Type
Crossword
Description

located at the base of the brain. Diencephalon
a group of levels Hierarchy
located in the front part of the brain. it manages emotions and impulse control. frontal lobe
serves as a connection between the limbic system and other parts of the brain. epithalamus
divided into two halves hemispheres
largest part of the brain stem. a group of nerves that help connect different parts of the brain. pons
lowest part of the brain. It acts as the control center for the function of the heart and lungs. it regulates breathing. Medulla oblongata
fatty tissue that protect your nerve cells. Myelin sheath
located behind the frontal lobes. it interprets sensory information from other parts of the brain. Parietal Lobes
balance of all bodily functions homeostasis
coordinate specific functions, including visual memory, verbal memory, and interpreting the emotions. temporal lobes
A nerve cell, or neuron, that conducts electrical impulses. axon
detects environmental changes that impact the body and transmits signals. The nervous system
acts as a kind of relay station for signals coming into the brain. Thalamus
located in the back of the brain. it helps the body maintain its posture, equilibrium, and balance. Cerebellum
largest part of the brain cerebrum
located in the back of the brain. heavily involved in the ability to read and the aspects of vision. occipital lobes
related to humans desire to be part of social groups. Social needs
helps control eye movement and processes visual and auditory information. Midbrain

Major parts of the brain Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain in mammals. It is composed of the frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal lobes. cerebrum
This lobe lies between the occipital bone and the parieto-occipital sulcus. It functions to receive and interpret visual signals. Occipital lobe
These are the shallow groves in the surface of the cerebrum. Sulci
This lobe lies between the temporal bone and the lateral sulcus. It functions in memory, vison, learning, hearing, and emotional behavior. temporal lobe
These structures lie between the frontal bones and the central sulcus, and above the eye orbits. They have motor functions, but also deal with aggression, mood, foresight, motivation, and social judgements. frontal lobes
The spinal or nerve cord is located in the vertebral foramen. It begins at the foramen magnum and ends at the conus medullaris in the lumbar region. It conducts sensory impulses to the brain and motor impulses from the brain to the body spinal cord
These structures lie between the parietal bones and the central sulcus. They function in integration of sensory information with the exception of vision, hearing, and smell. parietal lobes
These are the thick folds in the surface of the cerebrum. gyri
The second largest part of the brain in mammals and the largest part of the brain in birds. The cerebellum is involved in the regulation of posture and balance, fine motor control of skeletal muscles, and repetitive movements. cerebellum
This fissure is a deep groove separating the cerebrum into right and left halves. Longitudinal fissure
An endocrine gland directly attached to the hypothalamus. It is divided into anterior and posterior portions. Anterior pituitary produce hormones which regulate other endocrine glands, and directly affects target cells. Posterior pituitary functions to store and release hormones produced by the hypothalamus. pituitary gland
The longitudinal fissure divides the cerebrum into right and left cerebral hemispheres. Cerebral hemisphere
The region that regulates the day/night cycle. Secretes the hormone motion melatonin, which effects sleepiness. pineal body
The structure that is the major integration system between various organ systems and the nervous system. It coordinates activities of both the nervous and endocrine systems, and between voluntary and autonomic activities. It is attached directly to the pituitary gland. hypothalamus
The part of the brain that contains the nerve tracts and physically joins the two cerebral hemispheres. Corpus callosum
This structure functions to integrate all sensory information (with the exception of smell) from the body, and channels it into proper processing regions in the cerebrum. thalamus
A structure that processes olfactory information and contains centers for reflex movements involved in eating, such as chewing, licking, and swallowing. mammillary body
The medulla is at the base of the brain stem. It contains nerve centers for the regulation of heart rate, blood vessel diameter, respiration, swallowing, vomiting coughing, sneezing, and hiccoughing. Medulla oblongata
A region that is also called the “mesencephalon”. It is located above the pons and is the smallest part of the brain stem. The oculomotor, trochlear, and trigeminal cranial nerves originate in this area. midbrain
A structure that is located on the bottom-center of the brain where the two optic nerve cross. Optic chiasma
The pons is located just above the medulla, on the brain stem. It works with the medulla to control respiration and helps regulate sleep. It is the origin for the trigeminal, abducens, facial, and vestibulocochlear cranial nerves pons
These bulbs are located just below the frontal lobes. They function in the sense of smell. Olfactory bulbs

