Type
Crossword
Description

There are six _______ ___________ of geography. essentialelements
What refers to a period of 100 years? century
What refers to a period of ten years? decade
1000 years make up what? millenium
What is the abbreviation for Geographic Information Systems? GIS
What is the name of a source that witnessed the event? primary
What is the name of a source that knows information about something but was not at the event? secondary
Historians ask questions about events, and then they create a _______ as to why they think the event happened. hypothesis
When an opinion favors one side over another, that is known as a ____. Bias
Due to physical landscape Neolithic humans tended to settle in ____ valleys River
When you lack the natural resource of water, you can use ______ to increase water supply. irrigation
In ancient civilizations, job specialization was a result of ______ ___ __________. surplus of water
Ineraction with different foreign cultures lead to positive benefits of ______ and new_________. tradeideas
Negative consequences of interaction with foreign groups were ________, loss of __________, and thefall of the civilization conflictresources
What are groups of people ranked by their place in society? socialclasses
offenses and the punishments they carried were listed in this code Hammurabi
What replaced the barter system as a medium of exchange? coins
How was the Israelite religion different from other ancient religions? It was ____. monotheistic
Mayans and Egyptians both had an interest in ___ astronomoy
The Incan and Roman empires both had extensive networks of _____. roads
The The Phoenicians could be considered the founders of Western literature. They spread their _______ around the world they conquered. alphabet
Athens was a _____ direct democracy, whereas the USA is an indirect democracy direct
What judicial system element is used in the USA from the Athens democracy? Juries
What is an aspect of today's American political process that reflects an influence from ancient Greece? twolegislativebodies
Pericles made a fatal decision in Athens during which war? Pelopennisian
Who built up the Athenian navy and led them to victory over the Persians in the Battle of Marathon Themistocles

Ancient Greece Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is a form of government in which citizens govern themselves? Democracy
Who is someone who uses reason to explain natural events? Philosopher
What is the city-state in Ancient Greece that is the current capital? Athens
Only 1/5 of the people were allowed to participate in ________. Government
Slaves, foreigners, and ______ were excluded from government. Woman
Plato, Aristotle, and ______ were notable Greek philosophers. Socrates
Many Greeks believed that their ______ were responsible for all natural events. gods
A ______ is a sacred site used to consult a god or goddness. Oracle
Who was the goddness of war? Athena
Who was the father of Hercules? Zeus
The first _____ was held in Greece. Olympics
Which philosopher believed intellectual intelligence can only be attained by upper-class males? Aristotle
Which Athenian branch of government was made up of a council of only 500 men? Executive
What kind of democracy does Ancient Athens have? direct
What princess did the Trojans capture that led into the Trojan war? helen

Direct Democracy Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The only country that still has direct democracy Switzerland
Direct democracy, Also known as ______ democracy Pure
Who makes all the decisions Citizens
Direct democracy relies on people coming out and _____ Voting
The structure that direct democracy is like Circle
When did direct democracy start 500BC
Where did direct democracy start AncientAthens
When did direct democracy start in Switzerland 1291
Some towns in what US state still use direct democracy NewEngland
Only men over the age of __ born in Athens were considered to be citizens Eighteen
Citizens come together to discuss issues and ____ Laws
Decisions are made by the _____ vote Popular
The purest form of direct democracy is in the Swiss _____ Cantons
One of the citizen groups in Ancient Athens Assembly
Another citizen group in Ancient Athens Council
The final up in Ancient Athens Court
This form of government crates an _________ society Incorporated
In direct democracy there is _____ leader No
Who can put forward proposals for laws Anyone
What group of people has almost no say Minority
Most countries That used to use direct democracy have evolved to __________ democracy Semi-direct
On advergae how many times year does Switzerland come together to vote Four

Ancient Civilizations Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The river that flows through Ancient Egypt nile
The river that flows through Ancient India indus
The rivers that flow through Ancient Mesopotamia TigrisandEuphrates
The river that flows through Ancient China HuangHe
Means "land between two rivers" Mesopotamia
The large Middle East region where many prosperous civilizations used the rich soil for agriculture FertileCrescent
Skilled workers, like a carpenter or brick maker artisans
People who trade goods merchants
A large Sumerian temple used for religious worship ziggurat
Wedge-shaped writing used in Mesopotamia cuneiform
An independent city that has its own ruler, government, and name city-state
Nickname for river valleys Cradle of Civilization
Ancient Egyptian writing that uses symbols in lines hieroglyphics
The leader of Egypt who was also considered a god pharaoh
levels of people in society; wealth often = power socialclass
civilizations in Mesopotamia where city-states organized similar cultures Sumerian
The type of government that is led by religious leaders theocracy
The belief in only one god monotheism
The belief in more than one god polytheism
The list of religious and moral guidelines followed by the Hebrews tencommandments
The religion followed by the Hebrews judaism
The list of harsh laws and punishments used in Babylon in Mesopotamia hammurabiscode
The father of Judaism abraham
An artisan who has learned to write and read scribe
The Chinese belief that dead ancestors in heaven approve of their leaders MandateofHeaven
Family of rulers dynasty
Way of life culture
Complex culture civilization
Political system government
King or Queen; power by birth Monarch
cause of civilization agriculture
1st effect of civilization populationincrease
2nd effect of civilization specialization
3rd effect of civilization cities
Process of drying a dead body mummification
Tomb for Pharaohs pyramid
Rigid social class structure in India; born into & stay castesystem
Ancient trade route silkroad
Rich upper class aristocracy
Protection greatwall

