Type
Crossword
Description

What makes up the Lithosphere (crust and the...... Mantle
Helps explain continental drift in thie theory of plate tectonics Seafloorspreading
the gradual movement of the continents across the earth's surface through geological time. ContinentalDrift
form when one tectonic plate slides beneath another one plate at a subduction Trench
the sideways and downward movement of the edge of a plate of the earth's crust into the mantle beneath another plate. Subduction
one where the two plates slide against each other in a sideways motion TransformBoundaries
The continents fit almost like a puzzle Pangea
When two objects move away from each other. DivergentBoundaries
In many locations the hot molten magma from deep within the Earth rises up through the crust to reach the surface. Hotspot
a fault that moves laterally, or side to side. Strike-slip-fault
molten rock under the Earth's crust Magma
a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action. Earthquakes
hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this Lava
the innermost part of the earth Core
Heat energy is transferred from hot places to cooler places Convection
the remains or impression of a prehistoric organism preserved in petrified form or as a mold or cast in rock fossils
Earth's outer layer is made up of large, moving pieces called........ plates
Earth scientists Seismologists
a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. himalayas
a major area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur. ring of fire

tectonic plate boundaries Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

this scientist had the theory of the continental drift alfred
two plates slide against each other in a sideways motion transform
a line on a rock surface or the ground that traces a geological fault faultline
changed by extreme heat and pressure to form another rock metamorphic
places where the sea floor spreading takes place midoceanridge
a tall mountain that with a lot of pressure shoots out hot lava volcano
formed by deposition and solidification pf sediments sedimentary
a violent shaking of the ground caused by tectonic plates earthquakes
piece of the crust that floats on the mantle tectonic
hot fluid or semi fluid material within the earth's crust magma
two plates are moving away from one another divergent
formed by cooling and solidification of magma or lava igneous
made of iron, with small amount of nickle core
technical name for the crust and mantle lithosphere
remains of a prehistoric organism preserved in a mold form in a rock fossils
two plates move toward one another and collide convergent
contains most of earths mass (hints: its hot) mantle
hot molten or semi fluid rock erupted from volcano lava
a long high sea wave caused by earth quakes tsunami
outermost later of the planet, with life crust

Plate Tectonic Vocabulary Quiz Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A region in which two tectonic plates are moving toward each other convergent boundary
A region in which two tectonic plates are moving apart divergent boundary
A sudden tremor or shaking of Earth's surface caused by the release of pressure as tectonic plates push against each other earthquake
A crack in Earth's crust that allows the rock on both sides to move fault
Pertaining to Earth's structure and composition geological
Molten rock above Earth's surface lava
The section of Earth that is broken into tectonic plates and consists of the crust and the rigid, uppermost part of the mantle lithosphere
Molten rock beneath Earth's surface magma
Junction where tectonic plates converge, diverge, or slide past each other and form regions of tectonic activity plate boundary
The creation of new ocean floor where tectonic plates diverge and magma is able to rise to the surface to fill the gap seafloor spreading
The process by which one tectonic plate moves under another subduction
A region in which two tectonic plates are sliding past each other transform boundary
Abrupt depressions found on the ocean floor caused by the convergence of oceanic tectonic plates trench
An opening in Earth's crust that brings magma and gases from the mantle to the surface volcano

Chapter 1 Plate Tectonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process by which ocean floor sinks beneath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle subduction
When earthquakes occur they produce seismic waves
results from a force pressing on an area pressure
is the layer of rock that forms Earth's outer skin crust
a layer of hot rock mantle
The uppermost part of the mantle and the crust together form a rigid layer lithosphere
lower part of the mantle [soft layer] asthenosphere
is a layer of molten metal that surrounds the inner core outer core
is a dense ball of solid metal inner core
the transfer of energy through space radiation
heat transfer within a material or between materials that are touching conduction
can be transferred by the movement of fluids-liquids or gases convection
the flow that transfers heat within a fluid convection currents
continents slowly moving across the Earth continental drift
continually adds new material to the ocean floor sea floor spreading
the lithosphere broken up into separate sections plates
states that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in slow, constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle plate tectonics
breaks in Earth's crust where rocks have slipped past each other faults
the place where two plates more apart divergent boundary
the place where two plates come together convergent boundary
a place where two plates slip past each other transform boundary

