Type
Crossword
Description

Another name for the Dutch settlers in South Africa Afrikaners
Country in Eastern Africa that was never taken over by Europeans Ethiopia
Africans in the Congo could not produce enough of this item, causing many of them to face mutilation. rubber
What David Livingstone called "the open sore of Africa" slave trade
Missionary/Doctor who loved the people and continent of Africa David Livingstone
Name of the conference, where many Europeans countries and the United States, carved up Africa Berlin Conference
The first European country to enter Africa on the West coast Portugal
Leader who said "there are no small nations...only small minds." Leopold
Number of people out of five, who typically didn't make it on the march to the sea to board slave ships. Two
Continent on which David Livingstone's heart was buried Africa
Country whose leader expanded his territory into the Congo of Africa Belgium
When a country forces its way into another country and takes over land, territory, or decision making imperialism

Imperialism Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a territory that a colonial power ruled directly through colonial officials colony
African country that remained independent via their military Ethiopia
a soldier from colonial India under the direction of a British Commander sepoy
one of the inspirations for Westerners to colonize China gold
effort by the Righteous and Harmonious Fists to expel foreigners from China Boxer Rebellion
largest colonial power in Africa England
little buddy of the USA in Africa...remained independent Liberia
British adventurer who made millions in gold and diamonds in Africa Cecil Rhodes
pride in your country, support of its policies, and feeling of superiority nationalism
acronym for the motives of imperialism name
meeting where Europeans agreed on how to divide up the African continent Berlin Conference
had to inform others that you wanted part of Africa Article 34
lead European leaders at the Berlin Conference Otto von Bismark
author of White Man's Burden Rudyard Kipling
colony with its own government but policies guided by a foreign power protectorate
time between 1800-1914 when countries set out to control foreign lands Age of Imperialism
political, economic, social, military control of another country imperialism
a region where an imperial power has exclusive economic and trading control sphere of inluence
amount of input Africans had at the Berlin Conference zero
competition by Europeans to claim part of Africa Scramble for Africa
poem advocating "westernization" of Africa and other non-industrialized areas White Man's Burden

Scramble for Africa Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the European conference that divd the land of Africa Berlin conference
the famous poem that described the responsibility that Europeans had to colonize Africa the white mans burden
the ruling system that allowed Africans to participate in direct rule
the material most associated with King Leopold rubber
the decided neutral area of Africa Congo River
the European king known for his brutal plantations and disrespect of Africans King Leopold
extending a country's power and influence imperialism
the continent that colonized almost 90% of Africa Europe
the way of ruling African colonies that the British used indirect rule
BONUS: the canal that connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea Suez Canal

The New Imperialism Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the domination by one country of another country Imperialism
Why could Europeans know take over parts of Africa machine-gun
France goal was to impose French _________ on their colonies and turn them into French provinces culture
British relied on a system of ____________ rule indirect
In a _______ local rulers were left in place but were expected to follow the advice of European advisors protectorate
Across Africa's many regions, people spoke hundreds of __________ and had developed varied governments languages
What had long influenced the east coast of Africa ? Islam
In early 1800s European nations began to outlaw the transatlantic ________ trade slave
Want kind of missionaries followed yeh explores of Africa religious
By want country was Egypt colonized ? Britain
What powers met at an international conference in Berlin 1884 European
Who was the person who hand Congo as a personal colony ? Leopold
Who won the Boer war ? Britain
Who fought the war against the Yao and Herero in east Africa ? Germans
During the Age of Imperialism a western-educated African __________ emerged. Elite
Who is sometimes called the "father of modern Egypt " ? Muhammad-Ali

