Type
Crossword
Description

similar to knights in medieval Europe Samurai
lasted from 199 to 1333 The Kamakura shogunate
Swahili society a mixed African-Arabic culture emerged in the coastal area East Africa
made trade easier by offering a reliable and safe route for merchants and caravans silk road
became a state religion Shinto
was a menacing conqueror until his death in 1405 Timur Lenk
first great trading state in west Africa Kingdom of Ghana
Established along the Niger River 1009 Kingdom of Songhai
Attacked Persia in 1231 Mongol conquest
Major cultural developments in landscape painting and ceramics called porcelain
prosperity and cultural achievements until conquest by the Mongols song
Built a capital at Tenochtitlan on Lake Texcoco in 1325 Aztec
Impressive architectural engineering at Manchu Picchu Inca
Flourished between AD 300-900 on the Yucatan Peninsula The Maya
Made Timbuktu a center of Islamic learning and culture Mansa Musa

African Trading Empires Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Who was the king of Mali Mansa Musa
Which kingdom of West Africa thrived in 1300 Mali
Which instrument was used to help sailors find their location Astrolabe
What is a journey taken for religious reasons called Pilgramage
What was North Africa's huge desert Sahara
What was the first trading kindom in Africa Ghana
What is a group of traders traveling together called Caravan
What was the last trading kingdom in Africa Songhai
What was the city that was holy to Muslims Mecca
What was the trading city that was used for Muslim teaching Timbuktu
Ghana had lost of gold but lacked what Salt
What was the religion of the Arab traders Islam
Who did the Astrolabe help Sailors

African Trading Empires Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

what is Africas biggest desert in the north Sahara
what was the third and final trading kingdom in West Africa songhai
Ghana was known as..... Land of Gold
what is the journey only taken for religious reasons pilgrimage
Who was the ruler or king of Mali Mansa Musa
Ghana was rich in gold but they lacked....... salt
The camels became known as..... ship of the desert
How did Mali and Ghana gain their wealth......... trading
What was the religion of the Arab traders.... Islam
A city in the Arabian peninsula that is holy to Muslims. Mansa Musa visted here . Mecca
Who traveled to China Marco Polo

The Mongolian Empire Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

one of several separate territories into which Genghis Khan’s empire was split, each under the rule of one of his sons Khanates
a revised form of Confucianism that evolved as a response to Buddhism and held sway in China from the late Tang dynasty to the end of the dynastic system in the twentieth century NeoConfucianism
a ceramic made of fine clay baked at very high temperatures Porcelain
What influenced artists to find the "way" in nature? Daoism
What type of people were the Mongols? Pastoral
People of an empire that originated out of the steppes of Eurasia that grew to become the largest empire in the world's history. Mongols
A person whose lifestyle consists of hunting, gathering, and moving from one place to another Nomad
a crude uncouth ill-bred person lacking culture or refinement barbarian
grassland plains without trees steppes
(ruled 1206-1227) name means "Universal Ruler," led a fierce Mongol army, best known for his military campaigns Genghis Khan
the area that the khan ruled Khanate
people who lived off of domesticated herds and followed herds to grazing pastures Pastoralists
grandchild of Genghis Khan, became Great Khan of Mongol Empire in 1260, completed conquest of China, created the Yuan Dynasty in China, ruled the Great Khanate, increased foreign trade, was ruler when Marco Polo arrived in China Kublai Khan
Venetian traveler who explored Asia in the 13th century and served Kublai Khan (1254-1324) Marco Polo
What major technology brought by the Europeans greatly increased the Mongols strength Firearms
Mongolian ruler of Samarkand who led his nomadic hordes to conquer an area from Turkey to Mongolia (1336-1405) Tamerlane
An extensive interconnected network of trade routes The silk road
Too much spending on foreign conquests, corruption at court, and growing internal instability plagued what dynasty? Mongol Dynasty
Who ended the Mongol dynasty? Zhu Yuanzhang
What belief influenced the portrayal of humans as insignificant in the midst of nature Daoism
Who perfected the making of porcelain? Tang artisans
medicine man or wizard, people believed he had the power to summon spirits and cure the sick. Shamans
The ___________needle and thread take the place of brush and ink, while pieces of silk and brocade are transformed into areas of color. Embroidery
Empty spaces were left in the paintings because in the ______ _______, one cannot know the whole truth Daoist vision
During the Song and Mongol dynasties,__________ __________ was a major cultural development. Landscape Painting

