Type
Crossword
Description

Hawaii is moving towards Japan at the speed of 10cm a year. This is because they are on different __________ _________ Tectonicplates
70 percent of the earths surface is _________________ Water
The volcanic rock known as ________ is the only rock that can float in water. Pumice
Tides in oceans on Earth happen because the __________s gravitational force pulls up water in oceans and even in lakes. Moon
The Moon reflects ______ __________ on the Earth. sunlight
The ___________ side of the moon is always facing the Earth. same
99% of all species that ever existed on the Earth are now ___________. Extinct
The speed of rotation of Earth is gradually ____________; meaning that in some 140 million years from now, the length of a day on Earth would be 25 hours. slowing
The highest recorded temperature: it is 56.7°C (134°F), measured on 10 July 1913 at Greenland Ranch, Death Valley, __________, USA. California
Dry Valleys in Antarctica is the _______ place on Earth. This place has seen no rainfall for the past 2 million years driest
________ move by themselves: Some on our planet Earth move by themselves. rocks
2016 was recorded as the ___________ year ever. hottest
There are more than 100 million pieces of orbiting Earth junk
_____________ strikes the earth over 8.6 million times per day. lightening
Over 68% of Earth’s fresh water is _________ in permanent ice, including Earth’s ice caps and glaciers. frozen
Standing on that __________ you would be spinning around Earth's center at 1000 miles per hour. At the poles, however, you would be standing still (and turning in a circle) equator

Plate Tectonics and Volcanoes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

hypothesis that states the continents once formed a single landmass continentaldrift
scientist that proposed continental drift Wegener
long, undersea mountain chain with steep valley at it's center midoceanridge
the process which new oceanic lithosphere forms as magma rises to Earth’s surface and solidifies seafloorspreading
study of alignment of magnetic mineral in rock, as it relates to the reversal of Earth’s magnetic poles Paleomagnetism
theory that explains how large pieces of the lithosphere move and change shape platetectonics
solid, outer layer of Earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle lithosphere
solid, plastic layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere asthenosphere
he boundary between tectonic plates that are moving away from each other divergentboundary
the boundary between tectonic plates that are colliding convergentboundary
he boundary between tectonic plates that are sliding past each other transformboundary
the process by which Earth’s crust breaks apart rifting
piece of lithosphere that has a unique geologic history and that may be part of a larger piece of lithosphere terrane
supercontinent that formed 300 million years ago and that began to break up beginning 250 million years ago Pangaea
single, large ocean that covered Earth’s surface during the time of Pangaea Panthalassa
movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sudden release of energy when rocks along a fault move earthquake
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undeformed shape elasticrebound
the location where the first motion of an earthquake occurs focus
point on Earth’s surface directly above an Earthquake’s starting point or focus epicenter
a region of numerous, closely spaced faults faultzone
tracing of earthquake motion that is recorded by a seismograph Seismogram
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground Seismograph
measure of the strength of an earthquake magnitude
in Earth science the amount of damage caused by an earthquake intensity
a giant ocean wave that forms after a volcanic eruption tsunami
liquid rock produced under Earth’s surface magma
any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or onto Earth’s surface volcanism
magma that flows onto Earth’s surface; the rock that forms when lava cools and solidifies lava

Plate Tectonics and Earth Interior Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across earth's surface. Continental Drift
The name of the single landmass that began to break apart 200 million years ago and gave rise to today's continents. pangea
The preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in the past. Fossil
An undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced. Mid ocean ridge
A deep valley along the ocean floor beneath which oceanic crust slowly sinks toward the mantle. deep ocean trench
The process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust to the ocean floor. sea floor spreading
The process by which oceanic crust sinks benath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle at a convergent plate boundary. subduction
A section of the lithosphere that slowy moves over the asthenosphere, carrying pieces of continental and oceanic crust. Plate
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy released during during an earthquake. Seismic Wave
The force pushing on a surface divide by the area of that surface. Pressure
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outerskin. Crust
Is a dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in ocean crust. Basal
A usually light-colored igneous rock that is found in continental crust. Granite
Layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and core. Mantle
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and the crust. Lithosphere
The soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats. Athenosphere
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner core of earth. Outer Core
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth. Inner Core
A plate boundary where two plates move away from each other. Divergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move toward. Convergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opposite directions. Transform Boundary
A break in earth's crust along which rocks move. Fault
The theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle. Plate Tectonics
A deep valley that forms where two plates move apart. Rift Valley