Africa Unit Test Crossword Review

Type
Crossword
Description

Location of West Africa Conference in 1884-85 Berlin
King of Belgium that colonized the Congo for its rubber Leopold
Objectives that imperialists agreed on when claiming African territory Noble
Where gold was discovered in 1886 in South Africa Witwatersrand
Hostile indigenous chiefdom under King Shaka Zulu
Afrikaans word that means "white farmer" Boer
Conflict between British and Dutch to determine control of gold mines and South Africa Boer War
British colonist that wanted to control Cape Town to Cairo Rhodes
First port discovered by the Portuguese and then later claimed by the Dutch settlers Cape Town
Large Afrikaner community; judicial capital of South Africa Bloemfontein
South African city that found its first diamond in 1867 Kimberley
German Chancellor that hosted the Berlin West Africa Conference in 1884-85 Bismarck
Number of objectives agreed upon by imperialists in Berlin in 1884-85 Four
Term that means a species native to a certain area (plants, animals, humans, etc.) Indigenous
Rubber is made from this? Coagulated sap
One method used by the Belgians against the Congolese to force them to meet their rubber quotas Hostage-taking
A cruel and ruthless dictator that holds all power Despot
A fixed number of a product that must be made/gathered in a specific frame of time Quota
A two-week time period that Congolese men were given to gather between 6-8 pounds of rubber Fortnight
What kind of trees rubber sap comes from: Rubber
The executive capital of South Africa, where the president is inaugurated into office Pretoria
French Prime Minister that allied with Germany and helped organize the Berlin West Africa Conference Ferry
Mass movement of 5,000+ Afrikaner families moving inland to establish their own governing systems, separate of Great Britain Great Trek
Process of extending one's empire/influence over smaller, weaker territories. This is done either through force or diplomacy. Imperialism
The invention of this tire triggered a craze to gather rubber during the mid--late 1800s. Bicycle
The invention of this triggered a second craze to gather rubber in the early 1900s. Automobile
The inventor of the rubber tire Dunlop
Which imperialist laid claim to the diamonds in Kimberley in 1867? Great Britain
Which imperialist country laid claim to Witwatersrand in 1886 when gold was discovered? Netherlands
Major city of South Africa, just south of Pretoria Johannesburg
An aggressive indigenous chiefdom, smaller in numbers, but allied with Zulus against imperialists Xhosa
Another name for an indigenous community, governed by a chief? Chiefdom
Who was not invited to the West Africa Conference in 1884-85? Africa
Germany and France allied in the late 1800s to prevent which imperialist from maintaining global superiority? England
Who won the First Boer War of 1899-1902? British
Which Noble Objective was most commonly violated by imperialists in Africa? Slavery
How did Belgian soldiers keep track of how much rubber Congolese men collected? Metal disks
What country was invited to the Berlin West Africa Conference with no interest in colonizing Africa? United States
What Noble Objective was strongly followed, but for the interests of imperialist profits? Trade and Commerce
What other Noble Objective was evident in many African colonies once imperialists brought missionaries in? Religion
After this resource was discovered in South Africa, it created the biggest economic boom for the South African global market: Gold
Name given to the descendants of Dutch-speaking persons living in South Africa: Afrikaner

Imperialism Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

When a strong country conquers and takes over a weaker country politically, socially or economically imperialism
The area that is taken over by a country colony
A state that is controlled and protected by another Protectorate
crops that are unable to be eaten but you can make a lot of money off of them cash crop
Mother country treated Natives like they were there children Paternalism
Indian soldiers who were employed to protect the company's interests sepoy
British rule in India raj
Meeting to decide how to divide up Africa, without any, regard for the people living there. Countries such as Britain, France, Spain, Portugal, Belgium, Italy and Germany were involved Berlin Conference
Ruler of Ethiopia menelik ii
Africa because people didn't know what was there dark continent
War from 1899-1902- Great Britain defeated Boers of South Africa Boer War
Name given to India because it had a lot of resources such as textiles and ivory- also very wealthy jewel in the crown
Occurred in China. (generally was) areas where trade was controlled by different European nations). sphere of influence
This was the idea that it was natural for strong countries (like the European nations) to take over weaker countries (like nations in Africa and Asia). social darwinism
type of control where foreign officials were brought in to rule and control in which needs were satisfied but rights were not given direct control
The ruling nation relies on the existing political rulers in the subject nation to lead the country. indirect control
Over 90% of Africa was taken over by European countries that scrambled (raced) to take over the continent. (all wanted Africa) scramble for africa
Rebellion in which India tried (but failed) to gain independence from Great Britain (England). sepoy mutiny
foreigners living in china lived by the rule of the nation they came from Extraterritorial Rights
US declared this on china in 1899 so that merchants of all nations could trade with china open door policy

Age of Imperialism Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Regions or sections of China that was controlled by Western powers. Spheres of influence
Treaty that opened trading ports in Japan Treaty of Kanagawa
When one country takes over another country Imperialism
Meeting of the European countries to divide up Africa Berlin Conference
a policy in which Europeans governed in a fatherly way by providing for their basic needs by not giving them any rights Paternalism
Idea of survival of the fittest applied to society Social Darwinism
Indian Soldiers Sepoys
Period of British rule in India 1857-1947 Raj
Nickname given to India because it was considered Great Britain's most valuable colony Jewel In The Crown
A rebellion in 1857 of Hindu and Muslim soldiers against the British in India Sepoy Mutiny
Leader of Ethiopia who was able to resist British Imperialism Menelik II
The idea that native populations would absorb European culture Assimilation
United States proposed that all of China should be open for trade for all western powers. Open Door Policy
Modernization/Industrialization period of Japan Meiji Restoration
A rebellion to eliminate all foreign influence in China Boxer Rebellion
Territories controlled by a foreign nation Colony
Dutch settlers in South Africa Boers
Belief in the superiority of one's own ethnic group or culture Ethnocentrism
War between Britain and China, fought over control of drug trade in China Opium War
Foreigners only have to follow laws of their own nation Extraterritorial Rights