The Nervous System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Cells that transmit impulses Neurons
Short branch extensions that carry impulses towards the cell body Dendrites
Long fiber that carries impulses away from cell body Axon
Contained in sacs in axon terminals; released to cause stimulus in the next cell; chemicals Neurotransmitters
Relays messages, processes information, and analyzes information. Central nervous system
Connects brain to the spinal cord; Controls involuntary actions. Brain Stem
Controls reflexes; Carries signals from brain to the body Spinal cord
Second largest part of the brain; Located at the back of the skull; Coordinates balance and movement. Cerebellum
Largest part of the brain; Responsible for voluntary and educated actions; Located in 2 different lobes. Cerebrum
Fatty insulated sheath that surrounds all but the smallest nerve fibers. Myelin sheath
a bundle of fibers running to organs and tissues in the body. nerve

The Brain Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The upper part of the brain cerebrum
The lower part of the brain cerebellum
Connects the brain to the spinal cord brain stem
the cerebrum is divided into two hemispheres
The two brain hemispheres communicate through a mass of nerve fibers called corpus callosum
Much of the brain's gray matter is located in the cerebral cortex
The rear portion of the frontal lobes is called the motor area
The sense of vision is interpreted by the occipital lobes
Damage to the cerebral motor area is known as cerebral palsy
The lowest part of the brain stem is the medulla oblongata
Latin for "bridge" pons
Latin word meaning "small net" reticular formation
Acts as the switchboard for the brain thalamus
The control unit for your body's automatic systems hypothalamus
Helps generate emotions and processes emotional memories amygdala
A person's actions can be completely explained as responsises to particular stimuli Behaviorism
A number of complex brain structures lie clusted around the brain stem limbis system

Central Nervous System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

nerve impulse, membrane potential of an active neuron Action potential
in a neuron, the single process that extends from the axon hillock and transmits impulses away from the cell body Axon
division of the nervous system composed of the brain and spinal cord Central nervous system
branching or tree-like nerve cell process that receives input from other neurons and transmits impulses toward the cell body (or toward the axon in unipolar neurons) Dendrite
nonexciteable supporting cells of nervous tissue; formerly called neruoglia glia
difference in electrical charge between inside and outside of the plasma membrane membrane potential
lipoprotein substance in the myelin sheath around many nerve fibers that contribute to high speed conductivity of impulses myelin
bundle nerve fibers, plus surrounding connective tissue, located outside the brain and spinal cord nerve
nerve cell, including its processes (axons and dendrites) neuron
nerves connecting the brain and spinal cord to other parts of the body peripheral nervous system
impulse conduction route to and from the central nervous system; smallest portion of nervous system that can receive a stimulus and generate a response reflex arc
membrane-to-membrane junction between a neuron and another neuron, effector cell, or sensory cell; function to propagate action potential synapse
part of the brain containing the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata brainstem
second largest part of the human brain; plays an essential role in the production of normal movements cerebellum
plasma-like fluid that fills the subarachnoid space in the brain and spinal cord and in the cerebral ventricles cerebrospinal fluid
largest and uppermost part of the human brain that controls consciousness, memory, sensations, emotions, and voluntary movements cerebrum
“between” brain; parts of the brain between cerebral hemispheres and the mesencephalon, or midbrain diencephalon
graphic representation of voltage changes in the brain tissue used to evaluate nerve tissue function electroencephalogram
important autonomic and neuroendocrine control center located inferior to the thalamus in the brain hypothalamus
parts of the brain involved in emotions and sense of smell; plays key role in coupling sensory inputs to short- and long-term memory; consists of the hippocampus, the hypothalamus and several other structures limbic system
fluid-containing membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord meninges
located in the medulla where bits of gray and white matter mix intricately, this structure is involved in regulating input from sensory neurons, arousal, and motor control Reticular formation
mass of gray matter located in diencephalon just above the hypothalamus; helps produce sensations, associates sensations with emotions, and plays a part in the arousal mechanism thalamus
a cavity, such as the large, fluid-filled spaces within the brain or the chambers of the heart ventricle

