
a vitamin D deficiency rickets
bones formed by fibrous tissue fibrous joints
a fibrous sac containing synovial fluid bursae
a disease that causes the inflammation of the joints rheumatoid arthritis
a synovial joint which allows for a gliding movement plane joint
a joint that allows for an elliptical movement condyloid joint
the most compressible type of cartilage fibrocartilage
dense bone that contains osteocytes compact bone
ends of a long bone epiphyses
mature bone cell osteocyte
process of removing old bone tissue and replacing it with new tissue bone remodeling
decreased density and strength of a bone osteoporosis
bones united by cartilage cartilaginous joints
synovial membrane around a tendon tendon sheath
a disease that causes arthritis in smaller bones gout
a joint that includes the ankle, knee, and the elbow hinge joint
a joint that resembles a saddle saddle joint
the hip joint ball and socket joint

Skeletal System Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The most abundant cartilage type in the body; provides firm support with some pliability hyaline
Skeleton that includes the bones of the skull, vertebral column, and rib cage Axial
Internal layer of skeletal bone Spongy bone
Large cells that resorb or break down bone matrix Osteoclast
Glistening white, double layered membrane that covers the external surface of bone Periosteum
a break in a bone Fracture
Fibrous membrane at angles of cranial bones that accomadate brain growth in the fetus and infant Fontanel
Freely movable joint exhibiting a joint cavity Synovial
Inflammation of the joints Arthritis
Hematopoietic tissue Red marrow
Type of joint where rounded end of one bone protrudes into a sleeve or ring composed of another bone Pivot
Band of regular fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone ligament
Type of cartilage with abundant elastic fibers Elastic
Skeleton consisting of the bones of the upper and lower limbs, and the girdles Appendicular
The elongated shaft of a long bone Diaphysis
Bone forming cell Osteoblast
Runs through the core of osteons Central canal
Osteomalacia in children Rickets
Bone joined without joint cavity Fibrous joint
Flattened fibrous sacs lined with synovial membrane Bursae
A chronic inflammatory disorder of joints Rheumatoid Arthritis
Type of joint where articular surfaces are essentially flat Plane
Type of joint wher the oval articular surface of one bone fits into a complementary depression of another Condyloid
Most compressable type of cartilage Fibrocartilage
External layer of bone Compact bone
Bone ends Epiphyses
Mature bone cell Osteocyte
process involving bone formation and destruction in response to hormonal and mechanical factors bone remodeling
Increased softening of the bone osteoporosis
type of joints where the articulating bones are united by cartilage Cartilaginous
an elongated bursa the wraps around a tendon subjected to friction Tendon Sheath
Urate crystals in the soft tissues of joints Gout
type of joint where a cylindrical projection of one bone fits into a trough shaped surface on another hinge
Type of joint that resemble condyloid joints but allow greater movement saddle
type of joint wher the spherical or hemispherical head o fone bone articulates with the cuplike socket of another Ball and Socket

Skeletal System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

is found covering the articular surfaces of bones in synovial joints hyaline-cartilage
consists of 80 bones and is composed of eight parts; the skull bones, the ossicles of the middle ear, the hyoid bone, the rib cage, sternum and the vertebral column axial-skeleton
the spicules form a latticework, with interstices filled with embryonic connective tissue or bone marrow spongy-bone
a large multinucleate bone cell that absorbs bone tissue during growth and healing osteoclast
a dense layer of vascular connective tissue enveloping the bones except at the surfaces of the joints periosteum
the breaking of a bone, cartilage, or the like, or the resulting condition fracture
one of the spaces, covered by membrane, between the bones of the fetal or young skull fontanel
joins bones with a fibrous joint capsule that is continuous with the periosteum of the joined bones, constitutes the outer boundary of a synovial cavity, and surrounds the bones' articulating surfaces synovial-joints
any disorder that affects joints arthritis
the reddish bone marrow where red blood cells and some white blood cells are formed red-marrow
the axis of a convex articular surface is parallel with the longitudinal axis of the bone pivot-joint
a short band of tough, flexible, fibrous connective tissue that connects two bones or cartilages or holds together a joint ligament

Vocabulary Skeletal System 2 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Translucent bluish white type of cartilage hyalinecartilage
Part of skeleton that consists of bones in the head Axialskeleton
One of the two types of bone found in body spongybone
Large multinucleate bone osteoclast
Dense layer of vascular connective tissue periosteum
Cracking or breaking fracture
Space between the bones of the skull of an infant or fetus frontanel
Joins bones with a fibrous joint capsule synovialjoints
Painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints arthritis
Contains the developmental stages of red blood cells redmarrow
Type of synovial joint pivotjoint
Short band of tough, flexible, fibrous connective tissue ligament
Type of cartilage found in the outer ear elasticcartilage
Portion of the skeleton of vertbrates appendicularskeleton
Shaft or central part of a long bone diaphysis
Cell that secrets the matrix for bone formation osteoblast
Cerebrospinal fluid filled space centralcanal

Skeletal System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Covers end of long bones Articular Cartilage
Top end of the bone Proximal Epiphysis
Bottom end of bone Distal Epiphysis
Shaft; Composed of compact bine Diaphysis
Cavity of the shaft Medullary Cavity
Dense smooth outer layer Compact bone
Honey comb ; containg red marrow Spongy bone
When cartilage hardens after growth Epiphyseal line
Band of cartilage between epiphysis and diaphysis epiphyseal plate
Covers diaphysis; fibrous connective tissue membrane Periosteum
In spongy bone red marrow
in medullary cavity Yellow Marrow
concentric circles that surround the haversian canals lamellae
open spaces with in the lamellae that contain osteocytes lacuna
Mature bone cells osteocytes
bone - destroying cells osteoclast
bone forming cells osteoblast
functional unit of compact bone osteon
opening in centerr of osteon central canal
canal perpindicular to central canal perforating canal