Plate Tectonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The result of magma rising to Earth's surface and solidifying SeaFloor Spreading
The theory of how large pieces of lithosphere move and change Plate Tectonics
What occurs when forces act in parallel but opposite directions Shear Stress
The bending, tilting and breaking of Earth's crust Deformation
Molten rock produced under the Earth's surface Magma
A volcanically active area of Earth's surface Hotspot
The opening in which volcanic material passes vent
Magma that flows onto Earth's surface Lava
The boundary between colliding tectonic plates convergent boundary
The boundary between tectonic plates moving away from one another divergent boundary
The location where an earthquake occurs focus
Supercontinent that formed 300 million years ago Pangaea
A block of lithosphere that consists of the crust and outermost part of mantle Tectonic plate
The movement of matter due to differences in density convection
The bending of rock layers due to stress folding
The break in a body of rock Fault
Stress that occurs when forces act to stretch an object Tension
The movement or trembling of the ground that's caused by sudden release of energy earthquake
The point directly above an earthquake's starting point epicenter
A vent in Earth's surface where magma and gas are expelled volcano

Plate Tectonics and Earth Interior Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across earth's surface. Continental Drift
The name of the single landmass that began to break apart 200 million years ago and gave rise to today's continents. pangea
The preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in the past. Fossil
An undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced. Mid ocean ridge
A deep valley along the ocean floor beneath which oceanic crust slowly sinks toward the mantle. deep ocean trench
The process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust to the ocean floor. sea floor spreading
The process by which oceanic crust sinks benath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle at a convergent plate boundary. subduction
A section of the lithosphere that slowy moves over the asthenosphere, carrying pieces of continental and oceanic crust. Plate
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy released during during an earthquake. Seismic Wave
The force pushing on a surface divide by the area of that surface. Pressure
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outerskin. Crust
Is a dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in ocean crust. Basal
A usually light-colored igneous rock that is found in continental crust. Granite
Layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and core. Mantle
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and the crust. Lithosphere
The soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats. Athenosphere
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner core of earth. Outer Core
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth. Inner Core
A plate boundary where two plates move away from each other. Divergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move toward. Convergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opposite directions. Transform Boundary
A break in earth's crust along which rocks move. Fault
The theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle. Plate Tectonics
A deep valley that forms where two plates move apart. Rift Valley

Plate Tectonics and Volcanoes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

hypothesis that states the continents once formed a single landmass continentaldrift
scientist that proposed continental drift Wegener
long, undersea mountain chain with steep valley at it's center midoceanridge
the process which new oceanic lithosphere forms as magma rises to Earth’s surface and solidifies seafloorspreading
study of alignment of magnetic mineral in rock, as it relates to the reversal of Earth’s magnetic poles Paleomagnetism
theory that explains how large pieces of the lithosphere move and change shape platetectonics
solid, outer layer of Earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle lithosphere
solid, plastic layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere asthenosphere
he boundary between tectonic plates that are moving away from each other divergentboundary
the boundary between tectonic plates that are colliding convergentboundary
he boundary between tectonic plates that are sliding past each other transformboundary
the process by which Earth’s crust breaks apart rifting
piece of lithosphere that has a unique geologic history and that may be part of a larger piece of lithosphere terrane
supercontinent that formed 300 million years ago and that began to break up beginning 250 million years ago Pangaea
single, large ocean that covered Earth’s surface during the time of Pangaea Panthalassa
movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sudden release of energy when rocks along a fault move earthquake
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undeformed shape elasticrebound
the location where the first motion of an earthquake occurs focus
point on Earth’s surface directly above an Earthquake’s starting point or focus epicenter
a region of numerous, closely spaced faults faultzone
tracing of earthquake motion that is recorded by a seismograph Seismogram
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground Seismograph
measure of the strength of an earthquake magnitude
in Earth science the amount of damage caused by an earthquake intensity
a giant ocean wave that forms after a volcanic eruption tsunami
liquid rock produced under Earth’s surface magma
any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or onto Earth’s surface volcanism
magma that flows onto Earth’s surface; the rock that forms when lava cools and solidifies lava

Plate Techtonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper mantle. Lithosphere
An actively forming region where two (or more)tectonic plates or fragments of the lithosphere move toward one another and collide. Convergent Boundary
A linear feature that exists between two tectonic plates that are moving away from each other. Divergent Boundary
A type of fault whose relative motion in predominately horizontal, in either a sinistral(left lateral) or dextral(right lateral) direction. Transform Boundary
A small area or region with a relatively hot temperature in comparison to its surroundings. Hot Spot
A long, narrow ditch. Trench
The biggest crash scene on earth where boundaries mark the collision between two of the planet's tectonic plates. Subduction Zone
The sideways and downward movement of the edge of a plate of the earth's crust into the mantle beneath another plate. Subduction
The relatively thick part of the earth's crust that forms the large landmasses. Continental Crust
The relatively think part of the earth's crust that underlies the ocean basins. Oceanic Crust
Hot fluid or semi-fluid material below or within the earth's crust from which lava and other igneous rock is formed by cooling. Magma
Hot molten or semi-fluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this. Lava
An underwater mountain range, formed by plate tectonics. Mid Ocean Ridge
A large elongated depression with steep walls formed by the downward displacement of a block of the earth's surface between nearly parallel faults or fault systems. Rift Valley
A sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action. Earthquake
A mountain or hill, typically conical, having a crate or vent through which lava, rock fragments, hot vapor and gas are being or have been erupted from the earth's crust. Volcano