Ancient Greece Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Games held every four years olympics
Outdoor marketplace agora
Government ruled by wealthy privileged families aristocracy
Famous for its army sparta
A fast-spreading, often deadly disease plague
Earliest known greek civilization minoans
Another word for slaves in Sparta helots
Who created the machine that carried water from a lower to a higher level archimedes
A machine that carried water from a lower to a higher level screw
Valuables seized in wartime plunder
The war fought between Sparta and Athens was called peloponnesian
The Trojan war was fought between the Greeks and the people of troy
A great king of Macedonia who expanded the empire Alexander
One of Greek's finest achievements in architecture parthenon
Composed two poems about the Trojan War homer
The "Father of Medicine" hippocrates
Had a mighty navy athens
A greek philosopher who used a question-and-answer method of argument socrates
Greeks believed most gods lived on Mount olympus
The first known lighthouse was located in alexandria
Government ruled by the people democracy
Greek philosophers developed a respect for the power of reason
Created important theories about numbers and music pythagoras
A great leader of Athens pericles
Name of the longest olympic race marathon
After the Greeks defeated the Persians they entered a time called the ______age golden

Ancient Athens Vocabulary Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

something from a time more than 2500 years in the past ANCIENT
a large, open area in the middle of ancient athens where men would go to shop and gossip AGORA
an independent area made up of a city and the surrounding countryside CITY-STATE
a ruler who steals power and governs in a harsh and cruel way TYRANT
children of parents born in athens and the males had the right to vote CITIZEN
residents of athens who had been born outside the city-state and were not allowed to vote or own land METIC
people owned either by private athenians or by the city-state and did not have the right to own land or to vote SLAVE
a long poem that tells a story, usually about a legendary hero EPIC
A democracy in which people vote directly to make decisions rather than having a representative; They vote on things and laws, rather than for people DIRECT DEMOCRACY
a decision made by people in authority DECREE
a political group in Athenian society TRIBE
a process in which names are drawn by chance from a large number of choices LOTTERY
a group of people picked by lottery to suggest and discuss laws COUNCIL OF 500
a government official who works for the court MAGISTRATE
something that supports or holds up something else PILLAR
a group of people whose job was to resolve disputes, hold jury trials, and decide on punishments COURT
where male citizens would go to make decisions, and vote on laws ASSEMBLY
the person accused of committing a crime in a court case DEFENDANT
the person who brings a complaint about another person to the court PLAINTIFF

Athens and Sparta Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Which empire took control of Athens? Roman
Spartian warriors were known for their skill and ___ Bravery
How many kings ruled the city of Sparta? Two
Athens was a powerful ___ citystate
Building this structure was an achievement in Athens Parthenon
8,000 of these ruled over 10,000 slaves sparties
Women in Athens had lots of ___ freedom
The Assembly met on top of this hill pnyx
How many social classes did Athens have? four
What was the lowest social class in Athens? slaves
Athens had four of these around their city mountains
What class were the farmers in in Sparta? Helots
A famous philosopher in Athens Socrates
At what age were boys in Sparta taken from their parents and trained for warfare? seven
Athens had this type of government democracy
What did Sparta do early on to the land around them Conquered
Who was the king who helped Sparta defeat Troy? Menelaus
What was the name of the middle class in Sparta? perioeci
War between Athens and Sparta peloponnesian
This caused lots of people in Athens to become sick and die plague