Parts of the Brain Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The largest part of the brain and is composed of right and left hemispheres CEREBRUM
Located under the cerebrum CEREBELLUM
connects the cerebrum and cerebellum to the spinal cord BRAINSTEM
It is in charge of personality, behavior, and emotions. It also involves speech FRONTAL LOBE
It is in charge of sense of touch and pain PARIETAL LOBE
It is in charge of interpreting vision OCCIPITAL LOBE
It is in charge of hearing, memory, and understanding language TEMPORAL LOBE
It plays a role in controlling behaviors such as hunger, thirst, sleep, and emotions HYPOTHALAMUS
It secretes hormones that control sexual development and promotes bone and muscle growth PITUITARY GLAND
Helps regulate the bodys internal clock and circadian rhythms by secreting melatonin PINEAL GLAND
Plays a role in pain sensation, attention, alertness, and memory THALAMUS
Works with the cerebellum to coordinate fine motions, like fingertip movements BASAL GANGLIA
If this area is damaged, you may have difficulty moving the tongue or facial muscles to produce the sounds of speech BROCAS AREA
If damaged you may speak long sentences that have no meaning WERNICKES AREA

Anatomy: The Nervous System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Lobe; language, speech FRONTAL
Eliminates wastes from neurons in CNS MICROGLIAL
The sensory neuron AFFERENT
Lobe; auditory, olfactory (smell) TEMPORAL
Shapes and supports neuron CELL BODY
Part of the brain that controls blood pressure, heart rate, swallowing MEDULLA
Diencephalon; hormones, body temp, water balance, metabolism HYPOTHALAMUS
Forms myelin sheath in CNS OLIGODENDROCYTE
Forms myelin sheath in PNS SCHWANN
Part of the brain that controls balance CEREBELLUM
Impulses in between afferent and efferent neurons INTERNEURON
Blood-brain barrier in CNS ASTROCYTE
Slows down cardiac in PNS PARASYMPATHETIC
Lobe; vision OCCIPITAL
Involuntary in PNS; cardiac & smooth muscles AUTONOMIC
Forms myelin to support neurons in PNS SATELLITE
Lobe; sensory, taste PARIETAL
Receives message from neurons DENDRITE
Speeds up cardiac in PNS SYMPATHETIC
Wraps around axon MYELIN SHEATH
The motor neuron EFFERENT
Sends message to neurons AXON
Part of the brain that controls breathing only PONS
Voluntary in PNS; skeletal muscles SOMATIC
Cushions neuron in CNS EPENDYMAL

Basic Brain Structure and Function Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The membrane that covers and protects the central nervous system, forms partitions, contains cerebral fluid, protects blood vessels and encloses the venus sinuses. Meninges
The _______________ nervous system serves to stimulate nervous system activity such as accelerating the heart rate, constricting blood vessels, raising the blood pressure, and facilitating a muscle contraction Sympathetic
The outermost layer of the cerebral hemispheres are composed of ________matter Gray
The neuroendocrine ________________ is associated with mood, appetite, vomiting, limbic system functions, pain and sleep. The drug Prozac mimics this Serotonin
In the architecture of the brain there area three basic units based on location. The that includes the upper spinal cord, brain stem and cerebellum is the ___________________ Hindbrain
The brain is divided into two ______________ Hemispheres
The parietal lobe is known as the primary ______________ area where impulses related to temperature, pain, touch, taste, smell are interpreted Sensory
The area of the brain responsible for receiving information from the ears is the ____________ lobe Temporal
Damage to the occipital lobes can cause _____________________ Blindness
Superior, Straight or Cavernous __________ Sinus
Sensory information received from the outside world is processed; controls voluntary movement & regulates conscious thought & mental activity in the ____________________ hemispheres Cerebral
In development of the brain, the ______________ is responsible for the evolution of intelligence Neocortex
The lobe of the brain involved in planning a schedule, imagining the future or reasoning during an argument is the __________lobe Frontal
The _____________ is the structure that receives sensory and limbic information and sends this information to the brain Thalamus
A neuroendocrine associated with concentration, socializing, food-seeking, sexual desire and motor neuron control and associated with Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and Lewy Body dementia Dopamine
Short term memories and converted to long-term memories in the ___________________ Hippocampus
The ______________ are chemical messengers in the nervous system Neurotransmitters
The _________side of the cerebrum specializes in language, calculation and sequential thought processes Left
The ____________ nervous system is part of the involuntary nervous system that serves to slow the heart rate, increase intestinal and glandular activity, relax the sphincter muscles and allow a muscle to rest Parasympathetic
The ___________ is the regions of the embryonic vertebrate neural tube that gives rise to posterior forebrain structures Diencephalon
The sixth cranial nerve, responsible for the control of lateral eye movement is the ___________ nerve Abducens
An excitatory neurotransmitter that governs muscle contractions and is associated with memory formation and diseases like Alzheimer’s is ______________________ Acetylcholine
The _____________ ___________ is a set of interconnected nuclei located throughout the brainstem and play a crucial role in maintaining behavioral arousal and consciousness (2 weeks) Reticular formation
Cranial nerve #1, responsible for smell is called the ______________ nerve Olfactory
The _____________ ______________ helps to refine movement so it isn’t clumsy or erratic (2 words) Cerebral Peduncle
Substance that reduces the weight of the brain, supplies nutrients, transports hormones and prevents head injury (3 word) Cerebral Spinal Fluid
The Eleventh cranial nerve which controls the trapezius and sternocleidomastoid and controls swallowing movement is the ____________ nerve Accessory
The _______________ functions to control autonomic, emotional, and sexual behavior (regulates visceral motor activity) Amygdala

