The process by which soil and sediment are transported from one location to another.
EROSION
the cycle of processes by which water circulates between the earth's oceans, atmosphere, and land, involving precipitation as rain and snow, drainage in streams and rivers, and return to the atmosphere by evaporation and transpiration.
WATERCYCLE
Water from the oceans and the Earth's surface changes into water vapor.
EVAPORATION
Water vapor cools and changes into water droplets that form clouds in the atmosphere.
CONDENSATION
Rain,snow,sleet, or hail from clouds onto the Earth's land and ocean.
PRECIPITATION
The downward movement of water through pores and other spaces in soil due to gravity.
PERCOLATON
the draining away of water (or substances carried in it) from the surface of an area of land, a building or structure.
RUNOFF
The area of land that is drained by a water system.
WATERSHEDS
Water flow downwards towards a lake, ocean, or sea.
RIVERSYSTEM
The boundary between watersheds in the United States. Separates the Atlantic and Pacific Watersheds.
CONTINENTIALDIVIDE
The path that a stream follows
CHANNEL
The measure of the change in elevation over a certain distance.
GRADIENT
The amount of water that a stream or river carries in a given amount of time.
DISCHARGE
The material a stream or river can carry downstream.
LOAD
A stream can bounce large materials,such as pebbles and boulders, along the stream bed.
Bed Load
A stream can carry small rocks and soil in suspension (makes a river look muddy).
Suspended Load
Material carried in solution, which means that the material is dissolved in the water.
Dissolved Load
The process in which material is laid down.
Deposition
Rock and soil deposited by streams.
sediment
A fan shaped mass of materials deposits that,unlike deltas,form of dry land.
Delta
fan shaped deposits that, unlike deltas, form on dry land.
Alluvial fans
An area along a river that forms from sediments deposited when the river overflows its banks.
Floodplain
Water located within the rocks below the surface of the Earth.
Groundwater
A zone where water passes through.
Zone of Aeration
Where water fills the spaces between rock.
Zone of Saturation
Where the two zones meet is.
Water table
Rock layer that stores groundwater and allows the flow of groundwater.
Aquifer
The % of the total volume of a rock or sediment that consists of open spaces.
Porosity
The rock's ability to let water pass through.
Permeability