inside the earth Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the nature of something's ingredients or constituents; the way in which a whole or mixture is made up. composition
the gradual movement of the continents across the earth's surface through geological time. continental drift
the movement caused within a fluid by the tendency of hotter and therefore less dense material to rise, and colder, denser material to sink under the influence of gravity, which consequently results in transfer of heat. convection
also known as a destructive plate boundary (because of subduction), is an actively deforming region where two (or more) tectonic plates or fragments of the lithosphere move toward one another and collide. convergent boundry
the central or most important part of something core
form into a hard outer layer. crust
the degree of compactness of a substance. density
A tectonic boundary where two plates are moving away from each other and new crust is forming from magma that rises to the Earth's surface between the two plates. divergent boundry
a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action. earthquake
(of a rock formation) be broken by a fault or faults. fault
hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this. lava
the rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper mantle. lithospere
hot fluid or semifluid material below or within the earth's crust from which lava and other igneous rock is formed by cooling. magma
the region of the earth's interior between the crust and the core, believed to consist of hot, dense silicate rocks (mainly peridotite). mantle
a theory explaining the structure of the earth's crust and many associated phenomena as resulting from the interaction of rigid lithospheric plates that move slowly over the underlying mantle. Translate plate tectonics to plate textonics
the sideways and downward movement of the edge of a plate of the earth's crust into the mantle beneath another plate. subduction
also known as a conservative plate boundary, since these faults neither create nor destroy lithosphere), is a type of fault whose relative motion is predominantly horizontal, in either a sinistral (left lateral) or dextral (right lateral) direction. transform boundry
lift (something) up; raise. uplift
a mountain or hill, typically conical, having a crater or vent through which lava, rock fragments, hot vapor, and gas are being or have been erupted from the earth's crust. volcano

Tectonic Plates Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Massive rock made of Earth's lithosphere that move float and drift. Tectonic Plates
A cone shaped mountain which lava and ash flow during eruption. Volcano
A super continent that existed 300 million years ago. Pangea
A sudden shake of the ground caused by the shifting of tectonic plates. Earthquake
A massive wave caused by an earthquake. Tsunami
The outer layer of the Earth. Crust
In-between the Earth's crust and core. Mantle
Fluid layer that is above Earth's inner core and below the mantle. Outer Core
Inner most part of the Earth believed to be a solid ball. Inner Core
Where two tectonic plates collide against each other. Convergent Boundary
When two tectonic plates move apart from each other. Divergent Boundary
When two tectonic plates slip or slide past each other. Transform Boundary
Hot fluid below Earth’s crust where lava is formed. Magma
The hot fast-moving lava that hardens to form smooth, ropelike coils. Pahoehoe Lava
The slow moving-moving lava that hardens to form rough chunks. Aa Lava
Rigid outer part of the Earth, which is the crust and upper mantle. Lithosphere
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface. Volcanic Neck
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake. Seismic Wave
The point on Earth’s crust directly above an earthquake’s focus. Epicenter
A device that records ground movement caused by seismic waves as they move through the Earth. Seismograph

Plate Tectonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

He discovered the theory of continental drift and plate tectonics Alfred Wegener
a hypothetical continent that is all the continents as one Supercontinent
a hypothetical landmass that existed when all the continents were joined together pangea
theory that explains how the continents shift on earths surface continental drift
a long narrow excavation in the ground trench
a linear shaped lowland between highlands or mountain ranges riftvalley
an underwater mountain system oceanic ridges
a geographic area containing many related mountains mountain ranges
shaking of the earth due to the sudden release of energy in the crust of earth earthquakes
the theory that explains the motion in the lithosphere plate tectonics
rock fractures hat show evidence of relative movement fault
horizontal movement of the faults against each other transfrom
the plates collide at this type of boundary convergent
the plates move away from each other at this boundary divergent
the process at convergent boundaries when one tectonic plate moves under another subduction
the lithosphere and two types; oceanic and continental crust
lava escaping magma filled chambers below the surface volcano
a ring in the pacific ocean where a lot of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occur ring of fire
a continental transorm fault through california san andreas
the movement of differently heated liquids convection current