Skeletal system Review Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The skeletal system ______ internal organs. Protects
Stores and releases salts of calcium and __________. phosphorus
_________ body in movements assists
Participates in ________ cell production blood
Stores triglycerides in adipose cells of _________ bone marrow yellow
Provides ________ to the human body. support
unspecialized bone cells that are able to change into other type of cells osteoprogenitor
Bone-building cells osteoblasts
Mature bone cells osteocytes
Remodel bones and cause them to release calcium osteoclasts
_______ skeleton that lies on the longitudinal axis of the human body. axial
_________ skeleton that deals with upper and lower limbs, pelvis, and pectoral. appendicular
What type of bone is your carpals? short
What type of bone is your femur? long
What type of bone is your patella? sesmoid
What type of bone is your frontal bone? flat
What type pf bone is your vertebrae? irregular
The process of bone formation ossification
All bones consists of mainly 99% of this mineral. calcium
Bone connected to shoulder joint and elbow joint. humerous
Your thigh bone femur
kneecap bone patella
The bone we call our collar bone clavicle
Triangle shaped bone behind shoulder scapula
Jaw bone mandible
Finger bones are also called ______ phalanges
bone that is on the thumb side of arm Radius
bone that is on pinky side of arm bone Ulna
bone that holds your brain cranial
________ bone is good at providing protection and support compact
________ bone is lightweight and provides tissue support spongy
Main portion of long bone Diaphysis
both ends of bone at the joints. (proximal and distal) epiphyses
region between diaphysis and epiphyses metaphyses
thin layer that covers both epiphyses articular cartilage
connective tissues surrounding the diaphysis periosteum
hollow space within diaphysis. Houses yellow bone marrow medullary cavity
thin membrane lining the medullary cavity endosteum

Bones and Joints Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

How many bones are in the axial Skeleton Eighty
A "connection" between two or more bones Joints
what type of bone is a humerus Long
What type of bone is a patella Sesamoid
What type of bone is a vertebra Irregular
What type of bone is the skull Flat
Fibrous-ligamentous joint where only slight motion takes place Synarthrosis
A fibrous joint where there is a peg in a socket type of structure Gomphosis
Joints between fibro and hyaline cartilage Amphiarthrosis
Primary motion extension and flexion Hinge joint
Joint in wrist Elipsoid Joint
Type of joint at knee Condyloid joint
resists compressive and shear forces in articular surfaces Articular Cartilage
Bone density becomes weak and brittle osteoporosis
Non-vascular, Receives nutrients from synovial fluid Hyaline cartilage
Point runs through a joint from front to back Sagittal Axis
Point that runs through a joint from side to side Frontal Axis
Point that runs through a joint from top to bottom Vertical Axes
What is between the Epiphysis and Metaphysis Epiphyseal Plate
thin fibrous membrane covering all of the bine but the articular surfaces Periosteum
lie between the vertebral bones Disk
thick, clear fluid Synovial fluid
Small, padlike sacs found around most joints Bursae
partial or complete tearing of ligament fibers Sprains

The Skeletal System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A bone function Mineralstorage
Stimulates osteocytes to secret bone-dissolving enzymes PTH
Four fused vertebrae Coccygeal
Longest and strongest bone Femur
Articulations Joints
Most freely movable joint Synovial
Condition caused by excessive bone loss over time. Osteoporosis
Bone forming cells Osteoblasts
Deposits new cartilage at outer surface of growth plate Chondroblasts
A cell that resorbs or breaks down bone by dissolving hydroxyapatite Osteocyte A mature bone cell Osteoclast
Bones found in both hands and feet Phalanges
Forms during first step of repairing bone fracture Hematoma
Bone that forms part of eye socket Zygomatic
Connective tissue that binds bones across a joint tillage to each other Ligaments
Cartilage formed by thick bundles of collagen Fibrocartilage
Found where support under pressure is required Cartilage
A bone of the skull Parietal
A region of the vertebral column Lumbar
A division of the human skeleton that includes the arms and legs Appendicular
A funny bone Humerus
Larger of two bones in lower leg Tibia
A joint that is a hinged synovial joint Knee
An immovable joint Fibrous
Connective tissue that that joins muscle to bone Tendon
A joint that provides some movement Cartilaginous
One of five functions of bone Support

Long Bones Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

connective tissue that covers atricullar surface of bones articular cartilage
enlarged terminal part of bone near the center of the body proximal epiphysis
enlarged terminal part of bone further from body distal epiphysis
shaft or central part of a long bone diaphysis
central part of bone shaft where red and yellow bone marrow is stored medullary cavity
dense bone were the bony matrix is filled with ground substance compact bone
bone that is highly vascular and contains red marrow spongy bone
line of long bone where growth occurs epiphyseal line
hyaline cartilage plate at the end of a long bone epiphyseal plate
dense layer of vascular connective tissue that envelopes long bones periosteum
required for formation of red blood cells red marrow
fatty bone marrow; found at end of long bones yellow marrow
thin layer or platelike tissue found in bone tissue lamellae
cavity or depression in bone lacuna
mature bone cell osteocyte
cell that breaks down bone and is responsible for bone resorption osteoclast
bone-forming cell osteoblast
fundamental functional unit of compact bone; basic unit osteon
canal that runs through the spinal cord and ventricles of the brain central canal
canals in bone through which blood vessels pass perforating canal