Kingdom and Trading States of Africa Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

new language that arose in Eastern Africa, a fusion of many Arabic words onto a Bantu base and was written in Arabic script Swahili
worlds largest dessert in North Africa, was a highway for migration and trade but its die and harsh terrain limited movement Sahara
a grassy plain savanna
process by which fertile or semidesert land becomes a desert desertification
or, kings who had influence over gold mining region and salt supplies in Africa mansas
Greatest emperor of Mali, expanded borders West and North to conquer new territory Mansa Musa
farming method in which forest and brush are cut down and burned to create planting fields slash and burn agriculture
type of African family where parents and children work together as one unit nuclear family
African family type, inheritance passed through father's side patrilineal
African family type, inheritance traced through mother's side matrilineal
professional poet or ancient story teller, preserved both histories and traditional folktales to educate future generations griot
founder of Mali Sundiata
First King of the Songhai Empire, brought trade routes and wealthy cities under his control Sonni Ali
a king of the Songhai Empire, set up a bureaucracy, made hajj to Mecca which increased ties with Muslim world Askia Muhammad
city in Mali that became the leading center of learning Timbuktu
Capital city of the Songhai Empire , had caravan trade routes Gao
First known empire in West Africa between 6th and 13th centuries Ghana

West African Kingdoms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What religion did the Muslim merchants spread? Islam
What did the Moroccans have that the Songhai soldiers didn't? guns
What city was a center of Muslim learning in Mali? Timbuktu
Africans needed salt in their _____. diet
What precious metal was a popular trading source? gold
Where did Mansa Musa make the pilgrimage? Mecca
How many camels carried gold on Mansa Musa's pilgrimage? eighty
What kingdom was the largest in western Africa? Songhai
What was a powerful king called in the kingdom of Mali? Mansa
What is the largest desert in Africa and the world? Sahara
What is the longest river in the world? Nile
Who was in charge of keeping African history alive by oral storytelling? griots
Who was the Mali king known as the "Lion Prince"? Sundiata Keita
Nearly all trade came through this kingdom. Ghana
Sunni Ali was the leader of ________. Songhai
Which people's migration helped spread culture across medieval Africa? Bantu
What society was a mixture of African and Muslim culture? Swahili
What was the earliest known form of African art? rock painting
In west Africa most people lived in large, extended ____. families
Which geographic zone in Africa runs through the equator? Rain Forest
Tracing ancestry through the mother is known as ______. matrilineal
In Ghana, the throne passed to the king's _____. nephew
Who was the leader of Songhai during its "Golden Age"? Muhammad Ture
True or False - Mansa Musa let his people practice their own religion? True
Who was the Moroccan lawyer who wrote about Mansa Musa's pilgrimage? Ibn Battuta

Ancient African Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An area of high flat land Plateau
Traditional storytellers Griots
Mali's great warrior king who was called "Lion Prince" SundiataKeita
Language that means "people of the coast" Swahili
Largest Empire of West Africa Songhai
Songhai leader who seized control of Timbuktu SunniAli
Kingdom located by the Red Sea Axum
Climate zone that covers 40% of Africa's land area. Is Dotted with small trees and shrubs Savanna
West African Kingdom that taxed passing traders which made them rich Ghana
Boats used by Arab traders to sail to East Africa Dhows

