Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Occurs when chemical reactions dissolve the minerals in rock or change them into different minerals Chemical Weathering
Average weather pattern in an area over a long period of time; can be classified by temperature, humidity, precipitation and vegetation Climate
Planting along the natural contours of the land to reduce soil erosion Contour Farming
Each layer in the soil profile hoizon A (top layer of soil) horizon B (middle layer) and horizon C (bottom layer) Horizon
Dark colored decayed organic matter that supplies nutrients to plants and is found mainly in top soil Humus
Mechanical weathering processes that occurs when water freezes in the cracks of rocks and expands causing the rock to break apart Ice Wedging
Removal of minerals that have been dissolved in water Leaching
Twigs, leaves and other organic matter that help prevent erosion and hold water and may eventually be changed into humus by decomposing organisms Litter
Physical processes that break rock apart without changing its' chemical makeup; can be caused by ice wedging animals and plant groups Mechanical Weathering
Method for reducing soil erosion; plant stalks are left in the field after harvesting and the next year's crop is planted within the stalks without plowing No till farming
Chemical weathering process that occurs when some minerals are exposed to oxygen and water over time Oxidation
Mixture of weathered rock and mineral fragments, decayed organic matter, mineral fragments, water, and air that can take thousands of years to develop Soil
Verical section of soil layers, each of which is a horizon Soil Profile
Farming method used to reduce erosion on steep slopes Terracing
Mechanical or chemical surface processes that break rock into smaller and smaller pieces Weathering

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Soil Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Occurs when chemical reactions dissolve the minerals in rocks or change them into different minerals Chemical Weathering
average weather pattern in an area over a long period of time; can be classified by temperature, humidity, precipitation, and vegetation Climate
planting along the natural contours of the land to reduce soil erosion Contour farming
each layer in a soil profile horizon A (top layer of soil), horizon B (middle layer) and horizon C (bottom layer) Horizon
dark-colored, decayed organic matter that supplies nutrients to plants and is found mainly in topsoil. Humus
mechanical weathering process that occurs when water freezes in the cracks of rocks and expands, causing the rock to break apart. Ice wedging
removal of minerals that have been dissolved in water Leaching
twigs, leaves, and other organic matter that help prevent erosion and hold water and may eventually be changed into humus by decomposing organisms Litter
physical processes that break rock apart without changing its chemical makeup; can be caused by ice wedging, animals, and plant roots Mechanical weathering
method for reducing soil erosion; plant stalks are left in the field after harvesting and the next year’s crop is planted within the stalks without plowing No-till farming
chemical weathering process that occurs when some minerals are exposed to oxygen and water over time Oxidation
mixture of weathered rock and mineral fragments, decayed organic matter, mineral fragments, water, and air that can take thousands of years to develop. Soil
vertical section of soil layers, each of which is a horizon Soil profile
farming method used to reduce erosion on steep slopes Terracing
mechanical or chemical surface processes that break rock into smaller and smaller pieces Weathering

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Weathering Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The breaking down and weathering of a rock from mechanical weathering Abrasion
Rocks break by chemical weathering Chemical weathering
Metallic element combines with oxygen and causes chemical change Oxidation
chemical Reaction between water and another substance to form two new substances Hydrolysis
conversions of a compound into a carbonate Carbonation
Percipitation that contains a high concentrarion of acid Acid Percipitation
Weaker rocks weather away at a faster rate than harder rocks Differential Weathering
Mixture of minerals, water, gases, and remains of dead organisms Soil
Layers of soil Soil Profile
Horizontal layer of soil Horizon
Dark, organic material formed in soil from the decayed remains of plants and animals Humus
Process were Earth's surface are loosened, dissolved or worn away Erosion
Water removes topsoil Sheet Erosion
Movement of a large mass of sediment or a section of land down a slope Mass movement
Slow, downslope flow of soil Sulification
Slow downhill movement of weathered rock material Creep