The Scramble for Africa Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Kwame Nkrumah
Ethiopia
Liberia
Zimbabwe
Berlin Conference
King Leopold II
Imperialism
Colonialism
Dark Continent
Boers
Cape Town
Oyo empire
monopoly
Osei Tutu
Asante
missionary
Affonso I
plantation
Malindi
Mombasa

Geography and Early History of Africa Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The mass migration of Boers onto Zulu lands resulting in conflict Great Trek
commodity even more valuable than gold during the early West African trading empires salt
the need for natural resources and raw materials was the ____ motive for European colonization of Africa Economic
the movement to end slavery throughout the world abolition
Great King of the Zulus who united the tribes to oppose the migrating Dutch onto their ancestral lands Shaka
dominates the geography of eastern Africa Great Rift Valley
meaning mass displacement, a significant effect of the slave trade on Africa Diaspora
the desire to create vast empires abroad as a form of nationalism was the ___ motive for European colonization in Africa political
when ancestry is derived from one's mother; common in some traditional African cultures matrilineal
british doctor and missionary whose travels to Africa helped spark European interest in the vast continent David Livingstone
conflict between the British and Dutch in South Africa over the gold and diamond trade Boer War
West African country set up by freed slaves from the United States in 1847 Liberia
the first industrialized country to outlaw slavery in 1807? Britain
meaning a common agreement for the good of the community; common in some traditional African cultures Consensus
dominates the geography of North Africa Sahara
the reason for initial European interest in Africa gold
when European colonial powers made decisions on how to divide up the African continent in 1884 Berlin Conference
West African country set up by the British for freed slaves in the late 1700s Sierra Leone
the eastern coast of Africa is traditionally known as the ____ coast because of its trading with the Arab and the language that resulted Swahili
Dutch settlers in South Africa in 1652 Boers
the first european country to make contact with the African continent Portugal
extensive grasslands in eastern and southern africa that is home to an abundance of wildlife savanna
the concept of having multiple wives; common in some traditional African cultures polygamy
located along Nile River and supplies hydroelectric power to much of Egypt Aswan High Dam
where the Dutch settled in South Africa in 1652 cape town

Atlantic Slave Trade Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The slave trade undermined the Kingdom of? Kongo
Kongo went to war with who because of slavery? Portugal
The Kongo _______ was executed. King
Queen ______ of Ndongo Nzinga
____ was used for the trade of slaves. Triangular trade
What was the most momentous thing that linked Africa to the outside world? Slave Trade
_______ established a slave trade. Muslims
How many slaves were taken? Ten million
Horses and Europeans manufactured goods for slaves. First leg
Took slaves to the Caribbean and Americas. Second leg
Transported produced goods to Europe. Third leg
Many slaves worked on what kind of plantations? Cotton, sugar, tobacco
Cotton, sugar, and tobacco are _____ crops. Cash
How many slaves were taken from Africa? Twelve million
By 1888, the Atlantic Slave Trade was_____. Over
1518 was the first time that slaves were shipped to what plantations? Sugar

The Age of Imperialism Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Geographic area surrounding the Pacific Ocean PACIFICRIM
They agreed that any nation could claim any part of Africa BERLINCONFERENCE
Most valuable of all JEWELINTHECROWN
A French colonial federation FRENCHINDOCHINA
Seizure of a country or territory IMPERIALISM
the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically COLONIALISM
A war between Spain and the United States, fought in 1898 SPANISHAMERICANWAR
A state in the Himalayas, a flash point between India and Pakistan KASHMIR
The act of rounding up Christians and killing them causing foreign powers to respond quickly BOXERREBELLION
A geographic area in southeastern Europe BALKANPENINSULA
New leader to help the nationalist movement and unite Indians across class lines MOHANDASGANDHI
Connected the Mediterranean with the Red Sea SUEZCANAL
An act of nonviolent civil disobedience in colonial India led by Gandhi to produce salt from the seawater SALTMARCH
Dutch settlers that believed that God predetermined white superiority over the native black population BOERS
The Muslim leader of Egypt, saw the slow decline of the Ottoman Empire MUHAMMADALI
Applying the idea of survival of the fittest war and economic competition SOCIALDARWINISM
Waterway across the Isthmus of Panama. Connects the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean PANAMACANAL
Rebellion over a rumor that Britain was giving bullets greased with cow and pig fat which was scared to them SEPOYREBELLION
Stated that the American continents are free and independent and are not subjective to further colonization by European powers MONROEDOCTRINE
Two wars involving disputes over British trade in China OPIUMWAR
Russia hoped to win control of the Black Sea so it could ship grain across the Mediterranean. In 1853, war broke out between Russia and the Ottomans CRIMEANWAR
Was the last sovereign of the Kamehameha dynasty, which had ruled a unified Hawaiian kingdom since 1810 QUEENLILIUOKALANI