Ancient Africa Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What was the trading kingdom of East Africa? Axum
What writing did Ghana absorbe? Arabic
What happened to Mali when Mansa Musa was in charge? poweful
What is one of the diseses in Africa? Ebola
How big is Africa compard to the Untied States? Four
Highest pike in Africa Mt.Kilimanjaro
What's the largest river in Africa? Nile
Who are the bushman in Afrca? San
What are the Watusi known well for? Dancing
Who are the people who came from Madagascar? Malgache
What instrument do the Masai believe to be the best? vocies
Who had the high status in Ghana? women
Who cut off the many trade routes in Ghana? Almoravids
What did the Almoravids bring with them when they moved? Cattle
Since the animals ate all the grass, what happened to the land? Worthless
What river did the Mali live by? Niger
What new crop did Mali have? Cotton
What happened to the taxes when Samanguru was king? Rise
What was the city that is the center of Muslim learning? Timbucktu
True or False Africa is the most dangerous of the 7 continents. False
What are the storytellers of early West Africa called? Griot
What is the disese that can make people blind? Oncho
True or False Is Africa almost an island? True
Today, what language are the books in Africa written in? Afrikaans
When you make a homemade ball, what is one thing that you would need? String
Who was the person that found "Lucy"? (HINT! Only FIRST NAME) Mary
What kingdom ruled in the 15th century? Songhai
What kingdom ruled in the 14th century? Mali
What kingdom was right in the middle of trade from North and South? Ghana
What title did Suniata take? Mansa

West Africa Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A lake in west Africa which they used for trade NigerRiver
An area of abundant trees and shrubs Woodlandforest
An area of lush vegetation and year-round rainfall rainforest
A desert that is 3,500,000 square miles in North Africa and northern part of West Africa Sahara Desert
An area that has tall grass and scattered trees Savanna
The oldest kingdom of west Africa Ghana
Based on a women's family line Matrilineal
A gold mine only the natives near where it was Wangara
An area were people made salt Taghaza
The kingdom that took down Ghana Mali
The earliest west African kingdom Songhai
Emperor of the most wealthiest kingdom in West Africa Mansa Musa
A piece of jewelry or other object that provided protection against bad luck, evil, illness and injury Amulet
Inheritance of the right to rule Succession
Based on man's family line Patrilineal

Ming Dynasty Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

(1371-1433?) Chinese naval explorer who sailed along most of the coast of Asia, Japan, and half way down the east coast of Africa before his death. Zheng He
(1368- 1644) Chinese Dynasty that followed the Mongols. The Ming moved China's capital to Beijing, and ruled for 300 years of peace and prosperity. Ming Dynasty
Became the capital of China during the Ming Dynasty because of its centralized location Beijing
A walled section of Beijing that encloses the palace that was formerly the residence of the emperor of China. Forbidden City
Practice of government employment based on competitive examinations and merit Civil Service System
meaning "brilliant", Chinese dynasty that succeeded the Mongol Yuan dynasty in 1368 led by Hongwu and fell to the Manchu Qing dynasty in 1644 Ming
nomadic people from a grasslands north of Korea who established the Qing dynasty in China in 1644 Manchu
meaning "pure", last of the Chinese dynasties, founded by the Manchu in 1644 that fell in 1911 Qing
1661-1722, Qing emperor who defeated the Mongols in 1696 and strengthened Chinese infrastructure Kangxi
Who started the ming dynasty? hongwu
hongwu's improvement in agriculture increased _____ _____ & improved irrigation
hongwu's improvement in agriculture increased rice production & improved _____ irrigation
hongwu decided to return to _____ _____ _____, like filial piety confucianmoralstandards
hongwu decided to return to confucian moral standards, like ____ _____ filialpiety
High-sterned, with projecting bow, classic Chinese sailing vessel of ancient unknown origin, still in wide use. Junks
One of the foundational virtue of Confucianism, it characterizes the bearing and behaviour that a paradigmatic human being exhibits in order to promote a flourishing human community. Humaneness
Formal social roles and institutions that the ancients had abstracted from cosmic models to order communal life. Ritual Consciousness

Africa Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

this kingdom stretched from the Atlantic to Lake Chad songhai
large body of water that seperates Europe from Africa mediterranan
according to the ancient Greeks this word meant not cold aphrike
these animals are known as the ships of the desert camels
largest desert located in Africa sahara
country between Egypt and Algeria libya
kingdom had over 200,000 soldiers ghana
island nation on the east coast of Africa madagascar
2nd largest continent africa
another name for grasslands savannah
worth it's weight in gold salt
means hello in swahili jamba
religion in african kingdom of Axum christianity
city in Mali that was the center of learning timbukutu
powerful ruler of Mali mansa musa
city that Mansa Musa travelled to for his hajj Mecca
kingdom of Songhai extended from the Atlantic to lake Chad
Songhi trading center that was located on the Niger river Gao
ocean on the east coast of Africa Indian
African kingdoms became wealthy because of trade