Type
Crossword
Description

A lords estate that included one or more villages and the surrounding lands Manor
A peasant that is bound to the lord's land. Serf
A sacred ritual the Roman Catholic Church preforms. Sacrament
A rule that divides the day into periods of worship, work, and study. Benedictine rule
Having to do with worldly and nonreligious matters. Secular
A claim where medieval popes had authority over every secular ruler. Papal supremacy
Body of laws of a church. Canon law
Exclusion from the Roman Catholic Church as a penalty for refusing to obey Church law. Excommunication
Excommunication of an entire town, region, or kingdom in the Roman Catholic Church. Interdict
A medieval European monk who traveled from place to place preaching to the poor. Friar
The first Franciscan friars were his followers, and together they lived a life of service to the poor and sick. St. Francis of Assisi
Holy image of Christ, the Virgin Mary, of a saint venerated in the Eastern Orthodox Church. Icon
the official split between the Roman Catholic and Byzantine churches that occurred in 1054. Great schism
Prejudice against Jews. Anti-Semitism
The practice of lending money at interest. Usury
A divide or split. Schism
A handwritten document that had the rights and privileges of a town. Charter
Money or wealth used to invest in business or enterprise. Capital
A group of merchants who joined together to finance a large-scale venture that would have been too costly for any individual trader. Partnership
Someone who would pay rent to a lord to farm part of the lord's land. Tenant farmer
A group of people, including merchants, traders, and artisans. Middle class
An association of merchants or artisans who cooperated to uphold standards of their trade and to protect their economic interests. Guild
Assembly or legislature. Diet
Charter that strictly limited royal power in Hungary. Golden Bull of 1222

Dark Ages Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Greatest king of the middle ages Charlemagne
Disease that ravaged the Byzantine Empire and most of Europe Bubonic plague
Date of the Fall of Rome 476 AD
A holy war; military expeditions undertaken by European Christians in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims Crusade
led by the Pope; this institution was the stable force that unified Europe Catholic Church
To be barred (or kicked out) of the church excommunicated
political system of local government based on the granting of land in return for loyalty, military assistance, and other services Feudalism
"Great Charter" ...outlines basic rules and rights of the people Magna Carta
made a deal with Byzantine emperor to retake the Holy Land Pope Urban II
fought Christians for the Holy Land Muslim Turks
served and fought for the king Knights
Relating or belonging to the Middle Ages Medieval
defeated the Muslim Moors at Tours in 732 AD Charles martel
religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities Monks
First Germanic king to convert to Christianity Clovis
Invaders from Scandinavia Vikings
the abbreviation for anno domini; which means in the year of our lord AD
a body of laws developed by the medieval Church Canon Law
Method used by the church to force governments to abide by their wishes interdict
Capital of the Eastern Roman Empire Constantinople
Former Greek city that was the location of Constantinople Byzantium
The estate or domain of a feudal lord Fief
Document that declared religious tolerance for Christianity in the Roman empire Edict of milan
First Roman emperor to convert to Christianity Constantine
Splitting of the church into the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church Great schism
Government rule where one person has all the power autocracy
Word that means non-religious secular
A rite or ritual performed in the church that allows for salvation sacrament
People who did not follow or adhere to religious ways pagan
City where three major religions began Jerusalem

Middle Ages Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

covering of iron worn by knights armor
chuirch official who oversaw the work of priest bishop
a high official of the catholic church appointed by pope cardinal
where the lord and his knights lived castle
people of the middle ages believed it represented god's rules and teachings Catholic Church
qualities of a good knight, bravery,respect for women chivalry
an official of the church such as priest, bishop clergyman
expeditions sent by the pope to capture the holy land crusades
a period of several hundred years during the dark middle ages dark ages
large piece of land owned by a lord estate
the act of removing a persons membership from church excommunication
arrangement between lord, vassal,, and serf for ownership of land feudalism
land given for military service fief
holding beliefs that the church felt were wrong heresy
court to punish heretics inquisition
clowns before a lord to make them laugh jesters
contest between knights on horseback joust
person who rules a country during middle ages king
man of honor in the military knight
well to noble who owns an estate lord
large piece of land owned by a lord manor
fall of the roman empire in 476 and ended with modern period 1400 medieval period
same as medieval period middle ages
singers and musicians who entertained the lords minstrels
deep, wide, water-filled ditch surrounding a castle moat
building where monks lived monastery
man who gives up property to serve god monk
class of rich people, nobles or lords nobility
poor people who worked on manors peasants
head of the roman catholic church pope
clergyman of the christian church priest
very poor people who worked for lords serfs
contest or joust beetween two knights or two groups of knights tournament
wandering minstrels who wrote poems about the love of a beautiful lady of noble birth troubadours
noble who was given land by the lord in return for military service vassal