The Roman Republic Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

was the general body of free Roman citizens who were not patricians, as determined by the census. Plebeians
a unit of 3,000–6,000 men in the ancient Roman army. Legion
Tables was the legislation that stood at the foundation of Roman law. Twelve Tables
a ruler with total power over a country, typically one who has obtained power by force. Dictator
was a Thracian gladiator who, along with the Gauls Crixus, Oenomaus, Castus and Gannicus, was one of the escaped slave leaders in the Third Servile War, Spartacus
He was the chief priest, lawgiver, judge, and the sole commander of the army.[ Magistartes
were Roman plebeian nobiles who both served as tribunes in the late 2nd century BC Gracchus Brothers
was the highest elected office of the appointive office under the Roman Empire. Consuls
was a Roman general and statesman. Sulla
ancient civilization prospered in the region of modern-day Tuscany, maintaining extensive trade networks, building impressive fortified cities, and making exquisite art Etruscans
was the center or capital city of the ancient Carthaginian civilization, situated on the eastern side of the Lake of Tunis Carthage
were institutions in ancient Rome. They functioned as the machinery of the Roman legislative branch Assemblies
is a Latin epic poem, written by Virgil between 29 and 19 BC Aeneid
led an attack on Saguntum, an independent city allied with Rome, which sparked the outbreak of the Second Punic War. Hannibal
was the period of ancient Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom Republic
was the long period of peacefulness and minimal expansion by the Roman military force Pax Romana
were in charge of government and also of the army. The 300 citizen Senate advised them at all times. Checks and Balances
were the twin brothers and main characters of Rome's foundation myth. Romulus and Remus
an official in ancient Rome chosen by the plebeians to protect their interests. Tribunes
surrounded by the ruins of several important ancient government buildings at the center of the city of Rome. Forum
an aristocrat or nobleman. Patrician
was a title granted by the government of Ancient Rome to men acting in one of two official capacities Praetor
were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC. Punic Wars
was a Roman general and statesman Gaius Marius
was a political institution in ancient Rome. Senate

Ancient Sparta Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Some Ancient Greeks beleieved in many gods/goddess, were most Ancient Greece monotheistic or polytheistic? Polytheistic
This war is divided into two sub wars. Jealousy from Sparta because of Athens resilience of power of wealth started it. Sparta declared this war on Athens and won. Peloponnesian
This city-state defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War. Culture was centered loyalty the military service and state. Sparta
For years the Greeks had been trying to breach the Trojan wall. Odysseus, the Greek general, made a plan to make a huge beautiful wooden horse with men inside to put outside of the Trojan wall. The Trojans took the horse inside and at night the men inside of the horse opened the gates for the Greek Army. That was the end of Troy. Trojan war
A system of government chosen by the people. Democracy
A piece of land surrounded by three bodies of water. This piece of land made it easier for Greeks to access water, while the high mountains kept them isolated so enemies would have a hard time communicating and traveling to them. Peninsula
This city-state won the Persian War with Sparta, but lost the Peloponnesian War to Sparta. Became bankrupt, tired, and unpatriotic. Athens
The Trojan war is considered a (BLANK), because it is thought to be historical yet unauthentic. Legend
Athens and Sparta are both considered to be (BLANK). They both were located in Greece. Greek
This war is divided into four battles. This war was fought to conqour the Greeks (Athens and Sparta), but the Greeks won. Persian War
A collection of stories told to explain nature, history, and customs. Mythology

Ancient Greece and Rome Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A narrative poem about heroic deeds is a _______. Epic
___________ was a Roman dictator. Julius Caeser
What water transport system did the Romans make? Aqueduct
Who is the ruler of the Greek gods? Zeus
Who was Zeus's wife? Hera
A _____ is a form of government ruled by a king. Monarchy
_______ isolated from much of Greece, builds a military state. Sparta
_________ the Great. Alexander
Greek _______ where stories that taught them about their environment and morals etc. Myths
Sparta had a better army, but Athens had a better ______. Navy
Who believes in questioning morals and the gods and was sentenced to death? Socrates
Who was the student of Plato? Aristotle
Who was the teacher of Plato? Socrates
Who did Aristotle teach? Alexander the great
The two forms of drama in ancient Greece are _______ and comedy. Tragedy
What is the name of the arena in Rome where gladiators fought? Colosseum
A _______ is a ruler with total power over a country. Dictator
A __________ was a man trained to fight with weapons against other men or wild animals in an arena. Gladiator
What new religion began to become a dominant religion in the Roman Empire? Christianity
Who was the greatest story teller? Homer

Ancient China Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

The __________ dynasty introduced the mandate of heaven. zhou
Which philosophy did emperor Qin Shihuangdi base his laws on? legalism
Which emperor was able to conquer all of China? Qin Shihuangdi
Which philosophy taught that true harmony comes from the balance of Yin and Yang? Daoism
What was the name of the dynasty whose religion was centered on ancestor worship? Shang
Which engineer found a way to use flooding to grow crops? Yu
_______ is a form of government that is structured like a pyramid with a few people at the top but many on the bottom. bureaucracy
Which one of the Han's industries was very valuable for trade with people outside of China? silk
__________ is a treatment invented by the Hans where thin needles are inserted in specific parts of your body. acupunture
The invention of paper was an ideal material for ________. calligraphy
An ________ is something that takes away pain. Anesthetic
Magicians told emperor Qin Shihuangdi that if he drank the magic poison he could be __________ Immortal
An instrument made by the Hans to detect earthquakes. Seismograph
The Shang lived in ______, a large group of friends and family. Clans
The Analects was a book filled with sayings of the founder of which philosophy? Confucianism
In Daoism which one of the opposing forces of nature means "sunlit" Yang
An _______ is a place where water can be found in a desert. Oasis
What was built on China's northern border as protection from invaders by the Qin empire? Great Wall
_________ was the central trading point where the Eastern and Western Silk Roads met. Kashgar
What was the name of the first dynasty? Xia