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Soil Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Occurs when chemical reactions dissolve the minerals in rocks or change thme into different minerals Chemical Weathering
Average weather pattern in an area over a long period of time; can be classified by temperature, humidity, precipitation, and vegetation. Climate
planting along the natural contours of the land to reduce soil erosion Contour farming
each layer in a soil profile (O, A, B, C) Horizon
dark-colored, decayed organic matter that supplies nutrients to plants and is found mainly in topsoil Humus
mechanical weathering process that occurs when water freezes in the cracks of rocks and expands, causing the rock to break apart Ice wedging
removal of minerals that have been dissolved in water Leaching
twigs, leaves, and other organic matter that helps prevent erosion and hold water and may eventually change into humus by decomposing organisms Litter
physical processes that break apart rock without changing its chemical makeup; can be caused by ice wedging, animals, or plant roots Mechanical weathering
method for reducing soil erosion; plant stalks are left in the field after harvesting and the next year's crop is planted within the stalks without plowing No-till farming
chemical weathering process that occurs when some minerals are exposed to oxygen and water over time Oxidation
mixture of weathered rock and mineral fragments, decayed organic matter, water, and air that can take thousands of years to develop Soil
vertical section of soil layers, each within is a horizon Soil profile
farming method used to reduce erosion on steep slopes Terracing
mechanical or chemical surfaces processes than break into smaller and smaller pieces Weathering

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Weathering and Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What type of weathering breaks smaller pieces of rock from larger pieces Mechanical
What type of weathering slowly dissolves rock chemical
What is the process in which wind, water, gravity transport soil? Erosion
When farmers change crops to protect nutrient depletion. Crop rotation
When farmers grow a crop between seasons to prevent erosion. cover crop
Creating a series of steps so that farming can occur on a steep hill Terracing
Leaving the previous season's stalks behind to prevent erosion. no till
Refers to the pore space in soil taken up by water or oxygen porosity
Water dissolves and carries nutrients in topsoil to lower layers leaching
The top layer of soil topsoil
The most fertile section of topsoil humus
The layer of rock beneath soil layers bedrock
When water in the air causes chemical change oxidation
Repeated freezing and thawing in cracks of rock ice wedging
Type of weathering in which harder rock weathers less than softer rock differential
When limestone is dissolved underground, you get a... cave
When pollution and rain weather together. acid rain
Grinding away of rock abrasion
Agent of mechanical weathering wind
Agent of chemical weathering water
Living agent of mechanical weathering plants
Rock that is the source of the fragments parent rock
Protecting soil from nutrient loss or erosion soil conservation
When water slows and drops sediment deposition
Deposition that occurs as a body of water slows to flow into another delta
Sediment deposits here when a river overflows its banks (pg.318) floodplain
a fan-shaped deposion on land alluvial fan
As a mountain ages, its peaks become (rounder/sharper) rounder

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Weathering, Erosion and Soil Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

process of erosion where windblown particles scrape against rock surfaces and wear them away abrasion
unweathered solid parent rock bedrock
all of Earth's organisms and the environment in which they live biosphere
type of weathering where rocks and minerals undergo changes in their composition due to chemical reactions chemical
process by which productive land becomes a desert desertification
removal and transport of weathered material erosion
the settling of eroded material deposition
process that occurs when water repeatedly freezes and thaws in cracks in rocks frost wedging
erosion that occurs when a channel widens and deepens gully
weathering where big rocks break down into smaller pieces physical
erosion where water runs down the side of a slope carving a small stream rill
pieces of rock that are moved and deposited sediment
loose covering of weathered rock overlying bedrock soil
distinct layer in soil horizon
section of soil with many distinct layers profile
the change in elevation of the Earth's crust topography
the most influential factor in soil formation climate
soil whose parent material is local residual
soil whose parent material has moved far from its source transported
steep slopes have this kind of soil shallow
they help break down organic material and helps increase water holding capacity organisms
regardless of the type of soil, they all need this to develop time
decreasing surface area, _____________ chances of chemical weathering decreases
row of trees planted perpendicular to the wind windbreak
type of erosion that creates unsorted deposits glacial
chemical weathering due to oxygen oxidation
weathering where outer layers seem to peel away like an onion exfoliation
type of weathering that is favored in cold and dry climate mechanical
type of erosion that can defy gravity wind