The Nervous System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Controls the body Brain
Message center Spinal Cord
Tiny mailmen Neurons
Helps with balance and coordination Cerebellum
Located on the top of your head Cerebrum
Located all over your body Nerves
A type of nerves, transmits signals Peripheral Nerves
Controls involuntary actions like; heartbeat, blinking, and breathing Brain Stem
You are a? Human
The brain, spinal cord, and neurons are part of? Nervous System
A group of of organs make a System
The brain and spinal cord makes the Central Nervous System
The nervous system has 2 Parts
Peripheral Nerves makes the Peripheral N. System
send impulses or signals Motor Nerves
Type of nerve, that controls your senses Sensory Nerves
There are ____ major organ systems Eleven
Root word of "Nervous" Nerve
There are ___ major organs in the nervous system Three
The _____ is located inside your skull Brain

Neuroanatomy Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The PNS that controls voluntary movement somatic nervous system
Group of axons that connects the two brain hemispheres Corpus Callosum
Medial most structure of the brain Pineal Gland
Rostral most portion of the brain, directly dorsal to the eye sockets. Orbitofrontal cortex
Portion of the thalamus that project information to the primary visual cortex Lateral geniculate nucleus
Cross section for optic nerves in the brain optic chiasm
Structure that signals the initiation of neurulation notochord
Fiber bundle that carries information from the hippocampus Fornix
A coronal plane that splits the frontal and parietal lobes Central sulcus
Structure connecting the third and fourth ventricles Cerebral aquaduct
Name for the fibers that convey sensory neurons to the brain Afferent fibers
Relays sensory info to proper portion of the brain Thalamus
Visual field attention area Posterior parietal cortex
Motor related structure located on ventral side of the brainstem pons
Layers that protect the brain and spinal cord meninges
Group of structures connecting the cerebellum to the midbrain cerebellar peduncles
Section of brainstem involved in processing auditory information inferior colliculus
Crossover area for upper motor neurons medulla
Positive regulator of the hypothalamus Amygdala
Learning and memory center Hippocampus
Structure derived from mesoderm that creates bones and muscles. Somite
Directly caudal from central sulcus Primary somatosensory cortex
GABA filled structure that is stimulated by the Primary motor cortex Substantia nigra
Structures connected to the fornix Mammillary bodies
Fiber bundle connecting the amygdala to the hypothalamus Stria terminalis
Connective structure were portal system begins Infundibulum
Term for "crossover" Decussation
Portion of the brain that contains tons of nerve fibers, discovered by White matter
Structure that controls speech Brocas area

Brain Anatomy Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

connects the two hemispheres Corpus Callosum
memory and reasoning Cerebrum
problem-solving Frontal Lobe,
helps with processing sensation and forming it into a perception Parietal Lobe
plays a key role in understanding language Temporal Lobe
processes visual information Occipital Lobe
covered by the frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes in the lateral sulcus Insula
located above the midbrain and includes the thalamus Diencephalon
the sensory switchboard where most sensory impulses are sent Thalamus
links the nervous system to the endocrine system Hypothalamus
produces melatonin Pineal Gland
helps with growth and controls the release of hormones Pituitary Gland
the base of the brain that connects to the spinal cord Brainstem
the area of the brain that controls emotional responses and expressions Limbic System
a region of the brain in between the diencephalon and the pons that has a lot of reflex centers Midbrain
helps maintain breathing Pons
controls heartbeat, breathing, and the constriction of blood vessels Medulla Oblongata
helps arouse the cerebral cortex into wakefulness Reticular Formation
helps with the body's coordination and maintaining posture Cerebellum
controls unconscious activities like breathing Autonomic Nervous System
controls conscious activities pertaining to the movement of the skeletal muscles Somatic Nervous System