Type
Crossword
Description

Protein with an active site of a specific shape which speeds up reactions Enzyme
enzymes that break down carbohydrates into simple sugars carbohydrates
a carbohydrase enzyme that breaks down starch into simple sugars amylase
an enzyme that breaks down proteins into amino acids protease
an enzyme that breakds down lipids into fatty acids and glycerol lipase
fats and oils lipids
alkaline substance produced in the liver and stored in the gall bladder. It neutralises stomach acids and breaks down fats into small droplets bile
break down into small droplets emulsify
plant tissue that transports WATER and dissolved mineral ions UP the plant xylem
plant tissue that transports SUGARS UP and DOWN a plant phloem
plant tissue found in the growing tips of roots and shoots meristem
small holes underneth the leaf to allow gases to move in and out of the leaf stomata
cells that open and close the stomata to reduce water loss guard cells
layer of cells in the leaf that allow gases to exchange spongy mesophyll
layer of cells in the leaf that contain lots of chloroplasts for photosyntheses palisade mesophyll
layers of cells at the top of the leaf and the bottom of the leaf epidermal tissues

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The first step of Cellular Respiration where glucose is broken in half and 2 ATP energy units are released. Glycosis
Short for Adenosine Triphosphate. It is the energy that is released when the mitochondrion breaks down the sugars you have eaten. ATP
The second of two major stages in photosynthesis, involving atmospheric CO2 fixation and reduction of the fixed carbon into carbohydrate. Calvincycle
The steps in photosynthesis that occur on the thylakoid membranes of the chloroplast and that convert solar energy to the chemical energy of ATP and NADPH, evolving oxygen in the process. Lightreactions
The small openings on the undersides of most leaves through which oxygen and carbon dioxide can move Stomata
Organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce its own food from inorganic compounds; also called a producer. Autotroph
An organelle inside a plant cell only where photosynthesis takes place Chloroplast
An organism that must eat plants or other animals for food heterotroph
An organelle inside an animal AND plant cell where cellular respiration takes place Mitochondria
The process by which plants use carbon dioxide + energy from the sun to create sugars and oxgen Photosynthesis
Produces 36 ATP energy units for each sugar molecule broken up Krebscycle
The process that takes place inside all eukaryotic cells (both plants and animals) that breaks down sugars to produce energy in the form of ATP Cellularrespiration
Cellular respiration that takes place when there is oxygen Aerobicrespiration
Cellular respiration that takes place where there is NO oxygen anaerobicrespiration
Sugars produced by photosynthesis Glucose
Primary light absorbing pigment in autotrophs chlorophyll

Carbohydrates and Lipids Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Organic compounds build from monosaccharides, containing mostly carbon and water Carbohydrates
Monomer of carbohydrates. Smallest sugars. Glucose, Fructose, Galactose Monosaccharide
Combination of two monosaccharide sugars. Sucrose, Maltose, Lactose Disaccharide
Long chain of monosaccharides joined together. Starch, Glycogen, Cellulose, Chitin Polysaccharide
Simple sugar used to make energy. C6H12O6 Glucose
Monosaccharide found in fruit Fructose
Table sugar. Glucose + Fructose Sucrose
Sugar foundi n milk. Glucose + Galactose Lactose
Polysaccharide containing thousands of glucose monomers. Energy storage in plants Starch
Polysaccharide containing thousands of glucose monomers. Short term energy storage in animals Glycogen
Polysaccharide containing thousands of glucose monomers arranged to give structure to plants. Not digestible by humans Cellulose
Polysaccharide that makes up the exoskeleton of Arthropoda and found in the cell wall of some fungi and algae Chitin
Biomolecule that is insoluble in water. Fats, Phospholipids, and Steroids Lipid
Primary form of fat in foods and your body. Long term energy storage. Triglyceride
Main component of cell membranes. Similar to a triglyceride, except a fatty acid is replaced with a polar head Phospholipid
Class of lipids that contains hormones and cholesterol Steroids
Chain of carbons and hydrogen sulfide that make up fats and phospholipids Fattyacid
Backbone of fats and phospholipids Glycerol
Type of fats that have a hydrogen attached to every carbon. Unhealthy fat Saturated
Type of fats that have at least one double bond between two carbons. Healthier fat Unsaturated
Structural component of cell membranes, and a precursor to some hormones Cholesterol
Primary male hormone responsible for regulation of the reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics Testosterone
Primary female hormone responsible for development and regulation of the reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics Estrogen
A primary female hormone involved in mentruation and pregnancy Progesterone
Enzyme that digests fat Lipase
Lipids that are liquid at room temperature Oil