The Middle Ages in Europe Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

an empire referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire Byzantine Empire
was the capital city of the Roman Empire constantinople
was one of Byzantine Empire Justinian
the period of European history from the fall of the Roman Empire in the West middle ages
also known as Charles the Great charlemange
the dominant social system in medieval Europe feudalism
an appellation for a person or deity who has authority lord
a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch knights
an agricultural laborer bound under the feudal system to work on his lord's estate. serfs
a unit of land originally a feudal lordship consisting of a lord's demesne and lands rented to tenants. manor
a unit of land, originally a feudal lordship, consisting of a lord's demesne and lands rented to tenants. manor
the faith, practice, and church order of the Roman Catholic Church. catholicism
the bishop of Rome as head of the Roman Catholic Church. pope
a medieval military expedition, one of a series made by Europeans to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries. crusades
is one of the towering figures in Western philosophy and theology thomas Aquinas
a charter of liberties to which the English barons forced King John to give his assent in June 1215 magna carta
the male head of a family or tribe patriarch
a member of the branch of the Goths who invaded the Roman Empire between the 3rd and 5th centuries visigoths
a medieval association of craftsmen or merchants, often having considerable power. guilds
a poor farmer of low social status peasants

7.3 Vocab: The Medieval Church Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Rules that regulate life in a monastery drawn up by a monk named Benedict in 530 A.D. Benedictine Rule
The sacred rites of the church, such as baptism and communion. Only priests could administer these.. Sacraments
Having to do with worldly, not religious(nonreligious) matters. Secular
Claims of the medieval pope that he had authority over all secular rules. Papal Supremacy
Church laws. Canon Law
Banishment from the Roman Catholic Church as a penalty for refusing to obey the church laws. Excommunication
Excommunication of an entire town, religion, and kingdom. Interdict
A medical monk who travels from place to place to help the poor and sick. Friar
Abandoned a wealthy life to travel and minister to the poor and sick and teach the bible. Saint Friar of Assisi
Money given to the church by individual people. 10% of ones income. Tithe
A priest who is in charge of the local churches that the peasants attend. He administered the sacraments-baptism, funeral rites, and visit the sick Parish Priest

Medieval times "The Dark Ages Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An economic and Political system that was developed in the middle ages Fuedalism
Lowest rank of people on a manor also known as a peasant Serf
Being expelled or kicked out of the church Excommunicated
The Bubonic Plague Black Death
Leader of the Roman Catholic Church Pope
An estate including peasants and lords manor
lord or son of a lord knight
medieval institution of knighthood where they learned bravery, courtesy, honesty, and manners chivalry
symbolic bade a knight wears to show what family he is from coat of arms
Religious wars between Christian and Muslim fighting over the holy land The crusdes
A tower moved up against the walls of a castle so attackers could get in Siege tower
A machine that projects (Catapults) large stone or other objects Trebuchet
A piece of land given to you by the king and in return you gave people to fight at war fief
Under lord or feudal tenant Vassal
A period of time when there was a lot of starvation, death, and the plague (black death) Dark ages
a knight in training Squire
A defensive fort where the King or a lord lives Catsle
a document that says the king is not above the law and ensures rights for the people Magna Carta
A young boy who acts as a servant for a knight page
A German tribe who settled in the land we know know as France Franks

Medieval vocab crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Germanic people from Gaul (modern day France and Switzerland) The Franks
religious communities built by the church for women (nuns) Convents
religious communities built by the church for men (monks) Monasteries
Empire begun by Charlemagne Holy Roman Empire
social structure in medieval Europe including lords, knights, vassals, serfs and sometimes a king. Feudalism
(in feudalism) the lord’s estate Manor
complex set of ideals or code by which medieval knights followed. Chivalry
worldly (involved in politics and other social matters) Secular
church tax Tithe
the office of the Pope The Papacy
Different ranks of Church leaders including priests, bishops, cardinals, and the Pope. Clergy
a ceremony in which kings and nobles appointed church officials Lay Investiture
everyday language used by different regions Vernacular
selling of church positions Simony
Church law Canon Law
important religious ceremonies Sacraments
anyone who does not conform to an established attitude, doctrine, or principle Heretic
A holy war launched by Pope Urban II to reclaim the Holy Land for Christians Crusade
group of advisors who acted like a court for the pope Papal Curia
Unified body of law in England formed by England’s royal judges Common Law
Legislative group in England originally comprised of two burgesses (citizens of wealth and property) from every borough and two knights from every county Parliament
Document drawn up by English nobles and approved by King John which guaranteed certain political rights for the people Magna Carta
Meeting of the three estates in France: 1st was the Church leaders, 2nd was the great lords, and the 3rd was the commoners Estates-General
people who are sent out to teach their religion Missionaries
an agreement between the pope and the ruler of a country Concordat
To exclude a person from church membership Excommunicated
a noble who served a lord of higher rank Vassal
land granted a vassal by his lord Fief
vassals or warriors in armor who on horseback Knights
peasants who could not the manor, own property, or marry without the lord’s approval Serfs
the practice of planting crops at different times and leaving some fields unplanted Crop rotation
groups of businesses made up of tanners, carpenters, bakers and craftspeople Guilds
religious beliefs that conflict with the Church teachings Heresy