The Sun-Earth-Moon System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth around which Earth spins Axis
a round, three-dimensional object whose surface is the same distance from its center at all points SPhere
Earth's yearlong elliptical orbit around the Sun revolution
occurs when the Moon pauses directly between the Sun and Earth and cast a shawdow over part of Earth solar eclipse
change in appearance of the Moon as viewed from the Earth moon phase
moon phase that occurs when the Moon is between Earth and the Sun new moon
curved path followed by a satellite as it revolves around an onject orbit
describes phase that occur after a full moon as the visible lighted side of the Moon grows smaller waning
phase that occurs when all of the Moon's surface facing Earth reflects light. full moon
describes phase following a new moon, as more of the Moon's lighted side becomes visible waxing
twice-yearly point at which the Sun reaches its greatest distance north or south of the equator solstice
occurs when Earth's shawdow falls on the Moon lunar eclipse
move or cause to move into a sloping position tilt
spinning of Earth on its imaginary axis rotation
twice-yearly time-each spring and fall-when the Sun is directly over the equator and the number of daylight and nighttime hours are equal worldwide equinox
the partial or total blocking of light of one celestial object by another eclipse
the sun shines directly on the plant with no other plants, trees, or structures interfering with the sunlight direct sunlight
sunlight that reaches the Earth’s surface after being dispersed in the atmosphere over haze, dust and clouds indirect sunlight

Earth, Moon and Sun Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Imaginary line through Earth's center Axis
In relation to the Sun Tilt
Caused by the tilt of Earth's axis as the Earth travel around the Sun Seasons
Two days of the year on which neither hemisphere is tilted toward or away from the Sun (September 22 and March 21) Equinox
Two days of the year on which the noon sun is directly overhead at either 23.5 south or north (December 21 and June 21) Solstice
Moon is getting larger in the sky, moving from the New Moon towards the Full Moon Waxing
Different shapes of the moon as seen from earth Phases
Moon is decreasing in size, moving from the Full Moon towards the New Moon Waning
The spinning motion of a planet on its axis Rotation
When half of the Moon's Earth facing side is lit by the sun First quarter
Decreases in size from sunlight Gibbous
When just half of the moon's Eartg-facing side is visible Third quarter
The moon face is completely lit Full moon
Thin silver of the moon Crescent
When the side of the moon is facing earth also faces directly away from the sun New moon
Caused by the interaction of the Earth, Moon and Sun Tides
The movement of an object around another object Revolution
Blocking light from one celestial body by the passage of another between it Eclipse
When the moon passes between the Son and Earth Solar Eclipse
When the moon passes through earth shadow Lunar eclipse

Earth in Space Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The different shapes of the moon you see from earth. Phases
Occurs when a new moon blocks your view of the sun (2 words). Solar Eclipse
The very darkest part of the moon's shadow, cone shaped. Umbra
Larger, less dark part of the moon's shadow. Penumbra
The rise and fall of the ocean water that occurs about every 12-1/2 hours. Tides
Moon's dark flat areas, hardened rock caused by huge lava flows. Maria
Large round pits. Craters
Chunks of rock or dust from space. Meteoroids
When an object in space comes between the sun and a third object, casting a shadow on that object. Eclipse
The study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space. Astronomy
An imaginary line that crosses through the Earth's center and the North and South Poles. Axis
Spinning of the Earth on its axis. Rotation
Movement of one object around another. Revolution
The path taken while making a revolution. Orbit
A push or pull. Force

plate tectonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the layer of rock that forms earths outer surface crust
rock that floats high on the mantle that makes up the continents continental crust
the layer of hot solid material between earths crust and core mantle
a ridged layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle crust lithosphere
the soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats asthenesphere
a layer of molten lava and nickel that surrounds the inner core of earth outer core
a dense spear of solid iron and nickel at the center of the earth inner core
a plate boundary where two plates move away from each other divergent boundary
a plate boundary where two plates move towards each other convergent boundary
the name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million years ago and gave rise to todays continents Pangaea
The hypotheses that the continents slowly move across Earth's surface Continental drift
a trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock fossil
the process by whichoceanic crust sinks beneath a deep ocean trench and back into the mantle at a convergent plate boundary dubduction
an undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produces mid ocean ridge
a deep valley along the ocean floor beneath which oceanic crust slowly sinks toward the mantle deep ocean trench
a deep valley that forms where two plates move apart rift valley
a plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opposite directions transform boundary
a section of the lithosphere that slowly moves oner the atmosphere carrying pieces of continental and oceanic crust plate
the theory that pieces of earths lithosphere are in constant motion driven by convection currents in the mantle plate tectonics
a break or crack in earths lithosphere along which the rocks move fault