Photosynthesis and The Calvin-Cycle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An important gas produced in photosynthesis oxygen
The openings in a leaf that allow the passing of gases into and out of the leaf stomata
Dark or light independent reactions CalvinCycle
Protein molecules that aid in photosynthetic reactions enzymes
The place in a plant cell where photosynthesis happens chloroplast
Process in which plants use the suns energy to make food photosynthesis
The stacks of thylakoids embedded in the stroma of the chloroplast grana
Green pigment in plants chlorophyll
a sugar made up of carbon (C), hydrogen (H), and oxygen (O) carbohydrate
The decomposition or separation of molecules by the action of light photolysis
Organism that makes its own food from the sun autotrophe
Singular form of grana granum
Sugar formed from carbon dioxide and water glucose
The water based, fluid filled area of the chloroplast stroma
The original source of all earths energy sun
CO2 carbon dioxide
Adenosine triphosphate (nucleotide) ATP
A living organism (tree, shrub, leaf, flower, etc.) plant
Needed for photosynthesis, along with carbon dioxide and the sun. water
A small membranous sac within a chloroplast of a plant thylakoid

All About Plants Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Completes its life cycle within a year Annual
Plants life cycle normally taking two seasons Biennial
A green pigment in plants absorbing light energy used to carry out photosynthesis Chlorophyll
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthesis occurs chloroplast
An angiosperm which has two seed leaves dicot
Young plant developing from the zygote embryo
Joining on a sperm cell and an egg cell fertilization
Part of stamen supporting an anther filament
Sprouting of the embryo from a seed that occurs where the embryo resumes growth germination
A plant producing seeds that ae not enclosed by a protective cover gymnosperm
An angiosperm with one seed leaf monocot
A structure containing egg cells ovary
A plant lasting for three seasons or more perennial
The vascular tissue through food moving in some plants phloem
Process where a plant captures energy in sunlight and is used to make food photosynthesis
A threadlike root that anchors nonvascular plants to the ground rhizoid
The male reproductive part of a flower which produces pollen stamen
Pollen grains land on this sticky part stigma
Small openings on surface layers of a leaf and is controlled when a gas enters and exits the leaf stomata
Cell organelle storing materials such as water, salt, protein, and carbohydrates vacuole
System of a tube like structure in plants where minerals an food move vacular tissue
Vascular tissue carrying water upward from the roots to every part of the plant xylem
A fertilized egg zygote

Biochemistry Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The building block of proteins AminoAcid
A synonym for Sachharide Carbohydrate
A large group of acids that have a decisive R group Carboxyl
A substance that speeds up the chemical reaction Catalyst
A Polysaccharide made of chains of glucose Cellulose
Creates the cell membranes wall and structure Cholesterol
Taking away water, normally while binding Dehydration
Break down proteins with a base or acid Denature
Like a monosaccharide, but there is 2 mono Disaccharide
A biological molecule used to break down food Enzyme
Source of energy, can be saturated or unsaturated Fatty acid
Sugar from fruit Fructose
Most common form of sugar, made from photosynthesis Glucose
Another energy source, in high amounts is unhealthy Glycerol
When a compund break downs because of water Hydrolysis
When water doesn't break the compound down Insoluble
A disaccharide sugar found mostly in dairy Lactose
Molecule that can be bound to other identical ones Monomer
Simplest form of a carbohydrate made up of one sugar Monosaccharide
When a compound contains carbon Organic
A biological chain of amino acids bound together Peptide
A lipid that contains a phosphate group Phospholipids
A molecule made up of multiple monomers Polymer
A chain of multiple monosachharides Polysaccharide
The group of atoms on a acid that identify it R-group
A fat where there is no C=C bonds SaturatedFat
A carbohydrate made up of many glucose that is insoluble Starch
A lipid, and the most common for of it is Cholesterol Steroid
What most commonly refer to as sugar, table sugar Sucrose
Fat found mostly in fats, has 1 or more C=C bonds Unsaturated fat

Biomolecules Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

are proteins catalysts that speed up the rate of a chemical reactions in the body enzymes
are the building blocks/subunits of proteins amino acids
are macromolecules made of many monomers joined together polymers
are the building blocks/subunits of nucleic acids nucleotides
is a polysaccharide made of glucose units hooked together found in plant cell walls cellulose
are organic compounds commonly called fats and oils. lipids
are organic compounds used to store and release energy carbohydrates
contains the elements carbon, hydrogen,oxygen and nitrogen and is composed of amino acids examples are insulin,hemglobin and enzymes protein
are the small building blocks of polymers monomers
is a simple one unit sugar such as glucose or fructose having the formula C6H12O6 monosaccharide
are the largest carbohydrate molecules, they are polymers composed of many monosaccharides linked together(starch, glycogen, chitin, etc.) polysaccharides
are macromolecules such as DNA and RNA nucleic acids
links amino acids together peptide bond
is a polysaccharide consisting of highly branched chains of glucose units used as food storage in plants starch
a polysaccharide with highly branched chains of glucose units, used by animals to store food glycogen