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Weathering and erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The process that breaks down rock and other material at Earth surface weathering
The process by which ice wind water and soil move weather rock Erosion
Rock is physically broken down into smaller pieces mechanical weathering
Breaks down rock with chemical changes chemical weathering
The geological principle that the same geologic processes that operate it today in the past to change Uniformitarianism
Grinding away of rocks by other rock particles carried in water with ice or wind Abrasion
Sports rock when water seeped into cracked and freezes and expands Ice wedging
Chemical change in which substance combines with oxygen as when iron oxides forming rest Oxidation
Characteristics of material that is full of tiny connected air spaces I can see through Permeable
Loose weathered material and earth surface in which plants can grow Soil
Dark colored organic material in soil Humus
Organisms that breakdown the remains of organisms and I just them Decomposers

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SOIL CROSSWORD

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Largest particle dries quicl;y and texture is rough and gritty. Sand
Relative proportions of sand, silt, and clay texture
What the soil is composed of air, water, nutrients, and orgainic matter Composition
the proccess by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the action of water, glaciers, winds, waves, ext. Erosion
How much water the soil will allow through permeability
Depends on how many pores and the size of the pores porosity
influenced by the amount of proteins present in the soil Color
used to identify different types of soil Soil Properties
the break down of rock and minerals by rain, acid, salt, wind, and temperature into sediments weathering
Medium sized particles, texture is smooth and powdery when dry and slippery when wet. silt
smallest particle; smooth and hard as stone when dry and sticky when wet clay
Mixture of sand, silt, and clay. Best type of soil for growing plants. Loam
soil layers; more mature soil has more horizons soil horizon
Mixture of rock, minerals, and organiz matter soil
living particles in soil organic
non living particles in soil inorganic
Mostly made of decaying leaves, twigs, and animal remains/waste Humus
loose soil that is rich in organic material needed by plants topsoil
rich in minerals that are wased down in minerals that are wased downfrom topsoil by rain subsoil
slightly broken up rock. plants roots cannot go through this layer. Mostly inorganic. weathered rock
also knowthe parent material. unweathered solid rock bneath all layers. bedrock
the extraction of valuable minerals or geological materials from the earth. mining
a natrual material with a high concentation of metals and valuable materials that can be extracted for a profit. Ore
when a mine is no longer being used, the land should be restored to its former state or better. Reclamation
minerals or substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain. Natrual resource
a natural resource that can be replaced quickly enough so that we will not run out renewable resource
hydrocarbons created from the remains of formerly living organisms used for energy. fossil fuel
a natrual resource that we need to use carefully because it cannot be replaced quickly and we will run out. nonrenewable resource

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soil conservation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The area of the Great Plains where wind erosion caused soil loss during the 1930's. Dust bowl
The solid layer of rock beneath the soil. bed rock
The layer of soil that differs in color and texture from layers above or below it soil horizon
Plowing fields along the curves of a slope to prevent soil loss. contour plowing
A thick mass of grass roots and soil. sod
The planting of diffrent crops in a field each year to maintain the soils fertility crop rotation
A chemical change in which a substance combines with oxygen, as when iron oxides, forming rust. oxidation
The loose, weathered material on Earth's surface in which plants can grow. soil
Characteristics of a material that is full of tiny, connected air spaces that water can seep through. permeable
Soil conservation method in which the dead stalks from previos year's crop are left in the ground to hold the soil in place. conservation plowing
The managment of soil to prevent it's destruction. soil conservation
The grinding away of rock by other rock particles carried in water, ice, or wind. abrasion
The loose layer of dead plant leaves and stems on the surface of the soil. litter
Soil organism that breaks down the remains of organisms and digets them. decomposer
The chemical and physical process that can break down at Earth's surface weathering
Process that splits rock when water seeps into cracks, then freezes and expands. ice wedging
Anything in the environment that humans use. natural resource
Dark colored organic material in soil. humus
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken into smaller pieces. mechanical weathering
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes. chemical weathering
Rich, fertile soil that is made up of about equal parts of clay, sand, and silt. loam
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weathered rock or soil. erosion
Mixture of humans, clay, and other minerals that forms the crumbly, top most layer of soil. top soil
The geologic principle that the same geologic process that operate today, operated in the past to change Earth's surface. uniformitarianism
A measure of how well soil supports plant growth. fertility
The layer of soil beneath the top soil that contains mostly clay and other minerals. subsoil