Planets Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the envelope of gases surrounding the earth or another planet Atmosphere
a large planet of relatively low density consisting predominantly of hydrogen and helium, such as Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, or Neptune. Gas Giant
the force that attracts a body toward the center of the earth, or toward any other physical body having mass Gravity
a planet whose orbit lies within the asteroid belt Inner planet
the curved path of a celestial object or spacecraft around a star, planet, or moon, especially a periodic elliptical revolution Orbit
a planet whose orbit lies outside the asteroid belt Outer planets
a celestial body moving in an elliptical orbit around a star Planets
is a planet that is composed primarily of silicate rocks or metals Rocky planets
the collection of eight planets and their moons in orbit around the sun, together with smaller bodies in the form of asteroids, meteoroids, and comets Solar system
the time taken by a planet to make one revolution around the sun Year
s usually the most distant planet in the solar system Pluto
is a great anti-cyclonic (high pressure) storm akin to a hurricane on Earth, but it is enormous (three Earths would fit within its boundaries) and it has persisted for at least the 400 years that humans have observed it through telescopes Great Red Spot
a celestial object consisting of a nucleus of ice and dust and, when near the sun, a “tail” of gas and dust particles pointing away from the sun Comet
a small body of matter from outer space that enters the earth's atmosphere, becoming incandescent as a result of friction and appearing as a streak of light Meteor
a small rocky body orbiting the sun Asteroid
a small body moving in the solar system that would become a meteor if it entered the earth's atmosphere Meteroid
a celestial body resembling a small planet but lacking certain technical criteria that are required for it to be classed as such Dwarf Planets

Plate Tectonics Cross Word Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

The continents were once joined together in a single landmass and have since drifted apart. continental drift
The continents were joined together in a supercontinent, or single landmass, about 300 million years ago. Pangaea
Any trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock. Fossil
Form long chains of mountains that rise up from the ocean floor. Mid Ocean Ridge
Adds more crust to the ocean floor. At the same time, older strips of rock move outward from either side of the ridge. Sea Floor Spreading
Part of the ocean sinks back into the mantle, in a process that takes millions of years. Deep Ocean Trench
Plates move apart of diverge from each other. Divergent Boundary
Plates come together or converge. Convergent Boundary
Plates slip past each other. Transform Boundary
The theory that Earth's plates are in slow, constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle. Plate Tectonics
Breaks in the Earth's surface where crust have slipped past each other. Faults
A deep valley forms when pieces of Earth's crust diverge on land. Rift Valley
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume. Stress
Occurs when two plates pull apart. Tension
Occurs when two plates come together. Compression
Occurs where two plates slip past each other. Shearing
The faulta cuts through rock at an angle, so one rock sits over the fault, while the other block lies under the fault. Normal Fault
Has the same structure as a normal fault, but the blocks move in the reverse direction. Reverse Fault
The rocks on either side of the fault slip past each other sideways, with little up or down motion. Strike Slip Fault
A large area of flat land elevated high above sea level. Plateau

Tectonic Plates Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A layer of molten metal that surrounds the inner core. outer core
The name if young German scientist who was curious about the relationship of the continents. Wegener
The name of the single continent that broke apart 200 million years ago. Pangaea
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across earths surface continental drift
A layer of hot solid material between the crust and the core. Mantle
The layer of rock that forms earth's outer surface. crust
The soft layer of the mantle on which the Lithosphere floats. Athenosphere
The measure of how much mass there is in a volume substance. density
Heat transfer by direct contact of particles of matter. Conduction
The movement of a fluid, caused by differences in temperature, that transfers heat from one part of the fluid to each other. Convection currents
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean Ring Of Fire
A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opposite directions. Transform Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move away from each other. Divergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move towards each other. Convergent Boundary
The transfer of energy through an empty space. Radiation
The movement of energy from a warmer object to a cooler object. Heat Transfer
A vibration that travels through earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake. Seismic Wave
A dense ball of solid metal. Inner Core
A break in Earth's crust Fault
A deep valley that forms where two plates move apart. Rift valley
The theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are constantly in motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle. Tectonic plates

The Dynamic Earth Puzzle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

One of the 7 great masses of land Continent
The name of the supercontinent that existed 200 million years ago, when all the modern continents were connected. Pangea
The theory that continents have moved slowly to their current locations and continue to move. Continental Drift Theory
The process by which new oceanic crust forms along mid ocean ridges and older crust moves away from the ridge. Sea Floor spreading theory
A long narrow mountain chain found on the floor of the ocean. Mid Ocean Ridge
The distance from the surface of the ocean to ocean floor. Depth
An event that causes the magnetic field to reverse its direction. Magnetic Reversal
A tectonic boundary where two plates are moving away from each other and new crust is forming from magma that rises to the Earth's surface between the two plates. Divergent Plate Boundary
The transfer of heat energy that results from magma becoming heated, less dense, and rising eventually cooling at the surface, becomes more dense and sinks.. Convection Current
The divisions of Earth's outer shell that glide over the mantle. Tectonic Plate
The rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper mantle. Lithosphere
The layer of the earth's mantle, below the lithosphere, in which there is relatively low resistance to plastic flow and convection is thought to occur. Asthenosphere
The process where dense oceanic crust is forced under the less dense continental crust Subduction