Biochemistry Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Monomer of Proteins Amino Acid
A coplex sugar that fuels the body Carbohydrate
A set group of elements in an amino acid Carboxyl
A chemical that speeds up reactions without taking on any permanent change itself Catalyst
Makes up plant cell walls Cellulose
A common steroid in the human body that can case heart disease Cholesterol
(In comtext to deeper science)The act of losing or removing water to bond two compounds Dehydration
What happens to proteins when their hydrogen bonds are broken and they are straightened out Denature
A carbohydrate consisting of two sugars Disaccharide
A catalyst associated with digestion and the exceleration of reactions Enzyme
A caroxylic acid found in fats and oils Fatty Acid
A sugar that is relatively sweet and is found in fruit Fructose
A simple sugar that is found in starch in great chains, is a monosaccharide Glucose
A clear nontoxic solution that is sweet and is known for being a laxitive, is the "Backbone" of lipids Glycerol
The act of adding water to break apart bonds/compounds Hydrolysis
Unable to dissolve in water Insoluble
A disaccharide found primarily in dairy products, some humans lack the Enzyme to break it down you could almost say they are "Intolerable" Lactose
Make up polymers "The class is a polymer so we are ..." Monomer
A simple Carbohydrate consisting of one sugar, glucose is an example of this Monosaccharide
Derived from natural/living matter. Vegans only eat... foods Organic
The type of bonds that hold together Aino Acids and are roken down by Enzymes Peptide
A type of lipid that makes up cell membranes Phospholipids
Made up of monomers, " We are monomers so te class is a....." Polymer
A carbohdrate that contains 3 or more sugars, sometimes in chains. Polysaccharide
The varrying group of elements in an Amino Acid R-Group
A fat that is solid at room temperature and originates from Meats Saturated Fat
A carbohydrate produced by all plants that is made up of many units of glucose Starch
A sub group of lipids that is associated with cholesterol and testosterone, An athlete that is a little extra beefy could be on... Steroid
"Table Sugar" Sucrose
A fat that is liquid at room temperature and originates from plants Unsaturated Fat

Biomolecules Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What biomolecule carries genetic information NucleicAcids
What biomolecule is used for quick energy Carbohydrates
What biomolecule stores long-term energy Lipids
What biomolecule makes muscle Proteins
Sugars, starches, and cellulose Carbohydrates
Fats, oils, wax, cholesterol, cell membrane, and testoserone Lipids
DNA and RNA nucleicacids
Cartilage, meats, nuts, beans, feathers, skin, and hair Proteins
A carbohydrate whose molecules consist of a number of sugar molecules bonded together Polysaccharide
Its simple sugars and its the most basic units of carbohydrates Monosaccharides
It consists of two monosaccharide molecules joined together Disaccharides
Which fatty acid can have one or more bonds unsaturated
Which fatty acid has only single bonds Saturated
Formed from glycerol and three fatty acid groups Triglyceride
What is a lipid that contains a phosphate group in its molecule Phospholipid
What is a large number of amino-acids that are bonded together in a chain Polypeptides
Is a amino acid a polymer or a monomer Monomer
It forms the basic structural unit (base) of nucleic acids Nucleotides
Is DNA or RNA a monomer or polymer polymer
Only biomolecule with nitrogen Proteins

Digestive System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a slippery liquid that makes food easy to swallow and helps break the food down Saliva
muscle in your mouth that is used for pushing food around Tongue
the tube that connects the stomach to the mouth Esophagus
the tube after the small intestine where liquid is absorbed Large Intestine
The region of the small intestine where the majority of digestion and absorption take place Duodenum
this produces bile that goes into the small intestine and help digest the food Liver
a long folded tube inside the body attached to the stomach where nutrients in the food are absorbed Small Intestine
a group of organs working together to convert food into energy and basic nutrients to feed the entire body Digestive System
after being swallowed, food goes to this place where it is mixed with acid Stomach
Releases enzymes that aid in Digestion while also regulating blood sugar Pancreas
these are used to chew food Teeth
Ball of chewed food that is swallowed Bolus
Enzyme that begins to break down starch in the mouth Amylase
another name for the Large Intestine Colon
name of the acid found in your stomach Hydrochloric Acid
enzyme that breaks down protein Pepsin
the end of the gastrointestinal tract where waste is ejected out of the body Anus
place where waste is stored until ready to be egested Rectum
yellowish-brown substance that digests fats (lipids) Bile
where bile is stored until ready to be used Gall Bladder

Basics of Nutrition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the substance that provides energy to cells and converts oxygen to carbon dioxide, a waste product we breathe out Adenosine Triphoshate
organic acids that form the building blocks of protein Amino Acid
found in Pumpkin and sesame seeds Vitamin B
also called vitamin P; considered an aid to healthy skin and found most abundantly in citrus fruits Bioflavonoids
A measure of heat units; measures food energy for the body calories
compounds that break down the basic chemical sugars and supply energy for the body Carbohydrates
a waxy substance found in your body that is needed to produce hormones, vitamin D, and bile Cholesterol
sugars made up of two simple sugars such as lactose and sucrose disaccharides
catalysts that break down complex food molecules to utilize extracted energy enzymes
carbohydrate-lipid complexes that are also good water-binders Mucopolysaccharides