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SOIL CONSERVATION Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The chemical and physical processes that break down rock at earth's surface Weathering
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weathered rock or soil Erosion
The geologic principle that the same geologic process that operated in the past to change Earth's surface Uniformitarianism
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken into smaller pieces Mechanical weathering
The loose, weathered material on Earth's surface in which plants can grow soil
The solid layer of rock beneath the soil Bedrock
Dark-colored organic material in soil Humus
A measure of how well soil supports plant growth Fertility
Anything in the environment tha humans use Natural Resource
Rich, fertile soil that ismade up of about equal parts of clay, sand, and silt Loam
The layer of soil that differs in color and texture from the layers above or below it Soil Horizon
Soil organism that breaks down the remains of organisms and digests them decomposer
A thick mass o grass roots and soil sod
The management of soil to prevent its destruction Soil Conservation
Plowing fields along the curves of a slope to prevent soil loss Contour Plowing
The loose layer of dead plant leaves and stems on the surfaceof the soil litter
The grindimg away of rock by other rock particles carried in water, ice, or wind Abrasion
Process that splits rock when water seeps into cracks, then freezes and expands Ice Wedging
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes Chemical Weathering
A chemical change in which a substance combines with oxygen, as when iron oxidizes, forming rust Oxidation
Characteristic of a material that is full of tiny, connected air spaces that water can seep through Permeable
Mixture of humans, clay, and other minerals that forms the crumbly, topmost layer of soil Topsoil
The area of the Great Plains where wind erosion caused soil loss during during the 1930's Dust Bowl
Soil conservation method in which the dead stalks from the previous year's crop are left in the ground to hold the soil in place Conservation Plowing
The planting of different crops in a field each year to maintain the soil's fertility Crop Rotation
The layer of soil beneath the topsoil that contains mostly clay and other minerals Subsoil

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Soil, Argriculture Unit Vocabulary 1 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Three sided figure that represents increasing or decreasing percentages of sand, silt and clay particles Soil Triangle
a layer generally parallel to the soil crust, whose physical characteristics differ from the layers above and beneath soil horizon
the uppermost layer of soil containing humus, topsoil, and organic debris A Horizon
the layer of loose leaves and organic debris at the surface of soil O Horizon
the layer of a soil profile immediately below the A horizon, containing deposits of leached material B Horizon
the layer in a soil profile below the B horizon and immediately above the bedrock, consisting chiefly of weathered, partially decomposed rock. C Horizon
the layer of unconsolidated rocky material covering bedrock Rigolith
defined as the wearing away of topsoil Soil Erosion
wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something) by long exposure to the air Weathering
a way of growing crops or pasture from year to year without disturbing the soil through tillage No-till
make or form (sloping land) into a number of level flat areas resembling a series of steps Terracing
plowing along the contours of the land in order to minimize soil erosion Contour plowing
a thing, such as a row of trees or a fence, wall, or screen, that provides shelter or protection from the wind windbreak
the action of clearing a wide area of trees deforestation
occurs when the ground gets more water than it can absorb and it washes away. This is bad because it can contaminate water sources with undesirable algae and weeds. Fertilizer runoff
the process by which fertile land becomes desert, typically as a result of drought, deforestation, or inappropriate agriculture. Desertification
process by which water-soluble salts accumulate in the soil Soil Salinization
to become saturated with water Waterlogging

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