Chapter 9 Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

King of the Franks (r.761-814); emperor (800-814). Established Carolingian Empire. Charlemagne
State established at Kiev in Ukraine ca. 882 by scandinavian adventurers asserting authority over a mostly salvic farming population Kievan Russia
A formal split within a religious community. Schism
In medieval Europe, a large, self-sufficient landholding consisting of the lord's residence (manor house), outbuildings, peasant village, and surrounding land. Manor
In medieval Europe, and agricultural laborer legally bound to a lord's property and obligated to perform set services for the lord. Serf
In medieval Europe, land granted in return for a swarn oath to provide specified military service. Fief
In medieval Europe, a sworn supporter of a king or lord committed to rendering specified military service to that king or lord. Vassal
The central administration of the Roman Catholic Church, of which the pope is the head. Papacy
(1095-1204) Armed pilgrimage to the Holy land by Christians determined to recover Jerusalem from Muslim rule. Crusades
Living in a religious community apart from secular society and adhering to a rule stipulating chastity, obedience, and poverty. Monasticism
Dispute between the popes and the Holy Roman emperors over who held ultimate authority over bishops and imperial lands. Invest.Controversy
Literally "middle age," a term that historians of Europe use for the period ca. 500 to ca.1500, signifying its intermediate point between Greco-Roman antiquity and the Renaissance. Medieval

Chapter 7 crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

King of Dromanic tribes Clovis
Latin word for "middle age" medieval
Germanic tribe Franks
Rallied Frankish warriors charles martel
732, Christian warriors triumphed Battle of Tours
Charles the Great charlemagne
Nomadic people magyars
Broke last theads of unity in Charlemagnes empire vikings
Loosely organized system in rule feudalism
Lesser lords vassal
Pledges feudal contract
(Estate) Few acres to hundreds of square miles fief
Mounted warriors knight
Mock battles tournament
Code of conduct chivalry
Wondering musicians troubadour
Heart of medieval economy manor
Peasents on a manor serf
Sacred rites of the church sacrament
Used by monasteries and convents across Europe benedictine rule
Worldly, force in medieval Europe secular
Authority over all secular papal supremacy
Church developed its own body of law canon law
Worst was this excommunication
Powerful noble who opposed the church interdict
Monks who didnt live in isolated monasteries friar
Wealthy Italian st francis of assisi
Used to protect themselves charter
Money for investment capital
Groups joined together partnership
Paid rent for their land tenant farmer
Ranked between Nobles and Peasents middle class
Merchants and artisans formed associations known as this guild
Age of seven or eight apprentice
Worked for guild members as this journeyman

Protestant Reformation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

During the 1500's, there was a ______________ in response to the Roman Catholic church reformation
He nailed his 95 thesis on the Wittenberg door Martin Luther
Swiss Reformation leader Zwingli
City in Germany where the Protestant Reformation originated Wittenburg
Pardons from the Church for certain sins in exchange for money indulgences
A former nun who became the wife of Martin Luther in 1525 Katherina von Bora
One who holds beliefs or opinions contrary to the established doctrines of his religion heretic
Pope who excommunicated Martin Luther in 1520 Leo X
Calvin's doctrine that the salvation or damnation of men had been determined by God since the beginning of time predestination
French Reformation leader John Calvin
Many of the officials in the Roman Catholic church were __________ corrupt
Who is the Catholic clergyman who is attributed to saying "As soon as a coin in the coffer rings, a soul from purgatory springs." Tetzel
Luther's Hymn _ ________ ______ is popularly known as the "battle hymn of the Reformation." A Mighty Fortress
Luther and the other reformers became the first to skillfully use the power of the _____ _______ to give their ideas a wide audience. printing press
In 1521, Martin Luther was summoned before the ____ __ ____ and excommunicated. Diet of Worms
which language did Martin Luther translate the New Testament German
Martin Luther promised to become a monk when he feared for his like while caught in a terrible ______ thunderstorm
an early English reformer/translator who translated the bible in 1382 Wycliffe
The 5 _________ are 5 Latin phrases that emerged from the reformation solas
the latin phrase for "scripture alone" is Sola ______ scriptura

Medieval Times Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

1. An estate granted to a vassal by his lord Fief
2. Authority over all secular rulers Papal Supremacy
A document that set out the rights and privileges of a town Charter
The founder of the first order of friars St.Francis
A peasant bound to the land Serf
A mounted warrior Knight
A trainee in a guild system Apprentice
The Frankish leader who conquered the former Roman province of Gaul Clovis
A salaried worker in the guild system Journeyman
A wandering poet musician Troubadour
Saxons, and the Franks use this to split Western Europe into three regions Treaty of Verdun
To achieve salvation, medieval Christians believed they must receive these Sacraments
Under this, monks and nuns took vows of obedience, poverty, and chastity Benedictine Rule
Charlemagne sent this throughout his Kingdome to set up schools Missi Dominici
Starting in the late 700s, which group attacked Western Europe from the sea and broke the last threads of unity in Charlemagne’s empire Vikings
This developed as a way for medieval society to protect themselves Feudalism
The vassal owed his first loyalty to his Leige Lord
This included merchants, traders and artisans Middle Class
This crop restored fertility to the soil in the three-field system of rotating crops Legumes
This is a code of conduct for knights Chivalry